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Colonoceras, N. American Tertiary, i. 133

Colopterus, ii. 101

Colossochelys of Indian Miocene, i. 123, 165

Colpodes, ii. 489

Coluber, ii. 375

COLU BRIDAE, ii. 375

COLUBRIN.E., ii. 375

Columbie, classification of, i. 96
range of Palaearctic genera of, i. 248
range of Ethiopian genera of, i. 311
range of Oriental genera of, i. 384
range of Australian genera of, i. 485

Columba, ii. 332

COLUMB.E., ii. 331
general remarks on the distribution of,

ii. 335

COLUMBIDAE, ii. 331

Columbulot, ii. 333

Columna, ii. 516

COLYMBID.E, fi 366

Columbus, ii. 356

COMEPHORIDAE, ii. 432

Comephorus, ii. 549

Comoro islands, zoology of, i. 281

Compsosoma, ii. 98, 375

CONCH | Fr. R \, ii. 533

Condylura, ii. 19.)

Cones, ii. 505

Conger, ii. 455

CONIDAE, ii. 508

Conirostrum, ii. 278

Conognatha, ii. 496

Conophaga, ii. 100

CONOPHAGINAE, ii. 291

Conophis, ii. 375

Conopias, ii. 101

Conorhynchus, ii. 443

Conostoma, ii. 262

Continents, distribution of, i. 37
recent changes of, i. 38

Continental extension in Mesozoic times, i. 156

Contopus, ii. 102, 291

CONURIDAE, ii. 327

Conurus, ii. 328

Conus, ii. 508

Copea, ii. 416

Cophoscincus, ii. 397

Copidoglanis, ii. 441

Coptodera, ii. 489, 492

Copurus, ii. 101

Copsychus, ii. 259

Coracias, ii. 311

CORACII DAE, ii. 311

Coracopsis, ii. 328

Corades, ii. 471

Corallus, ii. 381

Corbis, ii. 535

Cordylosaurus, ii. 892

Cordylus, ii. 392

Coregonus, ii. 447

Coriphilus, ii. 327

Coris, ii. 437

Coronella, ii. 375

CORONELLINAE, ii. 375

Coronis, ii. 4S1

Cornu ser, ii. 419

CORVIDAE, ii. 272

Corvina, ii. 428

Corvinella, ii. 272

Corvultur, ii. 274

Corvus, European Miocene, i. 161
ii. 274

Corydalla, ii. 290

Corydon, ii. 295

Corynopoma, ii. 445

Coryphistera, ii. 103

Coryphodon, European Eocene, i. 126
Coryphospingus, ii. 2S4
Corythair, ii. 307
Corythopis, ii. 100
Coruthorn is, ii. 316
Cosmeteira, ii. 277
Cosmetornis, ii. 320
Cosmopolitan groups enumerated, i. 175
Cossypha, ii. 256
Cotinga, ii. 102, 294
COTINGIDAE, ii. 293
Cottus, ii. 428
Coturniculus, ii. 284
Coturniæ, ii. 338
Cotyle, ii. 281
Coua, ii. 309
Couchia, ii. 439 -
Coues, br. on the blue crow of the Rocky
Mountains, ii. 128
Coursers, ii. 355
Cowries, ii. 508
Coypu, ii. 238
CRACID.E., ii. 342
CRACINAE, ii. 343
Cracticus, ii. 273
Cranes, li. 357
CRAN IADAE, ii. 532
Cramorrhinus, ii. 317
Craspedocephalus, ii. 385
Craspedopoma, ii. 521
Crateropus, ii. 261
Crar, il. 343
Creadion, ii. 287
Creagrus, ii. 364
Creagrutus, ii. 445
Creepers, ii. 264
Cremna, ii. 475
Crenicichla, ii. 439
Crenila brus, ii. 437
Crenuchus, ii. 445
Crewroops, ii. 99
Cricetodon, European Miocene, i. 120
ii. 230
Criceton is, ii. 230
Cricetulus, ii. 230
Cricetus, European Pliocene, i. 113
ii. 230
Cricosoma, ii. 476
Crinia, ii. 42
Crimiger, ii. 267
Crithogra, ii. 285
Crocidura, ii. 191
Crocodiles, Eocene, i. 165
ii. 406
lines of migration of, ii. 548
Crocodilia, classification of, i. 100
CROCODILIA, ii. 405
general remarks on the distribution of, ii.
406

fossil, ii. 407
CROCODILIDAE, ii. 406
Crocodilurus ii. 390
Crocodilus, ii. 406
Crook-billed plovers of New Zealand, i. 456
Crossarchus, ii. 195
Crossochilus, ii. 451
Crossodactylus, ii. 419
Crossoptilon, ii. 340
Crossopus, ii. 191
CROTALIDAE, ii. 384
Crotalophorus, ii. 385
Crotalus, ii. 385
Crotch, Mr., on beetles of the Azores, i. 209
Crotophaga, ii. 309
Crowned-pigeon, figure of, i. 415
Crows, ii. 273

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Crypsirhina, ii. 273
Cryptoblephorus, ii. 395
Cryptodacus, ii. 375
Cryptoproet , ii. 194
CRYPTO PROCTIDAE, ii. 194
Cryptopterus, ii. 441
Cryptormis, European Eocene, i. 133
Cryptotis, ii. 421
Crypturus, ii. 344
Ctenodactyla, ii. 490
Ctenodactylus, ii. 238
Ctenolabrus, ii. 437
Ctenomys, S. Auerican Pliocene, i. 147
ii. 23S
Ctenopharyngodon, ii. 452
Ctenopomat, ii. 521
Ctenostomat, ii. 486
Cuba, extinct mammalia of, i. 148
Curculionidium, Oolitic insect, i. 167
Cubina, ii. 400
CUCULIDAE, ii. 308
Cuculus, ii. 309
Cuckoo-shrikes, ii. 268
Cuckoos, ii. 308
Culter, ii. 453
Cunningham, Professor, lizard discovered by,
in Tierra-del-Fuego, ii. 41
Cuniculus, ii. 230
Cuphopterus, ii. 272
Cupidonia, ii. 339
Curassows, ii. 342
Curaeus, ii. 282
Curetis, ii. 477
Curimatus, ii. 445
Curruca, 259
Cursoria, ii. 38.2
Cursorius, ii. 355
Cuscus, ii. 252
Custa, ii. 390
Cutia, ii. 266
Cuttle fish, ii. 505
Cyanecula, ii. 259
Cyanocorar, ii. 273
Cyanomyia, ii. 109
Cyanopica, ii. 273
Cyanoptila, ii. 27
Cyanorhamphus, ii. 325
Cyanospiza, ii. 284
Cyanotis, ii. 101
Cyanurus, ii. 273
Cybernetes, ii. 101
Cychloris, ii. 2S0
Cychrus, ii. 489
CYCLADII).A., ii. 535
Cyclas, ii. 535
Cyclocorus, ii. 380
Cycloderma, ii. 409
Cyclodina, ii. 397
Cyclodus, ii. 397
Cyclophis, ii. 376
Cyclophorus, ii. 520
Cyclopterus, ii. 430
Cyclopsitta, ii. 326
Cyclorhamphus, ii. 420
Cyclostoma, Eocene, i. 169
CYCLOSTOMATA, ii. 463
CYCLOSTOMIDAE, ii. 520
Cyclostomus, ii. 521
Cyclothorus, ii. 247
Cyclotopsis, ii. 521
Cyclotus, ii. 521
Cyclusa, ii. 401
Cygnus, ii. 363
Cylina rella, ii. 515
Cylindrophis, ii. 373
Cyllo sepulta, European Cretaceous, i. 167

Cymba, ii. 508
Cymbilanius, ii. 104
Cymbirhynchus, ii. 295
Cymindis, ii. 489
Cymaelurus, in Brazilian caves, i. 144
ii. 193
Cynanthus, ii. 108
Cynictis, ii. 195
Cynocophalus, ii. 173
Cynodict is, hi. 198
Cynodon, ii. 445
Cynogale, ii. 195
CY NO PITHECIDAE, ii. 172
Cynopithecus of Celebes, affinities of, i. 427
Cynopithecus, ii. 173
Cymomys, ii. 235
Cyornis, ii. 270
Cyotherium, European Eocene, i. 125
ii. 19S
Cyphogastra, ii. 496
Cuphorhinus, ii. 264
CYPRAEIDAE, ii. 508
Cyprina, ii. 535
CY PRINIDAE, ii. 451
ii. 535
Cyprinus, ii. 451
Cyprinion, ii. 452
Cyprinodon, ii. 450
CYPRINO DONTIDAE, ii. 450
CYPSELIDAE, ii. 320
Cypseloides, ii. 320
Cypselus, ii. 320
Cypsnagra, ii. 99
Cyrena, ii. 535
Cyrestis, ii. 474
Cyrtonotus, ii. 489
Cyrtonyr, ii. 339
Cyrtophis, ii. 383
Cystignathus, ii. 420
Cystophora, ii. 204

Dacelo, ii. 316
Dacnis, ii. 278

Dactylrthra, ii. 422

DACTYLETHRIDAE, ii. 422

Dactylomys, ii. 239

Dactylopsila, ii. 249

Dactylocodes, ii. 496

Dafila, ii. 363

Dana, ii. 219

Damias, ii 481

Damophila, ii. 100

DAN AIDAE, ii. 470

Danais, ii. 470

Dangila, ii. 451

Danio, ii. 452

Daptophilus, N. American Tertiary, i. 134

Darters, ii. 365

Darwin, Mr., his explanation of the cause of
the abundance of apterous insects in
Madeira, i. 211

on the relation of flowers and insects, i.

468
amphibia collected by, in S. Temperate
America, ii. 41
mice collected by,
America, ii. 37
on physical geography of the Galapagos.
ii. 33
Dasia, ii. 397
Dasylophus, ii. 309
Dasyopthalma, ii. 472
Dasypeltis, ii. 377

in S. Temperate

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DASYPODIDAE, ii. 245
Dasyprocta, European Miocene, i. 121
in Brazilian caves, i. 144
ii. 241
Dasyptilus, ii. 329
Dasypus, in Brazilian caves, i. 145
S. American Pliocene, i. 147
ii. 246
DASYURIDAE, ii. 249
Doro, Australian Post-Tertiary, i. 157
ii. 24
Daudebardia, ii. 516
David, Père, his researches in China and Thi-
et, i. 221, 222
on birds of N. China, i. 226
Debis, ii. 471
Deer, fossil in N. American Tertiary forina-
tions, i. 138
Palaearctic, i. 182
probable cause of absence from tropical
Africa, i. 291
ii. 218
Deilephila, ii. 482
Deltatria, ii. 107
Delma, ii. 395
Deloneura, ii. 477
I)elphinapterus, ii. 209
DELPHINIDAE, ii. 208
Delphinus, European Pliocene, i. 112
ii. 209
DENDRASPIDIDAE, ii. 383
Dendrospis, ii. 383
Dendrezetastes, ii. 104
Dendrochelidon, ii. 320
Dendrocitta, ii. 273
Dendrocolaptes, ii. 103
DEN DROCOLAPTIDAE, ii. 295
DENDROCOLAPTIN.E., ii. 295
Dendrocincla, ii. 103
Dendrocugma, European Miocene, i. 162
ii. 363
Dendrocca, ii. 279
Dendrohyrar, ii. 229
Dendrolagus, ii. 251
Dendromus, ii. 303
Dendromus, ii. 230
Dendrophila, ii. 265
DENDROPHIDAE, ii. 378
Dendrophis, ii. 378
Dendropicus, ii. 303
Dendropler, ii. 103
Dendrornis, ii. 103
Dendrortyr, ii. 339
Denisonia, ii. 383
DENTALIADAE, ii. 512
Dentalium. ii. 512
ii. 539
Denter, ii. 426
Dercus, ii. 478
Dermatemys, ii. 408
Dermatocera, ii. 520
Dermatochelys, ii. 409
Deroptyus, ii. 328
Dermognathus, ii. 413
Desert-snakes, ii. 377
Desman of S. Russia, figure of, i. 219
Desmodus, ii. 182
Deudorir, ii. 477
Diadema, ii. 474
Diagramma, ii. 426
Dibamus, ii. 372
DIBRANCHIATA, ii. 505
DICAEIDAE, ii. 277
Dicaelus, ii. 490
Dicarum, ii. 277
Dicallaneura, ii. 475

Dictmptodon, ii 413

Diceratherium, N. American Tertiary, i. 137

Dicerca, ii. 496

Dicerobatis, ii. 463

Dichobune, European Eocene, i. 126

Dicotyles, N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 130
N. American Tertiary, i. 137
in Brazilian caves, i. 144
S. American Pliocene, i. 146
* and migrations of, i. 155
11. 2

Dicotylinae, ii. 214

Dicrocerus, European Miocene, i. 120
ii. 220

Dicrodom, ii. 390

Dicroglossus, ii. 421

Dicrorrhagia, ii. 474

DICRURIDAE, ii. 269

Dicrurus, ii. 269

DIDELPHYIDAE, ii. 248

Didelphys, European Eocene, i. 126
N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 130
in Brazilian caves, i. 145
ii. 248

Dididae, i. 164

DIDIDAE, ii. 334

Didocus, ii. 417

DIDUNCULIDAE, ii. 333

Didunculus, ii. 334

Didus, ii. 334

Dieba, ii. 197

Diemenia, ii. 383

Diglossa, ii. 278

Diglossopis, ii. 278

Dilophus, ii. 287

Dilophyrus, ii. 402

Dimodes, ii. 377

Dimulus, ii. 190

Dinictis, ii. 194

Dinoceras, N. American Eocene, i. 139

Dinocerata, N. American Tertiary, i. 139

Dunornis, allied form in European Eocene.

- o

i. 163
of New Zealand and Australia, i. 164
ii. 369
Dinornithidae of New Zealand, i. 164.
DINORN1THIDAE, ii. 269
Dimotherium, Miocene of Greece, i. 116
European Miocene, i. 120
Miocene of Perim Island, i. 123
Dinyctis, N. American Tertiary, i. 134
Dinylus, European Miocene, i. 117
Diomedia, ii. 365
Dioplodon, ii. 208
Diorhina, ii. 476
Diphlogaena, ii. 108
Diphylla, ii. 182
Diphyllodes, ii. 274
Diplacodon, N. American Tertiary, i. 136
Diplodgctylus, ii.399
Diploglossus, ii. 397
Diplolaemus, ii., 401
Diplomesodon, ii. 191
DIPLOMMATINIDAE, ii. 519
Diplommatina, ii. 520
Diplomustar, ii. 443
Diplopelma, ii. 416
Diplopoma, ii. 521
Diplopterus, ii. 309
DIPNOI, ii. 458
DIPODIDAE, ii. 231
Dipodomys, ii. 233
Dippers, ii. 263
Diprotodon, Australian Post-Tertiary, i. 157

ii. 251
DIPSADIDAE, ii. 379

Dipsadoboa, ii. 379
Dipsas, ii. 379
Diptychus, ii. 452
Dipus, ii. 232
Dircenna, ii. 47
Discina, ii. 539
DISCINIDAE, ii. 532
Discoholi, ii. 430
DISCOGLOSSID.E., ii. 421
Discoglossus, ii. 421
Discognathus, ii. 451
Discophora, ii. 472
Discura, ii. 107
Dispersal of animals, i. 10
of manmalia, i. 10
of reptiles and amphibia, i. 28
Disteira, ii. 384
Distichodus, ii. 445
Distribution, affected by climate, i. 5
affected by physical features, i. 5
contrasts of, in similar climates, i. 5
similarities of, in diverse climates, i. 6
barriers as affecting, i. 6
study of, dependent on a good classifica-
tion, i. S3
of animals an adjunct to geology, i. 8
of animals requires certain preliminary
studies, i. 8
of animals dependent on physical geo-
graphy, i. 35
of animals, as affected by the glacial
epoch, i. 40
of animals, as affected by changes of
vegetation, i. 43
of animals, as affected by organic changes,

of animals, hypothetical illustration of,
i. 46

of animals, complexity of the causes af.
fecting the, i. 49

of animals, problems in, i. 51

of plants, as affected by the glacial epoch
i. 42

Distrigus, ii. 490
Diuca, ii. 284
Diwoopis, ii. 99
Divor, ii. 98 -
Divers, ii. 366
Docimastes, ii. 108
Dodo of Mauritius, i. 282
ii. 334
Dodona, ii. 475
Dolerisca, ii. 107
Dolichodon, ii. 208
Dolichonyr, ii. 282
Dolichopterus, European Miocene, i. 162
Dolichotis, ii. 241
Doliophis, ii. 383
Dolium, ii. 507
Dommina, N. American Tertiary, i. 134
Donacobius, ii. 264
Donacola, ii. 287
Donacospiza, ii. 284
Doras, ii. 443
Dorcatherium, European Miocene, i. 120
Dorcopsis, ii. 251
Dorcus, ii. 493
Doricha, ii. 108
DORIDAE, ii. 530
Doritis, ii. 479
Dormice, ii. 232
Dory ichthys, ii. 457
Doruphora, ii. 107
Douroucoulis, ii. 175
Draco, ii. 402
Dremotherium, Miocene of Greece, i. 116

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East Thibet, mammalia of, i. 222
Eaton, Rev., A. E., on insects of Kerguelen
Island, i. 211
Eburna, ii. 507
Echidna, ii. 254
ECHIDN.IDAE, ii. 254
Echimyidae, in Brazilian caves, i. 145
ECH IMYIDAE, ii. 23S
Echinys, ii. 239
Echimogale, European Miocene, i. 118
Echinops. ii. 188, 189
Echinorhinus, ii. 461
Echiothrir, ii. 230
Echis, ii. 386
Eclectus, ii. 326
Ectognathus, N. American Eocene, i. 130
Ectopistes, ii. 332
Edentata, Miocene of Greece, i. 116
European Miocene, i. 121
N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 130
N. American Pliocene, i. 140
of Brazilian caves, i. 145
S. American Pliocene, i. 147
Edentata, classification of, i. 90
probable birthplace of, i. 155
range of Ethiopian genera of, i. 305
range of Oliental genus of, i. 375
EDENTATA, ii. 244
so remarks on the distribution of, ii.
24
summary and conclusion, ii. 543
Egat, ii. 490
Egerina, ii. 397
Elaimea, ii. 101, 291
ELAINEINAE, ii. 291
Elonia, ii. 397
Elonoides, ii. 349
Elamus, ii. 349
Elaphodus, ii. 220
Elaphrus, ii. 489
ELAPIDAE, ii. 382
Elapochrus, ii. 375
Elaps, ii. 383
Elapsoidea, ii. 383
Elasmognathus, ii. 212
Electra, ii. 209
ELEPHANTIDAE. ii. 227
Elephants, fossil, of Indian Miocene, i. 123
fossil in N. American Post-Pliocene for-
mations, i. 130
Hoylace and migrations of, i. 155
. 227
Fo shrews, S. African, i. 267
ii. 186

11.
Elephas, Post-Pliocene, i. 112
fossil in N. China, i. 123
N. American Tertiary, i. 138
ii. 227
Eliomys, ii. 232
Elliot, Mr., his great work on the birds of
paradise, i. 415
on classification of the birds of paradise,
ii. 27.4
Ellipesurus, ii. 463
Ellipsoglossa, ii. 413
Ellisia, ii. 258
Ellobius, 31
Elminia, ii. 271
Elodina, ii. 478
Elopichthys, ii. 453 -
Elormis, European Miocene, i. 162
Elosia, ii. 419
Elotherium, N. American Tertiary, i. 137, 139
ii. 215, 216
Elseya, ii. 408
Elwes, Mr., on birds of Persia, i. 204

Elwes, Mr., on true relations of the birds of
Central India, i. 323
Elymnias, ii. 471
ELYMNIIDAE, ii. 471
ELSIADAE, ii. 530
Embasis, N. American Tertiary, i. 134
Emberiza, ii. 285
EMBERIZINAE, ii. 285
Emberizoides, ii. 284
Emblema, ii. 287
Embernagra, ii. 284
EMBROTOCIDAE, ii. 438
Emesis, ii. 476
Emeu, figure of, i. 441
Emeus, ii. 368
Emoninia, ii. 390
Empidagra, ii. 101
Empidias, ii. 102, 291
Empidochames, ii. 102
Empidomar, ii. 102, 291
Empidonomus, ii. 102
Emydia, ii. 409
Emydida, Indian Miocene, i. 123
Emydocephalus, ii. 384
Emus, Indian Miocene, i. 123
Miocene and Eocene, i. 105
ii. 40s
Enes, ii. 501
Engystoma, ii. 416
ENGYSTOMIDAE, ii. 416
Enhydrina, ii. 384
Enhydrion, Indian Miocene, i. 121
ii. 200
Enhydris, ii. 199
Enicurus, ii. 263
Enispe, ii. 472
Emodes, ii. 288
Enophrys, ii. 375
Ensophleus, ii. 420
Entelopes, ii. 501
Entomiza, ii. 276
Entomophila, ii. 275
Enugrus, ii. 3S1
Eobosileus, N. American Eocene, i. 139
Eocene period, i. 124
fauna of S. America, i. 148
Eophona, ii. 284 -
Eopsaltria, ii. 271
Eos, ii. 327
Epal:eorhynchus, ii. 451
Ephemera, from the Lias, i. 167
Ephthianura, ii. 260
Epicalia, ii. 474
Epicrates. ii. 381
EPIMACHINAE, ii. 275
Epimachus, ii. 275
Epiodon, ii. 208
Epirhiris, ii. 419
Epitola, ii. 477
Eporeodon, N. American Tertiary, i. 138
EQUIDAE, ii. 211
Equidae, European Pliocene, i. 112
Miocene of Greece, i. 115
European Eocene, i. 125
Equus, European Pliocene, i. 112
Post. Pliocene, i. 112
Indian Miocene, i. 121
N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 130
N. American Tertiary, i. 135
Brazilian caves, i. 144
S. American Pliocene, 1. 140
ii. 211
Erebia, ii. 471
Eremias, ii. 391
Eremomela, ii 258
Eremophilus, ii 444

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