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Trudge. [Capering about] Wows, gire

Ah! bow can I forbear me a kiss ! [Wowski goes to Trudge.

To join the jocund dance? Yar. And shall we-shall we be bappy?

To and fro, couples go, Inkle. Aye; ever, ever, Yarico.

On the light fantastic toe, Yar. I knew we should – and yet I feared

While with glee, merrily, --but shall I still watch over you? Oh! love,

The rosy hours advance. you surely gave your Yarico such pain, only Yarico. When first the swelling, ses to make her feel this happiness the greater.

Hither bore my love ad me, Wows. [Going to Yarico] Oh Wowski

What then my fate would be, so happy!-and yet I think I not glad neither.

Liule did I thinkTrudge. Eh, Wows! How!- why not?

Doom'd to know care and woe, Wows. 'Cause I can't help cry:

Happy still is Yarico; Sir Chr. Then, if that's the case-curse me,

Since her love will constant prove. if I think I'm very glad either. What the

And nobly scorn to shrink. plague's the matter with my eyes ?-Young Wowski. Whilst all around rejoice, man, your hand-I am now proud and happy to shake it.

Pipe and tabor raise tbe voice,

It can't be Wowski's choice, Med. Well, sir Christopher, what do you

Whilst Trudge's, to be dumb. say to my hopeful nephew now? Sir Chr. Say! why, confound the fellow, I

No, no, day blithe and gay,

Sball like massy, missy play, say, that it is ungenerous enough to remember

Dance and sing, bey ding, ding, the bad actiou of a man who has virtue left

Strike fiddle and beat drum. in bis heart to repent il. -As for you, my good fellow, [to. Trudge) I must, with your Trudge. 'Sbobs! now I'm fix'd for lose, master's permission, employ you myself.

My fortune's fair, though black's Trudge. O rare!-Bless


my wife, Wows! you'll be lady, you jade, to a gover

Who fears domestic strisenor's factotum.

Who cares now a sous! Wows. Iss.--I lady Jactotum.

Merry cheer my dingy dear Sir Chr. And now, my young folks, we'll

Shall find with her Factoturn bere; drive home, and celebrate ihe wedding. Od's

Night and day, I'll frisk and play my life! I long to be skaking a foot at the

About the house with Wows. fiddles, and I shall dance ten times the lighter, Inkle. Love's convert here behold. for reforming an Inkle, while I have it in my

Banish'd now my thirst of gold, power to reward the innocence of a Yarico.

Bless'd in these arms to fold

My gentle Yarico,

Hence all care, all doubt, and lear, Campley. Come, let us dance and sing, While all Barbadoes bells shari ring:

Love and joy each want shall cheer,

Happy night, pure delight,
the fiddle string,

Shall make our bosoms glow.
And Venus plays the lule;
Hymen gay, foots away,


Let Patly say a word-
Happy at our wedding-day,

A chambermaid may sure be beard-
Cocks his chin, and figures in,

Sure men are grown absurd,

Thus taking black for white; To tabor, life, and flute.

To hug and kiss a dingy miss, Chorus. Come tben, elc.

Will hardly suit an age like tbis, Narcissa. Since thus each anxious care

Unless, here, some friends appea. Is vanish'd into emply air,

Who like this wedding night.



This gentleman, descended from an ancient family iu Devonshire, was born at Excter, and received his ede:11 at the free-school of Barnstaple, in that county, under tbc care of Mr. William Rayner. He Was bred a morcer a the Strand; but having a small forlune independent of business, and considering the attendance on a shop is a degrze dation of those talents which he found himsell possessed of, ihe quilled that occupation, and applied himself use views, and to the indulgence of his inclination for the Muges. Mr. Gay was born in the year 1088. him secretary, or rather domestic stoward, to the Dutchess of Monmonth ; in which station he continued ull the ben ginning of the year 1714, at which time he accompanicd the Earl of Clarendon to Hanover, whither that noblesan va dispatched by Queen Anne, In the latter end of the same year, in consequence of the Queen's death, be reared to England, wliere he lived in the highest estimation and intimacy of friendship with many persons of the Erst distructura both in rank and abilities. He was even particularly taken notice of by Queen Caroline, then Princess ef Welke whom he had the honour of reading in manuscript his tragedy of The Captives; and in 1726 dedicaied bis Fun, by permission, to the Duke of Cumberland. From ihis countenance shown to him, and numberless promises raadi lom prefermeni, it was reasonable to suppose, that he would have been genteelly provided for in some ofáce siahle his inclination and abilities. Instead of which, in 1727, he was offered the place of gegueman-usber to see the youngest princesses ; an office which, as he looked on it as rather an indignity la a whose talcats right be been so much better employed, he thought proper ta refuse; and some prelly warta remonstrances were sade a tko occasion by his sincere friends and jealous patrons the Duko and Duchess of Queensberry, which teruissed is those two noble presonages withdrawing from court in disgust. Mr. Gay's dependence on the promises of the grest, as the disappointments he met with, he has figuratively described in his fable of the Hare with many friends. Howe


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the very atraordinary success he met with from public encouragement made an ample amends, both with respect to satisfaction and omolument, for those private disappointments : for, in the season of 1727 – 28, appeared his Beggar's Opers, the success of which was not only unprecedented, but almost incredible, It had an uninterrupted run in London of sixty-three nights in the first season, and was renewed in the ensuing one with cywal approbation, Il spread into all the great towns of England; was played in many places to the thirtieth and fortiell tiine, and at Bath and Bristol ffiv; made its progress into Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, in which last place it was acted for twenty-four successive nights, and last of all it was performed at Minorea. Nor was the same of it confined to the reading and representation alone, for the card-table and the drawing-room shared with the theatre and the closet in this respect; The ladies carried about the favourite songs of it engravea on their fan-mounts, and screene and other pieces of furniture were decorated with the same. Miss Fenton, who acted Polly, though till then perfectly obscure, became all at once the idol of the town; her pictures were engraven, and sold in great numbers ; her life written; books of letters and verses to her published ; and pamphlas made of even her very sayings and jests; nay, she herself was received to * salion, in consequence of which she, before her death, attained the highest rank a female subject can acquire, being married to the Duke of Bolton. In short, the satire of this piece was so striking, so apparent, and so perfectly adapted to the taste of sll degrees of people, that it even for that season overthrew the Italian opera, that Dagon of the nobility and gentry, which had so long seduced them to idolatry, and which Dennis, by the labours and outeries of a wholo life, and many other writers, hy the force of reason and reflection had in vain endeavoured to duse from the throne of public taste. Yet the Herculean exploit did this little piece al unco bring to its completion, and for some time ret called the devotion of the inwn from an adoration of mere sound and show, to the admiration of, and relish for, true saure and sound understanding. The prohts of this piece were so very great, both to the author and Mr. Rich the manages, that it gave rise to a qnibble, which became frequent in the mouths of many, viz. That it had made Rich gay, and Gay rich; and we have heard it asserted, that the author's own advantages from it were not less than two thousand pounds. In consequence of this success, Mr. Gay was induced to write a second part in it, which he entiiled Pully. But, owing to the disgust subsisting between him and the court, together with the misrepresentations made of him, as having been the author of some disatl'ected libels and seditious pamphlets, a charge which, however, he warmly disavows in his preface to this opera, a prohibition of it was sent from the Lord Chamberlain, at the very time when every thing was in readiness for ile rehearsal of it. This disappointment, however, was far from bring a loss to the author; for, as it was alterwards confessed, even by his very best friends, to be in every respect in Gnitely inferior to the first part, it is reore than probable, that it might have failed of that great success in the representation which Mr. Gay might promise himself from it; whereas the profits arising from the publication of it afterwards in quarto, in consequence of a very large subscription, which this appearance of persecution, added to the author's great personal interest procured for him, were al least adequate to what could have accrued to him from a moderate run, had it been represealed. He afterwards new wrote The IV ise of Bath, which was the last dramatic piece by him that made its appearance during his life; his opera of Achilles, the comedy of the Distrest Wife, and his farce of The Rehearsal 'at Goutham, being brouglit on the stage or published after his death. Besides these, Mr. Gay wrote many very valuable pieces in verse; among which his Travia; or, The Art of walking in the Streets of London ; though one of his first pottical attempts, is far from being the least considerable; but, as among his dramatic works, his Beggar's Opera did at first, and perhaps ever will, stand as an unrivalled masterpiece, so, among his poetical works, liis l'ables hold the same rank of estimation : the later having been almost as universally read as the former was represented, and both equally admired. It would therefore be superfluous here to add any thing farther to these self-reared monuments of his farac as a poel. As a man, he appears in have been morally amiable. His disposition was sweet and allable, his temper generous, and his conversation agreeable aud entertaining. He had indeed one foible, too frequently incident to men of great literary abilities, and which subjected him at times to inconveniences, which otherwise be needed not to have experienced, viz. an excess of indolence, which prevented him from exarting the full force of his lalenis. He was, however, not mattentive to the means of procuring an independence, in which he would probably have succeeded, had not his spirits been kept down by disappointments. He had, however, saved several thousand pounds al the time of his death, which happened at the house of ihe Duke and Dutchess of Queensberry in Hurlington Gardens, in December 1:37. He was interred in Westminster Abhey, and a monument erected to bis memory, at the expense of his afore mentioned noble benefactors, with an inscription expressive of their regards and his own deserts, and an epitaph in verse by Mr. Pope; but, as both of them are still in existence, and free of access to every one, it would be impertinent to repeat either of them in this place.

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By John Gay, Acted at Lincoln's Inn fields. The great success of this piece has rendered its merils sufficiently known. It was written in ridicule of the musical Italian drama, was first ollered to Cibber and his brethren at Drury Lane, and by them rejected. of the origin and progress of this new species of composition, Mr. Spencer has given a relation in the words of Pupe: "Dr. Swilt had been observing once to Mr. Gay, what an odd pretty sort of thing a Newgate pastoral might make. Gay was inclined to try al such a thing for some time; but afterwards thonght it would be better io write a comedy on the same plan. This was what gave rise to The Beggar's Operu. He began on it; and when first he mentioned it to Swift, the doctor did not much like the project. As he carried it on, he showed it to both of us, and we now and then gave a correction, or a word or two of advice; but it was wholly of his own writing. When it was done, neither of his thought it would succeed. We showed it to Congreve, who, after reading it over, saidi, it would either take greatly, or be damned confoundedly. We were all at the first night of it, in very greal uncertainty of the even!, till we were very much encouraged, by over hearing the Duke of Argyle, who sat in the next box to us, say, 'It will do; it must do ; l see it in the eyes of them.'

This was

a good while before the first wel was over, and so gave us case soon : for that Duke (besides his own good taste) has a particular knack, as any one living, in discovering the taste of the public. He was quite right in this, as usual; the good-nature of the audience appeared stronger and stronger every act, and ended in a clamuur of applause." Nany persons, however, have decried this piece; written, and even preached in the pulpit, against it, from mistaking the design of it; which was, not to recommend the characters of highwaymen, pick pockets, and strumpets, as examples to be followed, but to show that the principles and behaviour of many persons in what is called high life were no better than those of highwaymen, thieves, sharpers, and strumpels. Nor can these characters be seductive to persons in low life, when they see that they must all expect to be hanged. 'Tis what we must all com: to, says one of them; and it is a kind of miracle, if they continue six months in their evil courses. This fellow, says Peachum, if he were to live these six months, would never come to the guilows with any grace. The women of the town are far from being made desirable objects; since they are all shown to be pick pockets and shoplifters, as well as ladies of pleasure ; and so treacherous, that even those who seem fondest of Macheath, at the very time they are caressing him, are beckoning behind his back to the thief-laker and constables to lay hold of him. Sir Robert Walpole was frequently the subject of Mr. Gay's satire. The minister however, was not diterred from atlending the performance of the poet's Beggar's Opera. Being in the slage boxes at its first representation, a most universal encore aliended the following air of Lockit, and all eyes were directed on the minister at the instant of its being repeated : When you censure the age,

If you mention vice or bribe
Be cautious and sage,

'Tis so pat to all the tribe,
Last the courtiers oflended should be:

That each cries, That was levell d at me! Sir Robert, observing the pointed manner in which the andience applied the last line to him, parried the thrust by racoring it with his single voice ; and thus not only blunted the poctical shalt, but gained a general huzze from the audience.











bolden to women, than all the professions be

sides. SCENE I. -- PEACHUM's House.

AIR.-FILCH. PEACHUM sitting at a Table, with a large 'Tis woman that seduces all mankind; Book of Accounts before him.

By her we first were laugbt the wbeedling arts;

Her very eyes can cheat; when most she's kind, Through all the employments of life,

She tricks us of our money, with our hearts. Each neighbour abuses his brother:

For her, like wolves by night, we roam for prey, Whore and rogue, they call husband and wife : And practise every fraud to bribe her charms; All professions be-rogue one another.

For, suits of love, like law, are won by pas, The priest calls the lawyer a cheat;

And beauty must be feed into our arms. The lawyer be-knaves ihe divine; And the statesman, because he's so great,

Peach. But make baste to Newgate, boy, Thinks his trade is as honest as mine.

and let my friends know what I intend; for I love to make them easy, one way or another

. A lawyer is an honest employment, so is Filch. When a gentleman is long kept in mine. Like me too, he acts in a double ca- suspense, penitence may break his spirit'erer pacity, both against rogues, and for them; after. Besides, certainty gires a man a good for 'tis' but fitting, that we should protect air upon his trial, and makes him risk another

, and encourage cheats, since we live by them. without fear or scruple. But l'il away, for

'tis a pleasure to be a messenger of comfort Enter Filch.

to friends in affliction. Filch. Sir, Black Moll has sent word, her trial comes on in the afternoon, and she hopes about me, for a decent execution against nest

Peach. But it is now high time to look you will order matters so as to bring ber off. sessions. I hate a lazy rogue, by whom one

Peach. Why, as the wench is very active can get nothing till be is hanged. A register and industrious, you may satisfy her that I'll of the gang. [Reading] Crook-finger'd Inek soften the evidence.

-a year and a half in the service - let Filch. Tom Gags, sir, is found guilty.

me see, how much the stock owes to bis inPeach. A lazy dog! When I took him, dustry; -One, two, three, four, five gold the time before, I told him what he would watches, and seven silver ones. A mighly come to, if he did not mend his hand. This clean-handed fellow! sisteen snuff-boses, free is death, without reprieve. I may renture to of them of true gold, sis dozen of handkerbook him; [Writes) for Tom Gags, forly chiefs, four silver-bilted swords, hall-a-dozen pounds 2). Cet Betty Sly know, that I'll save of shirts, three tie-perriwigs, and a piece of her from transportation, for I can get more broadcloth. Considering these are only the by her staying in England.

fruits of bis leisure hours, I don't know a Filch. Belly hath brought more goods to prettier fellow; for no man alive hath a more our lock this year, than any five of the gang, engaging presence of mind upon the road, and, in truth, "lis pity to lose so good a cus- Wai Dreary, alias Brown Wilan irregular tomer.

dog; who hath an underhand way of disposing of Peach. If none of the gang takes her off2), bisogoods 2); I'll try him only for a sessions she may, in the common course of business, or two longer, upon his good a (welvemonth longer. I love 10 let wo- Harry Paddington - a poor petty-lareny men 'scape. A good sportsman always lets rascal, without the least genius!' that fellow the hen-partridges fly, because the breed of though he were to live these sis months, wil the game depends upon them. Besides, here the law allows us no reward: there is nothing Slippery Sam-he goes off the next sessicas


never come to the gallows with any be got by the death of women, except our for the villain haththe impudence to bene wives.

views of following his trade as a tailor, which Filch. Without dispute, she is a fine wo- he calls an honest employment, – Na-o's man! 'Twas to her 1 was obliged sor my Mint-listed not above a month ago; a prop education. To say a bold word, she has mising, sturdy fellow, and diligent in his way trained up more young fellows to the busi- somewhat too bold and basty, and may page ness, than the gaming-table. Peach. Truly, Fiich, thy observation is not cut himself short by murder ) - 10

good contributions on the public, if he les right. We and the surgeons S) are more he-Tipple-a guzzling, soaking sol

, who is the 1) Blood money, as it is called, or the sum paid to any ways too drunk to stand himself,

one for the conviction of a person who has committed others stand 5) a cart“) is absolutely necesury a robbery. Peachum's character has, unfortunately,

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bitl loo many traits of what is done every day in London. 1) Sells his stolen goods to other people. 5) The bodies of those hanged for rourder, are given over 3) The highway-robbers paling e pistel ot your home

2) Marries ber.

to the surgeons for dissection.

and desiring you to stand, come upea you see

for him.-Robin of Bagshot, alias Gorgon, What business bath he to keep company alias Bluff Bob, alias Carbuncle, alias with lords and gentlemer? he should leave Bob Booty

them to prey upon one another.

Peach. Upon Polly's account! what a Enter Mrs. PeACHUM.

plague doth the woman mean?-Upon Polly's Mrs. P. What of Bob Booty, busband? 1 account! hope nothing bad hath betided him. - You Mrs.P. Captain Macheath is very fond of know, my dear, he's a favourite customer of the girl. mine — 'twas he made me a present of this Peach. And what then? ring

Mrs. P. If I have any skill in the ways of Peach. I have set his name down in the women, I am sure Polly thinks him a very black list, that's all, my dear; he spends his pretty man, life among women, and, as soon as his mo- Peach. And what then? you would not be ney is gone, one or other of the ladies will so mad as to have the wench marry him! hang him for the reward, and there's forty Gamesters and highwaymen are, generally, pounds lost to us for ever!

very good to their mistresses, but they are Mrs. P. You know, my dear, I never meddle very devils to their wives. in matters of death; I always leave those af- Mrs. P. But if Polly should be in love, how fairs to you. Women, indeed, are bitter bad should we help her, or how can she help herjudges in these cases; for they are so partial self?-Poor girl, I'm in the utmost concern to ihe brave, that they think every man hand-about her! some, who is going to the camp or the gallows.


If love the virgin's heart invade,
If any wench Venus' girdle wear,

llow like a moth, the simple maid Though she be never so ugly,

Still plays about the flaine;
Lilies and roses will quickly appear,

If soon she be not made a wife,
And her face look wondrous snugly. Her honour's sing'd, and then for life
Beneath the left ear, so fit for a cord,

She's what I dare not name,
A rope so charming a zone is,
The youth in the cart hath the air of a lord, in nur way of business, is as profitable as at

Peach. Lookye, wife, a handsome wench, And we cry, There dies an Adonis!

the bar of a Temple coffee-house, who looks But really, busband, you should not be too upon it as her livelihood, to grant every lihard-hearted, for you never had a finer, bra- beriy but one. My daughter to me should ver set of men than at present. We have be like a court lady to a minister of state, a not bad a murder among them all these seven key to the whole gang. Married! if the afmonths; and truly, my dear, that is a great fair is not already done, I'll terrify her from blessing.

it, by the example of our neighbours. Peach. What a dickens is the woman Mrs.P. Mayhap, my dear, you may injure always, whimpering about murder for? No the poor girlshe loves to imitate the fine gentleman is ever looked upon the worse for ladies, and she may only allow the captain Killing a man in his own defence; and if bu- liberties, in the view of interest. siness cannot be carried on without it, what Peach. But 'tis your duty, my dear, to would you have a gentleman do? so, iny dear, warn the girl against her ruin, and to instruct have done upon this subject. Was captain her how to make the most of her beauty. I'l Macheath here, this morning, for the bank-go to her this moment, and sist her. In the notes be left with you last week?

mean time, wife, rip out the coronets and Mrs. P. Yes, my dear'; and though the marks of these dozen of cambric handkerbank bath stopped payment, he was so cheer- chiess, for I can dispose of them this afterful, and so agreeable! Sure, there is not a noon to a chap in the city.

[Erit. finer gentleman upon the road 1) than the Mrs. P. Never was a man more out of the captain; if he comes from Bagshot, at any way in an argument than my husband. Why reasonable hour, he bath promised to make must our Polly, forsooth, differ from ber sex, one this evening, with Polly, me, and Bob and love only her husband ? and why must Booty, at a party at quadrille. Pray, my dear, Polly's marriage, contrary to all observation, is the captain rich?

make her the less followed by other men? Peach. The caplain keeps too good com- All men are thieves in love, and like a wopany ever to grow rich. Marybone and the man the better for being another's property. chocolate-houses are bis undoing: The man

AIR.--MRS. PEACHUM. that proposes to get money by play, should A maid is like the golden ore have the education of a fine gentleman, and Which bath guineas intrinsical in't, be trained up to it from his youth.

Whose worth is never known before Mrs. P. Really, I am sorry, upon Polly's It is tried and imprest in the mint. account, the captain hath not more discretion. A wife's like a guinea in gold, that is very difficult to obey their summons; and la

Stamp'd with the name of her spouse; dies, as well as the weaker part of the male sex, are Now here, now there, is bought or is sold, much more inclined to fall, especially when they order And is current in every house.

you to give your “ money” or your life.” ~) Formerly, those cast for death, were conveyed in a cart, all through the streets of London, from Newgate

Enter Filcu. prison to Tyburn; where they were hanged; but now they are "launched into eternity” before the debtors'a of this child, as though my mind misgave me

Mrs.P. Come hither, Filch.-I am as fond door, Newgate, 1) A Highway-man

The were my own. He bath as fine a hand

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