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sculptured passions on the monuments to be seen in Sbakspeare's time. Can any of your readers help me to some? The little figures round an altar tomb are sometimes called "weepers," but they are dressed in the costume of the day, and do not look as if intended to represent an abstract quality like Patience. P. P.

Edwahd Polhtll, Esq., of Burwash, Sussex, an able theological writer (who is noticed in "N. & Q." 1" S. vi. 460, 563), died in or shortly before 1694. Sussex can boast of several diligent and able antiquaries who communicate with this journal; I hope, therefore, the precise date of Mr. Polhill's death may be supplied. S. Y. R.

Mrs. Maria Eliza Rundell. — I have some rather interesting documents in the handwriting cf this lady, drawn up, as I imagine, about eighty or ninety years ago, and containing sundry particulars of Dr. Leach of Edinburgh, Mr. Abernethy, Mr. (afterwards Dr.) Harris Dunsford, and others. Can you tell me who she was? A deep sense of religion appears to have influenced her doings; and I am anxious to know more about her.

I may add, that amongst Mrs. Rundell's papers which lately came into my possession, I have found a long and very i nteresting letter to a medical friend (whose name does not appear) from Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna, in which she gives many details of her own history; a curious note, apparently to the same physician, from the Rev. Henry Blunt: and the draft of a prospectus issued in the year 1821 by " Mr. John St. John Long, Historical and Portrait Painter, the only pupil of Daniel Richardson, Esq., late of Dublin," then seeking employment in Limerick, and subsequently wellknown elsewhere in a different capacity. A former owner has endorsed the document with these words: "Mr. John St. John Long, Portrait Painter and Quack Doctor." Abhba.

Sealing-Wax Removed, Etc.—Can any of your readers give me a recipe for removing sealing-wax from old letters preparatory to their being bound, when the seal is of no value? And can any of tbem tell me what is the best material for forming a matrix, and taking a cast of some valuable old seals attached to ancient legal documents?

A. E. L.

Sentences Containing But One Vowel.— Where can I find a paragraph containing several sentences, in each of which only one vowel, " I," is used? The paragraph commences nearly as follows: —

"This Dick is high in his mind, /s this instinct?"

Are any instances known of similar paragraphs in our or in any other languaze? I saw this paragraph in the Naval and Military Gazette, in, or previous to, the year 1840, but no reference was given as to its author. Ein Fbager.

Sf.ptuagint.—Dr. Henry Owen (Enquiry, frc, 1769), says, " When the Jews began to censure and condemn the Septuagint Version, ami in consequence thereof, to correct and model it to their Hebrew copies, there is reason to suspect that where a word, by similarity of letters, was capable of being read differently, they changed the Greek to the worse reading" (p. 29). And "... owing to the iniquity of the Jews, who had no other way but by such an interpolation," &c. (p. 31); and ". . . they confidently transposed some passages and expunged others" (p. 33).

Is there any proof of this? How could all this be possibly done in the face of all the Christians, watchful and jealous of the integrity of the text? and how could it be accomplished in all the MSS.?

Newingtonensis.

Shakspearian Characters. — Among the dramatis persona of the Second Part of King Henry IV., appears "Travers and Morton, retainers of Northumberland." Turn to a Visitation of Yorkshire by Flower, 1584 (Harl. MS. 1415, fol. 34), and it will be seen that one William Barbour of Doncaster had three daughters, of whom

Catherine married" Travers," and Alice

"Morton of Bawtrey." Of the Mortons I

know nothing; but" Travers" was a Christopher Travers of Doncaster, who died about Nov. 1466, and was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral. His great-grandson, Thomas Boseville, was born previous to his decease. Therefore, supposing him to have been (as there is some probability that he was) nearly ninety years old in 1466, is it not possible that he may have occupied the position chosen by our greatest dramatist for his hitherto unknown namesake P His will (dated Nov. 17,1466), contains a special bequest to John Wolding, his servant, of a grey horse, and all his "bows and arrows."

Can the readers of " N. & Q." tell me anything relating to the Mortons of Bawtrey? H. J. S.

Peter Stephens, Esq. — I find the following article in John Russell Smith's Catalogue, No. 71: —

"501. Stefhkns (Peter, Armig. Com. Salop.), 150 Views in Italy, etched by various Artists, oblong 4to, &c. Sec, 1767."

It is described as "a curious and scarce volume." The work is mentioned by Lowndes (ed. Bobn, 2508), but he gives only the initial letter of the author's Christian name.

Information about this Mr. Stephens, and any other works of his will be acceptable. S. Y. R.

Thomas Townsend, Esq., barrister-at-law, of Gray's Inn, was author of 1'oems, 8vo, 1796, 1797, and of several political pamphlets, 1796— 1801. His name appears in the Biographical Dictionary of Living Authors, 1816, but I do not find him in the Law List for that year (the earliest to which I have access). Particulars respecting him will oblige S. Y. R.

Nathanael Whiting, of Northamptonshire, admitted a pensioner of Queen's College, Cambridge, 1 July, 1628; B.A. 1631-2; M.A. 1634; became rector of Aldwincle, in his native county, in or about 1657. He was also master of the free school there. He lost these preferments by the Act of Uniformity, and subsequently formed a congregation at Crauford. He died without children, and was a benefactor to Aldwincle school. "We are desirous of knowing when bis death occurred. He was author of —

"Lb Hore di Recreatione; or, the pleasant Historieof Albino and Bcllnmu, discovering the sevcrall changes in Cupid's Journey to Hymen's joyes: to which ia annexed, II Insonio Invmodado; or, a Sleeping-Waking Dreame, vindicating the divine Breath of Poesie from the Tongue Lashes of some Cynical Poet Quippers and Stoical! Pbiloprosers. Lond. 12 mo, 1637.

"The Saint's Triangle of Duties, Deliverances, and Dangers . . . 4to, 1659."

Lowndes miscalls him Nicholas, and Sir Egerton Brydges (himself a Queen's College man) erroneously makes him to have been of King's College. C. H. & Thompson Cooper.

Wortlet Scholarship. — I have heard on good authority, but such as I am now unable to avail myself of, that the name of Wortlcy would alone insure a scholarship or some similar benefit at one of our Universities. May I ask for the aid of your valuable periodical in elucidating the matter, &c.? S. E. Wortxet.

Setjrat, Claude Ambroise. — Hone's Every Day Book, vol. i. pp. 1017, 1034. Will any reader oblige by giving a reference to some further account of Seurat, and the time of his decease? Glwysig.

John Yeomans, schoolmaster in Five-Fields Row, Chelsea, was author of—

"The Abecedarian, or Philosophic Comment upon the English Alphabet. Setting forth the Absurdities in the present Custom of Spelling, the Superfluity of Letters in Words, and the great Confusion that their ill Names, and double Meanings are of to all Learners. With modest Proposals for a Reformation of the Alphabet, adapting special Characters for that Purpose, as being the only means practicable whereby to render the same distinct, uniform, and universal. Also, a Word to the Reader, showing the Indignity of ill Habits in Lectures, pointing out to them the Beauties and Excellency of graceful and fine Reading. Likewise a Svllableium, or* Universal Reading Table for Beginners, calculated after the present Use, for the Way of all Schools throughout the Kingdom. Together with a Discourse on the Word, orA-Tau, tetragrammatical, preceding those Tables. Lond. 8vo, 1759."

I can find no mention of this person in Faulkner's History of Chelsea. Any particulars respecting him will be acceptable. S. Y. R.

©uertcs" totth Stunners'.

Apocaltpse. — Can any of your readers inform me if there is in existence a book entitled Discourse Historical and Critical on the Revelation, arguing that the whole book relates to the destruction of Judsea and Jerusalem? It is said to be an unacknowledged translation of a work by Firmin Abauzit. Is it so? Newingtonensis.

[This work is entitled A Discourse Historical and Critical on the Revelations ascribed to St. John. Lond. 1730, 8vo. It was published anonymously, and is a translation of Firmin Abauzil's work, Discours Historiquc sur TApocalypse, written to show that the canonical authority of the Apocalypse was doubtful. The learned Dr. Leonard Twells replied to it, and his answer was approved and translated into Latin by Wolf, and inserted in his Cwe Philologies et Critica in Novum Testamentum, 5 torn. 4to, Basle, 1741. On reading Dr. Twells's reply Abauzit was satisfied, and honourably wrote (though in vain) to stop the reprinting of his work in Holland. There is another translation of Abauzit's Discourse in his Miscellanies, by Dr. E. Harwood, Lond., 8vo, 1774. Vide Orme's Bibliotheca Bihlica, 1834, p. 1, and Elliott's Bora Apocali/ptica, edit. 1851, iv. 502.]

Stuart Adherents. — Where can I find a Hat of noblemen and gentlemen, in the reign of George I., upon whose estates fines were levied, or who were brought to trial for participating in the plots to restore the Stuarts? J. P.

[The following work may be consulted, " Names of the Roman Catholics, Nonjurors, and others who refused to take the Oaths to his late Majesty King George, together with their Titles, Additions, and Places of Abode, with other curious Information, from an original manuscript. [By James Cosin.] Lond. 8vo, 1745."]

Portrait Op King John (of England).— Is there any authentic portrait of this monarch? If so, where is it to be seen? Any engraving? r.

[Vertue's engraving is common, taken from the tomb of King John at Worcester, and which very nearly resembles the broad seal of him. In the first vol. of Evans's Catalogue of Portraits, it is priced at 1«. fol. In the same Catalogue is advertised a great variety at Grf each.]

Greek Testament. —What is the history of the Greek Testament —

"Post priores Steph. Curcellaai . . . labores; quibus . . . variantes lectiones . . . exhibentur ... ex MS' Vindobonensi. .. Amstelredami, ex officina Wetsteniana, 1711"?

It is a small 8vo, with a frontispiece, and the Prolegomena and notes are written by "G. D. T. M. D.," whose name is sought.

Herds Frateb. [There are two editions of this Greek Testament, 1711, 1735, small 8vo; but the second is said to be the most accurate. The editor of the first (1711) was Gerard Von Maestricht (Gerardus Trajecto Mosec Doctor"), a syndic of the republic of Bremen; the second (1735) was revised by the celebrated critic J. J. Wetstein. Having been published by his relative Henry Wetstein, a bookseller of Amsterdam, these editions of the New Testament are sometimes improperly called Wetstein's; and from the name of Curcellasui being printed in the title, they are in some catalogues erroneously styled Nov. Tat. Grax. CurceUai. The text is formed on the second Elzevir edition of 1633, and Curcellosus's editions.—Home's Introduction, ed. 1856, iv. 689.]

Cobhah Pteamid. — I have seen an old engraving of a park, with a large quaint-looking house in the distance; ami, in the foreground, a high and rather narrow pyramid of stone, with an inscription in the middle: "To the Memory of Viscount Cobham."

I think this is at Stowe, or at Hanworth. Can any of your readers say which? Lyttelton.

[The plate of this Pyramid may be found in the following work: "A General Plan of the Woods, Park, and Gardens of Stowe, the Seat of the Rt- Hon. the Lord Viscount Cobham, with several Perspective Views in the Gardens. Dedicated to his Lordship by S. Bridgeman. Sixteen large Plates, fol. 1739." The plate is entitled, "A View from the foot of the Pyramid," with an inscription in the middle, •' Memorim Sacram esse Voluit Cobham." This Pyramid does not appear to have been erected, and will only now be found among the plans and drawings of Bridgeman, the first professional artist employed by Lord Cobham to lay out the grounds. It was to William Kent, who was consulted in the double capacity of architect and gardener, that Stowe is indebted for many of its distinguished ornaments.]

1 IensiiAt.i.V " Gothic And English Gospels." Was this work ever completed? And how many numbers were published? I have only Deal. I., A Fragment of St. Matthew. S. S.

[This incomplete work is a thin volume in 8vo, dated 1807. The Prefatory articles make sixty-four pages. Then follows a " Literal Rendering of the Gothic Gospel through Matthew," consisting of seventy-nine pages.]

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mentions by whom she was afterwards married. I was fortunate enough to find this circumstance noticed in the Strawberry Hill Catalogue of Prints, where it is thus mentioned: "479. Jacques III. Roy de la Grande Bretagne, by Chereau, &c. the Princess Clementina, his Consort, by Jac Frey, sheet extra fine. — A representation of their Marriage by Pope Clement XI. 1719, in the Palace of the Vatican. Ant. Friz, sc, August Masucci, inv. et del., oblong sheet extra rare." And in the Illustrated Catalogue of the Bernal Collection published by Bohn, and entitled A Guide to the Knowledge of Pottery, Porcelain, and other Objects of Vertu, mention is made of a picture which delineates the dress which the princess wore when she made her escape: —

"Hugtenbnrg,... 631 [dated 1735.]—The Princess Maria Clementina Sobieski, of Poland, on horseback, in the singular dress she wore in her romantic journey to marry the Pretender, Prince James Stuart. 19 in. by 26 in. 31/. 10». Duke of Hamilton."

A large silver medal (by-the-bye, are there any of this medal struck in gold?) No.32, of the Series of the Stuart Medals described in the Catalogue of Antiquities, Works of Art, and Historical Scottish Relics exhibited in the Museum of the Archaeological Institute held at Edinburgh, 1856, gives this account: —

"Bust of Clementina Sobieski, 1. hair decorated with beads and tiara, pearl necklace, robe trimmed with jewelry, ermine mantle. Leg. Clementina. M. Hritan. Fr. "Kt. Hib. Regina. Otto Hamerani F.—Rev.: Clementina seated in a car drawn by two horses at speed; distant city and setting sun. Leg.: Fortvnam Cavsamnue Seqvor —' I follow his fortune and cause.' Ex.: Deceptis Cvstodibvs. M.d.ccxix. —' Having deceived my guards. 1719.' 2. Ar." .

Struck in. commemoration of the escape of Clementina Sobieski from the guards who had been placed over her at Innspruck by the Emperor of Germany, to prevent her marriage with the Prince James. The legend is in conformity with the reply of her father respecting her escape, —that, as she had been engaged to the Prince, she was bound to follow his fortune. This medal is engraved in the Gentleman's Magazine.

Among the valuables which formed part of the dowry of the Princess Maria Clementina were the rubies of the Polish crown, now in the treasury of St. Peter's; the golden shield, presented by the Emperor Leopold to the deliverer of Vienna; and the cover of gold brocade adorned with verses of the Koran in turquoise, in which the standard of the prophet was kept during the siege. In an article in the Edinburgh Review for Jan. 1864, on the Scottish Religious Houses abroad, it is stated that the Scottish colleges at Douai and Paris were united by the law 24 vendemiaire, an XI, and a joint establishment with the Irish sought to be founded. During the first Consulate of Napoleon, the presidency was bestowed upon Robert

Watson, of Elgin ; whose connection with the • Ecce jam noctis.'-D. Gregor.
Stuart Papers, political career, and strange sui-

Ad Primam. “Jam lucis.'- D. Ambros. cide at eighty-eight - when seventeen wounds

Ad tertiam. Nunc Sancte nobis.'- D. Ambros.

Ad sextan). Rector Potens.'- D. Ambros. were found upon his body--form incidents in a

Ad nonam. Rerum Deus.'- D. Ambros. life of almost unsurpassed adventure. What are

Fer. 2 ad Matut. “Consors paterni.'-Idem. the particulars of Robert Watson's life? When Ad laudes. • Ales diei.'-Aurel. Prudentius. are we to expect a further publication of the Fer, 4 ad Matut. • Rerum Creator.'- D. Ambr. Stuart MSS.? In the Cornhili Magazine for this

Ad laudes. Nox et tenebræ.'-Prudentius.

Fer. 5 ad Matut. Nox atra.'-D. Ambr. month it is mentioned, that James II.'s son was

Ad laudes. Lux ecce.' -Prudentius. named by the Papal Nuncio “ James Francis

Fer. 6 ad Matut. Tu Trinitatis.'-D. Ambr.
Edward," or, “Innocent Leon Francis James." Ad laudes. "Æterna coeli.'- Idem.
Where is this story from? In conclusion, your

Sabbatho ad Mat. “Summæ Deus.'- Idem. correspondent would be much obliged for a tran

Ad laudes. "Aurora jam.'- Idem.

Dom, ad Vesperas. “Lucis Creator.'D. Greg. script from Sir Charles Wogan's Female Forti

Fer. 4 ad Vesp. Cali Deus.'- D. Ambr. tude, giving an account of Princess Maria Cle Fer, 5 ad Vesp. “Magnæ Deus.'-D. Ambr. mentina's escape, and a copy of bis “Diploma Fer. 6 ad Vesp. • Plasmator(?)'—D. Ambros. of Knighthood," or citizenship of Rome (which is Sabbatho ad Vesp. 'O lux beata,'-D. Greg. said to be in the British Museum), in “ N. & Q."

Ad Complet. Te lucis.'-D. Amb. I would be much obliged to any of your cor

In Adventu ad Vesp. Conditor alme.'-D. Ambr.

Ad Mat. Verbum supernum.'--D. Gregor. respondents if they would give me a copy, in Ad laudes. Vox clara.'-D. Ambr. “ N. & Q.," of the inscription on the tomb of In Nat. Dñi ad Mat. et Vesp. Chre Redemptor.'Captain David Drummond; who was an officer in D. Ambr. Prince Charles Edward Stuart's army, and was

Ad laudes. A solis ortus.'--Sedulius. taken prisoner at the battle of Culloden by Col. |

In festo SS. Innoc. ad Mat. “Audit tyrannus.'— Pruden

tius. Thornton of Thornville, which is in the parish of

Ad laudes. “Salvete flores.'- Idem. Allerton, Yorkshire. Captain Drummond was In Epiph. ad Vesp. et Matut. • Hortis Herodes.'--Sedurestricted to a circuit of about three miles round lius (in hymno de Chiri). the hall the property now belongs to Lord Stour Ad laudes. O sola magnarum.'-Prudent. de Epiph. ton. What family of Drummond did Captain

In quadrag ad Matut. Ex more docti.'-D. Ambr.

Ad laudes. Jam Christe.:--Idem. Drummond belong to ? Is there any roll-call of Dom. Passionis. Pange lingua.'- Fortunatus. the clan regiments who fought for Prince Charles Ad Vesp. Vexilla regis.' --Theodulphus. Edward in 1745 ? Captain Drummond was buried In Pentecoste ad Vesp. • Veni Creator spiritus.'--D. near the altar of the church. The parish of Al

Ambr. lerton is not far from Knaresborough. A.

Ad Matut. “Jam Chrus astra.'-D. Greg.
Ad laudes. 'Beate nobis gaudia.'- D. Hilarius.
In festo Corp. Chri. Pange lingua," • Sacris solemniis,'

D. Thom. Aqui.

In festo S. Joannis. Ut queant laxis.'-Paulus DiaAUTHORSHIP OF LATIN HYMNS.

conus. (3rd S. v. 253.)

In transfigur. 'Quicunq3 Chrum.'

In Comm. Mart. •Deus tuorum.'-D. Gregor. The list contributed by F. C. H. of the reputed

De Martyribus. • Rex gloriose.'-D. Gregor. authors of various early Latin hymns, recalled to De Virg. Jesu corona virginum.'- D. Greg. my memory a similar list which I had long since De Beata. “Quem terra.'-Greg. aut Fortunatus.'" marked for transmission to “N. & Q." It occurs

AIKEN IRVINE. in a M$. which I procured from London a few Fivemiletown. years since, with the following title :“Miscellanea de Sacramentis ex Ritualibus, item de

WILLIAM COBBETT.
Ritibus in Missa et Officio. Collecta per R. patrem D.
Nicolaum, De Bertenschaups, S. T. lectorem emeritum.

(3rd S. v. 370.) Lovanii, Defunctum 17 "

W. LEE has fallen into an error in classing The MS. is a small thick duodecimo, and con- | William Cobbett among those great geniuses, tains many curious entries. The list referred is whose “political life began with revolutionary at p. 219, and, like every entry in the volume, principles and ended in Conservatism." I apprecommences

hend that W. LEE means, by “revolutionary,"

those extreme radical principles which obtained Jesus, Maria, Franciscus,"

so much in this country before the passing of the and then proceeds as below

Reform Bill. In no other sense, I think, could “ AUTHORES HYMNORUM ANTIQUI BREVIARII,

the term be applied to either Montgomery or Dom. ad Matut. •Primo dierum oium.'-D. Greg.

Burdett; and it is scarcely fairly descriptive of • Nocte surgentes.'- Idem.

principles which found advocates among some of Ad laudes. Æterne verum conditur.'-D. Ambros,

the best and most enlightened men of the age, all

of whom, including the names given, sought by constitutional means to obtain the reforms they advocated. Taking it, however, in its more liberal sense, it could not apply to Cobbett — who began his career as a political writer of the most ultraConservative stamp. He first became known to the public as "Peter Porcupine," under which name he fiercely attacked the democratic writers and speakers of France and America. He was then resident in America, and underwent much persecution; and encountered one or two trials at law for alleged libels, in his defence of monarchical and arist«cratical institutions. The series, known as the " Porcupine Papers," attracted much notice in this country. They were quoted and lauded by the government organs—quoted in both Houses of Parliament, and eulogised in the pulpit. The writer was considered one of the most powerful supports of the principles of the British constitution. This series of papers was republished in England in twelve volumes octavo, under the patronage of the Prince Regent, afterwards George IV".—to whom, I believe, it was dedicated. On referring to this work, the style and vigour of Cobbett, as strongly displayed as in his later work — the Political Register—will be recognised at once.

On his return from America, he began a daily paper called the Porcupine. This was discontinued after a short existence, and soon after he began the Register. Both these papers were strongly in favour of the government, both as to measures and men; and the Register ran through several volumes before a change took place in the political opinions of the editor. It is said that his change of sentiment was hastened, if not caused, by an affront offered him by William Pitt. Windham was a great admirer of Cobbett, and after one of his more telling articles in the Porcupine, had declared that the author was "worthy of a statue of gold." Pitt had refused to meet the author of the Register at Windham's table; and this Cobbett resented, and never forgave. Very soon after this, a marked change took place in his politics; but notwithstanding many alterations during the thirty years he stood before the country as a writer, and many alienations from his early political friendships, he was consistent in his advocacy of the "reform cause," and the enemy of what he termed the unreformed abuses of Church and State; and the last Register which came from his pen, very shortly before his death, breathed the same spirit which he had shown years before as one of the leaders of the democratic party. The Reform Bill, which his powerful pen had done much to promote, had of course moderated the views of all enlightened public men; but in no sense could the term Conservative apply to him, more than it would apply at any period of his political life — after bis first desertion from the

ranks of the men who had applauded the labours of" Peter Porcupine."' T. B.

Cobbett On Classical Learning (3rd S. iii. 386.) — Cobbett affected to despise all acquirements which he had not. In his English Grammar, letter xxi., he selects examples of bad English from the writings of Dr. Johnson and Dr. Watta, and is very contemptuous on "what are called the learned languages;" but I agree with E. H. that he would not have entered upon Latin or Greek criticism. I do not know the epitaphs objected to by Mr. Brennen, but it is not unlikely that he mistook Wakefield for the author of one quoted by him in derision.

"The Baptists have a burying place at Hill Cliff, in the neighbourhood of Warrington. What follows is an epitaph on one of their ministers, which will serve to expose the contemptible affectation of knowledge in little minds, and the artifice that is sometimes practised to procure authority with the people, and a reputation for talents which aro not possessed in the least degree by the boaster: —

* Subter hoc saxum

Thojl* Wainwbiohti, sen.

Amicus ille noster sternere se somnum

factum est Ille autem

prasdictoria fuisse in

congressus Uaptistus per

Warrington.'"

Memoirs ofthe Life ofGW trt Wnhefitld, B.A. Written

by Himself, p. 214. 8vo, London, 1792.

Did Parr or Burney write an epitaph on Fox or Johnson? Fitzhopkins.

Garrick Club.

PRE-DEATH COFFINS AND MONUMENTS. (3* S. v. 255, 363.)

Those of your readers who are interested in this subject may be reminded, that the Emperor Charles V. made trial of his coffin at least some days before the " animula blandula, vagula," &c, took its flight.

Dr. John Donne, too, interested himself about his monumental effigy, and gave himself extraordinary and almost ludicrous pains in order that the labours of the sculptor might be effective. Having ordered an urn to be cut in wood, and having caused charcoal fires to be lighted in his study, he indued the winding-sheet, and stood by the urn, simulating death. In which position, a portrait was taken, which stood by Donne's bedside until his death; and, no doubt, was afterwards of much service to the executor of the statue which marked his resting-place in St. Paul's.

In Wylie's Old and New Nottingham (p. 255), mention is made of an eccentric character, " Ned Dawson," who, being a staunch Tory, had his

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