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“ of bulls, or drink the blood of goats? CHAP. • Offer unto God thanksgiving; and pay III.

thy vows unto the Most High h -Thou “ desirest not sacrifice, else would I give “ it thee; thou delightest not in burnt

offerings. The sacrifices of God are a “ broken fpirit: a broken and a contrite “ heart, O God, thou wilt not despise '.' These two last citations are not so much prophetical as declarative; but they equally tend to shew, that Christianity does not make void the Law, by abolishing its ceremonies; since, even under the Law, God fo expressly denies, that they are pleasing to him from any intrinsic merit of their


3. Isaiah.

3. The prophet Isaiah abounds with the fame expressions : “ To what purpose is “ the multitude of your facrifices unto me?

faith the Lord : I am full of the burnt

offerings of rams, and the fat of fed' “ beasts; and I delight not in the blood of

bullocks, or of lambs, or of he-goats. “ When ye come to appear before me, “ who hath required this at your hand to “ tread

my courts ? Bring no more vain

h Pfalm 1. 8.

i Psalm li. 16.,

" obla





u oblations; incense is an abomination “ unto me; the new moons and fabbaths, “ the calling of assemblies I cannot away “ with ; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting. Your new moons, and

“ appointed feasts, my soul hateth; they
“ are a trouble unto me; I am weary to
o bear them.” After this immediately fol-
lows the reason, why these ceremonies were
a trouble to God, and what was the only
true method of gaining his favour; the
real possession of those virtues, of which
the legal observances were only the sha-
dow. “When ye spread forth your hands,
“ I will hide mine eyes from you ; yea,
66 when

make many prayers,

I will not "hear : your hands are full of blood. Wash

ye, make ye clean: put away the evil “ of your doings from before mine eyes; * cease to do evil; learn to do well ; seek

judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge “ the fatherless, plead for the widowk.'

In another part of his Prophecies, Isaiah foretells the blind attachment of the Jews to rites and ceremonies, and that, in consequence of their not being converted to a purer revelation, they should be removed from their own land, and scattered among CHAP. the Gentiles." Go and tell this people, 111. “ Hear ye indeed, but understand not; “ and see ye indeed, but perceive not. « Make the heart of this people fat, and “ make their ears heavy, and shut their

k Isaiah i. 11.


eyes ; left they see with their eyes, and “ hear with their ears, and understand with “ their heart, and convert, and be healed. “ Then said I, Lord, how long? And he " answered, Until the cities be wasted “ without inhabitant, and the houses with“ out man, and the land be utterly deso- late, and the Lord have removed men « far away, and there be a great forsaking - in the midst of the land!."

The same lip-service, to which men in all ages are so prone, is, in a similar manner, upbraided in the following passage. Wherefore the Lord said, Forasmuch as “ this people draw near me with their

mouth, and with their lips do honour - me, but have removed their heart far “ from me, and their fear toward me is

taught by the precept of men: thereso fore, behold, I will proeeed to do a mar

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« vellous work among this people, even a " marvellous work and a wonder: for the

wisdom of their wise men shall perish, " and the understanding of their prudent “ men shall be hidm." The judicial blindness here spoken of remains to this day. Still does the wisdom of their wise, men perifh, and still is the understanding of their prudent men hid. But darkness is only come upon Israel for a season; God, in his own due time, will enlighten their hearts, and the whole world will form only one flock under one shepherd.


4. The prophet next in order is Jeremiah, who expressly foretells the propagation of a pure and spiritual religión; the abolition of legal ordinances; the call of the Gentiles ; and the final restoration of Israel. « I will

give you pastors according to mine heart, “ which shall feed you with knowledge

and understanding. And it shall come “ to pass, when ye be multiplied and in“ creased in the land, in those days, faith “ the Lord, they shall say no more, The " ark of the covenant of the Lord: nei“ ther shall it come to mind; neither shall “ they remember it; neither shall they

m Isaiah xxix. 13.

“ visit


“ visit it; neither shall that be done any CHAP.

. At that time, they shall call Jen 111. " rusalem, the Throne of the Lord : and “ all the nations shall be gathered unto it, “ to the name of the Lord, to Jerufalem : “ neither shall they walk any more after “ the imagination of their evil heart”.”

The other prophecy of Jeremiah, relative to the fame event, is perhaps yet more particular. « Behold the days come, * faith the Lord, that I will make a new is covenant with the house of Israel, and “ with the houfe of Judah ; not according " to the covenant that I made with their

fathers, in the day that I took them by “ the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, $ although I was an husband unto them, " saith the Lord.: But this shall be the " covenant that I will make with the house “ of Israel: After those days, faith the “ Lord, I will put my law in their inward

parts, and write it in their hearts; and “ I will be their God, and they shall be

my peopleo.”. According to this prediction, the ancient Levitical covenant was

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