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according to the flesh: I judge | They understood not that he

no one. 16 And yet if I judge, my judgment is true: because I am not alone, but I and the Father who sent me. 17 It is written in your law also, that the witness of two men is true. 18 I bear witness of myself; and the Father who sent me beareth witness of me."

19 They said, therefore, to him, "Where is thy Father ?" Jesus answered, "Ye neither know me, nor my Father: if ye had known me, ye would have known my Father also." 20 He spake these words in the treasury, as he was teaching in the temple and yet no one laid hands on him; for his hour was not yet come.

spake to them of the Father.

28 Then Jesus said to them, "When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then ye will know that I am he, and that I do nothing of myself; but speak these things as my Father hath taught me. 29 And he who sent me is with me: [the Father] hath not left me alone; because I always do those things which please him."

30 AS he spake these words, many believed in him. 31 Then Jesus said to those Jews who believed in him, "If ye continue in my word, then ye are truly my disciples: 32 and ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free." S3 But some of them answered him, "We are Abraham's offspring, and were never slaves to any one how sayest thou, 'Ye shall become free?""

21 THEN [Jesus] said to them again, "I am going away, and ye will seek me, and will die in your sin whither I go, ye cannot come." 22 Then the Jews said, "Will he kill himself? because he saith, Whither I" Verily, verily, I say to you,

go, ye cannot come."" 23 And he said to them, "Ye are from beneath; I am from above: ye are of this world; I am not of this world. 24 I therefore said to you, that ye will die in your sins for if ye believe not that I am he, ye will die in your sins."

25 Then they said to him, "Who art thou?" [And] Jesus said to them, "Even what I told you at first. 26 I have many things to say concerning you,

and to condemn: but he who sent me, is true; and I speak to the world those things which I have heard from him." 27

34 Jesus answered them,

Whosoever committeth sin is the slave [of sin]. 35 And the slave abideth not in the house to the age: but the son abideth to the age. 36 If the Son therefore, shall make you free, ye will be free indeed. 37 I know that ye are Abraham's offspring: yet ye seek to kill me, because my word hath no place in you. 38 I speak that which I have seen with [my] Father: and ye do that which ye have seen with [your] father."

39 They answered, and said to him, "Abraham is our father." Jesus said to them, "If ye were Abraham's children, ye would

do the works of Abraham. 40 But now ye seek to kill me, a man who has told you the truth, which I have heard from God: Abraham did not act thus. Ye do the works of your father." 41 [Then] they said to him, "We are not born of fornication: we have one Father, even God."

42 Jesus said to them, "If God were your Father, ye would love me for I proceeded, and am come from God; yet I came not of myself, but He sent me. 43 Why do ye not understand my discourse? because ye cannot hearken to my word. 44 Ye are of your father the impostor;* and the desires of your father ye are disposed to do. He was a slayer of men from the beginning, and continued not in the truth; because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of lies.† 45 And because I speak the truth, ye believe me not. 46 Which of you convicteth me of falsehood? 47 If I speak the truth, why do ye not believe me? he that is of God, hearkeneth to God's words: ye therefore hearken not, because ye are not of God."

48 The Jews answered and said to him, "Say we not well, that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a demon?" 49 Jesus an

swered, "I have not a demon: but I honour my Father, and ye dishonour me. 50 But I seek not mine own glory: there is one who seeketh it, and judgeth. 51 Verily, verily, I say to you, If a man keep my words, he shall by no means see death to the age."

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52 The Jews therefore said to him, "Now we know that thou hast a demon. Abraham is dead and the prophets also: yet thou sayest, If a man keep my words, he shall by no means taste of death [to the age]. 53 Art thou greater than our father Abraham, who is dead? and the prophets are dead also: whom makest thou thyself?"

54 Jesus answered, "If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing: it is my Father who glorifieth me; of whom ye say, that he is your God: 55 and yet ye know him not; but I know him: and if I should say, 'I know him not,' I should speak falsely, like you: but I know him, and keep his words. 56 Your Father Abraham earnestly desired that he might see my day: and he saw it, and was glad."

57 The Jews therefore said to him, "Thou art not yet fifty years old; and hast thou seen Abraham ?" 58 Jesus said to them, "Verily, verily, I say to you, Before Abraham was

the impostor, or devil, i. e. the principle of moral evil personified. Wicked men are his children, and resemble him. This symbolical person is here represented as uniformly wicked: he is a manslayer or murderer, as vice leads to misery and ruin. He is the father of liars, as being the supposed source of evil, and tempter to all wickedness. See Essays by the Rev.J. Simpson, p.


† Gr. of him, or of it.

i. e. he foresaw it. See ch. xii. 41.

born I am he." "* 59 Then they took up stones to cast at him : but Jesus concealed himself, and went out of the temple.

CH. IX. 1 AND as he passed by, he saw a man that had been blind from his birth. 2 And his disciples asked him, saying, "Master, who sinned, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind ?" 3 Jesus answered, "Neither did this man sin, nor his parents but that the works of God might be manifested in him. 4 I must work the works of him who sent me, while it is day the night cometh, when no one can work. 5 While I am in the world, I am the light of the world."

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made clay and anointed mine eyes, and said to me, Go to Siloam, and wash thyself:' and I went and washed myself, and received my sight." 12 Then they said to him, "Where is he?" He said, “I know not."

13 THEN they brought him to the Pharisees; [him who had been blind.] 14 Now it was the sabbath, when Jesus made the clay, and opened his eyes. 15 Then the Pharisees also asked him again, how he had received his sight. And he said to them, "He put clay on mine eyes, and I washed myself, and see." 16 Wherefore, some of the Pharisees said, This man is not from God, because he keepeth not the sabbath." Others said, "How can a sinner do such miracles?" And there was a division among them.

6 When he had said this, he spat on the ground, and made clay with the spittle, and anointed the eyes [of the blind man] with the clay, 7 and said to him, 17 They said again to the "Go, wash thyself in the pool blind man, "What sayest thou of Siloam" (which is, by in- of him, since he hath opened terpretation, Sent.) He depart-thine eyes?" And he said, ed, therefore, and washed him-"He is a prophet." 18 Upon self, and came seeing. 8 The this the Jews did not believe neighbours, therefore, and those concerning him, that he had who had seen him before, (for been blind, and had received he had been a beggar) said, "Is his sight; until they called his not this he who sat and beg- parents: [the parents of him ged?" 9 Some said, "This is that had received his sight.]† he." And others said, "He is like him." But he said, "I am he."

10 They said, therefore, to him, "How were thine eyes opened?" 11 He answered and said, “A man, called Jesus,

19 And they asked them, saying, "Is this your son, of whom ye say that he was born blind? how then doth he now see ?” 20 His parents answered them, and said, "We know that this is our son, and that he was born

*As if he had said, "My mission was settled and certain before the birth of Abraham." Compare Matt. xvii. 11. See Wakefield's note on the text.

+"See the external authorities, which show that the two last Greek words in this verse are a gloss. And though there is no external authority for omitting the three last words of ver. 13, they have the appearance of a marginal note inserted in the text." Newcome.

blind: 21 but by what means he now seeth, we know not; or who hath opened his eyes, we know not: he is of age; ask him: he will speak for himself."

22 His parents spake these words, because they feared the Jews: for the Jews had already agreed that, if any one should confess him to be Christ; he should be put out of the synagogue. 23 For this cause his parents said, "He is of age; ask him." 24 A second time, there. fore, they called the man that had been blind, and said to him, "Give glory to God: we know that this man is a sinner."

age, it hath not been heard that any one opened the eyes of one born blind. 33 If this man were not from God, he could do nothing."

35 They answered, and said to him, "Thou wast altogether born in sins, and dost thou teach us?" And they cast him out.

34 JESUS heard that they had cast him out: and having found him, said to him, "Dost thou believe in the Son of God?" 36 He answered and said, "Who is he, Master, that I may believe in him?" 37 [And] Jesus said to him, "Thou hast both seen him, and it is he who talketh with thee." 38 And he said,

25 [Then] he answered and said, "Whether he be a sin-"Master, I believe." And he ner, I know not: one thing I did him obeisance. know, that, whereas I was blind, I now see." 26 Then they said to him, again, "What did he to thee? how opened he thine eyes ?" 27 He answered them, "I have told you already, and ye did not hearken: why desire ye to hear it again? would ye also be his disciples?"

28 Then they reviled him, and said, "Thou art his disciple; but we are the disciples of Moses. 29 We know that God spake to Moses: but we know not whence this man is.

30 The man answered and said to them, "This surely is a wonderful thing, that ye know not whence he is, and yet he hath opened mine eyes. 31 [Now] we know that God hear eth not sinners: but if any one be a worshipper of God, and do his will, him he heareth. 32 From the commencement of the


39 Then Jesus said, "For judgment I am come into this world: that those who see not, may see; and that those who see, may become blind." [And] some of the Pharisees that were with him, heard these words, and said to him, “Are we also blind ?" 41 Jesus said to them, "If ye were blind, ye would not have sin: but now ye say, 'We see;' your sin [therefore] remaineth.

CH. X. 1 Verily, verily I say to you, he that entereth not by the door, into the sheep-fold, but climbeth up some other way, that man is a thief and a robber. 2 But he that entereth in by the door, is the shepherd of the sheep. 3 To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hearken to his voice and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out. 4 [And]

16 "And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they will

when he bringeth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him; for they know his voice. 5 Where-hear my voice: and there shall as, a stranger they will not fol- be one flock, and one shepherd. low, but will flee from him: for 17 For this my Father loveth they know not the voice of me; because I lay down my life, strangers." 6 This parable Je- that I may take it again. 18 No sus spake to them: but they one taketh it from me; but I understood not what things they lay it down of myself. I have were, which he spake to them. authority to lay it down, and I have authority to receive it again. This commission I have received from my Father."

7 Jesus, therefore, said to them again, "Verily, verily, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep. 8 All who have come before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them. 9 I am the door: if any one enter in by me, he shall be safe, and shall go in and out, and find pasture. 10 The thief cometh not, but to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they may have life, and that they may have it abundantly. 11 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd layeth down his life for the sheep.

12" But he that is a hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth; and the wolf seizeth them, and scattereth the sheep: 13 [and the hireling fleeth,] because he is a hireling, and careth not for the sheep. 14 I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known by mine; 15 even as the Father knoweth me, and as I know the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.

19 There was a division [therefore] again, among the Jews because of these words. 20 And many of them said, "He hath a demon, and is mad;* why hear ye him?" 21 Others said, "These are not the words of him that hath a demon. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?"

22 NOW the feast of dedication was kept at Jerusalem; [and] it was winter. 23 And Jesus walked in the temple, in Solomon's porch. 24 Then the Jews surrounded him, and said to him, "How long dost thou keep us in suspense? If thou be the Christ, tell us plainly." 25 Jesus answered them, "I have told you, and ye believe not the works which I do, in my Father's name, they bear witness of me.

26 "But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep. [As I said to you,] 27 my sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me: 28 and I

*He hath a demon and is mad.] Observe, these words express cause and effect. The effect, the disease, is insanity: the supposed cause is po session by a demon, or a human ghost, than which no supposition can be more absurd: but it was the philosophy of the age.

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