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The test must be made with all cut-outs and safety devices in place. If the lamp sockets, receptacles, electroliers, etc., are also connected, only 1/2 the resistance specified in the table will be required. (Ord. effective May 29, 1916.)

ARTICLE 7

VIOLATIONS

Sec. 700. Violations.

Sec. 700. Violations.-Any person who shall violate any provision of this chapter, or fail to comply with any requirement thereof, or who shall violate or fail to comply with any order or regulation of the commissioner made thereunder, or who, being the holder of a special permit, as defined in subdivision 7 of § 1 of this chapter, shall install, alter or repair any electric wiring or appliance for light, heat or power, in violation of the terms of such special permit or any provision of this chapter, shall for each and every such violation or non-compliance forfeit and pay a penalty in the sum of $50.

CHAPTER 10

Explosives and Hazardous Trades

REGULATIONS OF THE MUNICIPAL EXPLOSIVES COMMISSION

Article 1. General provisions.

2. Certificates and permits.
3. Bonds and fees.
4. Manufacture, storage, sale, transportation and use of

explosives.
5. Ammunition,
6. Fireworks.
7. Matches.
8. Mineral oils.
9. Inflammable mixtures.
10. Combustible mixtures.
11. Garages.
12. Motor vehicle repair shops.
13. Dry cleaning and dry dyeing establishments.
14.
15. Paints, varnishes and lacquers.
16. Calcium carbide.
17. Gases under pressure.
18. Refrigerating plants.
19. Nitro-cellulose.
20. Inflammable motion-picture films.
21. Distilled liquors and alcohols.
22. Oils and fats.
23. Technical establishments.
24. Wholesale drug stores and drug and chemical supply.

houses.
25. Retail drug stores.

26. Miscellaneous. This chapter consists of the Regulations of the Municipal Explosive Commission rearranged and classified. These regulations were originally authorized by Ord. of May 19, 1902, pursuant to $763 of the charter. But ch. 495, L. 1914, abolished the Commission, transferred its powers to the Fire Comr., made the existing regulations a chapter of the Code of Ordinances, and gave the Board of Aldermon power "to amend or repeal."

ARTICLE 1

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 1. Definitions.

§ 2. Construction of chapter.
§ 3. Federal government.
$ 4, City officers.

5. Seizure of contraband material. 8 6. Revenues, disposition of.

$ 7. Electrical perils, protection against.
8. Smoking prohibited.
9. Fire extinguishing appliances.

10. Hazardous industries. § 11. Permits. Sec. 1. Definitions.-Unless otherwise expressly stated, whenever used in this chapter the following terms shall respectively be deemed to mean:

1. Ammunition, a metal or other shell containing a fulminate, or containing black or smokeless powder for the purpose of propelling projectiles or shot; or black or smokeless powder packed for use as à propelling charge or for saluting purposes;

2. Black powder (gunpowder), any explosive substance composed of sulphur, charcoal and either sodium or potassium nitrate:

3. Blasting cap, a cap or detonator, with wires attached for exploding the same by means of electricity;

4. Blasting powder, an explosive substance composed of sulphur, charcoal and sodium nitrate, specially prepared for the purpose of blasting;

5. Bond, a written obligation or undertaking, under seal, whereby an applicant for or holder of a permit engages and agrees to indemnify the city for any loss, damage or injury resulting from his acts under such permit;

6. Repealed by ord. May 25, 1915.

7. Çertificate of approval, a written statement issued by the fire commissioner, certifying that the type, class or kind of article or thing mentioned therein has been examined, tested and approved in conformity with this chapter, and that it is authorized to be manufactured, stored, transported, sold or used;

8. Certificate of fitness, a written statement issued by the fire. commissioner, certifying that the person to whom it is issued has passed an examination as to his qualifications to perform the work mentioned therein, and that he has authority to perform such work during the term specified;

9. Certificate of registration, a written statement issued by the fire commissioner, certifying that the person, association or corporation named therein has registered his or its name with the commissioner in conformity with the provisions of this chapter;

10. Repealed by ord. May 25, 1915.

11. Combustible mixture, any liquid or solid mixture, or substance, or compound, which does not emit an inflammable vapor at a temperature below 100°, when tested in a Tagliabue open cup tester, but which may be ignited and caused to burn;

12. Dry cleaning or dry dyeing, the act or process of washing or immersing in volatile inflammable oil or liquid a garment, fabric, fiber, substance or article, for the purpose of cleaning or dyeing the same;

12a. Container capacity, the cubic measure of the container. (Added by ord. effective May 25, 1915.)

13. Essential oil, an oil used for flavoring or perfuming purposes;

14. Explosive, explosive compound or mixture, or explosive article, any substance or compound or mixture, or article having properties

of such a character that alone, or in combination or contiguity with other substances or compounds, may decompose suddenly and generate sufficient heat or gas or pressure, or any or all of them, to produce rapid flaming combustion, or administer a destructive blow to surrounding objects;

15. F., Fahrenheit, the Fahrenheit thermometer;

16. Fire retarding material, asbestos board in two layers, each one-fourth inch in thickness, the second layer breaking joints in all directions with the first, or plaster boards cocoa fiber filled, covered with lap jointed metal, not less than 26 B. & S. gage in thickness, and any other material that has successfully passed the one hour fire test prescribed by the industrial board of the State Labor De partment under date of October 29, 1914. (Amend. May 25, 1915.)

17. Fireworks, any combustible or explosive composition, or any substance or combination of substances, or article, prepared for the purpose of producing a visible or an audible pyrotechnic effect by combustion, explosion, deflagration or detonation;

18. Fuel oil, any liquid mixture, substance or compound, derived from petroleum, which does not emit an inflammable vapor below a temperature of 125° F., when tested in a Tagliabue open cup tester;

19. Garage, a building, shed or enclosure, or any portion thereof, in which a motor vehicle other than one the fuel storage tank of which is empty, is stored, housed or kept;

a. Storage garage, a garage in which volatile inflammable oil other than that contained in the fuel storage tanks of motor vehicles is handled, stored or kept;

b. Non-storage garage, a garage, in which no volatile inflammable oil other than that contained in the fuel storage tanks of motor vehicles, is handled, stored or kept.

20. Gas under pressure, a gas or compound or gases, either in a gaseous or liquid form, compressed to a pressure greater than 6 pounds to the square inch;

21. Guncotton, that nitro-cellulose chemically known as hexanitro-cellulose, and generally used alone or in combination with other substances as a blasting explosive or as a propelling charge, and includes all cellulose nitrates of a higher degree of nitration:

22. Inflammable mixture, any liquid, or any mixture, substance, or compound, that contains more than 10 per cent. by volume of volatile inflammable oil, or which will emit an inflammable vapor at a temperature below 100° F., when tested in a Tagliabue open cup tester;

23. Inflammable motion-picture film, a film made of nitro-cellulose product or other inflammable substance, used for the purpose of displaying motion-pictures for exhibition. (Amend. May 25, 1915.)

24. Kerosene or Kerosene oil, any liquid product of petroleum, commonly used for illuminating purposes, which does not emit an inflammable vapor

below a temperature of 100° F., when tested in a Tagliabue open cup tester;

25. Lubricating oil, an oil used to reduce friction, whether of animal, vegetable or mineral origin, or a compound thereof;

26. Match, a stick, fibre or wick of wood, paper or other material, cut, prepared, manufactured or treated so that, by friction, contact or otherwise, with or upon a surface or substance, it will ignite and produce a flame or combustion;

27. Motor vehicle, a vehicle or other conveyance having more than 2 running wheels, and using a volatile inflammable oil as fuel for generating motive power, excepting such vehicles as have a storage tank of a capacity of less than 2 gallons of a volatile inflammable oil;

28. Motor vehicle repair shop, a building, shed or enclosure, or any portion thereof, wherein is conducted the general business of repairing motor vehicles;

29. Nitro-cellulose product, any substance, material, or compound, having soluble cotton as a base, including pyralin, celluloid, fibreoid, viscoloid, and similar materials and compounds by, whatever name known, when in the form of blocks, slabs, sheets, rods, tubes or other shapes, and intended to be used for further manufacture;

30 (8) Oil selling station, an authorized building, shed or enclosure, or any portion thereof, in which the business of storing and selling volatile inflammable oil to passing motor vehicles is conducted, but where motor vehicles are not stored. (Amend. May 25, 1915.)

30 (b) Oil Storage Plant, a building, shed, enclosure or premises, or any portion thereof, in which petroleum or shale oil or the liquid products thereof, or of coal tar, are stored or kept for sale in large quantities, in tanks, barrels or approved floating barges. (Amend. May 25, 1915.)

31. Repealed Aug. 8, 1916. 32. Repealed Aug. 8, 1916.

33. Public or commercial garage, any garage, not included within the definition of private garage in this section. (Amend. May 25, 1915.)

34. Retail drug store, a store or building used for the compounding and dispensing, usually in the form of physicians' prescriptions, or for the selling of small quantities of medicinal preparations, proprietary articles, drugs, chemicals, oils, volatile solvents and other substances which, alone or in combination with any other article or substance, are of a highly combustible, inflammable or explosive nature;

35. Safety or slow burning fuse, a train, or core, of black powder surrounded by strands of jute, hemp or other fiber, and usually covered with a waterproofing material;

36. Smokeless powder, a propellant for small arms or cannon, in the combustion of which smoke is largely eliminated, and having for its explosive base nitro-cellulose in varying proportions;

37. Soluble cotton, pyroxylin or nitro-cellulose, including all cellulose nitrates below that chemically known as hexa-nitro-cellulose, and soluble in a volatile inflammable liquid;

38. Repealed May 25, 1915. 39. Repealed May 25, 1915.

40. Technical establishment, a building or place where explosives, inflammable or highly combustible substances are produced, used or stored for use, or where chemicals or other materials entering into the production of such substances are stored or used, excepting those establishments which are specifically treated under other classifications in this chapter;

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