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upon whom devolved the duty of presenting the monument, was introduced by Mr. Dreyer as follows:
I now take pleasure in introducing Mr. Edward S. Taylor, who, on behalf of the trustees of the Grant monument association, will present the statue of our hero to the board of Lincoln Park commissioners and the people of the city of Chicago.
Mr. Taylor spoke as follows:
In the midsummer of 1885 public attention was directed to the silent sufferer on McGregor's Height; in the early morn on the 23d of July in that year on that summit sunshine changed to shadow, and throughout the realm a sorrowing public bowed, uncovered, at the tidings of a nation's loss. When the announcement of the death of General Grant was received in Chicago, Mr. Palmer, Mr. Nickerson, and General Stockton, conferring together, suggested the propriety of placing in Lincoln Park a memorial to the illustrious dead. Associating with them Messrs. Adams, Dreyer, and Williams, and the late General William E. Strong (whose recent death has imposed this duty upon me), an organization was formed with General Strong as its president.
An immediate appeal was made to the public for contributions in furtherance of the project. The press of Chicago heartily and grandly co-operated with the trustees. The appeal was received with universal enthusiasm, artisans and operatives from forge, and factory, and mill, the employes in the counting-houses and mercantile establishments, the learned professions, public and private enterprises, wage-earners from every department of toil, the churches and schools, the old and young, the rich of their abundance, the poor to the full measure of their ability, each vying with the other, hastened to tender their tribute to the memory of one who has given an added luster to the American name. Nearly 100,000 persons aided in placing that statue there. So general, so generous, so prompt were the responses that before the entornb. ment of the remains of General Grant, a sufficient fund had been provided to justify the trustees in proceeding with the work. After considering various locations, this commanding site overlooking the lake was selected as the one most fitting. A year later this granite foundation and pedestal, the design of F. M. White. house, of Chicago, was put in place. After a careful study of all the requirements and fully considering various suggestions the trustees gave Louis T. Rebisso, of Cincinnati, a commission for a bronze equestrian statue of General Grant. We shall soon see how well that commission has been executed.
This imposing, almost unprecedented demonstration, this mag. nificent presence, where are congregated representatives from every section of our country, some of toil and votaries of trade, soldiers, statesmen, and scholars, is an added tribute of reverence for a great name; but neither the demonstration of to-day nor this grand assemblage, nor that statue, even though embellished by art, can add to the fame of Uiysses S. Grant. History has linked his name with immortality, and on its page so long as language is unforgotten that name will shine as certainly and as ceaselessly as the sun in yonder sky. That statue will be of value only as it may inoculate other generations with the same spirit of patriotism, valor, and devotion which gendered the events it commemorates: that so equipped, if in the future peril should menace the republic, they may be prompted and prepared to maintain the honor of the flag and assure the perpetuity of American institutions. That mute monument will ever illustrate an eventful era in our national history. “It cometh unto you with a tale which holdeth children from play and old men from the chimney corner.”
Comrades of the great commander, those silent lips will break into voice, inarticulate yet audible, to recite through all the years the sublime story of your toil and triumph, of your sacrifice and
It will ever prompt childhood to nobler effort, as it discloses to their gaze the possibilities of a citizen under republican institutions. It will ever tell the simple, yet wondrous story of Grant's matchless career; how, when in 1861 the first gun “pronounced the unmistakable language of war,” it was heard by a forgotten citizen in the remotest corner of our State. Responding with unsheathed sword he entered upon a triumphal march, not as an armed invader, but as a messenger of mercy on a mission
Fort Donelson wrote his name above the horizon. The 4th of July, 1863, he knocked at the door of the seemingly impregnable fortress, and its reluctant portals opened obedient to the magic of his touch. That day Vicksburg placed his name among
the stars “ Where all nations may read it and all time may not efface it.” It will ever remind us that with Appomattox, which closed his active military career, joy came to the nation on pinions of peace. It will tell that a grateful people twice honored him with its chiefest distinction and twice did he justify the
confidence thus bestowed; that then, circling the earth, he was every where the guest of dominion and power.
“Old Egypt and the Ind and the isles of the sea
To greet the unsceptered who stood at their gate.” Everywhere among the nations of the earth was he made the recipient of costly tokens, tributes which monarchy paid to democracy, evidencing the regard which the incarnation of our national character, life, and laws involuntarily evoked from the various civilizations of the earth. Mr. President and gentlemen of the board of commissioners of Lincoln Park, the trustees of the Grant monument association have ended their labors and now transfer to your custody the completed statue, a gift from the people in trust for the people, to be by you and your successors forever maintained, an inspiration to patriotism, a perpetual reminder of the colossal character which Illinois gave to the nation and the nation gave to time.
Accept the trust.
As Mr. Taylor concluded his address he waved his hand to Miss Alice Strong, the daughter of the late General Wm. E. Strong, who was holding the rope that held the flag in place over the statue, and the flag was loosened and fell to the foot of the monument. A salute was fired by the battery from Fort Sheridan, and by the United States steamers Michigan, Andrew Johnson, and Fessenden.
To W. C. Goudy was assigned the duty of accepting the monument. He was introduced by Mr. Dreyer as follows:
The Hon. W. C. Goudy, President of the board of Lincoln Park commissioners, will now address you and accept the statue in the name of the board of the Lincoln Park commissioners, as its President.
Mr. Goudy's address:
MR. PRESIDENT AND TRUSTEES OF THE GRANT MONUMENT AssociATION:
The faithful discharge of your duties as trustees of patriotic citizens of Chicago in erecting this memorial of General Grant will always receive the praise it so much merits. The artist has
One of my
presented him as the soldier and General, the character in which he is best known and as he will appear most conspicuously in history. As a work of art alone this beautiful statue, perfect in proportion and every detail, will be admired by all who may have the pleasure of looking upon it. But this figure will keep fresh the memory of one of the greatest men of the nineteenth century and of the qualities which advanced him from obscurity to the highest position military and civil, and be both an example and encouragement to the youth of future generations. In his autobiography he seems to disclose the rule which guided his conduct and enabled him to achieve renown. He says: superstitions has always been when I started to go anywhere or to do anything not to turn back or stop until the thing intended was accomplished." And in the preface he declarés "that there are but few important events in the affairs of men brought about by their own choice.” He signified his faith in the idea “ Man proposes but God disposes.” Thus through life he persisted in every undertaking, did well the work before him, and with serene confidence that right results would be reached.
It is fit that this monument in honor of the great soldier should be placed in a park bearing the name of the illustrious president who chose him with wonderful sagacity as the leader of the union armies. It seems appropriate that statues of Lincoln and Grant should stand together on the shore of Lake Michigan and in the metropolis of the state which gave them to the republic in its struggle for life. On behalf of the commissioners of Lincoln Park I receive this monument and promise for them and their successors to care for and preserve it, so that the thousands who behold it, as they pass by land or water, may be reminded of the virtues, courage, patriotism, and sacrifices of the soldier-statesman.
Following Mr. Goudy came his Honor, the Mayor, who was introduced by Mr. Dreyer as follows:
I now take pleasure in introducing to you the mayor of our city, the Hon. Hempstead Washburne, who will address you in brief, and accept the monument for the people of the city of Chicago.
Mayor Washburn said:
MR. PRESIDENT, VETERANS OF THE REPUBLIC, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN:
If your invitation to me this day were any mere personal compliment--however much it might be prized--a proper appreciation of the supreme requirements of the hour would have caused me to decline, but official duty demands that I usurp an opportunity which belongs to an orator. A countless multitude is gathered here to-day, watched over by that providence which encouraged Washington at Valley Forge, gave Grant the laurel wreath of victory at Appomattox, and now transforms this lasting monument into an altar-stone of the nation, around whose base friend and foe have come alike to worship and forgive. No other land can claim a soldier who battled for the world, and history does not record a scene such as we behold this day. Around this, a soldier's monument, victor and vanquished bow their silvered heads--people of every nation stand uncovered—and little children—these divine links who later shall perpetuate by tradition the spirit of their times—will tell to grandsons who shall hug their tottering knees their memories of this day-sacred memories, for this is the first day in the recorded time when all nations of the earth, all people of one land bowed in unison, respect, and gratitude before the bronze image of a soldier who fought his battles for the cause of human freedom and that the last grand experiment of liberty should not fail. This is a fitting place for such a monumentit is a sacred spot. The air we breath is laden with the memories of great men; beneath our feet the firm sod of that proud State which gave Lincoln to the nation and sent Grant forth to become the leader of our hosts-above these countless faces a canopy more limitless than our country, bright emblem of our unity, for we plucked from heaven those stars which mark our growth, fraternity, and strength. Veterans, soldiers, and citizens, the man whose memory we commemorate prized his citizenship above all military glory. He realized we were one people, whose aims, interests, and ambitions are one and inseparable. He fought and conquered; he laid aside the sword to undo the ravages of war and hatred grown from sectional strife. How far he succeeded history will relate. As a soldier he conquered the most valiant army that ever laid down its arms. As a civilian he labored for his whole country, alike the conquerer and the conquering, and when he answered the last grand roll-call a grief-stricken country