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in October, 1835. In the following year, a small volume was published —

"Papers by the late Henry Borlase, connected with the Present State of the Chnrch." Hamilton, Adams, & Co., London.

The tract about which Vectis inquires, was included in this volume. *

The " Central Tract Depot, 1, Warwick Square," about the continuance of which Vectis asks, has been long removed elsewhere. It was set up by Mr. George V. Wigram, brother of the present Bishop_ of Rochester—a gentleman who has taken a leading part in much connected with the "Brethrenite" movement. It is remarkable that so many of the "Brethren" have been closely connected with ecclesiastical dignitaries: for instance, Lord Congleton, a " Brethrenite" teacher, and the present Archbishop of Canterbury, his brother-in-law. L.elius.

Execution or I. (3rd S. iv. 195.) — The following extract purports to be a circumstantial account (printed 1660) of the execution of Charles I., and may throw some light on a doubtful question:—

"Tuesday, Jan' 30 (the fatal day). He was about 10 of the clock brought from his Palace at St. James' to Whitehall; marched on foot, guarded with a regiment of foot soldiers through the Park, with their colours flying,

&c Being come to the end of the Park, ho

ascends the stairs leading to the long gallery in Whitehall, and so into the Cabinet Chamber, where he formerly

used to lodge. There, &c From thence,

about 1 o'clock, he was accompanied by Dr Juxon and Col. Tomlinson, and other officers, formerly appointed to attend him, and the private guard of Partizans with musketeers on each side, through the Banqueting House, adjoining to which the scaffold \/as erected, between Whitehall Gate and the gate leading into the gallery from St. James'. The scaffold was hung round with black, the floor covered with black bayes (sic), and the axe and block laid in the middle of the scaffold. There were divers companies of foot of Col. Pride's regiment, and several troops of horse, placed on the one side of the scaffold towards King Street. And on the other side towards Charing Cross," &c, &c.



Scai Quoi Club (3rd S. v. 17.)—I was quite pleased to find my old friend "The Chapter of Kings " resuscitated by Me. Bates from the realms of oblivion. From the tone of his remarks I should suppose he had seen only the words, which he considers unique. I beg to say that I possess these words set to music, and a very merry tune it is — merry enough to scare away the most determined crew of blue devils that ever intruded on a misty November morning. It was given me by an aged friend, a.native of Birmingham, who ceased to reside there after 1806; so that it must have Ijeen published before that date. The title varies somewhat from that cited by Mr. Bates. It runs thus: —

"The Chapter of Kings. A celebrated Historical Song written and sung with universal applause by Mr. Collins, Author of The Brush, and by Mr. Dignum at the Je ne scai quoi Clubb."

_ Was this club a Birmingham or London association? and by what class of men was it frequented? Fentonia.

De Scabth: Edgar (3'd S. v. 134.) —It was on such a tenure that many persons bearing the surname Edgar held their lands near Robert the Bruce's castle of Lochmaben. Edgars appear to have been amongst the personal followers of the Bruce family. This may be proved by a reference to Rymer's "Foedera," a MS. containing a list of the witnesses at the marriage of Robert the Bruce, in the W. S. Lib. Edin., &c. &c.

A propos, who was "James Edgar, Peuthererburges in Edinburgh," who died between 1730 and 1739? Was he related to the family of the same name settled at Restalrig, and also at the town of Leith? S.

Robbbt Callis (3rd S. v. 134.) — In the 4th edition of The Reading (by W. J. Broderip) the author is alluded to as a " gentleman of excellent parts both natural and acquired," and as being a Commissioner of Sewers "in his native country of Lincolnshire." He also wrote The Case and Argument against Sir Ignoramus of Cambridge (Lond. 1648, 4to), the title-page of which describes him " of Graies Inne, Esq', afterward Serjeant-at-Law in his reading at Staples Inn in Lent 14 la. R." He is noticed by Allibone, Watt, and Bohn. Wynne E. Baxter.

"Clara Chester," Etc. (3rd S. iii. 25.)—These poems were written by John Chaloner, at one time a captain in H.M. 36th Regiment. He was a native of Clonmel, Ireland, where he was born in the same house in which Lawrence Sterne was born. He died June 3, 1862, aged eighty-two years, and was buried at Fethard, near Clonmel.

His poems were, Rome, published in 1821 by Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, London; The Vale of Chamouni, 1822, John Warner, London; Clara Chester, 1823, Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh. Bab-point.

Philadelphia, U. S. A.

The Stobt Of Lord Mulgrave's Chaplain (3rd S. v. 129.) — It is a very good story, and, like all good stories, it has seen much service. The joke has been ascribed to a Lord Mayor as well as a Lord Mulgrave; and a more distinguished man than the nameless chaplain — the famous Dr. Samuel Parr — has suffered from it. The Doctor had preached the Spital Sermon at Christ Church on the invitation of the Lord Mayor of London (Harvey Combe); and as they were coming out of church together (it is the New Monthly Magazine, November, 1826, that tells the story) : —

"' Well,' says Parr,' how did you like the sermon f' 'Why, Doctor,' replies his lordship, 'there were four things in it that 1 did not like to hear.' 'State them.' 'Why, to speak frankly, then, they were the quarters of the church clock, which struck four times before you had finished.'"

J. c.

"thb Art or Politicks" (3rd S. v. 164.) — This excellent satirical poem (reprinted in Dodsley's Collection) was by the Rev. James Bramston, M.A. He was born in or about 1694, being son of Francis Bramston (fourth son of Sir MoundeforcfBramston, Master in Chancery, who was a younger son of Sir John Bramston, Chief Justice of England). In 1708 he was admitted at Westminster School, whence in 1713, he was elected to a studentship at Christ's Church, Oxford, proceeding B.A. May 17, 1717, and M.A. April 6, 1720. In 1723 the University of Oxford presented him to the rectory of Lurgarsale, in Sussex, and in 1725 he became Vicar of Hurting, in the same county. He died March 16, 1743-4. He also wrote The Man of Taste (reprinted in Dodsley and in Campbell's Specimens'), and The Crooked Sixpence, and has poems in Carmina Quadragesimalia and the University Collection, on the death of Dr. Radcliffe.

Dallatvay and Cartwright, in their account of Lurgarsale, written nearly a century after Mr. Bramston's death, say " he was a man of original humour, the fame and proofs of whose colloquial wit are still remembered in this part of Sussex." {Hist, of Sussex, ii. (i.) 365.)

In accordance with a slovenly practice, which, as the cause of error and trouble, cannot be too generally condemned, Dodsley has suppressed Mr. Bramston's Christian name. The Qentlemaris Magazine, in announcing his death, designated him Mr. Brampston, vicar of Starting. This ludicrous misnomer of his benefice has been repeated by Chalmers, Campbell, Watt, and Rose.

Your correspondent A. J. has, we believe, reason to congratulate himself on the possession of a copy of the original edition of The Art of Politicks. C. H. & Thompson Cooper.

Tra Statistics (3rd S. v. 175.) — Leaving Doubt's query — "What yield of tea is required per acre to repay the ordinary cost of cultivation ?"—unanswered, I can, I think, remove from his mind the difficulty which the article in the Edinburgh Review appears to have produced.

The leaf is not plucked from the tea plant for the purpose of being manufactured into tea before the fourth year; and the plant is not at its full power of bearing before the sixth year. Now the proportion of tea plant in Assam of four years and upwards is very much greater than in Cachar and Darjeeling; indeed, in the last-named

district, little or none of the plant has come to full maturity: hence the small yield represented by the cultivation in that district.

Three hundred pounds of tea, from an acre of well-grown plant, will be about a fair average. It will therefore appear, that the figures in the Edinburgh Revieic do not represent half what the present cultivation in Assam will produce three or four years hence. E. M. D.



Words and Places: or. Etymological Illustrations of History, Edmology, and Geography. By the Rev. Isaac Taylor, M.A. (Macmillan.)

The reader must not suppose that the present work has been hastily prepared, to meet the growing want of a trustworthy work on this instructive subject. The author tells us in his Preface, that ten years have been devoted more or less to the collection of materials for it; and that much of it has, during the last two years, been rewritten. Mr. Taylor's introductory chapter, showing the value of local names, which are always significant— being either descriptive of the country, records of ethnological or historical facts, or illustrative of the state of civilisation or religion in past ages—is well calculated to stimulate the reader to a careful perusal of the entire book; and he will read it, amused and informed, by the curious and instructive facts which Mr. Taylor's learning and research have gathered together, and pleased with the ingenuity and reasonableness of the deductions which he draws from them. That we agree on every point with Mr. Taylor can scarcely be expected; but we are greatly indebted to him for a capital book—one in which the authorities are honestly quoted, and one which is moreover enriched by an admirable Bibliographical List of Works upon the subject; some useful appendices, and a copious Index of local names; and another equally copious of the various points discussed and matters introduced.

7"Ae Book of Job, as expounded to his Cambridge Pupils, bv the Into II. H. Bernard, On. D., M.A., &c &c. Edited, with a Translation and Additional Notes, by F. Chance, B.A., M.B.,&c. &c. Vol. /. (London: Hamilton and Adams.)

Worthy Mr. Bernard has not been fortunate in his admirer and editor. The personal gossip with which Mr. Chance fills his pages dilutes his author's meaning, wearies his reader's patience, and makes one regret the old days when scholars wrote in Latin, and compressed into one terse sentence what Mr. Chance, and many like him, would spread over an octavo page.

Lucasta. The Poems of Richard Lovelace, Esq. Aoir first edited, and the Text carefully revised, unth some Account of the Author, and a few Notes. By W. Carew Hazlitt. (J. E. Smith.)

There are few of our readers who do not know some three or four of the choicest effusions of Lovelace's muse; but we have no doubt that there are many whose knowledge of the writings of the author of Lucasta is limited to those well-known lyrics. Mr. Carew Hazlitt, who is coming forward as an active and intelligent editor of our older writers, has just issued an edition of Lovelace:s Works much more complete than the reprint edited soimyears since by the late Mr. Singer, and has thus placed the

A NAPPEAL TO THE PATRONS OF LITERAA TURE.-I beg to draw attention to the painful position of a Literary Gentleman, whose works have been favourably received by the public, and highly eulogised by the press, and whose private character is conspicuous for moral worth and acknowledge integrity, who has been suddenly precipitated, through misplaced confidence, and subsequent seizure of all he possessed (aggravated by illness), into so helpless a condition as to necessitate immediate relief to save him from ruin, and enable him to resume his numerous labours.

I sincerely hope that those who interest themselves in the struggles of men of genius will not suffer this extraordinary case to pass unheeded. I am permitted to state, that the veracity of this painful case can be fully attested by a minister of the Church of England, and any communication will be thankfully received and acknowledged by Mr. Geo. PhiLLIPSON, Secretary of St. Thomas Charter House, Goswell Street. London, E.C.

effusions of this gallant Cavalier within the reach of all. Mr. Hazlitt has bestowed considerable attention with the text, which has hitherto been very incorrectly printed; and has taken pains to clear up some of the obscure points in the poet's life; but his efforts in the latter case have not been attended with the success which he deserved. A Dictionary of the Bible; containing Antiquities, Bio

graphy, Geography, and Natural History. By Various Writers. Edited by William Smith, LL.D. To be completed in 25 Purts. Part XII. (Murray.)

This is the first monthly Part of the Second Volume of Dr. Smith's Dictionary of the Bible. As it is a book which may be considered indispensable to all biblical students, we congratulate those who find it convenient to take the work in, in monthly parts, and who did in this way place the first volume on their shelves, upon the appearance of this first monthly issue of the second volume, which exhibits in the various articles the learning, research, boldness, and candour for which the first volume was distinguished..

JAMES DAVIDSON, Esq., OF AXMINSTER.It is with feelings of deep regret that we announce the decease, on the 29th ult., of one of our constant and earliest contributors. As an antiquary, his careful accuracy, combined with deep research and learning, rendered his communications of more than ordinary value. His History of Azminster Church, and of Newenham Abbey, are both well known, but his most useful work, The Bibliotheca Devoniensis (to which he had recently published a Supplement), is one which must cause all future students of the history or antiquities of Devon to esteem his memory. Though of somewhat retiring habits, the freedom with which he communicated his vast stores of information to others, and his general courtesy, endeared him to a large circle of literary friends.


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NOTES: —Sir Walter Raleigh: Additional Papers, 207 — Cornish Proverbs, 208—Modern Polk Ballads, 209—Lord Ruthven. 210 —Destruction of the Titans and Dragons, and Origin of the Vine, lb.—Illegitimate Children of Kins Charles II. —Lord, Lady: their Derivation—The Value of a Daily Paper in 1741—Towt, Towter—Execution of Anne Bolcyn — Sehleswig-Holstein, 211

QUERIES: — Ancestor Worship — Hugh Branham — A Bull of Burke's — Cambridge Villages — James dimming, F.S. A. — Haydn's Canzonets — Heraldic — Sir John Jacob, Knt. — Latin Quotation — Meccah — George Poulet — Rev. Christopher Richardson — Rotation Office—Rapier — Sancroft— John Sargent, Esq. —Dr. Jacob Sorenius, 212.

QCESIE8 WITH Answbbs: — The Ministerial Wooden Spoon — Bishop Bamaby Potter — William Spence —Sir John Calf — Becanceld or Beccanceld — War of Investures, 214.

REPLIES: — Publication of Diaries, 215 — Talleyrand's Maxim, 218—Posterity of Harold II., King or England, 217— Trials of Animals, 218 —Lewis Morris, 219 — Whitmore Family — Trousers — Harriet Livermore — Digby Motto — Female Fools — The Sea of Glass — The Order of the Ship in France — Oath " Ex Officio " — The Verb "to Liquor — Customs of Scotland—William Dell, DJ).— Martin—The First Paper Mill in America— Giants and Dwarfs — Austrian Motto: the Five Vowels — Common Law — St. Mary Matfelon —Grumbald Hold — Dr. John Wigan—Comic Songs translated—Inquisitions v. Visitations— Natter, 220.



I continue the extracts from my miscellaneous papers regarding Sir Walter Raleigh. I am not able to arrange them with precision as to the dates, but, as in the former instances, those readers of " N. & Q." who are acquainted with the main incidents of his career will not find any difficulty in this respect.

[Indorsed by Lord Burghley] "21 Decemb. 1587. 8* Walter Ralegh letter of 2000 foote and 200 horse in Dev. and Cornwall.

Addressed " To the Right honorable my singuler good L. the L. highe Tresourer of Ingland."

"My singuler good Lorde accordinge to your Lordships and the rest of my Lords directions, I have attended the Earle of Bath, and conferred with the deputes of Devon and the Citty of Exon for the drawingo to gether, of 2000 foote and 200 horse, and I finde great difference of oppinion amonge them: sume are of oppinion that this burden wilbe grevous unto the countrey, standinge att this tyme voyde of all trafique, the subside not beinge yet gathered, and the past musters having byn very chargeable. Sr John Gilbert, Sr Richard Grenvile, and the Earle hymsealf, beinge more zelous both in religion and her majesties service, who have always founde a reddy disposition in their devisions, and willingnes to beare what so ever shalbe thought meet for her majesties service by the people, ar of oppinion that the matter and service wilbe very fesible. It is most asured that the carefull usage of the action by the deputes in their severall devisions will easely induce the inferior sort to what soever shalbe thought necessary for her majesties saufty and their own defence: but sume other of the commishion

of Devon (in my conscience before the Lorde) beinge both infected in religion and vehemently malcontent, who by how much the more they are temperat, by so much the more dangerous, are secreatly great hinderance of all actions tendinge to the good of her majesty or saufty of the present state. Tho men make doubt that your honor's instructions alone ar not sufficient and saufs Warrant for their discharge; and that if any refuse to contribute they see not by what they should be inforsed, with a thowsand dilatory cavelations. For myne own oppinion, under your L. correction, if it might notwithstanding stande with her majesties likinge to beare the one lmife of the charge, being great, it would be very consonant to all good pollicy; and the countrey, as I judge, will willingly defray the rest, which, onles ther wear ministers of other disposition will not be so saufly and easely brought to effect. I have sent your Lordshipe an estimate of the whole, with which I humble pray your L. to acquaynt her majesty, and not otherwise to impart my letter, because I am bold to write my simple oppinion playnly unto your Lordshipe, the same beinge, as the Lord doth judge, without respect or parciallity, havinge vowed my travaUe and life to her majesties service only and for ever.

"I have writen to the deputes of Cornwall, and am reddy to repaire thither withall dilligence, and to performe the rest of hir majesties command geven mee in charge by your Lordshipe.

"And yeven so, humble cummendyng my service onto your Lordshipe favorable construction, I take my leve.

From Exon this xx of December.

"Your L. to do you all honor and service,

"W. Raleoh. "The Cittisens of Exter as yet

refuse to beare such part as was

thought meet by the levetenants

of Devon and the rest."

[In an Account entitled " Extraordinarie paiments out of the Receipt, from our Ladie daie 1587, until Michas followinge," occurs this item:

"18 Junij 1587. To Sr Walter Raleigh to be imploied accordinge to hir Majesties direction . . M. M".]

(Indorsed by Raleigh), " Order for the puttingein reddines of 2000, footmen accordinge to your honor's directions.

f Sr R. Grenvill with his Band of . 800 2000 men un- Richard Carew with his . . . 300

der captayns Sr John Arrundell with his . . 200

to repaire to Mr Bevill with his . . . . . 200

the Court or-j The provost marshall John Wrey

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200 200 200 200 200

"Wee have apoynted 4 waynes to each hundred, and vitles for fourteen dayes, and wee accompt to mount the one half on hacknes for expedition: wee provide tooles for 200 pioners, as well for our own incampinge as to serve her majesty in her camp real]. Also wee have ordayned a cornet of horsmen to be in reddines, if your honours shall command the same, to be added to this 2000 footmen; and if I shall not be commanded down my sealf, I have thought good to direct 8* Richard Grenvill to have the conduction of this regement to bringe them to the campe, wher after your honours may otherwise dispose of the charge, as it shall best like yonrwisdomes. "Tour honors humble att cummand,

"W. Baleoh."

Indorsed " xiiijtf> September, 1588. M. for stay of all shipping upon the north coaste of Devon and Cornwall. To Sr Rich. Grcnvill. Entred.

"B. Tr. and welb. we grete you well. Wher we have gome occasion offred to us, by reason of certen shippes

Sart of the Spa. Armada, that coming about Scotland ar ryven to sondry portes in the west of Ireland, to put in redynes some forces to be sent into Ireland as farder occasion shall be gyven us, which we nieanc to be shipped in the Eyver of Severn, to pass from there to Waterford or Cork, we have thought mete to make choiss of yow for this service followyng. We require yow that upon the north cost of Devon and Cornwall, towardes Severn, yow make stay of all shippyng mete to transport soldiers to Waterford, and to gyve chardg that the same shippes be made redy with Masters, Marynors, and all other maritym provisions nedefull, so as upon the next warning gyven from us, or from our Counsel, they may be redy to reeeave our sayd soldiors, which shall be iiic out of Cornewall and Devon, and iiijc out of Glocester and Somerscttshire. We have also some other further intention to use your service in Ireland with these shippes aforsayd, wherof Sr Walter Ralegh, Knight, whom we have acquaynted therewith, shall inform yow, who also hath a disposition for our service to pass into Ireland, ether with these forces or before they shall depart.

The following is in Raleigh's handwriting, and is indorsed by Sec. Windebank thus: "Considerations concerning Reprysalles ": —

"All that hath or shalbe taken may be brought in question.

"The pepper of the last carrecke claymed by the Takers.

"The Italians may as well clayme the goods brought from the Indies.

"Judgments alreddy geven in this case of late for Bragg and others.

"If the Queeno held her kingdome of the Venetians, yet could they not clayme such a preheminence.

"The Itahens goods taken by the Dunkerkers in our shipps never by them claymed.

"The French never clayme their goods taken in Spanishe bottomes.

"The Teneciens are not ignorant of this law, for besydes that it is a lawe among all nations, they have had a sute against Sr John Gilbert this two yeare upon the same poynt.

"The Kings of Sweden and Denmarke in their late warrs did not only confiscate all shipps that came to the contrary syde, but putt people to the sworde, of what nation soever, that traded with their enemies.

"The proclamation restraynethe all other bottomes, and if question be made of the Spanishe shipps, the sea warr of our part is att an end.

"The Queene will lose ten thowsand pound a yeare custome by this Judgment

"And besides the loss to the realme of goods taken from the enemye, ther will follow many inconveniences, as well the impoverishing of the enemy, tbe not setting our mariners a worke, the disuse of our men from the warn, and the want of intelligence dayly gotten.

"It were strange to yeld in a caso wher ther is a direct lawe to warrant. "The clamore of the marchant is not to be esteemed. "Wee shall lose more by leving reprisall than by the trade of Vennis. "The Venetiens can not healp us nor harme us. "It is matter of great consequence to be ycilded unto. "Wee ought to be curious in such a case where honor,

pri viledge, and greatnes of states and princes are in question.

"It were strange that the Queen should doubt to yeild that the Inglishe should not serch French bottomes, and now doubt to avow good taken in Spanishe shipps from Venetiens."

J. Payne Collieb.


Whilst the study of the provincial dialects has greatly increased during the past half century, that of local proverbs still remains almost totally neglected. In the hope of calling attention to this comparatively new pursuit, and showing howlarge a number can be gleaned even from one county, I send you this, the first part of a collection, and with your permission others shall follow:—


1. He that hurts robin or wren,
Will never prosper boy nor man.

In the vulgar pronunciation, the rhyme is attained by a long a, man. See also the next example :—

2. By Tre, Pol, and Pen,
Ros, Caer and Lan,

You shall know all Cornish men.

The second line of this old saw is frequently omitted, and certainly the prefixes mentioned in it are not so common as those contained in the

Ereceding line. The antiquity of this saying may e gathered from the fact that, in Andrew Borde's Book of Knowledge (1542) occur these lines —

"My bedaver wyl to London to try the law,
To sue Tre, Pol, and Pen for wagging of a straw."

3. Better a clout than a hole out

4. More rain, more rest; more water will suit the

ducks best.

The following distich refers to magpies: —

5. One for sorrow, two for mirth,
Three for a wedding, four for a birth.

Mb. Couch, in his Folk Lore of a Cornish Village ("N & Q." 1" S. xii. 37), has made the strange substitution of death for birth.

6. Cornwall will bear a shower every day,
And two on Sunday. t ,a

7. A Scilly ling is a dish for a king. ro

8. Cross a stile, and a gate hard by,
You'll be a widow before you die.

9. The mistress of the mill
May say and do what she will.

10. One is a play, and two is a gay [a toy].

Mr. ITalliwclI, in his Dictionary of Archaic Words, quotes the following passage : —

"As if a thiefe should be proud of his halter, a beggar of his cloutes, a child of his gay, or a fool of his bable."— Dent's Pathway, p. 40.

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