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Broussons, those Marolles, and such a multi- | terior service? And though external worship tude of our martyrs, who have sealed the be required, must it always be presented in the evangelical doctrine with their blood, who presence of a multitude? May not private have ascended the scaffold, not only with re- devotion be a substitute for public worship? signation, but with joy, with transports, with And may we not offer to God in the closet, songs of triumph, exclaiming, amid their suf- the devotion which the calamity of the time ferings, “I can do all things through Christ does not allow us to offer in temples consecrat which strengtheneth me,” Phil. i. 13. " Thanks ed to his glory, and perform in our families the be unto God, which always causeth us to offices of piety which tyrants prevent our pertriumph in Christ,” 2 Cor. ii. 14. “Blessed be forming in numerous assemblies the Lord, who teacheth my hands to war, and (1.) I answer; what are the private devomy fingers to fight,” Ps. cxliv. 1. Were not tions performed in places in which the truth is those venerable men naturally weak as you? persecuted! Ridiculous devotions; many of And with the help of God, may not you be- those who perform them being divided between come strong as they? Are you weak! It is Christ and Belial, between true and idolatrous still added, say rather, I am wicked, and blush adoration. In the morning, before the altar for your impiety.
of false gods; in the evening, before the altar 4. There are yet more plausible insinuations, of the Supreme Jehovah. In the morning, and more subtle snares; and consequently, the denying Jesus Christ in public; in the evening more likely to entangle those who are defec confessing him in private. In the morning tive in precautions of defence. The enemy of making a parade of error; in the evening, preour salvation sometimes borrows weapons from tending to acknowledge the truth. Devotions conscience, in order to give it mortal wounds. in which they are in continual alarms; in which The advice we give to the persecuted, is that they are obliged to conceal themselves from of Jesus Christ; “ If any man will come after their enemies, from many of their friends, and me, let him take up his cross, and follow me,” to say in secret, who sees me who hears me? Matt. xvi. 24. “Come out of Babylon, my who suspects me? Devotions in which they people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, are afraid of false brethren, afraid of the walls, and that ye receive not her plagues," Rev. or afraid of themselves! xviii. 4. To this duty, they oppose other (2.) The inward disposition, you say constiduties; and family duties in particular. What tutes the essence of religion. I ask, what sort would become of my father, should I leave of inward disposition is that of the Christians him in his old age? What would become of whom we attack? Show us now, this religion my children should I forsake them in their in which consists wholly of inward dispositions; fancy? They allege the duties of benevolence. this worship in spirit and in truth. What! this What would become of so many poor people gross ig rance a necessary consequence of who procure bread in my employment? So privation of the ministry, those absurd notions many starving families, who subsist on my of our mysteries, those vague ideas of morality; alms: So many people in perplexity, who are is this the inward religion, is this “the worguided by my advice? What would become ship in spirit and in truth?” What! this abof these, if
, neglecting their happiness, I should horrence they entertain of the communion of solely seek my own: They allege the duties the persecutor, who they know scarcely posof zeal. What would become of religion in sesses the first principles of the persecuted? Is this place, in which it was once so flourishing, this the inward religion, is this the “worship if all those who know the truth should obey in spirit and in truth?” What! this kind of the command, “Come out of Babylon.” deism, and deism certainly of the worst kind,
Let us, my brethren, unmask this snare of which we see maintained by the persons in the devil. He places these last duties before question! Is this the inward religion, is this your eyes, in order that you may neglect the the "worship in spirit and in truth?” What! first, without which all others are detestable this tranquillity with which they enjoy not in the sight of God our sovereign Judge; who only the riches they have preserved at the exwhenever he places us in a situation in which pense of their soul; but the riches of these we cannot practise a virtue without commit- who have sacrificed the whole of their properting a crime, prohibits that virtue. God as- ty for the sake of the gospel? Is this the insumes to himself the government of the world, ward religion, is this the “worship in spirit and he will not lay it on your shoulders; he and in truth?” What! this participation in the still asserts the same language he once ad- pleasures of the age, at a period when they dressed to St. Paul, when that prince under ought to weep: those frantic joys, if I may so the pretence of obedience to a precept, had speak, over the ruins of our temples, after reviolated an express prohibition. “ Hath the nouncing the doctrines there professed? Is this Lord as great delighit in burnt-offerings and the inward religion, is this the "worship in sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the Lord? spirit and in truth?” What! those marriages Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to they contract, in which it is stipulated, in case hearken than the fat of rams," i Sam. xv. 22. of issue, they shall be baptized by the minis
5. But is it public worship; (and this is a ters of error, and educated in their religion? fifth snare, a fifth insinuation; and a fifth class Is this the inward religion, is this the “ of those "sins which so easily beset us;")-is ship in spirit and in truth?" it public worship which constitutes the essence 6. I will add but one illusion more, and that of religion? Does not true devotion wholly is the illusion of security. If we offend, say consist in worshipping in Spirit, and in truth? the persons we attack;—if we offend in subMay we not retain religion secretly in our mitting to the pressure of the times, we do it heart, though we apparently suspend the ex- 1 through weakness, and weakness is an object
of divine clemency. It is not possible, that a | with the brevity of my time. I shall proceed merciful God, a God who “knows whereof we to give a portrait of the life common to persons cre made," a God who has formed us with the who attain the utmost age God has assigned to
ttachment we have for our property, our rela- man. I shall conduct him from infancy to the cives, and our lives; it is not possible that this close of life, tracing to you, in each period it is God should condemn us to eternal misery, be- presumed he shall pass, the various temptations cause we have not had the fortitude to sacrifice which assail him; and by which it is impossible the whole. A double shield, my brethren, shall he should fall, if he keep in view the apostle's cover you against this temptation, if you have exhortation, “Let us lay aside every weight, prudence to use it; a double reflection shall de- and the sin which doth so easily beset us." Let fend you against this last illusion.
every one who hears this sermon with a view First, the positive declarations of our Scripto profit, carefully apply to himself those traits tures. God is merciful, it is true; but he is an which have the nearest resemblance to his state. arbitrator of the terms on which his mercy is Hence I would presume every one of you to be offered: or, as it is written, he extends mercy to the man who shall attain the age of eighty whom he pleases; and God who extends mercy years: these are the temptations he will find in to whom he pleases, declares that he will show his course. no mercy to those who refuse to honour his 1. Scarcely will you be liberated from the truth. He declares, that "he will deny those arms of the nurse, when you fall under the care before his Father, who deny him before men, ," of weak and indulgent people; who will, through Matt. x. 33. He declares, that “he who loveth a cruel complaisance, take as much pains to father or mother more than him, is not worthy cherish the corrupt propensities of nature, as of him,” Matt. . 37. He declares, that “they they ought to take for their subjugation. At who receive the mark of the beast, or worship this early period they will sow in your heart his image, shall be cast alive into the lake of awful seeds, which will produce an increase of fire, burning with brimstone,” Rev. xix. 20. thirty, sixty, or an hundred-fold. They will He declares, that he will class in the great day, make a jest of your faults, they will applaud “the fearful;” that is, those who have not had your vices, and so avail themselves of your tencourage to confess their religion, with the “un- der age, to give a thousand and a thousand believing," with “the abominable,” with "the wounds to your innocence, that all your applimurderers,” with “the whoremongers," with cation will scarcely heal, when you shall be “the sorcerers,” with “the idolaters," with capable of application. If you do not avail "the liars.” He declares, that “the fearful yourselves of the first sentiments of piety and shall,” in common with others, be cast into the reason, to resist so far as the weakness of childlake which burneth with fire and brimstone, hood will permit, those dangerous snares, you which is the second death,” Rev. xxi. 8. will find yourselves very far advanced in the
The second reflection, which should be a road of vice before your situation is perceived. shield for repelling this illusion of the devil, 2. Is infancy succeeded by youth? Fresh arises from the nature of the crime itself, ac snares, new temptations, occur. On the comcounted a mere infirmity. Four characters con- mencement of reflection, you will discover extribute to the atrocity of a crime. 1. When it isting, in your constitution and temperature, is not committed in a moment of surprise, in principles grossly opposed to the law of God. which we are taken unawares. 2. When we Perhaps the evil may have its principal seat in persist in it not only for a few hours, or days, the soul, perhaps in the body. In the temperabut live in it for whole years. 3. When during ture of the soul, you will find principles of enthose years of criminality, we have all the op- vy, principles of vanity, or principles of avarice. portunities we could reasonably ask of emanci- In the temperature of the body, you will find pation. 4. When this crime not only captivates principles of anger, principles of impurity, or the solitary offender, but draws a great number principles of indolence. If you are not aware more into the same perdition. These four cha- of this class of temptations, you will readily racters all associate with the crime in question, suffer yourselves to be carried away by your the crime reckoned a weakness, and obstinately propensity, and you will obey it without reclassed among the infirmities of nature. But I morse; you will invest it with privilege to do have not resolution to enlarge upon this subject, with innocence, what the rest of the world canand to prove, that our unhappy brethren are in not do without a crime. You must expect to such imminent danger of destruction. And the find in your temperature principles which will expiration of my time is a subordinate induce dispense with virtue, and to be captivated by ment to proceed to other subjects.
maxims which too much predominate in the II. Were it possible for the discourses intro- world, and which you will daily hear from the duced into this pulpit to be finished pieces, in mouths of your companions in dissipation. which we were allowed to exhaust the subjects; These maxims are, that youth is the age of were you capable of paying the same attention pleasure; that it is unbecoming a young man to to exercises, which turn on spiritual subjects, be grave, serious, devout, and scrupulous; that you bestow on business or pleasure, I would pre- now we ought to excuse not only games, pleasent you with a new scheme of arguments; I sure, and the theatres, but even debauchery, would reduce, to different classes, the tempta- drunkenness, luxury, and profaneness; that tions which Satan employs to obstract you in swearing gives a young man an air of chivalry the course. But we should never promise our becoming his age, and debauchery an air of selves the completion of a subject in the scanty gallantry which does him credit in the world. limits to which we are prescribed.
Caution yourselves against this class of temptaI shall take a shorter course, harmonizing the tions: reject the sin which so easily destroys you, extent and importance of the remaining subject | if you should relax in one single instance. "Ah!
think, my son, that you may never survive / render him most useful? Is it not to determine those yeans you devote to the world, think that on the choice of a text, not by the caprice of the small-pox, a fever, a single quarrel, or one the people, which on this point is often weak, act of debauchery, may snatch away your life. and mostly partial, but by the immediate wants Think, though you should run your full course, of the flock? Is it not to pay the same attention you will never have such flexible organs, so re to a dying man, born of an obscure family, tentive a memory, so ready a conception, as stretched on a couch of grass, and unknown to you have to-day; and consequently, you will the rest of the world, as to him who possesses a never have such a facility for forming habits of distinguished name, who abounds in wealth, holiness. Think how you will one day lament who provides the most splendid coffin and magto have lost so precious an opportunity. Con- nificent funeral: Is it not to “cry aloud, to lift secrate your early life to duty, dispose your up his voice like a trumpet, to show the people heart, at this period, to ensure salvation. “Re- their transgressions, and the house of Jacob member now thy Creator in the days of thy their sins; to know no man after the flesh;" and youth, while the evil days come not, nor the when he ascends this pulpit, to reprove vice years draw nigh, in which thou shalt say, I have with firmness, however exalted may be the situno pleasure in them,” Eccles. xii. 1.
ation of the offender? But what is the morality 3. After having considered the period of of a pastor? “Enter not into judgment with youth, we proceed to maturér age. A new thy servants, O Lord; for we cannot answer stage, fresh snares, more temptations. What thee one of a thousand.” Caution yourselves profession can you choose, which the spirit of against this class of temptations. The world is the world has not infected with its venom; and neither your legislator, nor your judge; Jesus which has not, so to speak, its peculiar morality? Christ, and not the world, is the sovereign ar
The peculiar morality of a soldier, whose duty ! bitrator. It is the morality of Jesus Christ, and is to defend society, to maintain religion, to re- not the maxims of men, which you should folpress licentiousness, to oppose rapine by force: low. and to deduce, from so many dangers, which 4. Having reviewed human life in infancy, open the way of death, motives to render the youth, and manhood, I proceed to consider it in account which Heaven will require: but it is a old age; in that old age, which seems so distant, profession in which a man thinks himself au- but which is, in fact, within a few years; in that thorized to insult society, to despise religion, to old age which seems, in some sort, at the disfoment licentiousness, to lend his arm, to sacri- tance of eternity, but which advances with asfice his life, to sell his person for the most am- tonishing rapidity. A new state, fresh snares, bitious designs, the most iniquitous conquests, more temptations occur: infirmities, troubles, and sanguinary enterprises of sovereigns. and cares, arrive with age. The less there re
The peculiar morality of the statesman and mains on earth to defend, the more men are magistrate, whose profession is to preserve the resolved not to let it go. The love of life havoppressed, to weigh with calmness a long detail ing predorninated for fifty or sixty years, someof causes and consequences, to avail himself of times unites and attaches itself, so to speak, yet the dignity to which he is elevated to afford ex more closely to the short period, which they amples of virtue; but it is a profession in which think is still promised. It is so rooted and inhe thinks himself entitled to become inaccessible trenched in the heart, as to be immoveable by to the injured, to weary them out with morti- all our sermons on eternity. They look on all fying reserves, with insupportable delays, and who witness the calamities they suffer, as to dispense with labour and application, aban- though they were the cause: it seems as though doning himself to dissipation and vice. they were reproached for having lived so long,
The peculiar morality of the lawyer, whose and they make them atone for this imaginary duty is to restrict his ministry to truth and jus- fault, as though they were really guilty. The tice, never to plead for a cause which has not thoughts of death they put away with the the appearance of equity, and to be the advo- greater care, as it approaches nearer, it being cate of those who are inadequate to reward his impossible to avoid the idea, without these efservices: but it is a profession in which a man forts to remove it. They call to their aid thinks himself authorized to maintain both amusements, which would scarcely be excusafalsehood and truth, to support iniquity and ble in the age of infancy: thus they lose the falsehood, and to direct his efforts to the cele- precious remains of life,-granted by the longbrity he may acquire, or the remuneration he suffering of God, as they have lost the long may receive.
course of years, of which nothing now remains The peculiar morality of the merchant, whose but the recollection. duty is to detest short weights and false mea Be on your guard, aged men, against this sures, to pay the revenue, and to be satisfied class of temptations, and against these illusions, with a moderate profit: but a profession in which which will easily beset you, unless the whole he thinks himself authorized to indulge those of your strength be collected for precaution and very vices he ought in particular to avoid. defence. Let prayer be joined to vigilance: let
The peculiar morality of the minister. What those hands, trembling and enfeebled with the is the vocation of a minister? Is it not to devote weight of years, be raised to heaven: let that himself entirely to virtue? Is it not to set a voice, scarcely capable of articulating accents, pattern to all the church? Is it not to visit the be addressed to God: entreat him, who succourhospitals, and houses of affliction, and to alle- ed you in the weakness of infancy, in the vigour viate, as far as he can, the pressure of their ca- of youth, in the bustle of riper age, still to suslamities? Is it not to direct his studies, not to tain you, when the hand of time is heavy upon subjects by which he may acquire celebrity for your head. learning and eloquence, but to those which may Hitherto, my dear brethren, I have address
ed you, merely concerning the dangers peculiar | What repose can you enjoy in a criminal into each age. What would you not say now, trigue, saying to yourself, perhaps God will if we should enter into a detail of those which pardon me after having brought this intrigue occur in every situation of life? We find, in to an issue: but perhaps, also, during the every age, temptations of adversity, tempta- course of the crime, he will pronounce the sentions of prosperity, temptations of health, temp- tence it deserves. What repose can you enjoy tations of sickness, temptations of company, in the night preceding a day destined to a comand temptations of solitude: and who is able plication of crimes, saying to yourself, perhaps fully to enumerate all the sins which so easily I shall see the day devoted to so dreadful a beset us in the various ages of life? How should purpose: but perhaps this very night “my soul one be rich without pride, and poor without shall be required:” what delight can you take complaint. How may one fill the middle rank in a tour of pleasure, when it actually engrosses of fortune, without the disgust naturally conse- the time you have devoted to search your conquent on a station, which has nothing emulous science, to examine your state, to prepare for and animating; which can be endured by those death, to make restitution for so many frauds, only, who discover the evils from which they so many extortions, so many dissipations? What are sheltered, and the dangers from which they satisfaction can you take, saying to yourself, are freed? How can one enjoy health without perhaps I shall see the day devoted to so great indulging in the dissipations of life, without a work, but perhaps it will never come? immersion into its cares, or indulging in its Ah! my brethren, have you any proper idea pleasures? How can one be sick, without ad- of the shortness of life: have you any proper mitting complaint against that gracious Provi- idea of the eternity which follows, when you dence, which distributes both good and evil? start the objection, What! always pray, always How can one be in solitude, without being cap- fight, always watch? This life, the whole of tivated with reveries and corrupt propensities which we exhort you to devote to your salvaHow can one be in company, without receiving tion; this life, of which you say; always-althe poison which is there respired, without re- ways; this is the life, on the shortness of which ceiving a conformity to every surrounding ob- you make so many exaggerated declamations: ject? How see one's self obscure in the world, I mistake, the shortness of which can scarcely and unknown to our fellow-creatures, without be exaggerated. This life, of which you say, indulging that anxiety, which is less exercised when we exhort you to devote it entirely to in the world for the love of virtue, than to your salvation; this life of which you say, avoid the odium consequent on an open viola- / What! always-always; this life, which is but tion of its laws. How can one enjoy reputa- a vapour dissipated in the air; this life, which tion without ostentation, and blending some passes with the swiftness of a weaver's shuttle; grains of incense with what we receive of this life, which like a flower blooms in the others. Every where snares, every where dan- morning, and withers at night: this life, which
like a dream amuses the fancy for a night, and From the truths we have delivered, there of which not a vestige remains at the dawn of necessarily arises an objection, by which you day:—this is the life which is but like a thought. are struck, and many of you, perhaps, already And eternity, concerning which you regret to discouraged. What are we always to be think ! be always employed; that abyss, that gulf, are ing about religion, being in constant danger of those mountainous heaps of years, of ages, of losing it, should we suffer it to escape our millions and oceans of ages, of which language minds? What! must we always watch, always the most expressive, images the most sublime, pray, always fight? Yes, my brethren, always, geniuses the most acute, orators the most eloo at all times. On seeing the temptations of quent, I have almost said, the most audacious, youth, you should guard against those of riper can give you but imperfect notions. age. On seeing the temptations of solitude, Ah! life of fourscore years! A long duration you should guard against those of company in the estimation of the heart, when employed On seeing the temptations of adversity, you in wrestling against the flesh; but a short period should guard against those of prosperity. On when compared with eternity. Ah! life of seeing the temptations of health, you should fourscore years, spent wholly in watchfulness, guard against those of sickness. And on see prayer, and warfare; but thou art well spent ing the temptations of sickness, you should when we obtain the prize of a blissful immorguard against those of death. Yes; always tality! My brethren, my dear brethren, who watching, always fighting, always praying. can live but fourscore years,
What do I I do not say, if you should happen to relax say? Who among us can expect to see the age a moment from the work; I do not say, if you of fourscore years Christians, who are already should happen to fall by some of the tempta- arrived at thirty, others at forty, others at fifty, tions to which you are exposed from the world, and another already at fourscore years. My that you are lost without resource, that you dear brethren, some of you must die in thirty, should instantly go from sin to punishment, some of you in twenty, some of you in ten from the abuse of time to an unhappy eternity. years, and some in a single day. My dear Perhaps God will grant you a day, or a year, brethren, let us consecrate to eternity the remfor repentance; but perhaps he will not. "Per- nant of our days of vanity. Let us return to haps you may repent; but perhaps you may the testimonies of the Lord, if we have had the not. Perhaps you may be saved; but perhaps misfortune to deviate. Let us enter on the not. Perhaps hell—perhaps heaven. What race of salvation, if we have had the presumprepose can you enjoy in so awful an alterna- tion to defer our entrance into it to the present tive? What delight can you enjoy in certain period. Let us run with patience the race, if vices, the perpetration of which requires time? I we have already made a progress; and let the
gers, beset us!
thought, the attracting, the ravishing thought person of St. Paul. He preached Jesus Christ, of the prize, which terminates the race, dispel, at the very moment he was persecuted, for from our mind, every idea of the difficulties having preached him. He preached, even which obstruct the way. Amen! May God when in chains. He did more; he attacked give us grace so to do. To whom be honour his judge on the throne. He reasoned, he enand glory, dominion, and magnificence, now forced, he thundered. He seemed already to and for ever. Amen.
exercise the function of judging the world, which God has reserved for the saints. He
made Felix tremble. Felix felt himself borne SERMON LXXXIV.
away by a superior force. Unable to hear St.
Paul any longer without appalling fears, he SAINT PAUL'S DISCOURSE BEFORE sent him away. .“ After certain days, when
Felix came with his wife Drusilla, he sent for FELIX AND DRUSILLA.
Paul, and heard him concerning the faith in
We find here three considerations which And after certain days, when Felix came with his claim attention. An enlightened preacher,
wife Drusilla, which was a Jewess, he sent for who discovers a very peculiar discernment in Paul, and heard him concerning the faith in the selection of his subjects. A conscience Christ. And as he reasoned of righteousness, appalled, and confounded on the recollection of temperance, and judgment to come, Felix trem- its crimes, and of that awful judgment where bled, and answered; Go thy way for this time; they must be weighed. We find, in fact, a when I have a convenient season, I will call for sinner alarmed, but not converted; a sinner who thee.
desires to be saved, but delays his conversion; My brethren, though the kingdom of the a case, alas! but of too common occurrence. righteous be not of this world, they present, You perceive already, my brethren, the subhowever, amidst their meanness, marks of dig-ject of this discourse; I. That St. Paul reasonnity and power. They resemble Jesus Christ.ed before Felix and Drusilla, of righteousness, He humbled himself so far as to take the form temperance, and judgment to come; II. That of a servant, but frequently exercised the rights Felix trembled; III. That he sent the apostle of a sovereign. From the abyss of humilia- away: three considerations which shall divide tion to which he condescended, emanations of this discourse. May it produce on your hearts, the godhead were seen to proceed. Lord of on the hearts of Christians, the same effects St. nature, he commanded the winds and seas. Paul produced on the soul of this heathen; but He bade the storms and tempests subside. He may it have a happier influence on your lives. restored health to the sick, and life to the dead. Amen. He imposed silence on the Rabbins: he embar I. Paul preached before Felix and Drusilla, rassed Pilate on the throne; and disposed of “ on righteousness, temperance, and judgment paradise, at the moment he himself was pierced to come.” This is the first object of discussion. with the nails, and fixed on the cross. Behold Before, however, we proceed farther with our the portrait of believers! They are dead. remarks, we must first sketch the character of Their life is hid with Christ in God,” Col. iii. this Felix, and this Drusilla, which will serve 3. “If they had hope only in this life, they as a basis to the first proposition. were of all men most miserable," 1 Cor. xv. After the sceptre was departed from Judah, 19. Nevertheless, they discover I know not and the Jewish nation subjugated by Pompey, what superiority of birth. Their glory is not the Roman emperors governed the country by so concealed, but we sometimes perceive its procurators. Claudius filled the imperial throne lustre; just as the children of a king, when while St. Paul was at Cesarea. This empeunknown and in a distant province, betray in ror had received a servile education from his their conversation and carriage indications of grandmother Lucia, and from his mother Anillustrious descent.
tonia; and, having been brought up in obseWe might illustrate this truth by numerous quious meanness, evinced, on his elevation to instances. Let us attend to that in our text. the empire, marks of the inadequate care There we shall discover that association of which had been bestowed on his infancy. He humility and grandeur, of reproach and glory, had neither courage nor dignity of mind. He which constitutes the condition of the faithful who was raised to sway the Roman sceptre, while on earth. Behold St. Paul, a Christian, and consequently to govern the civilized world, an apostle, a saint. See him hurried from tri- abandoned his judgment to his frced-men, and bunal to tribunal, from province to province; gave them a complete ascendancy over his sometimes before the Romans, sometimes be- mind. Felix was one of those freed-men. “He fore the Jews, sometimes before the high-priest exercised,” and these are the words of a Roof the synagogue, and sometimes before the man historian (Tacitus,) " he exercised in Juprocurator of Cesar. See him conducted from dea, the imperial functions with a mercenary Jerusalem to Cesarea, and summoned to ap- soul.” Voluptuousness and avarice were the pear before Felix. In all these traits, do you predominant vices of his heart. We have a not recognise the Christian walking in the nar- proof of his avarice immediately after our row way, the way of tribulation, marked by his text, where, it is said, he sent for Paul,-not Master's feet? But consider him nearer still. to hear him concerning the truth of the gospel Examine his discourse, look at his countenance; which this apostle had preached with so much there you will see a fortitude, a courage, and a power;—not to inquire whether this religion, dignity, which constrains you to acknowledge against which the Jews had raised the standthat there was something really grand in the lard, was contrary to the interest of the state;