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Buphaga, ii. 288

BUPRESTIDAE, ii. 495

Buprestidium, Oolitic insect, i. 167

Busarellus, ii. 348

Bush-shrikes, ii. 297

Bustards, ii. 356

Butalis, ii. 270

Butastur, ii. 348

Buteo, ii. 348

Buteogallus, ii. 348

BUTEON INAE, ii. 348

Buteola, ii. 348

Buthraupis, ii. 98

Butterflies, arrangement of, i. 103
Palaearctic, i 187
of Central Europe, i. 196
of the Mediterranean sub-region, i. 205
of Azores, i. 207
peculiar to Siberian sub-region, i. 220
of Japan and North China, i. 227
of the Ethiopian region, i. 255
number of Ethiopian species, i. 256
of Indo-Malay sub-region, i. 342
of the Australian region, i. 404
of the Austro-Malay sub-region, i. 404
of the Moluccas, i. 419
of Celebes, peculiarities of, i. 434
of New Zealand, i. 457
ii. 470
general remarks on the distribution of, ii.

483
fossil, ii. 486
of S. Temperate America, ii. 48
Bycanistes, ii. 317

Cabalus, ii. 352

Cabrita, ii. 391

Cacatua, ii. 325

CACATUIDAE, ii. 324

Caccabis, ii. 339

Cachius, ii. 453

Caconantis, ii. 309

Cacophis, ii. 383

‘...." 261

Caco ii. 416

§. . ;

Cactornis, ii. 284

Cadurcotherium, European Eocene, i. 125

Carcilia, ii. 411

CAECILIADAE, ii. 411

Corcum, ii. 509

Coelodon, in Brazilian caves, i. 145

Caelogenys, in Brazilian caves, i. 144
ii. 241

Caenopithecus, European Eocene, i. 124
ii. 178

Caen tropus, ii. 445

Cain otherium, European Miocene, i. 120
European Eocene, i. 126

Cairina, ii. 364

Caica, ii. 328

Calamanthus, ii. 258

Calamaria, ii. 374

CALAMARIIDAE, ii. 374

Calamodon, N. American Eocene, i. 139

Calamodus, ii. 258

CALAMoh ERPIN4, ii. 287

Calamoichthys, ii. 458

Calamospiza, ii. 285

Calandrella, ii. 289

Calao, ii. 317

Calathus, ii. 489

Caledonica, ii. 487

Calendula, ii.289
Calicalucus, ii. 271
Calictis, ii. 195
Calidris, ii. 353
Caliecthrus, ii. 309
California, illustration of zoology of, ii. 123
Californian sub-region, ii. 127
main malia of, ii. 127
birds of, ii. 127
reptiles of, ii. 128
amphibia of, ii. 128
fresh-water fishes of, ii. 123
Caligo, ii. 472
Calinaga, ii. 479
Calisto, ii. 471
Callaeas, ii. 287
Callia, ii. 521
Calluchroma, ii. 501
Callich rous, ii. 442
Callichthys, ii. 444
Callida, ii. 490
Callidryas, ii. 478
Callionymus, ii. 430
Calliope, ii. 259
Callipepla, ii. 339
Calliperidia, ii. 10S
Calliphlor, ii. 198
Callirhymus, ii. 375
Callisaurus, ii. 401
Calliste, ii. 98
Callisthen us, ii. 489
Callithea, ii. 474
Callithrir, in Brazilian caves, i. 184
ii. 175
ii. 178
Callocephalus, ii. 204
Callochen, ii. 363
Callomystar, ii. 443
Callophis, ii. 383
Callophysus, ii. 443
Callopistes, ii. 390
Callorhinos, ii. 202
Calloselasma, ii 385
Callosune, ii. 478
Callula, ii. 416
Calobutes, ii. 290
Calocitta, ii. 273
Calodromas, ii. 344
Calaenas, ii. 333
Caloperdir, ii. 339
Calophena, ii. 490
Calopsitta, ii. 325
Caloragia, ii. 375
Calorhamphus, ii. 306
Calornis, ii. 288
Calosoma, ii. 489
Calostethus, ii 419
Calotes, ii. 402
Calothoraz, ii. 108
Calydna, ii. 476
Calypte, ii. 108
Calyptocephalus, if. 421
Calyptomena, ii. 295
Calyptorhynchus, ii. 325
CALYPTREIDAE, ii. 51:
Caluptura, ii. 102
Camarhynchus, ii. 284
Camaroptera, ii. 258
Camel, fossil in Indian Miocene, i. 122
birth-place and migrations of, i. 155
Palaearctic, i. 182
Camelida, essentially extra-tropical, i. 112
N. American Tertiary, i. 138
CAMELIDAE, ii. 216
CAMELOPARDALIDAE, ii. 221
Catmelopardalis, Miocene of Greece, i. 116

Camelopardalis, Indian Miocene, i. 122
ii. 221

Camelotherium, S. American Pliocene, i. 147
ii. 217

Camels, ii. 216

Camelus, ii. 216

Camena, ii. 477

Campephaja, ii. 269

CAMPEPHIAGIDAE, ii. 268

Campephilus, ii. 303

Campsiempis, ii. 101

Camptolaim us, ii. 364

Campylopterus, ii. 107

Campylorhynchus ii. 264

Canadian sub-region, mammalia of, ii. 135
birds of, ii. 136
reptiles and fishes of, ii. 137
insects of, ii. 137

Canaries, birds of, i. 208
beetles of, i. 209

Cancroma, ii. 359

Canidae, European Miocene, i. 118
European Eocene, i. 125
N. American Tertiary, i. 134
remarkable S. African, i. 207

CANIDAE, ii. 197

Canis, European Pliocene, i. 112
Post-Pliocene, i. 112
European Miocene, i. 118
Indian Miocene, i. 121
European Eocene, i. 125
N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 129
N. American Tertiary, i. 134, 135
in Brazilian caves, i. 144
S. American Pliocene, i. 146
ii. 197

Cantharus, ii. 427

Cantoria, ii. 376

Cape Ant-eater, ii. 246

Cape of Good Hope, peculiar flora and fauna

of, i. 266

Cape Verd Islands, zoology of, i. 214

Cape-hare, S. African, i. 267

Capito, ii. 306

CAPITONINAE, ii. 306

Capoeta, ii. 451

Capra, ii. 224, 225

Capreolus, ii. 219

CAPRIMULGIDAE, ii. 319 -

Caprimulgus, ii. 319

CAPRINAE, ii. 224

Capromys, ii. 238

Copys, ii. 477

CARABIDAE, ii. 488

Carabus, ii. 488
ii. 489

CARANGIDAE, ii. 429

Carassius, ii. 451

CARCHARIIDAE, ii. 460

Carcineutes, ii. 316

Cardellina, ii. 279

CARDIADAE, ii. 535

Cardinalis, ii. 285

Cardiodus, S. American Pliocene, i. 147

Cardiopthalmus, ii. 492

Cardita, ii. 535

Carenum, ii. 490

Cariama, Brazilian caves, i. 164
ii. 357

CARIAMIDAE, ii. 357

Caridomar, ii. 316

Carlia, ii. 397

Carnivora of European Pliocene, i. 112
Miocene of Greece, i. 115
European Miocene, i. 118
Indian Miocene, i. 121

Carnivora, European Eocene, i. 125
N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 129
N. American Tertiary, i. 134
of Brazilian caves, i. 144
S. American Pliocene, i. 146
Carnivora, classification of, i. 88
antiquity of, i. 153
of the Palaearctic region, i. 182
list of Palaearctic genera of, i. 240
list of Ethiopian genera of, i. 302
range of Oriental genera of, i. 873
list of Australian genera of, i. 476
CARNIV. Olt A, ii. 192
general remarks on the distribution of,
204
range of, in time, ii. 206
summary and conclusion, ii. 541
Caroline Islands, birds of, i. 444
Carpenter, Dr. Philip, on Panama shells, ii.
20
Carpiodes, ii. 451
Carpococcyx, ii. 309
Carpodacus, ii. 285
Carpodectes, ii. 102, 294.
Carpophaga, ii. 332
Carterodon in Brazilian caves, i. 145
ii. 239
Carus, and Gerstaeker on classification of
animals, i. 85
Professor, on classification of the Cetacea,
i. 88
Carychium, ii. 519
Casa rea, ii. 363
Cascelius, ii. 492
Casiornis, ii. 102, 293
Casoryx, N. American Tertiary, i. 138
ii. 225
Casnonia, ii. 489
Cassiculus, ii. 282
Cassicus, ii. 282
Cassidaria, ii. 507
Cassidir, ii. 283
Cassinia, ii. 270
Cassowaries, ii. 368
Castalia, ii. 534
Castnia, ii. 481
CASTNIIDAE, ii. 4S1
Castor, European Pliocene, i. 113
European Miocene, i. 120
ii. 234
CASTORIDAE, ii. 234
Castoroides, ii. 234
Casuarius, ii. 369
CASUARIID.E., ii. 368
Catadromus, ii. 490
Cottagramma, ii. 474
Catamblyrhynchus, ii. 285
Catamenia, ii. 285
Catascopus, ii. 489
ii. 491
Cataulus, ii. 520
Catharistes, ii. 346
Cathartes, Brazilian caves, i. 124
ii. 346
Catharus, ii. 256
Catherpes, ii. 264
Catia, ii. 451
Catohlepas, ii. 224
Catodon, ii. 208
Catodontidae, ii. 207
Catopra, ii. 433
Catoprion, ii. 446
Catostomus, ii. 451
Catorantha, ii. 496
Catriscus, ii. 258
Cats, ii. 192

Cave-fauna of Brazil, i. 143

Cavia, European Miocene, i. 121
in Brazilian caves, i. 144
S. American Pliocene, i. 147
ii. 241

Cavies, ii. 241

CAV III). E. ii. 241

CEBll).E., ii. 174

Cebochairus, European Eocene, i. 126
ii. 215

Cebus in Brazilian caves, i. 144
ii. 174
ii. 178

C. cuma, ii. 521

Celebes, physical features of, i. 389
manumalia of, i. 426
birds of, i. 428
insects of, i. 434
origin of fauna of, i. 436

Celestus, ii. 327

Celeus, ii. 303

Celia, ii. 489

Cenchris, ii. 385

Centetes, ii. 188

Centetidae. European Miocene, i. 118

CENTETII)Aé, ii. 188

Centrarchus, ii. 425

CENTRISCIDAE, ii. 436

Centriscus, ii. 436

Centrites, ii. 101, 291

Centrocercus, ii. 339

Centrolabrus, ii. 437

Centrolophus, ii. 429

Centromochlus, ii. 443

Centronotus, ii. 431

Centropus, ii. 309

Centromyr, ii. 286

Centropyr, ii. 390

Centurus, ii. 303

Cephalepis, ii. 108

Cephalopeltis, ii. 389

CEPHALO PHINAE, ii. 224

Cephalophus, ii. 224

CEPHALOPODA, ii. 505

Cephalopterus, ii. 103, 294

Cephalopyrus, ii. 266

Cepola, ii. 435

CEPOLII)Aé, ii. 435

CERAMBYCII).E., ii. 498

Ceratichthys, ii. 452

Ceratina, ii. 470

Ceratodus, remarkable Australian fish, i. 397

Ceratodus, ii. 458

Ceratohyla, ii. 418

Ceratophora, ii. 402

Ceratophorus, ii. 501

Ceratophrys, ii. 420

Ceratoptera, ii. 463

Ceratorhina, ii. 367

Ceratorhinus, ii. 213

Ceratotherium, ii. 213

Cerberus, ii. 376

Cercaspis, ii. 380

Cerchmeis, ii. 349

Cercocebus, ii. 173

Cercolabes in Brazilian caves, i. 145
ii. 240

11.

CERCOLABIDAE, ii. 239

Cercoleptes, ii. 200

Cercomacra, ii. 104

Cercomela, ii. 260

Cercomys. ii. 239

corpio, in European Pliocene, i. 112
i. 173

Cercosaura, ii. 394

CERCOSAURIDAE, ii. 804

Cereopsis, ii. 363

Ceriornis, ii. 340

CERITHIADAE, ii. 509

Certhia, ii. 264

Certhidea, ii. 278

CE RTH III) E, ii. 264

Certhilaudit, ii. 289

Certhiola, ii. 278

Certhiparus, ii. 266

Cervicapra, ii. 2

CERVICAPRIN.E., ii. 224

Cervidae, European Miocene, i. 120
birth-place and migrations of, i. 155

CERV II).A., ii. 218

Cervulus, ii. 219

Cervus, European Pliocene, i. 113
Indian Pliocene and Miocene, i. 122
N. Annerican Post-Pliocene i. 130
N. American Tertiary, i. 138
in Brazilian caves, i. 144
S. American Pliocene, i. 147
ii. 219

Cerule, ii. 316

CESTRACIONTIDAE, ii. 461

Cetacea, European Pliocene, i. 112
European Miocene, i. 119
N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 130
N. American Tertiary, i. 140

Cetacea, classification of, i. 89
range of Oriental genus, i. 374

CETACEA, ii. 207

Cethosia, ii. 474

CETONIIDAE, ii. 494

Cetopsis, ii. 443

Cettia, ii. 258

Ceuth mochares, ii. 309

Ceycopsis, ii. 316

Ceylon and Malaya, resemblance of insects of.
327

o. i
Ceylonese sub-region, i. 326
mammalia of, i. 327
birds of, i. 327
reptiles of, i. 327
amphibia of, i. 327
insects of, i. 327
past history of, as indicated by its fauna,
i. 328

Ceyr, ii. 316
Chaca, ii. 441
Charmarrhornis, ii. 259
Chaemepelia, 333
Chorrocampa, ii. 482
Chaetobranchus, ii. 439
Chaetocercus, ii. 108

ii. 249
Chaetodon, ii. 427
Chartomys, ii. 240
Chaetops, ii. 256
Chartoptila, ii. 276
Chaetorhynchus, ii. 269
Chaetostomus, ii. 444
Chatura, ii. 320
Chartusia, ii. 356
Chalceus, ii. 445
CHALCIDAE, ii. 393
Chalcinopsis, ii. 445
Chalcinus, ii. 445
Chalcis, ii. 393
Chalcochloris, ii. 189
Chalcopelia, ii. 333
Chalcophaps, ii. 333
Chalcostetha, ii. 276
Chalicomys, European Pliocene, i. 113
Chalicotherium, European Miocene, i. 119

Indian Miocene, i. 122

fossil in N. China, i. 123

[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]

Chamaeleo, N. American Eocene, i. 165
Chalyburo, ii. 107
Chamara, ii. 264
CHAM.EIDAE, ii. 264
CHAMELEONIDAE, ii. 402
Chameleons, ii. 402 -
Chamaepetes, ii. 343
Chamaeospiza, ii. 284
Chamaesaura, ii. 394
CHAMAESAURIDAE, ii. 394
Chamorza, ii. 104
CHAMIDAE, ii. 534
Chamois, figure of, i. 195
ii. 224
Chomost rea, ii. 536
Chanodichthys, ii. 453
CHARACINIDAE, ii. 444
Characodon, ri 450
CHARADRIID.E., ii. 355
Ch radrius, ii. 336
Charina, ii. 373
Charis, ii. 476
Charitorn is, ii. 274
Charmosyna, ii. 327
Ch siempis, ii. 271
Chasmodes, ii. 431
Chasmorhynchus, ii. 103, 204
Chatarrhoea, ii. 26
Chatham Islands, birds of, i. 454
Chatterers, ii. 293
Chaulelasmus, ii. 364
Chauna, ii. 361
Chaumonotus, ii. 272
Chaunoproctus, ii. 284
Chela, ii. 453
Chelemys, ii. 408
Chelidon, ii. 281
Chelidoptera, ii. 311
Chelidorymr, ii. 271
Chelodina, ii. 408
Chelomeles ii. 397
Chelone, ii. 400
Chelonia, classification of, i. 100
CHELONIA, ii. 407
remarks on the distribution of, ii. 410
fossil, ii. 410
CHELONIIDAE, ii. 409
CHELY DID.E. ii. 408
Chelsdobatrachus, ii. 416
Chelyara, European Pliocene, i. 165
ii. 40S
Chrlys, ii. 408
Chenaloper, ii. 363
Chera, ii. 286
Chersina, ii. 408
Chersydrus, ii. 382
Chevrotain of Malaya, figure of, i. 336
Chevrotains, ii. 218
Chiamela, ii. 397
Chiasognathus, ii. 493
Chihir, ii. 269
Chilahothrus, ii. 381
Chili should not be placed in the Palaearctic or
Nearctic regions, i. 63
Chili and Temperate S. America, distribution
of Carabidae in, ii. 492
Chilian Andes, illustration of zoology of, i.
40

Chilian sub-region, ii. 36
mammalia of, ii. 36
birds of, ii. 37
illustration of zoology of, ii. 40
reptiles and amphibia of, ii. 40
fresh-water fishes of, ii 42
insects of, ii. 42
origin and migrations of insects of, ii. 47

Chili, islands of, ii. 49
Chilinia, ii. 518
Chilobranchus, ii. 456
Chilomeniscus, ii. 375
Chimaera, ii. 460
CHIMAERIDAE, ii. 460
China, fossil mammals in, resembling those
of Indian and European Miocene, i.
362
North, mammalia of, i. 222
Chinchilla, ii. 237
Chinchillidae in Brazilian caves, i. 145
S. Aimerican Pliocene, i. 147
Pliocene of Antilles, i. 148
CHINCHILLIDAE, ii. 237
Chioglossa, ii. 413
Chionabas, ii. 471
CHIONIDID.E., ii. 354
Chionis, ii. 354
CHIROCENTRIDAE, ii. 454
CHIROCOLIDAE, ii. 393
Chirodon, ii. 445
Chirodryas, ii. 418
Chirogaleus, ii. 176
Chiroleptes, ii. 421
Chiromachaeris, ii. 102, 292
Chiromantis, ii. 419
CHIROMYIDAE, ii. 177
Chironectes, ii. 248
Chiroptera, classification of, i. 87
list of Palaearctic genera of, i. 239
list of Ethiopian genera of, i. 300
range of Oriental genera of, i. 371
list of Australian genera of, i. 475
Chiroptera, European Eocene, i. 125
in Brazilian caves, i. 144
CHIROPTERA, ii. 181
remarks on the distribution of, ii. 185
fossil, ii. 185
summary and conclusion, ii. 441
Chirotes, ii. 388
CHIROTIDAE, ii. 388
Chiroxiphia, ii. 102, 292
CHITONIDAE, ii. 512
Chittya, ii. 519
Chlaenius, ii. 489
Chlamydodera, ii. 275
Chlamydophorus, ii. 246
Chlamydotherium, ii. 246
in Brazilian caves, i. 145
Chlenasicus, ii. 262
Chloéphaga, ii. 363
Chlorochrysa, ii. 98
ii. 99

11.
Chloronerpes, ii. 303
Chlorophanes, ii. 278
Chlorophonia, ii. 98
ii. 99
Chloropipo, ii. 102
Chlorospiza, ii. 283
Chlorospingus, ii. 99
ii. 100
Chlorostilbon, ii. 109
Choanomphalus, ii. 518
Choanopoma, ii. 521
Chaeromorus, European Miocene, i. 119
Chaeropotamus, European Eocene, i. 126
ii. 215
Choeropus, ii. 250
Charrotherium, Indian Miocene, i. 122
Cholarpus, ii. 244
Chologistes, ii. 450
Cholornis, ii. 262
Chondestes, ii. 285

Chondropoma, ii. 521
CHONDROPTERY GII, ii. 46

CHONDROSTEI, ii. 459
Chondrostoma, ii. 452
Chomeziphius, European Pliocene, i. 112
Chordeiles, ii. 320
Chough, Alpine, figure of, i. 195
Choughs, ii. 274
CHROMIDAE, ii. 438
Chromis, ii. 438
Chrysichthys, ii. 442
Chrysobronchus, ii. 108
Chrysococcur, ii. 310
CHRYSOCHLORIDAE, ii. 189
Chrysochloris, ii. 189
Chrysocolaptes, ii. 303
Chrysocyon, ii. 197
Chrysolampis, ii. 108
Chrysomitris, ii. 283
Chrysopelea, ii. 379
Chrysophrys, ii. 427
Chrysoptilus, ii. 303
Chrysothrir, ii. 175
Chrysotis, ii. 328
Chrysuronia, ii. 109
Chthonicola, ii. 258
Ciccaba, ii. 350
Cichla, ii. 439
Cichladusa, ii. 261
Cichlopsis, ii. 260
Cicigma, ii. 392
Cicindela, ii. 486
CICINDELIDAE, ii. 486
Cicinnurus, ii. 275
Ciconia, ii. 360
Ciconiidae, ii. 360
CINCLIDAE, ii. 262
Cinclocerthia, ii. 256
Cinclodes, ii. 103
Cinclorhamphus, ii. 260
Cinclosoma, ii. 261
Cinclus, ii. 263
Cinnicerthia, ii. 264
Cinnyricinclus, ii. 276
i. 288 -
Cinosternon, ii. 408
Cinyris, ii. 408
Cionella, ii. 515
Circaetus, ii. 348
Circe, ii. 109
Circumpolar zones, objections to system of,
i. 67

Circus, ii. 347
Cirrhina, ii. 451
CIRRHITIDAE, ii 427
Cirrhochroa, ii. 474
CIRRHOSTOMI, ii. 464
Cissa, ii. 273
Cissopis, ii. 99
Cisticola, ii. 257
Cistothorus, ii. 263
Cistula, ii. 521
Cithara, ii. 508
Citharinus, ii. 445
Cittura, ii. 316
Cladogmathus, ii. 493
Clais, ii. 108
Clam-shells, ii. 535
Clarias, ii. 441
Clarotes, ii. 442
Classification as affecting the study of distri-
bution, i. 83
Claudius, ii. 408
Clausilia, Eocene, i. 169
ii. 514
Clerome, ii. 472
Clibamornis, ii. 103
Climacteris, ii. 265

Climate, as a limit to the range of mammalia,
i. 11

gradual change of, before the glacial epoch,
i. 41

Clinteria, ii. 494

CLIONIDAE, ii. 531

Clostophis, ii. 520

Cluped, ii. 454

CLUPEIDAE, ii. 434

Clymenia, ii. 209

Clype icterus, ii. 282

Clytoctantes, ii. 104

Clytolaena, ii. 108

Clytus, ii. 501

Cnidoglanis, ii. 441

Cnipodectes, ii. 101

Cnipolegus, ii. 101, 291

Cobit is, ii. 453

Cobras, ii. 382

Coccothraustes, ii. 284

Coccygus, ii. 309

Coccystes, ii. 310

Cochlognathus, ii. 452

Cochlostyla, ii. 514

Cochlothraustes, ii. 809

Cochoa, ii. 269

Cockatoos, ii. 324

Cockles, ii. 535

Cocos Islands, bird of, ii. 60

Cocytia, ii. 481

Caeligena, ii. 107

Caelodon, ii. 245

Corlonotus, ii. 457

Coelopeltos, ii. 377

Carlosterna, ii. 501

Caenonympha, ii. 471

Careba, ii. 278

COEREBIDAE, ii. 278

Cogia, ii. 208

Colaptes, ii. 304

Coleoptera, families selected for study, i. 108
Palaearctic, i. 188
number of Palaearctic species, i. 189
of Central Europe, i. 196
of the Mediterranean sub-region, i. 205
of the Cape Verd Islands, i. 215
of the Ethiopian region, i. 256
S. African, i. 268
of Madagascar, i. 282, 283
of the Oriental region, 1.319
of Indo-Malay sub-region, i. 342
of the Australian region, i. 405
affinity of Australian and South American,

i. 406, 407

of Celebes, i, 435
of New Zealand, i. 457
of the Neotropical region, ii. 15
of S. Temperate America, ii. 44
of the Mexican sub-region, ii. 56
of the Antilles, ii. 74
of the Nearctic region, ii. 123

COLEOPTERA, ii. 486
general observations on the distribution

of, ii. 502 (see also Beetles)

Colias, ii. 478

Colies, ii. 307

COLLIDAE, ii. 307

Colius, ii. 307

Coliuspasser, ii. 2S6

co, European Miocene, i. 161
i. 320

Colluricincla, ii. 272

Collyris, ii. 486, 487

Colobus, European Miocene, i. 117
ii. 172

Colaenis, ii. 474

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