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XII, CORPORATION EMPLOYÉS.

Wages paid per week of forty-two hours to the corporation employés in the city of Gibraltar.

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Wages paid per month of one hundred and eighty-two hours to employés in Government de

partments and officesexclusive of tradesmen and laborers-in Gibraltar.

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Wages paid by the week of fifty hours to the trades and laborers in Government employ in

Gibraltar,

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Statement showing the wages paid per week of sirty hours to printers (compositors, pressmen,

proof-readers, 8c.) in Gibraltar.

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PORTUGAL.

LISBON.

REPORT BY CONSUL-GENERAL FRANCIS.

The wages of labor and the cost of living largely illustrate the social and material situation of a people.

In Portugal the favoring advantages of a genial climate must be taken into account as an important factor. The cost for necessary clothing and fuel is much less than in the colder climates.

RATES OF WAGES.

But wages here are very low in comparison with the earnings of work people in the United States or England. I subjoin a list of the average wages in various occupations.

Occupations.

Wages.

Occupations.

Wagée.

Lightermen

per day..

$0 60 Overseer, lightermen. do...

80 Coal-heavers

.do.

80 Coal overseers

.do...

1 00 Stevedores

..do....

80 Women coal carriers. .do.

30 Shipwrights.

..do.. $0 80 to 1 25 Ship carpenters

.do

60 80 Ship calkers

.do

80 1 15 Blacksmiths

..do....

80 Foundrymen

.do.

1 15 Carpenters

..do.

60 75 Cabinet-makers

.do.

50 80 Painters

.do.... 60 70 Stone-masons..

do..

60 Stone-cutters.

do..

70 Stone-carvers.

do. 1 30 2 20 Tailors

do..

80 Shoemakers

.do.

70 Wheelwrights....

...do.

50 75 Printers

..do..

80 Plasterers (stucco)

.do

1 20 Agricultural laborers, not found: Women

10

20 Men..

..do...

16 35

Domestics in families, found and
lodged:
Men..

- per month.. $5 00 to $5 50 Women

....do.... 3 00 3 73 Laborers in towns ....... per day.. 30 Operatives in cotton mills (hours of

labor average eleven per day). Men :

Good operatives......per day..

Ordinary operatives.....do.
Women (usually paid 13 cents for

weaving pieces of 30 yards)
per day..

40 50
Children, ten to fifteen years old,
per day.....

14
Operatives in woolen mills.*
Men:
Good operatives......per day..

6B
Ordinary operatives.....do.
Women.

.do...

27 Children

do... Coachmen, lodged, not found do.... Stablemen, lodged, not found.do.

15

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per day..

*Hours of labor, winter and summer, from sunrise to sunset.

Except as otherwise noted, laborers receiving the wages named find themselves.

CLASSIFICATION AND HOURS OF LABOR.

The hours of labor may be stated as from sunrise to sunset, with two. hours allowed for meals and rest. Small as is the daily pay, it is circumscribed still more by the numerous holidays, embracing, with Sundays, not less than sixty-seven days of the year, when work is to a great extent suspended. It may be said to the credit of the Portuguese working classes that as a rule they are temperate and industrious. Wages being so low, all the members of a laboring man's family capable of service must necessarily contribute to its support by diligent and often

very hard work. Women do their full share, including stevedore toil at the docks, as well as field work in farming. As appears by the census of 1880, out of a total population of 4,500,000 in the Kingdom proper, only 185,000 belong to the class known as mechanics and manufacturing citizens. Seven thousand workmen are employed in the manufacturing establishments of Lisbon. As a whole the laboring people are poor; a considerable proportion of them very poor. They seem content, however, with the little they can get in compensation for their toil, thankful if they are able to achieve for themselves the humblest living.

PRICES OF THE NECESSARIES OF LIFE.

The average prices in Lisbon of the leading commodities that constitute the necessities of life are as follows:

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It should be stated that the statistics here presented represent prices at Lisbon and the adjacent country. Elsewhere in this Kingdom the figures in respect of labor especially are even lower than the rates nained, while as regards provisions the prices are also somewhat lower for meats and the products of the soil.

RENTS.

Rents for the poorer classes are comparatively cheap in Lisbon. Small rooms where these people live rent for $5 to $10 per annum. A family of five or six persons may secure very restricted accommodations, to wbich they are accustomed, for $25 to $30 per annum. But the space is suggestive of a “hole in the wall."

HABITS OF THE WORKING CLASSES.

I must say of the working classes here that their quiet submission to the inevitable illustrates a peaceful disposition in apparent content under circumstances of very meager subsistence, and that, too, without hope to inspire ambition for any material improvement of their situation.

JOHN M. FRANCIS,

Consul-General. UNITED STATES CONSULATE,

Lisbon, May 6, 1884.

THE AZORES,

REPORT BY CONSUL DABXEY.

I have the honor, in answer to the labor circular issued by the Department of State under date of February 15, 1884, received by me May 14, to submit the following report, which, relating to the island of Fayal, may be taken as tolerably correct for the major part of the nine islands of the group; any differences in wages at the other islands being as a rule against the laboring class, for the reason that there has been less emigration.

PART I.-MALE LABOR.

The rates of wages paid to laborers of every classmechanical public works, domestic, agri

culturalin Fayal, &c.

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per day..

26

Sail-makers
Stevedores
Tanners
Tailors..
Tinsmiths
Store and shop clerks :

35

Male..
Female ft

do..

5 20

10 40

..per month..

.....do

8 70 5 20

HOUSEHOLD WAGES IN TOWXS.

Waiters, (with clothes)
Cooks (generally women)
Men or lads (general work
House maids.

per month..
.....do...

do
.do.

1 50
1 00
1 25
1 00

5 00
3 50
2 50
3 00

2 00
1 50
1 50
1 25

AGRICULTURAL WAGES.

21 34

...do

Laborers (with board)
Laborers (without board)

per day Country servants (receiving three suits clothes, with lodging and wash. inu)

per anum.. Women (not receiving clothes).

.. per month..

4 35

8 00

1 05

About ten hours.
Are masons.
I Are tinsmiths.
$ Do their own work assisted by unskilled labor.

Paid by job, and but little work.

| Do their own work, and sell per piece.
** Besides the above salaries, the teachers of

primary schools have an annual gratuity of

$26.09.
1 Very fow.

The rates of wages paid to laborers of every class, &c.—Continued.

Occupations.

Lowest. Highest. Average.

andum ....

$2 60 22 60

AGRICULTURAL WAGES_continued.
Women (receiving clothes) besides board; lodging, and washing, per
Men (not receiving clothes)..

... per annum..
CORPORATION EMPLOYÉS.
Senate :

Accontant..
Two assistants, each.
Assistants of measures
Market guard.

...do.. Slaughter-bouse guard..

..do... Cemetery guard....

..do.

per week

..do.... ......do...

8 69 4 01 2 00 5 01 2 40 2 43

GOVERNMENT DEPARTMEXTS AND OFFICES.

108 69 83 35 50 72 34 39 18 11 17 21 12 69 22 64 27 18

State department. Civil governor.

per month.. Secretary.

.do.. First officer

do.. Second officer.

.do. Four amanuenses, each.

..do. Doorkeeper...

.do. Assistant

..do. Four district counselors, each

do. Three executive commissioners of the junta geral, each.. ...do.

Treasury department. Delegado do thesouro.....

per month. First officer.....

.....de... Two aspirantes, first class, each...

..do. Three aspirantes, second class, each..

..do. One assistant..

do.. Escrivão de fazenda.

..do. Two clerks de fazenda, each..

..do... Treasurer payer..

do... Treasurer receiver.

..do..

81 52 27 18 21 74 14 50

9 05 65 21 11 30 67 95 72 46

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Public works.
Chief machinist.
Machinists, each
Firemen...
Chief blacksmith

Blacksmiths.

Strikers. Chief carpenter.

Carpenters

Calkers. Chief mason

Masons

Stone-dressers.
Quarrymen.
Pavers.
Cantonciro (repairer of roads)
Laborers.
Women
Boys
Divers s.

61

do.. .do.

do. .do. do. do. .do .do.. do. do.. .do. .do..

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18
10

7
35

52
18
18
50

26 14 12 38

* 30 hours.
+ 36 hours.

+10 hours. Besides the above pay, 22 cents an hour while einployed diving.

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