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The last paper of the morning session, on "What Should the College and University Do for the High School Graduate?" was read by James H. Baker, President of the University of Colorado.

The following resolution was then introduced by Supt. W. B. Powell of Washington:

Resolved, That a committee of nine be appointed to prepare a report on methods and courses of work that will promote a vital connection between the education and physical development of the child; and that the directors of the National Educational Association be requested to appropriate a sum not exceeding $1,000 to defray the expenses of the committee.

The resolution was laid on the table for further consideration.

Supt. F. Louis Soldan then introduced the following resolution relative to the death of Dr. Norman A. Calkins of New York:

Whereas, Since the last meeting of this department, Dr. Norman A. Calkins, the President of the Board of Trustees of the National Educational Association, has passed away, this department desires to put on record its testimony to the aid he has been to it and to the cause of education, and their recognition of the loss tha has been sustained by his death.

Dr. Calkins was the Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the National Educational Association from 1886 to the time of his death, a member of the Executive Committee, and an influential adviser in the councils of this department and of the general association.

Dr. Calkins was born in Gainesville, N. Y., in 1821, and began teaching in the district schools. It was early seen that he had an unusual apprehension of the underlying principles of education. He became a valuable instructor in the teachers' institutes. He removed to New York City, and about 1860 began to publish a paper entitled the "Student and Schoolmate," the main object being to broaden the scope of study, which was then very narrow. In 1863 he was appointed an assistant superintendent of schools in New York City, which position he held until his death, Dec. 21, 1895, a period of thirty-two years.

Dr. Calkins was untiring in his efforts to find and to put in operation the best methods of education. He advocated the Pestalozzian methods, commonly called "object teaching," at a time when they were held in disfavor by the profession generally. When these methods as expounded and practiced at the Oswego Normal School were attacked before the National Educational Association, and a committee was appointed to investigate and report concerning them, Dr. Calkins, as a member of this committee, reported in favor of the Oswego methods, as being a logical outcome of Pestalozzian principles.

Dr. Calkins prepared several volumes on educational subjects; of these "Primary Object Lessons" and the "Manual of Object Teaching" had a wide circulation. All his writings show him to be a most practical and yet a most thoughtful teacher. He was held in the highest esteem by the teachers in the primary schools of New York City.

Dr. Calkins became early identified with the National Educational Association, and in 1886 was made chairman of its Board of Trustees. At the meeting held in Saratoga Springs in 1885 he was chosen as its president. He held the office of treasurer from 1883 to 1885.

He exerted a salutary influence on all he met, for he had a kind and lovable nature. This department has been the recipient of his unselfish counsels and advice ever since it was organized; be it therefore

Resolved, That we have been greatly pained to hear of the death of our beloved fellow member and associate, Dr. Norman A. Calkins, assistant superintendent of schools in New York City. We recall his long period of membership, beginning in 1866 (a life membership beginning in 1879); his uniform readiness to counsel and aid the progress of the department; his broad and sound ideas on educational matters; his charming manners and unfailing courtesy; and above all, his high Christian character and purposes. We desire to assure his bereaved family of our heartfelt sympathy. A good man has gone to his well earned reward.

This resolution was unanimously adopted by the department.

In the absence of the Chairman of the Committee on Nominations, Supt. H. P. Emerson of Buffalo, N. Y., made the following report for the committee, recommending as officers for the department for the ensuing year:

President-C. B. Gilbert, St. Paul, Minn.

First Vice President-A. B. Blodgett, Syracuse, N. Y.
Second Vice President-W. S. Sutton, Houston, Tex.
Secretary-Lawton B. Evans, Augusta, Ga.

The report of the committee was adopted.


This session was devoted to round tables.


City Superintendents met in the council chamber, City Hall.

Supt. A. K. Whitcomb of Lowell, Mass., acted as leader in the discussion of the following topics:

1. What methods are desirable and what have been successful in informing a community of the truth with regard to the management and control of schools? 2. How far is it practicable and desirable for a city superintendent to determine the methods of instruction in a system of city schools?

3. How can a superintendent best improve himself in his work?

4. Should the reading of the Bible be a part of the exercises in the public schools?

5. How may a city superintendent of schools best increase the efficiency of a corps of teachers?

6. How may we best develop and foster the mother element in the teacher? Science work in the grades-what and how much?


8. How can incompetent teachers best be removed from a corps of city teachers?

Those taking part in the discussions were Supt. L. C. Miller, Lima, Ohio; Supt. D. L. Abbott, Macon, Ga.; Superintendent Barringer, Newark, N. J.; Supt. A. B. Blodgett, Syracuse, N. Y.; Supt. H. S. Tarbell, Providence, R. I.; Supt. H. A. Wise, Baltimore, Md.; Supt. W. H. Baker, Savannah, Ga.; Supt. W. R. Harper, Americus, Ga.; Supt. E. H. Mark, Louisville, Ky.; Superintendent Hobbs, Mount Dora, Fla.; Superintendent Griffiths, Utica, N. Y.; Supt. C. F. Carrol, Worcester, Mass.; Supt. Aaron Gove, Denver, Colo.; Supt. A. G. Lane, Chicago, Ill.; Supt. H. P. Emerson, Buffalo, N. Y.


State Superintendents met at the Board of Trade rooms.

This meeting was presided over by Charles R. Skinner, State Superintendent of Public Instruction of New York.

The following topics were discussed:

1. Interstate recognition of state certificates and the interstate distribution of documents.

2. What consideration should enter into a plan for the equitable distribution of school money?

3. What are the essentials of successful institute work?

Those discussing these topics were State Supts. H. R. Corbett, Nebraska; A. B. Poland, New Jersey; J. Q. Emery, Wisconsin; J. M. Carlisle, Texas; O. T. Corson,

Commissioner of Education of Ohio; Mrs. A. J. Peavey, Colorado; W. W. Pendergast, Minnesota; W. N. Sheats, Florida; J. R. Kirk, Missouri; D. M. Geeting, Indiana; Professor Stout, New York.


The County Superintendents met in the rooms of the Seminole Club. This meeting was in charge of County Superintendent Joel D. Mead of Duval County, Florida.

The discussions followed the line of the administration of duties belonging to the office of County Superintendent.

The following states were represented in the discussion:

Florida, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Georgia, Kentucky, and South Carolina.


The National Herbart Society convened in the Elks' lodgeroom, under the leadership of Dr. Chas. De Garmo, in the absence of Dr. John Dewey.

Dr. Chas. A. McMurry of Normal, Ill., opened the discussion, based upon the second supplement of the "Herbart Year Book” for 1895, considering the subject of "Interest as Related to Will," by Dr. Dewey.

.Dr. Harris, Dr. Brown, Dr. White, and Superintendent Treudley participated in the discussion.


The round table of "Spelling Reform" met in the parlors of the Seminole Club, led by Prof. Edward R. Shaw of the School of Pedagogy, New York, who directed the discussion along the following lines:

1. In teaching spelling, how may the necessary series of associations and memories be best established?

2. Can apperceptive methods be employed in teaching spelling?

3. Should a spelling-book be employed? or, Should the list of words be taken from the reading and science lessons?

Those entering into the discussion were Supt. C. B. Gilbert of St. Paul, Prof. Keppler of Jacksonville, and Dr. Sanford of New York.


The last session of the department was called to order at 8 p. m. by President Jones.

A paper on "Some Practical Results of Child Study" was read by Supt. A. S. Whitney of East Saginaw, Mich.

Then followed an address by James L. Hughes, Inspector of Schools, Toronto, Ont., on "The Influence of the Kindergarten Spirit on Higher Education."

After this address the report of the Committee on Resolutions was read by Supt. A. K. Whitcomb of Lowell, Mass., acting as Chairman in the absence of Supt. F. Louis Soldan of St. Louis.

The resolutions were adopted, and are as follows:

Resolved, That the Department of Superintendence of the National Educational Association extends to the citizens of Jacksonville, her representatives, and particularly her school officers and teachers, its thanks for the care they have bestowed upon the preparations for this meeting, and for their hospitable and cordial welcome.

The department returns its thanks to the press for the support which it has lent to the meetings by full and faithful reports of the proceedings.

To the various railroad lines, the department expresses its appreciation of the courtesies extended by the granting of reduced rates, which have facilitated a large attendance.

The department tenders its sincere thanks to its retiring officers for their labors in connection with the meeting, whose signal success is in the first place due to the care with which they prepared the program and the tact and efficiency with which they have conducted it.

The resolution of W. B. Powell was then taken from the table, and after some discussion was amended, by motion of Dr. W. N. Hailmann, to read as follows, and passed as amended:

Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed by President Jones to submit at the next annual meeting of this body a plan or plans for collecting data as to methods and courses of work pursued at different points in primary schools, with a view of promoting a vital connection between school studies and the educational development of the child.

The following committee was appointed under the above resolution:

W. N. Hailmann, Chairman; W. B. Powell, Miss N. Cropsey.

President Jones, in introducing President-elect Gilbert, spoke as follows:

Before we part, one pleasant duty remains for me to perform. I wish to introduce to you your new presiding officer, whom you have chosen to guide the future deliberations of your body. President Gilbert, it gives me great pleasure to hand you this insignia of your authority. These children of ours [pointing to the large audience] are asking you to teach them, and to you I gladly resign the pleasing task.

President Gilbert, in accepting the gavel, said:

I have been placed in two tight places in this meeting. One was when your honored leader made me a bumper between two of the heavyweights on the program,-and the other was when you called me to be your President. This is the most potent educational body in this country, if not in the world. Into its hands is given the work of shaping the educational future of the United States. When I thought of the responsibility of presiding over the deliberations of such a body of men, I was overwhelmed; but I accept the responsibility. I have sat among "these children of ours," and have been one of them. I shall still be one of them, and shall sit to learn, as before.

President Jones then declared the department adjourned.





Mr. President; Members of the Department of Superintendence; Ladies and Gentlemen:

As the representative of the people and teachers of the state, it gives me unbounded pleasure to give you welcome to Florida.

The same cordial greeting is extended to you who have journeyed almost across the continent from north to south as to our immediate neighbors wrestling with problems and conditions similar to our


We come together in council to confer about matters alike dear to us, and since the country is to be what the schools shall make, it. to determine how we can best secure the perpetuity of our republican institutions and render wiser and happier the people of every condition in our common country.

We admire the educational enthusiasm of our brethren from the North, expect to profit by learning their way to success in popular education, and are especially glad of the opportunity to reciprocate some of the kind treatment enjoyed at their hands while among them on occasions similar to this.

After visiting your section and learning more of your people, we have always found ourselves more in sympathy and in love with you. We now rejoice that we have been able to entice so many of you down into the far South, where we will arrange for you to come often in midwinter unless the designs of some of us fail, hoping that you may be affected by a better knowledge of the South and her people, and the peculiar problems confronting them, as we were by a better knowledge of you.

The white people of every section of our great country are proud of a common ancestry who fought side by side to leave to us the heritage of the best government the world ever saw; and it is now worthy the ambition and efforts of teachers, who are responsible for the intelligence and largely the prejudices of the next generation, to look to the protection of American institutions, and see that the sons are as united as were their fathers.

The welfare of no other race or other nationality should entice the South into any alliance detrimental to the North, nor should the North forget the Anglo-Saxon blood of the South in her efforts to promote the interest of any people under the sun.

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