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Ereptodon, N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 130
Erosia, ii. 474
Erethistes, ii. 444
Erethizon, ii. 239
Ereunetes, ii. 353
Ergaticus, ii. 279
Ergolis, ii. 474
Ericulus, ii. 188
Ericumha, ii. 452
ERINACEIDAE, ii. 187 -
Erinaceus, European Miocene, i. 117
ii. 187
Eriocnemis, ii. 109
Eriodes, ii. 174
Erismatura. ii. 364
Brithacus, ii. 259
Eroessa, ii. 258
Eronia, ii. 478
Erpornis, ii. 267
ERY CIDAE, ii. 381
ERYCINIDAE, ii. 476
Erynnis, ii. 480
Erythrinus, ii. 443
Erythrocercus, ii. 27
A. ruth rocnema, ii. 347
Erythrogonys, ii. 356
Erythrolampus, ii. 375
Erythromachus of Rodriguez, i. 164
ii. 352
Erythrospiza, ii. 285
Erythrosterna, ii. 270
Erythrura, ii. 387
Ery r, ii. 282
ESOCIDAE, ii. 440
Esor, ii 4.49
Esthemopsis, ii. 476
Esthonor, N. American Eocene, i. 139
Estrilda, ii. 286
Etheria, ii. 534
Ethiopian region should not include any part
of India, i. 63
defined, i. 73
subdivisions of, i. 73
general features of, i. 251
zoological characteristics of, i. 252
mammalia of, i. 253
t speciality of, i. 253
irds of, i. 253
reptiles of, i. 254
amphibia of, i. 255
fresh-water fish of, i. 255
summary of vertebrates of, i. 255
insects of, i. 255
coleoptera of, i. 256
terrestrial mollusca of, i. 257
sub-regions of, i. 25S
Atlantic islands of, i. 269
the probable past history of, i. 285
too of distribution of animals of, i.
Euanemus, ii. 443
Eubouris, ii. 474
Eucephala, ii. 109
Fuchartes, ii. 98
Eucometis, ii. 99
Euchromia, ii. 48l.
Eucichla, ii. 298
Euclyptosternum, ii. 443
Eudromias, ii. 356
Eudynamis, ii. 310
Eudyptes, ii. 366
Eteides, ii. 473
Eugenes, ii. 107
Eugenia, ii. 107
Euhyrar, ii. 229
Euloubeornis, ii. 352

Eulabes, ii. 287

Eulampis, ii. 107

Eumarus, ii. 477

Eumeces, ii. 397

Eumetopias, ii. 203

Eumomota, ii. 313

Eumys, N. American Tertiary, i. 140
ii. 231

Eumyias, ii. 270

Eunectes, ii. 381

Eunica, ii. 474

Eunogyra, ii. 475

Eupetes, ii. 263

Eupetomena, ii. 107

Euphema, ii. 325

Eupherusa, ii. 109

Euphonia, ii. 98

Euphractus, S. American Pliocene, i. 147

Euphryne, ii. 401

Euphysetes, ii. 208

Eupleres, ii. 195

Euploea, ii. 470

EUPLOCAMINAE, ii. 340

Euplocamus, ii. 340

Eupodotis, ii. 359

Euprepes, ii. 397

Eupsychortyr, ii. 339

Euptilotis, ii. 314

Euptychia, ii. 471

Eurinorhynchus, ii. 353

Eurocephalus, ii. 272

Burro,recent changes in physical geography

of, i. 39
Miocene fauna of Central, i. 117
Miocene fauna of, allied to existing fauns
of tropical Asia and Africa, i. 124

European sub-region, description of, i. 191
forests of, i. 192
mammalia of, i. 192
birds of, i 193
reptiles and amphibia of, i. 195
fresh-water fish of, i. 106
insects of. i. 196
islands of, i. 197

Eurostopodus, ii. 320

Euryades, ii. 479

Euryapteryr, ii. 370

Euryarthrium, ii. 501

Eurybia, ii. 475

Euryceros of Madagascar, figure of, i. 278

Euryceros, ii. 288

Eurycus, ii. 479

Eurygona, ii. 476

EURYGONIDAE, ii. 476

EURYLAEMI DAE, ii. 294

Eurylaemus, ii, 295

Euryodon, in Brazilian caves, i. 145
ii. 246

Euryphene, ii. 474

Eurypyga, ii. 358

EURYPYGIDAE, ii. 35S

Eurystomus, ii. 312

Eurytela, ii. 474

Eurotherium, European Eocene, i. 126

Eurytrichus, ii. 490

Euscarthmus, ii. 101

Euschemon, ii. 480
ii. 481

Eusemia, ii. 482

Euspiza, ii. 285

Eustephanus, ii. 108

Eustira, ii. 453

Eutatus, S. American Pliocene, i. 147
ii. 246

Eutelodon, European Eocene, i. 126

Eutemnodus, S. American Eocene, i. 148

[graphic]

Euterpe, ii. 285
Euthyrhynchus, ii. 276
Eutoreres, ii. 107
Eutriorchis, ii. 348
Eutropia, ii. 209
Eutropiichthys, ii. 441
Eutropius, ii. 442
Eutroplus, ii. 438
Erocetus, ii. 449
Eroglossum, ii. 452
Erostoma, ii. 444
Extinct mammalian fauna of Europe, general
considerations on, i. 1-6
mammalia of N. America and Europe,
comparison of, i. 140
mammalia of the Antilles, i. 148
mammalia of the Old and New Worlds,
general remarks on, i. 148
fauna of New Zealand, i. 459
Amphibia, ii. 423
Ant-eaters, ii. 247
Armadillos, ii. 246
Bovidae, ii. 225
Bradypodidae, ii. 245
Camelidae, ii. 217
Camelopardalidae, ii. 221
Canidae, ii. 197
Castoridae, ii. 234
Caviidae, 241
Centetidae, ii. 189
Cercolabidae, ii. 240
Cetacea, ii. 209
Chinchillidae, ii. 237
Chiroptera, ii. 185
Crocodiles, ii. 407
Deer, ii. 220
Didelphyidae, ii. 249
Dipodidae, ii. 232
Echidnidae, ii. 254
Echimyidae, ii. 239
Elephants, ii. 227
Equidae, ii. 211
Erinaceidae, ii. 188
Felidae, ii. 193
Hippopotami, ii. 214
Hyaenas, ii. 196
Hystricidae, ii. 240
Insectivora, ii. 192
Lacertilia, ii. 404
Lagomyidae, ii. 242
Leporidae, ii. 243
Macropodidae, ii. 251
Muridae, ii. 230
Mustelidae, ii. 199
Myoxidae, ii. 232
Octodontidae, ii. 238
Ophidia, ii. 387
Orycteropodidae, ii. 246
Otariidae, ii. 203
Procyonidae, ii. 201
Quadrunana, ii. 178
Rallilae, ii. 252
Hhinocerotidae, ii. 213
Sciuridae, ii. 236
Seals, ii. 204
Sirenia, ii. 210
Struthionidae, ii. 369
Suidae, ii. 215
Talpidae, ii. 190
Tapirs, ii. 212
Tortoises, ii. 410
Tragulidae, ii. 218
Tupaiidae, ii. 186
Ursidae, ii. 202
Viverridae, ii. 195
Extinction of large animals, causes of, i. 158

Falcinellus, ii. 360
Falco, ii. 349
FALCONIDAE, ii. 347
FALCONINAE, ii. 349
Falcons, ii. 347
Falculia, ii. 228
Falkland Islands, zoology of, ii. 49
Fanged ground-snakes, ii. 380
Farancia, ii. 377
Fauna of Japan, general character and affini-
ties of, i. 230
of Palaearctic region, general conclusions
as to, i. 231
extinct, of Madagascar and Mascarene
Islands, i. 282
Malayan, probable origin of, i. 359
Moluccan, peculiarities of, i. 419
Tinorese, origin of, i. 422
of Celebes, origin of, i. 436
of New Zealand, origin of, i. 460
of Galapagos, origin of, ii. 33
of Central America, origin of, ii. 57
of Antilles, origin of, ii. 78
of Neotropical region, origin of, ii. 80
FELIDAE, ii. 192
Felis, Miocene of Greece, i. 115
European Miocene, i 118
Indian Miocene, i. 121
N. American Post-Pliocene, i 129
in Brazilian caves, i. 144
ii. 193
Felis spelaea, i. 110
Feniseca, ii. 477
Fennecus, ii. 197
Ferania, ii. 376
Fernando Po, zoological features of, i. 265
Feroculus, ii. 191
Fiber, ii. 230
Figulus, ii. 493
Fiji, Tonga, and Samoa Islands, birds of, i. 443
Finches, ii. 283
FIROLID.E., ii. 531
Fishes, means of dispersal of, i. -9
classification of, i. 101
cosmopolitan groups of, i. 176
of the Palaearctic region, i. 186
of the European sub-region, i. 196
of the Mediterranean sub-region, i. 205
of the Manchurian sub-region, i. 227
fresh water, table of Palacarotic families
of, i. 227
of the Ethiopian region, i. 255
of South Africa, i. 26S
fresh-water, table of Ethiopian families of,
i. 298
fresh-water, of the Oriental region, i. 318
of the Indo-Malay sub-region, i. 341
fresh-water, table of Oriental families of
i. 369
fresh-water, of the Australian region, i.
397
fresh-water, resemblance of Australian and
S. American, i. 400
how the transmission may have taken
place, i. 401
fresh water, of New Zealand, i. 457
fresh-water, table of Neotropical families
of, ii. 89
of Central N. America, ii. 131
of Eastern United States, ii. 134
of Canada, ii. 137
fresh-water, table of Nearctic families of,
ii. 143

[graphic]
[graphic]

Fishes, remarks on the distribution of, ii. 464
fossil, ii. 466
Fishing-hawks, ii. 349
FISSU RELLIDAE, ii. 511
FISTULAR ID.E., ii. 436
Fitzroya, ii. 450
Flamingoes, European Miocene, i. 162
ii. 361

Flora, of New Zealand, as influenced by
scarcity of insects, i. 462
fossil of Australia, i. 467
Floras, cretaceous and tertiary,
America, ii. 155
Florisuga, ii. 107
Flower-peckers, ii. 277
Flower, Professor, on classification of main-
malia, i. 85
classification of carnivora, i. 87
Fluvicola, ii. 100
Flycatchers, ii. 270
Flying Lemur, Malayan, figure of, i. 337
ii. 186
Flying Lizards, ii. 401
Flying Opossum, figure of, i. 442
Fordonia, ii. 376
Forests, essential to existence of many Euro-
pean animals, i. 192
Siberian, greatest extent of, i. 216
FORMICARIID.E. ii. 297
FORMICARIIN.E., ii. 298
Formicurius, ii. 104
Formicivora, ii. 104
For MICIVORINAE, ii. 297
Formosa, zoology of, i. 332
Fossa, ii. 195
Foudia, ii. 286
Francolinus, ii. 338
Fraseria, ii. 272
Fratercula, ii. 367
Fregetta, ii. 365
Fregilupus, ii. 288
Fregilus, ii. 274
Fresh-water fishes, Neotropical, ii. 12
of S. Temperate America, ii. 42
of the Mexican sub-region, ii. 54
of the Antilles, ii. 73
of the Nearctic region, ii. 120
of California, ii. 128
summary and conclusion, ii. 549
Fresh-water mussels, ii. 534
shell, the most Arctic, ii. 518
snakes, ii. 376
snails, ii. 518
Fringilla, ii. 283
Fringillaria, ii. 285
Fringillauda, ii. 282
FRINGILLIDAE, ii. 2S4
Frog-mouths, ii. 318
Frogs, ii. 420
Fulica, ii. 352
Fuligula, ii. 364
Fulmarus, ii. 365
Fundulus, ii. 450
FURNARIIN.E., ii. 295
Furmarius, ii. 103
Fusus, ii. 507

of North

GADIDAE, ii. 439
GADOPSID.E., ii. 439

Gadus, ii. 439

Galago, ii. 177
Galapagos, scarcity of insects in, i 463

Galapagos islands, ii. 29
mammalia of, ii. 29
birds of, ii. 30
reptiles of, ii. 32
insects of, ii. 33
land-shells of, ii. 33
conclusions as to the origin of their fauna,
ii. 33
Galatea, ii. 536
Galaxias, ii. 448
GALAXIDAE, ii. 448
Galbalcyrhynchus, ii. 311
Galbula, ii. 311
GALBULIDAE, ii. 311
Galecynus, in European Pliocene, i. 112
ii. 19S
Galeichthys, ii. 443
GALEO PITHECIDAE, ii. 186
Galeoscoptes. ii. 256
Galeospalaz, European Miocene, i. 118
ii. 190
Galeotherium, Post-Pliocene, i. 111
Galera, N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 130
Galerella, ii. 195
(; alerita, ii. 289
ii. 490 -
Galerir, ii. 188
Galethylar, European Eocene, i. 125
ii. 198
Goleus, ii. 460
Galictis, in Brazilian caves, i. 144
ii. 199
Galidia, ii. 195
Galidictis, ii. 195
Gallinae, classification of, i. 96
range of Palaearctic genera of, i. 248
range of Ethiopian genera of, i. 311
range of Oriental genera of, i. 384
range of Australian genera of, i. 485
GALLINAE, ii. 337
ii. 340
general remarks on the distribution of, ii.
344
Gallinago, ii. 353
Gallinula, ii. 352
Gallus, Miocene of Greece, i. 116
ii. 340
Gallus bravardi, European Pliocene, i. 161
Galoquile, ii. 195
Gambusia, ii. 450
Gampsonyr, ii. 349
Gampsorhynchus, ii. 261
Gannets, ii. 365
GANOIDEI, ii. 458
Gape-eyed Seinks, ii. 395
Gar fish, ii. 459
Garrod, Professor, on the Classification of
Parrots, ii. 324
Garrular, ii. 261
Garrulus, ii. 273
GASTEROPODA, ii. 507
GASTEROSTEIDAE, ii. 424
(Masterosteus, ii. 424
Gastormis, European Eocene, i. 163
GASTROCHAEN II)Aé, ii. 537
Gastropelects, ii. 445
GAVIALIDAE. ii. 405
Gavialis, ii. 405
Gavials, ii. 405
Gazella, ii. 223
GAZELLINAE, ii. 223
Gazera, ii. 481
Gerinulus, ii. 303
Gerinus, ii.
Gecko, ii. 399
GECKOTI DAF, ii. 399

[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]

Geese, ii. 363 -
Gehyra, ii. 400
Genera common to Post-Pliocene and Pliocene
faunas of N. America, i. 132
Genetta, ii. 195
t;enidens, ii. 443
Geobates, ii. 103
Geobiastes, ii. 312
Geocichla, ii. 256
Geococcyx, ii. 309
Geocclaptes, ii. 304
GEODEPHAGA, ii. 486
Geoffroyus, ii. 326
Geographical zoology, introduction, ii. 167
materials for, ii. 168
Geological history of Oriental region, i. 362
Geology and Physical Geography of the
Antalles, ii. 62, 79
Geomelania, ii. 519
Geomys, ii. 233
Geopelict, ii. 332
Geophaps, ii. 333
Geophagus, ii. 439
Geopsittacus, ii. 325
Georissa, ii. 522
Georychus, ii. 231
Geositta, ii. 103
Geospiza, ii. 284
Geothlypis, ii. 279
Geotrochus, ii. 523
Geotryon, ii. 383
Geotrypus, ii. 190
Geranospiza, ii. 347
Gerbillus, ii. 230
ii. 232
Geronticus, ii. 360
Gerrhonotus, ii. 392
Gerrhosaurus, ii. 392
GERRIDAE, ii. 438
Gervasia, ii. 260
Gerygone, ii. 258
Giant-Clams, ii. 534
Gibbon, ii. 171
Gibraltar, cave fauna of, i. 114
Giraffes, ii. 221
Girardinus, ii. 450
Glacial epoch, as affecting the distribution of
animals, i. 40
as a cause of the great change in the
fauna of the temperate zones, since
Pliocene times, i. 151
probably simultaneous in both hemi-
spheres, i. 151
causing a general subsidence of the
ocean, i. 152
Glandina, Eocene, i. 169
ii. 515
Glareola, ii. 355
GLAREQLIDAE, ii. 355
Glaucis, ii. 107
Glaucidium, ii. 350
Glaucomeza, ii. 536
Glaucopis, ii. 481
Gliciphila, ii. 275
Glis, ii. 232
Globiocephalus, ii. 209
Glossoptila, ii. 278
Glossotherium, in Brazilian caves, i. 145
S. American Pliocene, i. 147
ii. 247
Glycineris, ii. 536
Glyphidodon, ii. 437
Glyphoglossus, ii. 416
Glyphorhynchus, ii. 103
Glyptodon, S. American Pliocene, i. 147
Glyptosternum, ii. 443

WOL. II.

Gnaphodes, ii. 471
Gnathodon, ii. 536
Gnathopsis, S. American Pliocene, i. 147
Goats, Palaearctic, i. 182
ii. 221
Goat-suckers, ii. 519
GOBIESOCIDAE, ii. 436
GOBIIDAE, ii. 430
Gobio, ii. 452
Gobius, ii. 430 -
Godman, Mr., on Natural History of the
Azores, i. 207
Golden Moles, S. African, i. 267
Goliathi, ii. 494
Gomepteryx, ii. 478
Goniodactylus, ii. 400
Gongylophis, ii. 382
Gonorhynchida, ii 453
Gonyocephalus,
Gonyosoma, ii. 379
Gouldia, ii. 107
Gou . .333
Gracularus, N. American Cretaceous, i. 164
Grallae, arrangement of, i. 97
peculiar or characteristic Palaearctic ge-
nera, i. 249
peculiar Ethiopian genera of, i. 31
peculiar Oriental genera of, 386
peculiar Australian genera of, i. 486
GRALLAE, ii. 351
general remarks on the distribution of, ii.
362
Grallaria, ii. 104
Grallaricula, ii. 104
Grallina, ii. 273
Grammatophorus, ii. 402
Grammatoptila, ii. 261
Grampus, ii. 209
Granatellus, ii. 279
Grandala, ii. 259
Graphidurus, ii. 232
Graphipterus, ii. 491
Graucalus, ii. 268
Gray, o J. E., on classification of Cetacea, i.

Grayia, ii. 376
Grayson, Col, on birds of Tres Marias, ii. 59
Grebes, ii. 367
Greece, Upper Miocene deposits of, i. 115
summary of Miocene fauna of, i. 116
Green Bulbuls, ii. 267
Greenland, zoology of, ii. 138
Greenlets, ii. 280
Go, peculiar to a region, how defined, ii.

Grouse, ii. 328
GRUIDAE, ii. 356
Grus, ii. 357
Grypsicus, ii. 421
Grypus, ii. 107
Guacharo, ii. 107
Guans, ii. 342
Guaraunas, ii
Gubernatrir,
Guillemots, ii. 267
Guira, ii. 309
Guaraca, ii. 285
Gulick, Rev. J. T., on Achatinellidae of the
Sandwich Islands, i. 446
Gulls, ii. 364
Gulo, ii. 199
outlo, Dr., his classification of reptiles,
. 98 -

his classification of fishes, i. 101
on gigantic tortoises of Galapagos and the
ascarene Islands, i. 289

P I'

[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]

Gunther, Dr., on range of Indian reptiles in
the Himalayas, i. 329
on identical Atlantic and Pacfic fishes, ii.

[ocr errors]

H.
Hait, Dr., on extinct birds of New Zealand,
6

460

Habitat, definition of, i. 4
Habrocomus, ii. 238
Habroptila, ii. 352
Habrura, ii. 101
Hadrostomus, ii. 102, 293
Haematoderus, ii. 103
Haematopus, ii. 356
Haematospiza, ii. 235
Haemophila, ii. 284
Haemulon, ii. 420
Hartera, ii. 471
Hagria, ii. 397
Hainan, zoology of, i. 334
Halcyon, ii. 316
Halcyornis, European Eocene, i. 103
Halicyon, ii. 204
*Haliaeetus, ii. 348
Haliastur, ii. 348
Hulichaerus, ii. 204
Halicore, ii. 210
HALIOTIDAE, ii. 511
Halitherium, European Pliocene, i. 112

European Miocene, i. 119

ii. 211
Halmaturus, ii. 251
HALOSAURI.D.E., ii. 455
Halys, ii. 385
Hamadryas, ii. 470
Hang-nests, ii. 281
Hapale, ii. 176

ii. 178
Hapolemur, ii. 176
HAPALIDAE, ii. 175
Hapalctis, ii. 230
Hapalus, ii. 524

Haplocerus, ii. 374
Haplochilus, ii. 450

| Haplochiton, ii. 446

HAPLOCHITONIDAE, ii. 446
Haplodactylus, ii. 427
Haploodon, ii. 236
HAPLOODONTIDAE, ii. 236 -
Haplospiza, ii. 284
Hopsidrophis, 379
Harelda, ii. 364
Hares, ii. 242
Harma, ii. 474
Harpa, ii. 349
ii. 507
Harpactes, ii. 314
Harpagus, ii. 349
Harpalus, ii. 489
Harporhynchus, ii. 256
Harpyhaliaeetus, ii. 848 -
Hartlaubius, ii. 288
Hathliodes, ii. 502
liatteria of New Zealand, i. 456
Hatteria, ii. 405
Hawks, ii. 347
Hedgehogs, ii. 187
Hedymeles, ii. 285
Helarctos, ii. 202
Helcyra, ii. 474
Heleoth reptus, ii. 320
Heliactin, ii. 108
Heliangelus, ii. 108
Helianthea, ii. 108
Heliastes, ii. 437
HELICIDAE, ii. 512
Helicina, ii. 522
HELICONIDAE, ii. 473
ii. 522
Heliconius, ii. 473
Helicophagus, ii. 442
Helicops, ii. 377
Helictis, Himalayan, figure of, i. 831
Helictis, ii. 199
Heliobletus, ii. 103
Heliochaera, ii. 102
Heliodora, ii. 107
Heliomastes, ii. 108
Heliopardica, ii. 107
Heliophobus, ii. 231
Helioporus, ii 4.17
Heliornis, ii. 352
Heliothrir, ii. 108
Heliotrypha, ii. 108
Helix, Eocene, i. 169
ii. 5,13
Helladotherium, Miocene of Greece, i. 115
European Miocene, i. 120
ii. 221
Helluomorpha, ii. 490
Helmintherus, ii. 279
Helminthophaga, ii. 279
Heloderma, ii. 390
HELODERMIDAE, ii. 390
Helodromas, ii. 353
Helogale, ii. 195
Helogenes, ii. 442
HELORNITHINAE, ii. 352
Helotarsus, ii. 348
Hemibos, Indian Miocene, i. 122
ii. 225
Hemicentetes, ii. 188
Hernicercus, ii. 303
Hemichelidon, ii. 290
Heinichromis, 438
Hemicyon, European Miocene, i. 118
ii. 19S
Hemidacnis, ii. 278

[graphic]
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