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their friend, made me a visit in form. the malice of my enemies, proved a very They began with many compliments upon happy adventure to me, as I shall relate in my valour and generosity, invited me to its proper place. that kingdom in the emperor their mal- The reader may remember, that when I ter's name, and desired me to shew them figned those articles upon which I recoversome proofs of my prodigious strength, of ed my liberty, there were some which I which they had heard to many wonders; disliked upon account of their being too wherein I readily obliged them, but thall fervile, neither could any thing but an exnot trouble the reader with the particu- treme necessity have forced ine to submit. lars.

But being now a nardac of the highest When I had for some time entertained rank in that empire, Tuch'offices were looktheir excellencies to their iufinite satisfac. ed upon as below my dignity, and the emtion and surprise, I desired they would do peror (to do him justice) never once menme the honour to present my most humble tioned them to me. However, it was not respects to the emperor their master, the long before I had an opportunity of doing renown of whose virtues had fo justly filled his majetky, at lealt as I then ihought, a the whole world with admiration, and moit signal service. I was alarmed at mid. whose royal person 1 resolved to attend be- night with the cries of many hundred peofore I returned to my own country: ac- ple at my door; by which being suddenly cordingly the next time I had the honour awaked, I was in some kind of terror. I to see our emperor, I desired his general heard the word burglum repeated incessant. licence to wait on the Blefuscudian mo- ly: several of the emperor's court making rarch, which he was pleased to grant me, their way through the crowd, intreated me as I could plainly perceive, in a very cold to come immediately to the palace, where manner: but could not guess the reason, her imperial majesty's apartment was on till I had a whisper from a certain perfon, fire by the carelessness of a maid of honour, that Flimnap and Bolgolam had represent who fell alleep while she was reading a roed my intercourse with those ambaffadors mance. I got up in an instant; and orders as a mark cf difaffection, from which I am being given to clear the way before me, fure my heart was wholly free. And this and it being likewise a moonshine night, I was the first time I began to conceive fome inade a shift to get to the palace without imperfect idea of courts and miniiters. trampling on any of the people. I found

It is to be observed, that these ambassa. they had already applied ladders to the dors spoke to me by an interpreter, the walls of the apartment, and were well prolanguages of both empires differing as vided with buckets, but the water was at much from each other as any two in Eu- some distance. These buckets were about rope, and each nation priding itself upon the fize of a large thimble, and the poor the antiquity, beauty, and energy of their people supplied me with them as fait as own tongues, with an avowed contempt for they could; but the fame was so violent that of their neighbour; yet our emperor, that they did little good. I might easily standing upon the advantage. he had got have ttilled it with my coat, which I unby the seizure of their feet, obliged them fortunately left behind me for hasłe, and to deliver their credentials, and make their came away only in my leathern jerkin.. speech in the Lilliputian tongue. And it The cafe seemed wholly desperate and demust be confessed, that from the great in- plorable, and this magnificent palace would tercourse of trade and commerce between have infallibly been burnt down to the both realms, from the continual reception ground, if by a presence of mind unusual of exiles, which is mutual among them, and to me, I had not suddenly thought of an from the custom in each empire to fend expedient. I had the evening before drank their young nobility and richer gentry to the plentifully of a most delicious wine, called othes in order to polish themselves by see- glimigrim (the Biefuscudians call it flunec, ing the world, and understanding men and but ours is esteemed the better sort) which manners; there are few persons of distinc- is very diuretic. By the luckielt chance in tion, or merchants, or seamen, who dwell the world I had not discharged myself of in the maritime parts, but what can hold any part of it. The heat I had contracted conversation in both congues ; as I found by coming very near the fiames, and by fome weeks after, when I went to pay my my labouring to quench them, made the reipects to the emperor of Blefuscu, which wine begin to operate by urine; which I in the midit of great misfortunes, through voided in such a quantity, and applied fo well to the proper places, that in three mean some of those in the great royal minutes the fire was wholly extinguished, park, the tops whereof I could but just and the rest of that noble pile, which had reach with my fill clenched. The other coft so many ages in erecting, preserved vegetables are in the same proportion; from destruction.


but this I leave to the reader's imaginaIt was now day-light, and I returned to cion. my house, without waiting to congratulate I shall say but little at present of their with the emperor; because, although I had learning, which for many ages hath floudone a very eminent piece of service, yet rished in all its branches among them: I could not tell how his majesty might re- but their manner of writing is very pecufent the manner by which I had perform- liar, being neither from the left to the ed it: for, by the fundamental laws of the right like the Europeans.; not from the realm, it is capital in any person, of what right to the left, like the Arabians; nor quality soever, to make water within the from up to down, like the Chinese: bat precincts of the palace. But I was a little allant from one corner of the paper to the comforted by a message from his majesty, other, like ladies in England. that he would give orders to the grand They bury their dead with their heads justiciary for paffing my pardon in form; directly downwards, because they hold an which, however, I could not obtain. And opinion, that in eleven thousand moons I was privately assured, that the empress, they are all to rise again, in which period conceiving the greatest abhorrence of what the earth (which they conceive to be flary I had done, removed to the most diftant will turn upfide down, and by this means fide of the court, firmly resolved that those they shall at their resurrection be found buildings should never be repaired for her ready standing on their feet. The learned use; and, in the presence of her chief con- among them confess the absurdity of this fidants, could not forbear vowing revenge.

doctrine, but the practice still continues in

compliance to the valgar. CH A P. VI.

There are some laws and cuftoms in this

empire very peculiar; and, if they were Of the inhabitants of Lilliput ; their learn- not so directly contrary to those of my own ing, laws, and customs; the manner of edu- dear country, I should be tempted to say cating their children. The author's way a little in their juftification. It is only to of living in that country. His vindication be wished they were as well executed. The of a great lady.

first I shall mention relates to informers, Although I intend to leave the descrip- All crimes against the state are punished tion of this empire to a particular treatise, here with the utmoft severity; but, if the yet in the mean time I am content to gra- personaccused maketh his innocence plaintify the curious reader with some generally to appear upon his crial, the accuser is ideas. As the common size of the natives immediately put to an ignominious death : is somewhat under six inches high, so there and out of his goods or lands the innocent is an exact proportion in all other animals, person is quadruply recompenced for the as well as plants and crees : for instance, loss of his time, for the danger he underthe tallest horses and oxen are between went, for the hardships of his imprisor: four and five iaches in heighth, the Cheep ment, and for all the charges he hath been an inch and a half, more or less; their at in making his defance. Or, if that fund geese about the bigness of a sparrow, and be deficient, it is largely supplied by the to the several gradations downwards, till crown. The emperor also confers on him you come to the smallet, which to my light some public mark of his favour, and prowere almost invisible; but nature hath clamation is made of his innocence through adapted the eyes of the Lilliputians to all the whole city. objects proper for their view: they fee with

They look upon fraud as a greater crime great exactness, but at no great distance, than theft, and therefore feldom fail to poAnd, to thew the sharpness of their light nifh it with death; for they alledge, that towards objects that are near, I have been care and vigilance, with a very common much pleased with observing a cook pul. understanding, may preserve a man's goods ling a lark, which was not to large as a from thieves, but honesty has no fence common fly; and a young girl threading against superior cunning; and it is an invisible needle with invisible filk. Their neceffary that there should be a perpetual tallest trees are about feven feet high: I intercourse of buying and selling, and deal


ing upon credit; where fraud is permitted, be in every man's power, the practice of and connived at, or hath no law to punish which virtues, aslisted by experience and a it, the honest dealer is always undone, and good intention, would qualify any man for the knave gets the advantage. I remem- the service of his country, except where a ber when I was once interceding with the course of study is required. But they king for a criminal, who had wronged his thought the want of moral virtues was so master of a great sum of money, which he far from being supplied by superior endowhad received by order, and ran away with; ments of the mind, that employments could and happening to tell his majesty, by way never be put into such dangerous hands as of extenuation, that it was only a breach of those of persons fo qualified ; and at least, truft; the emperor thought it monstrous that the mistakes committed by ignorance in me to offer as a defence the greatest ag- in a virtuous disposition would never be of gravation of the crime ; and truly I had such fatal consequence to the public weal, little to say in return, farther than the com- as the practices of a man whose inclinations mon answer, that different nations had dif- led him to be corrupt, and who had great ferent cutłoms; for, I confess, I was hearti- abilities to manage, to multiply, and dely ashamed.

fend his corruptions. Although we usually call reward and In like manner, the disbelief of a divine punishment the two hinges upon which Providence renders a man incapable of all government turns, yet I could never holding any public station; for, since kings observe this maxim to be put in practice avowed themselves to be the deputies of by any nation, except that of Lilliput. Providence, the Lilliputians think nothing Whoever can there bring suficient proof, can be more absurd than for a prince to that he hath ftrialy observed the laws of employ fuch men as disown the authority his country for seventy-three moons, hath under which he acteth. a claim to certain privileges, according to In relating these and the following laws, his quality and condition of life, with a I would only be understood to mean the proportionable sum of money out of a original institutions and not the most scanfund appropriated for that use: he like- dalous corruptions, into which these people wise acquires the title of Snilpall, or Legal, are fallen by the degenerate nature of man. which is added to his name, but doth not For as to that infamous practice of acquir. descend to his posterity. And these peo- ing great employments by dancing on the ple thought it a prodigious defect of policy ropes, or badges of favour and distinction among us, when I told them, that our laws by leaping over sticks, and creeping under were enforced only by penalties, without them, the reader is to observe, that they any mention of reward. It is upon this were first introduced by the grandfather of account that the image of justice, in their the emperor now reigning, and grew to the courts of judicature, is formed with fix present heighth by the gradual increase of eyes, two before, as many behind, and on

party and faction. each side one, to signify circumspection; Ingratitude is among them a capital with a bag of gold open in her right hand, crime, as we read it to have been in fome and a sword sheathed in her left, to shew other countries: for they reason thus, that she is more disposed to reward than pu- whoever makes ill returns to his benefactor, nilh.

must needs be a common enemy to the rest In chusing persons for all employments, of mankind, from whom he hath received they have more regard to good morals than no obligation, aud therefore such a man is to great abilities; for, since government is not fit to live. necessary to mankind, they believe that the Their notions relating to the duties of common fize of human understandings is parents and children differ extremely from fitted to fome station or other, and that For, since the conjunction of male Providence never intended to make the and female is founded upon the great law management of public affairs to be a myf- of nature, in order to propagate and contery, comprehended only by a few persons tinue the species, the Lilliputians will needs of sublime genius, of which there seldom have it, that men and women are joined are three born in an age: but they suppose together like other animals by the motives truth, justice, temperance, and the like, to of concupiscence; and that their tender• An act of parliament hath been since pa sled; the like natural principle: for which rea

ness towards their young proceeds from by which some bieaches of trust have been made cepital,

son they will never allow, that a child is



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under my obligation to his father for be- upon failure of due payment, is levied by
getting him, or to his mother for bringing the emperor's officers.
him into the world, which, considering the The nurseries for children of ordinary
miseries of human life, was neither a bene- gentlemen, merchants, traders, and handi-
fit in itself, nor intended fo by his parents, crafts, are managed proportionably after
whose thoughts in their love encounters the same manner, only those designed for
were otherwise employed. Upon these, trades are put out apprentices at eleven
and the like reasonings, their opinion is years old, whereas those of persons of qua-
that parents are the last of all others to be lity continue in their exercises till fifteen,
trutted with the education of their own chil. which answers to twenty-one with us: but
dren: and therefore they have in every town the confinement is gradually lessened for
public nurseries, where all parents, except the last three years.
cottagers and labourers, are obliged to tend In the female nurseries, the young girls
their infants of both sexes to be reared and of quality are educated much like the
educated when they come to the age of males, only they are dressed by orderly fer-
twenty moons, at which time they are sup. vants of their own sex; but always in the
posed to have some rudiments of docility. presence of a professor or deputy, till they
These schools are of several kinds, fuited come to dress themselves, which is at five
to different qualities, and to both lexes. years old. And if it be found, that these
They have certain professors well skilled nurses ever presume to entertain the girls
in preparing children for such a condition with frightful or foolish stories, or the com-
of life as befits the rank of their parents, mon follies pra&ised by chambermaids
and their own capacities as well as inclina- among us, they are publicly whipped
tion. I shall first say something of the male thrice about the city, imprisoned for a
nurseries, and then of the female.

year, and banished for life to the most de. The nurseries for males of noble or emi- solate part of the country. Thus the young nent birth are provided with grave and ladies there are as much ashamed of being learned profeffors, and their several depu- cowards and fools as the men, and despite ties. The clothes and food of the children all personal ornaments beyond decency and are plain and simple. They are bred up cleanliness: neither did I perceive any difin the principles of honour, justice, courage, ference in their education, made by their modesty, clemency, religion, and love of difference of sex, only that the exercises their country; they are always employed of the females were not altogether fo roin some business, except in the times of eat. buit; and that some rules were given them ing and sleeping, which are very short, and relating to domestic life, and a smaller com, two hours for diversions, confilting of bo- pass of learning was enjoined them: for dily exercises. They are dressed by men their maxim is

, that, among people of till four years of age, and then are obliged quality, a wife should be always a reasonto dress themselves, although their quality able and agreeable companion, because be ever so great, and the women attendants, she cannot always be young. When the who are aged proportionably to ours at fif. girls are tivelve years old, which among ty, perform only the not menial offices. them is the marriageable age, their paThey are never suffered to converse with rents or guardians take them home with fervants, but go together in smaller or great expreffions of gratitude to the pro. : greater numbers to take their diversions, fessors, and feldom without tears of the and always in the presence of a profeffor, young lady and her companions. or one of his deputies; whereby they avoid In the nurseries of females of the mean. those early bad impressions of folly and er fort, the children are instructed in all vice, to which our children are subject. kinds of works proper for their sex, and Their parents are suffered to see them only their feverai degrees: those intended for twice a year; the visit is to last but an apprentices are dismissed at seven years hour; they are allowed to kiss the child old, the rest are kept to eleven. at meeting and parting; but a professor, The meaner families, who have children who always stands by on those occasions, at these nurseries, are obliged, besides their will not isiter them to whisper, or use any annual pension, which is as low as pollible, fondling expressions, or bring any presents to return to the steward of the nursery of tovs, tweetmeats, and the like.

a small monthly share of their gettings to The penfion from each family for the be a portion for the child; and therefore education and entertainment of a child, all parents are limited in their expences by




the law. For the Lilliputians think nothing (for the largest of theirs would not have can be more unjust, than for people, in fub- been able to hold them) they looked like fervience to their own appetites, to bring the patch-work made by the ladies in Engchildren into the world, and leave the bur- land, only that mine were all of a colour. den of supporting them on the public. As I had three hundred cooks to dress my to persons of quality, they give fecurity to victuals in little convenient huts built about appropriate a certain sum for each child, my house, where they and their families suitable to their condition; and these fands lived, and prepared me two dishes a-piece. are always managed with good husbandry, I took up twenty waiters in my hand, and and the most exact justice.

placed them on the table; an hundred The cottagers and labourers keep their more attended below on the ground, some children at home, their business being only with dishes of meat, and some with barrels to till and cultivate the earth, and there of wine and other liquors, sung on their fore their education is of little consequence shoulders; all which the waiters above to the public: but the old and diseased drew up, as I wanted, in a very ingenious among them are supported by hospitals: manner, by certain cords, as we draw the for begging is a trade unknown in this bucket up a well in Europe. A dish of empire.

their meat was a good mouthful, and a And here it may perhaps divert the cue barrel of their liquor a reafonable draught. rious reader, to give some account of my Their mutton yields to ours, but their beef domestics, and my manner of living in this is excellent. i have had a firloin so large, country, during a residence of nine months that I have been forced to make three bits and thirteen days. Having a head me- of it; but this is rare. My servants were chanically turned, and being likewise astonished to see me eat it, bones and all, forced by necessity, I kad made for my- as in our country we do the leg of a lark. self a table and chair convenient enough Their geese and turkies I usually eat at a out of the largest trees in the royal park. mouthful, and I must confess they far exTwo hundred sempftresses were employed ceed ours. Of their smaller fowl I could to make me dirts, and linen for my bed 'take up twenty or thirty at the end of my and table, all of the strongest and coarsest knife. kind they could get; which however they One day his imperial majesty, being inwere forced to quilt together in several formed of my way of living, desired that folds, for the thickest was fome degrees himself and his royal confort, with the finer than lawn. Their linen is usually young princes of the blood of both sexes, three inches wide, and three feet make a might have the happiness (as he was pleaspiece. The sempftreffes took my measure ed to call it) of dining with me. They as I lay on the ground, one standing on my came accordingly, and I placed them in neck, and another at my mid-leg, with a chairs of state upon my table, just overstrong cord extended, that each held by against me, with their guards about them. the end, while a third measured the length Flimnap, the lord-high-treasurer, attended of the cord with a rule of an inch long. there likewise with his white staff; and I Then they measured my right thumb, and observed he often looked on me with a tour desired no more; for by a mathematical countenance, which I would not seem to computation, that twice round the thumb régard, but eat more than usual, in honour is once round the wrist, and so on to the to my dear country, as well as to fill the neck and the waist, and by the help of my court wiih admiration. I have some pri. old shirt, which I displayed on the ground vate reasons to believe, that this visit from before them for a pattern, they fitted me his majelty gave Flimnap an opportunity exactly. Three hundred taylors were em- of doing me ill offices to his master. That ployed in the same manner to make me minister had always been my secret enemy, clothes; but they had another contrivance though he outwardly caressed me more for taking my measure. I kneeled down, than was usual to the morofeness of his and they raised a ladder from the ground nature. He represented to the emperor to my neck; upon this ladder one of them the low condition of his treasury; that he mounted and let fall a plumb-line from my was forced to take up money at great difcollar to the floor, which just answered the count; that exchequer bills would not cirlength of my coat: but my waist and arm's culate ander nine per cent. below par; that I measured myself. When my clothes I had cott his majesty above a million and were finished, which was done in my house a half of /prugs (their greatest gold coin,

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