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OF

XI.

ON MR. GAY,

IN WESTMINSTER-ABBEY, 1732.

Manners gentle, of Affections mild;

In Wit, a Man; Simplicity, a Child :

With native Humour temp'ring virtuous Rage,
Form'd to delight at once and lafh the age:
Above Temptation, in a low Eftate,

And uncorrupted ev'n among the Great:
A fafe Companion, and an easy Friend,
Unblam'd through Life, lamented in thy End.
These are thy Honours! not that here thy Bust
Is mix'd with Heroes, or with Kings thy duft;
But that the Worthy and the Good shall fay,
Striking their penfive bofoms-Here lies GAY.

NOTES.

5

ΙΟ

VER. 1. Of Manners gentle,] "The eight first lines," fays Johnson," have no grammar; the adjectives are without any fubftantives, and the epithets without a subject.”

It is fomewhat fingular that there fhould be an improper expreffion in Bishop Warburton's own epitaph. His genius and learning are called two talents, but learning is an acquirement. WARTON. VER. 2. In Wit, &c.] This feems derived from Dryden's Elegy on Mrs. Anne Killegrew:

"Her wit was more than man; her innocence a child." WAKEFIELD.

VER. 3 virtuous Rage,] Silius Italicus, v. 652, has the fame

expreffion :

Virtutis facram rabiem.

WAKEFIELD.

VER. 12. Here lies GAY.] i. e. in the hearts of the good and worthy.- Mr. Pope told me his conceit in this line was not generally understood. For, by peculiar ill-luck, the formu'ary expreffion which makes the beauty, mifieads the reader into a sense which takes it quite away. WARBURTON.

The conceit in the last line is certainly very puerile, and a false thought borrowed from Crafhaw:

"Entomb'd, not in this ftone but in my heart."
CRASHAW, Poems, p. 94.

WARTON.

XII.

INTENDED FOR SIR ISAAC NEWTON,

IN WESTMINSTER-ABBEY.

ISAACUS NEWTONUS:

Quem Immortalem
Teftantur Tempus, Natura, Cœlum :
Mortalem

Hoc marmor fatetur.

Nature and Nature's Laws lay hid in Night:
GOD faid, Let Newton be! and all was Light.

NOTES.

VER. 1. Nature] The antithefis betwixt Mortalem and Immortalem is much unfuited to the fubject; and the fecond English line, "God faid, &c." borders a little on the profane. The magnificent Fiat of Mofes will be always ftriking and admired, notwithstanding the cold objections of Le Clerc and Huct.

WARTON.

VER. 2. Let Newton be!] He was born on the very day on which Galileo died. When Ramfay was one day complimenting him on his discoveries in philofophy, he answered, as I read it in Spence's Anecdotes, "Alas! I am only like a child picking up pebbles on the shore of the great ocean of truth." WARTON.

And all was Light.] It had been better-and there was Light - as more conformable to the reality of the fact, and to the allufion whereby it is celebrated. WARBURTON.

XIII.

ON DR. FRANCIS ATTERBURY,

BISHOP OF ROCHESTER.

Who died in Exile at Paris, 1732, (his only Daughter having expired in his Arms, immediately after fhe arrived in France to fee him.)

DIALOGUE.

SHE.

YES,

Es, we have liv'd—one pang, and then we part!
May Heav'n, dear Father! now have all thy
Heart.

Yet ah! how once we lov'd, remember still,
Till you are duft like me.

HE.

Dear Shade! I will:

Then mix this duft with thine-O fpotlefs Ghoft!
O more

NOTES.

VER. 1. Yes, we have liv'd-] I know not why this Dialogue fhould be called an Epitaph. Dr. Johnson fays, "it is contemptible, and should have been fuppreffed for the Author's fake." I fee no reason for this harsh fentence paffed upon it. WARTON.

Dr. Johnson fays, "the contemptible Dialogue between He and She,' fhould have been fuppreffed."

Many of our old Epitaphs are written in dialogue. In this inftance, nothing could fo well express the story of the Daughter and Father meeting in a foreign country, he exiled, and the dying in his arms!

O more than Fortune, Friends, or Country loft!
Is there on Earth one care, one wifh befide?

Yes SAVE MY COUNTRY, HEAV'N,

-He faid, and dy'd.

NOTES.

VER.9. SAVE MY COUNTRY, HEAV'N.] Alluding to the Bishop's frequent use and application of the expiring words of the famous Father Paul, in his prayer for the late "Efto perpetua.” With what propriety the Bishop applied it at his trial, and is here made to refer to it in his last moments, they will understand who know what conformity there was in the lives of the Prelate and the Monk. The character of our countryman is well known; and that of the Father may be told in very few words. He was profoundly skilled in all divine and human learning. He employed his whole life in the fervice of the State, against the unjuft encroachments of the Church. He was modeft, humble, and forgiving, candid, patient, and juft; free from all prejudices of party, and all the projects of ambition; in a word, the happiesft compound of feience, wisdom, and virtue. WARBURTON.

This fevere farcafm would certainly, if he had feen it, been highly difpleafing to Pope, who retained for Atterbury the warmest affec tion and refpect. But from the Letters of Atterbury, printed, in three volumes, by Mr. Nicholls, and particularly from thofe in p. 148. to p. 168. it almost indisputably appears that the Bishop was engaged in a treasonable correspondence, and in the intrigues of the Pretender. WARTON.

THE beft illuftration of Pope's Epitaph will be found in the following interefting account:

"The exile of the Bishop of Rochester gave occafion to a very interesting exercise of parental tenderness on the one part, and of filial duty and affection on the other. What mostly embittered the banishment of the Bishop, was regret at leaving behind him his daughter, Mrs. Morice, in an infirm ftate of health. A mutual longing to fee one another, took faft hold of the father and daughter; and the lady, though very ill, performed, with great

difficulty

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