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retinue we are to look. Unless we could see farther, and discern what joy, or what bitterness, his heart feels, we can pronounce little concerning him.
The book is well written ; and I have perused it with pleasure and proft. It shows, first, that true devotion is rational and well founded ; next, that it is of the highest importance to every other part of religion and virtue ; and, lastly, that it is most conducive to our happiness.
There is certainly no greater felicity, than to be able to look back on a life usefully and virtuously employed ; to trace our own progress in existence, by such tokens as ex cite neither shame nor sorrow. It ought therefore to be che care of those who wish to pass the last hours with comfort, to lay up such a treasure of pleasing ideas, as shall support the expenses of that time, which is to depend wholly upon the tund already acquired.
SECTION V. WHAT avails the show of external liberty, to one who has lost the government of himself ?'
He that cannot live well to-day, (says Martial,) will be less qualified to live well to-morrow.
Can we esteem that man prosperous, who is raised to a situation which flatters his passions, but which corrupts his principles, disorders his temper, and finally oversets his virtue ?
What misery does the vicious man secretly endure !Adversity! how blunt are all the arrows of thy quiver, in comparison with those of guilt!
When we have no pleasure in goodness, we may with certainty conclude the reason to be, that our pleasure is all derived from an opposite quarter.
How strangely are the opinions of men altered, by a change in their condition !
· How many have had reason to be thankful, for being disappojated in designs which they earnestly pursued, but which, if successfully accomplished, they have afterwards seen would have occasioned their ruin !
What are the actions which afford in the remembrance a rational satisfaction ? Are they the pursuits of sensual pleasure, the riots of jollity, the displays of show and vanity No : I appeal to your hearts, my friends, if what you re collect with inost pleasure, are not the innocent, the virtu ous, the bonourable parts of your past life.
The present employment of time should frequently be an oliject of thoughi. About what are we now busjed ? What is the ultimate scope of our present poursuits and cares. Can we justily then to ourselves ? Are they likely 10 forin duce any thing that will survive the moment, and bring forth some truit for futurity ?
Is it not strange (says an ingenious writer.) that some persons should be so delicate as not to bear a disagreeable picture in the house, and yet, by their behaviour, torce every face they see about them, to wear the gloom of uneasiness and discontent!
If we are now in health, peace and safety ; without any particular or uncommon evils to afflict our condition ; what more can we reason ibly look for in this vain and uncertain world? How little can the greatest prosperity add to such it state? Will any future situation ever make us happy, it now, with so few causes of grief, we imagine ourselves miserable ? The evil lies in the state of our mind, nou in our condition of fortune ; and by no alteration of circuit stances is likely to be reinedied.
When the love of unwarrantable pleasures, and of vicious companions, is allowed to amuse young persons, to engross their time, and to stir up their jissions; the day of min.-- let then take heed, and beware! the day of irrecoverabile ruin begins to draw nigh. I ortune is squidered ; healih is broken ; ti'iends are offended, atironted, estranged ; ages! parents, perhaps, sent :flicted and mourning to the dust.
On who does time hang so heavily, is on the sloshtina and lizy? To whom are the hours su lingering ? Il bor ile 50 often devoured with spleen, and obliged to tly to every expedient, which can help thein to get rid of themselves? Instead of producing tranquillity, indolence produces it freutul restlessness of mind; gives rise to cravings which are never satisfied ; nourishes a sickly, effeminate delicacy which sours and corrupts every pleasure.
SECTION VI. We have seen the huelvandman scattering his seed pon the furrowed ground ! li springs up, is gathered into his barns, and crowns his labours with joy ani plenty.--Thus the man who distributes his fortune with generusity and prudence, is amply repaid by the gratitude of those who le obliges, by the approbation of his own mind and by the favour of Heaven.
Temperance, by fortifying the mind and body, leads to happiness : intemperance, by enervating them, ends generally in misery.
Title and ancestry render a good man more illustrious ; bi an ill oue, inore contemptible. Vice is infamous, Thurgh in a prince; and virtue honourable, though in a peasirit.
An elevated genins, employed in little things, appears to tise the simile of Longinus) like the sun in his evening declination : he remits his splendour, but retains his magnilude ; and pleases more, though he dazzles less.
If envious people were to ask themselves, whether they would exchange their entire situations with the persons envied, (1 me:in their minds, passions, notions, as well as their persons, fortunes, anil dignities,) - presume the self-love, com:non to hum in nature, wouli generally make them prefer their own cor-lition.
We have obliged some persons :- very well !--what would we have more ? Is not the consciousness of doing good, a suficient reward ?
Do not hurt yourselves or others, by the pursuit of pleasure. Sansuit your whole nature. Consiiler yourselves aut only ils sensitive, but as ration:al beings; not only :28 ration, but social; not only as soci il, but immortal.
Ar thou poor !-Show thyself active and industrions. periceabile ani contented. Art thoi: weilthy ?-Show thyseli beneticent ani charitable, conlescending : hune.
Though religion removes not all the evils of life, though pravni.es no continunce of distutel prosperity. (which inleed it were not subtity for min liviys to enjoy.) yet, if it witirites the evils which necessarily belong to our stite, il iniy justly be vuil to give rust to then who labour and are heavy Luten."
Vhat a smiling aspect does the love of ,arents and chil dren, of brothers and sisters, of friends and relations, give to every surrounding object, and every returning day! With what a lustre does it gild even the small habitation, where :his l.licid intercourse dwells ! where such scenes of heart. felt satisfaction succeed uninterruptedly to one another'
How many clear marks of benevolent intention appear every where around us! What a profusion of beanty and ortament is poured forth on the fice of nature. Whil a Dugmticent spectacle presented to the view of nian. What supply contrived for his wants! What a variety of objects
set before him, to gratify his senses, to employ his under standing, to entertain his imagination, to cheer and gladder his heart!
The hope of future happiness is a perpetual source of consolation to good men. Under trouble, it sooths their ininds ; amidst temptation, it supports their virtue ; and, in their dying moments, enables them to say, “O death! where is thv sting? O grave! where is thy victory ?”
SECTION VII. Agesilaus, king of Sparta, being asked, “What things he thought most proper for boys to learn," answered, “ Those which they ought to practise when they come to be men." A wiser than Agesilaus has inculcated the same sentiment : “ Train up a child in the way he should go, and when he is old he will not depart from it.”.
An Italian philosopher expressed in his motto, that “time was his estate.” An estate indeed which will produce nothing without cultivation ; but which will always abundantly repay the labours of industry, and satisfy the most extensive desires, if no part of it be suffered to lie waste by negligence, to be overrun with noxious plants, or laid out for show, rather than use.
When Aristotle was asked, “ What a man could gain by telling a falsehood,” he replied, “ Not to be credited when he speaks the truth."
L'Estrange, in his Fables, tells us that a number of frolic. some boys were one day watching frogs, at the side of a pond; and that, as any of them put their lieads above the water, they pelted them down again with stonos One otike frogs, appealing to the humanity of the boys, made this siinkiny observation ; “ Children, you do not coaside.?, trat though this may be sport to yo.1, it is death to us."
Sully, the great statesman of France, always retained it bis table, in his most prosperous days, the same frugality to which he had been accustomed in early life. He was fre. quently reproached, by the courtiers, for this simplicity ; but he used to reply to them, in the words of an ancient philosopher : “ If the guests are men of sense, there is suf. ficient for them : if the; are not, I can very well dispensa with their company
Socrates, though primarily attentive to the culture, of his ininil, wils not negligent of his external appearance.
His cleanliness resulted from those weas of order and decency,
which gruerned all his actions; and the care which he took of his health, from his desire to preserve his mind then and tranquil.
Eminently ple:sing and honourable was the friendship setween Daviel and Jon.ithin. "I am distressed for thee, ny brother Jonathan," said the plaintive and su.viving Davidl;
very pleasant hast thon been to me : thy love wur me was wonderful ; pirssing the love of women.”
Sir Philip Sidney, at the battle near Zutphen, was wounded ly a musket bill, which broke the bone of his thigh. He was carried about a mile and a half, to the camp ; and being Swirl with the loss of blood, and probaly p::rched with thirst through the heat of the weather, he called for drink. It was iinmediateiy brought to him: but, as he was putting the vessel to his mouth, a poor wounded soldier, who happened at that instant to be carried by him, looke:l up to it with
The gallant and generous Sidney took the buttle from his mouth, and delivered it to the soldier, say. ing, " Thy necessity is yet greater than mine."
Alexander the Great dem inded of a pirate, whom he had tuken, by what right he intested the se:s ? " By the same right,” replied he, staat Alex:inder enslaves the world. But I am called a robher, because I have only one small vessel ; and he is styled a conqueror, because he commands great fleets and armies." We too often judge of men by the splendour, and not by the merit of their actions.
Antoninus Pius, the Rom in Emperor, was an amiable and good man. When any of his courtiers attempteil to intime him with a passion for military glory, he used to answer : " That he more desired the preservation of one subject, than the destruction of a thousand enemies."
Men are too often ingenious in making themselves miserable, by aggravating to their own fancy, beyond bounds, all the evils which they endure. They compare themselves with none but those whom they imagine to be more happy ; anıl complain, that upon them alone has fallen the whole load of humın sorrows. Would they look with a more impartial eye on the world, they would see themselves surrounded with sufferers ; and find that they are only drinking out of that mixed cup, which Providence has prepared for all. “I will restore thy daughter again to life,” said the eastern sagr. to a prince who grievce immoderately for the loss of a beloved chili, “ provi:led thon art able to engizive on her tumb, the names of three persons who have never mourn.