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about the bigness of a spangle) and upon me in right of his post. These false inthe whole, that it would be adviseable in formations, which I afterwards came to the emperor to take the first fair occafion the knowledge of by an accident not proof dismiffing me.
per to mention, made the treasurer lhew his I am here obliged to vindicate the re. lady for some time an ill countenance and putation of an excellent lady, who was an me a worse; and although he was at lait innocent sufferer upon my account. The undeceived and reconciled to her, yet I lost treasurer took a fancy to be jealous of his all credit with him, and found my interest wife, from the malice of some evil tongues, decline very faft with the emperos himfelf, who informed him that her grace had taken who was indeed too much governed by that a violent affection for my person; and the favourite. court-scandal ran for some time, that the once came privately to my lodging. This
CH A P. VII. I folemnly declare to be a molt infamous falshood without any grounds, farther than The author, being informed of a design to aithat her grace was pleased to treat me with
cuse him of high treason, maketh bis escape all innocent marks of freedom and friend.
to Blefufíu. His reception there. fhip. I own the came often to my house, Before I proceed to give an account of but always publicly, nor ever without three my leaving this kingdom, it may be promore in the coach, who were usually her per to inform the reader of a private in, sister and young daughter, and some parti. trigue, which had been for two months cular acquaintance; but this was common forming againit me. to many other ladies of the court. And I I had been hitherto all my life a stranger ftill appeal to my servants round, whether to courts, for which I was unqualified by they at any time saw a coach at my door, the meanness of my condition. I had ire without knowing what persons were in it. deed heard and read enough of the dispoOn those occafions, when a servant had sitions of great princes and ministers; but given me notice, my custom was to go im never expected io have found such terrible mediately to the door; and, after paying effects of them in so remote a country, gomy respects, to take up the coach and two verned, as I thought, by very different-maxhorses very carefully in my hands (for, if ims from those in Europe. there were fix horses, the poftillion always When I was just preparing to pay my unharnessed four) and placed them on a attendance on the emperor of Blefuicu, a table, where I had fixed a moveable rim considerable person at court (to whom I quite round, of five inches high to prevent had been very serviceable, at a time when accidents. And I have often had four he lay under the highest displeasure of his coaches and horses at once on my table full imperial majeliy) came to my house very of company, while I fat in my chair, lean- privately at night in a clofe chair, and, ing my face towards them; and, when I was without sending his name, defired admit. engaged with one set, the coachmen would tance: the chairmen were dismissed; I put gently drive the others round my table. I the chair, with his lordihip in it, into my have passed many an afternoon very agree. coat-pocket; and, giving orders to a truity ably in these conversations. But I defy servant to say I was indisposed and gone the treasurer, or his two informers (I will to sleep, I fastened the door of my house, name them, and let them make their best of placed the chair on the table according to it) Clustril and Drunlo, to prove that any my usual custom, and sat down by it. Af person ever came to me incognito, except ter the conimon salutations were over, ob. the fecretary Reldresal, who was sent by ferving his lordship's countenance full of express command of his imperial majesty, concern, and enquiring into the season, he as I have before related. I should not have desired I would hear him with patience in dwelt so long upon this particular, if it had a matter that highly concerned my honour not been a point wherein the reputation of and my life. His speech was to the followa great lady is so nearly concerned, to saying effect, for I took notes of it as soon as nothing of my own, though I then had the he left me. honour to be a nardac, which the treasurer You are to know, said he, that several himself is not; for all the world knows, committees of council have been lately callthat he is only a glumglum; a title inferior ed in the molt private manner on your acby one degree, as that of a marquis is to a count; and it is but two days fince his maduke in England; yet I allow he preceded jelly came to a full resolution,
You are very sensible that Skyresh Bol. tor against his most auspicious, ferene, imgolam (galbet, or high-admiral) hath been perial majesty, did petition to be excused your mortal enemy almost ever since your from the said service, upon pretence of arrival: his original reasons I know not; unwillingness to force the consciences, or but his hatred is increased since your great destroy the liberties and lives of an innosuccess against Blefuscu, by which his
glo- cent people.* ry, as admiral, is much obscured. This lord, in conjunction with Flimnap the high
ARTICLE III. treasurer, whole enmity against you is no
That, whereas certain ambasladors artorious on account of his lady, Limtoc the rived from the court of Blefuscu to sue for general, Lalcon the chamberlain, and Bal- peace in his majesty's court: he the said muff the grand jusiciary, have prepared Flestrin did, like a false traitor, aid, abet, articles of impeachment against you for comfort, and divert the said ambassadors, treason, and other capital crimes.
although he knew them to be servants to a This preface made me fo impatient, be- prince who was lately an open enemy to his ing conscious of my own merits and inno- imperial majesty, and in open war against cence, that I was going to interrupt: when his faid majesty. he entreated me to be silent, and thus proceeded :
ARTICLE IV. Out of gratitude for the favours you
That the said Quinbus Flestrin, contrary have done me, I procured information of
to the duty of a faithful subject, is now the whole proceedings, and a copy of the preparing to make a voyage to the court articles; wherein I venture my head for. and empire of Blefuscu, for which he hath your service.
received only verbal licence from his im
perial majelty; and under colour of the Articles of Impeachment against Quinbus Fles- faid licence doth falsely and traitorously trin, the Man-mountain,
intend to take the said voyage, and thereARTICLE I.
by to aid, comfort, and abet the em. Whereas by a statute made in the reign peror of Blefufcu, so late an enemy, and in of his imperial majefty Calin Daffar Plune, open war with his imperial majesty afore
said. it is enacted, that whoever Mall make water within the precincts of the royal palace, Thall be liable to the pains and penalties
There are some other articles, but there of high trealon: notwithstanding, the faid
are the most important, of which I have Quinbus Fleltrin, in open breach of the said read you an abftra&t. law, under colour of extinguishing the fire
In the several debates upon this imkindled in the apartment of his majesty's peachment it must be confessed that his molt dear imperial confort, did maliciously, majetty gave many marks of his great letraitorously, and devilishly, by discharge of nity, often urging the services you had his urine, put out the said fire kindled in done him, and endeavouring to extenuate the said apartment, lying and being within your crimes. The treasurer and admiral the precincts of the said royal palace, against
infiited that you should be put to the most the itatute in that case provided, &c. against painful and ignominious death, by setting the duty, &c.
fire on your house at night, and the general
was to attend with twenty thousand men ARTICLE II.
armed with poisoned arrows to shoot you That the said Qainbus Flestrin having
on the face and hands. Some of your serbrought the imperial feet of Blefuscu into
vants were to have private orders to strew the royal port, and being afterwards com
a poisonous juice on your Thirts and sheets, manded by his imperial majesty to seize all which would soon make you tear your own the other ships of the said empire of Ble- flesh, and die in the utmost torture. The fuscu, and reduce that empire to a pro. general came into the same opinion; so that vince to be governed by a vice-roy from for a long time there was a majority against hence, and to dettroy and put to death not you: but his majesty resolving, if pollible, only all the big-endian exiles, but likewise * A lawyer thinks himself honest if he does all the people of that empire, who would the best he can for his client, and a statesman if not immediately foríake the big endian he
he promotes the interest of his country; but the
dean here inculcates an higher notion of right ard resy: he the said Fleftrin, like a false trai- wsung, and obligations to a larger community.
to spare your life, at last brought off the accused you as a traitor on that account, chamberlain.
and therefore inhfted you should be put to Upon this incident Reldrefal, principal death. fecretary for private affairs, who always The treasurer was of the same opinion ; approved himself your true friend, was he showed to what streights his majesty's commanded by the emperor to deliver his revenue was reduced by the charge of opinion, which he accordingly did: and maintaining you, which would soon grow therein justified the good thoughts you insupportable: that the secretary's expehave of him. He allowed your crimes to dient of putting out your eyes was so far be great, but that still there was room for from being a remedy against this evil, that mercy, the most commendable virtue in a it would probably increase it, as is manifeft prince, and for which his majesty was so from the common practice of blinding fome juftly celebrated. He said, the friendthip kind of fowl, after which they fed the fafter between you and him was so well known to and grew sooner fat: that his sacred mathe world, that perhaps the most honour. jeity and the council, who are your judges, alle board might think him partial; how were in their own consciences fully con: ever, in obedience to the command he had vinced of your guilt, which was a sufficient received, he would freely offer his senti. argument to condemn you to death, with. ments. That if his majesty, in considera-' out the formal proofs required by the firie tion of your services, and pursuant to his letter of the law own merciful disposition, would please to But his imperial majesty, fully detera spare your life, and only give order to put mined againit capital puniti ment, was graout both your eyes, he humbly conceived, ciously plealed to fay, that since the counthat by this expedient justice might in some cil thought the loss of your eyes too easy a measure be justified, and all the world would censure, some other may be inflicted hereapplaud the lenity of the emperor, as well after. And your friend the secretary, humas the fair and generous proceedings of bly defiring to be heard again, in aniwer those who have the honour to be his coun.
the treasurer han objected consellors. That the loss of your eyes would cerning the great charge his majesty was be no impediment to your bodily strength, at in inaintaining you, faid, that his exby which you might itill be useful to his cellency, who had the sole disposal of the majesty: that blindness is an addition to emperor's revenue, might easily provide courage, by concealing dangers from us; against that evil, by gradually lerlening that the fear you had for your eyes, was your establishment; by which, for want of the greatest difficulty in bringing over the fufficient food, you would grow weak and enemy's fleet; and it would be sufficient faint, and lose your appetite, and consume for you to fee by the eyes of the minitters, in a few months; neither would the stench since the greateít princes do no more. of your carcase be then fo dangerous, when
This proposal was received with the ut it tould become more than half diminishmost disapprobation by the whole board. ed, and immediately upon your death, five Bolgolam the admiral could not preserve or fix thousand of his majesty's subjects his temper; but rising up in fury laid, he might in two or three days cut your fieth wondered how the secretary durit prelume from your bones, take it away by cartto give his opinion for preserving the tife loads,' and bury it in diftant parts tQ of a traitor ; that the services you had prevent infection, leaving the skeleton performed were, by all true reasons of as a monument of admiration to poite. ftate, the great aggravation of your crimes; rity. that you, who was able to extinguish the Thus by the great friendship of the se. fire by discharge of urine in her majesty's apartment (which he mentioned with hör There is something so odious in whaterer is ror) might at another time raise an inun. wrong, that even those whom it does not subject dation by the same means to drown the
to punishment endeavour to colour it with an apwhole palace; and the same strength, which fuccessful, and only betrays a consciousness of
pearance of right; but the attempt is always unenabled you to bring over the enemy's deformity by thewing a defire to hide it. Thus the ftcet, might serve upon the first difcontent Lilliputian court pretended a right to dispense to carry them back: that he had good with the Arict letter of the law to put Gulliver reasons to think you were a Big.endian in only he could be convicted of a crime; the intep
to death, though by the strict letter of the law your heart; and as treason begins in the cior of the statute not being to suffer the palace heart before it appear in overt-auts, so he rather to be burnt than pilled upon.
cretary the whole affair was compromised. alledged in the several articles, yet I hoped It was strictly enjoined, that the project of they would admit of some extenuation. starving you by degrees should be kept a But having in my life perused many statesecret, but the sentence of putting out your trials, which I ever observed to terminate eyes was entered on the books; none dif as the judges thought fit to direct, I durft senting except. Bolgolam the admiral, not rely on so dangerous a decision, in fo who, being a creature of the empress's, critical a juncture, and against such powwas perpetually inftigated by her ma- erful enemies
. Once I was strongly bent jefty to infilt upon your death, she hav upon resistance, for, while I had liberty, the ing borne perpetual malice against you on whole ftrength of that empire could hardly account of that infamous and illegal me subdue me, and I might easily with stones thod you took to extinguish the fire in her pelt the metropolis to pieces; but I foon apartment.
rejected that project with horror, by reIn three days, your friend the secretary membering the oath 1 had made to the will be directed to come to your house, and emperor, the favours I had received from read before you the articles of impeach. him, and the high title of nardac he ment; and then to signify the great lenity conferred upon me. Neither had I fo and favour of his majesty and council, soon learned the gratitude of courtiers, to whereby you are only condemned to the persuade myself, that his majesty's prelofs of your eyes, which his majelty doth sent severities acquitted me of all past obnot question you will gratefully and hum- ligations. bly submit to; and twenty of his majelly's At last I fixed upon a resolution, for furgeons will attend in order to see the which it is probable 1 may incur fome cenoperation well performed, by discharging sure, and not unjustly; for ) confess I owe very sharp-pointed arrows into the balls of the preserving mine eyes, and consequently your eyes, as you lie on the ground. my liberty, to my own great rashness, and
I leave to your prudence what measures want of experience; because, if I had then you will take; and, to avoid suspicion, I known the nature of princes and ministers, must immediately return in as private a which I have fince observed in many other manner as I came.
courts, and their methods of treating criHis lordihip did so, and I remained alone minals leis obnoxious than myself, I thould under many doubts and perplexities of with great alacrity and readiness have submind,
mitted to so easy a punishment. But hur. It was a custom introduced by this prince ried on by the precipitancy of youth, and and his ministry (very different, as I have having his imperial majeily's licence to been assured, from the practices of former pay my attendance upon the emperor of times) that after the court had decreed any Blefufcu, I took this opportunity, before cruel execution, either to gratify the mo. the three days were elapsed, to send a lecnarch's resentment, or the malice of a fa- ter to my friend the secretary, fignifying vourite, the emperor always made a speech my resolution of setting out that morning to his whole council, expressing his great for Blefuscu, pursuant to the leave I had lenity and tenderness, as qualities known got; and, without waiting for an answer, and confessed by all the world. This I went to that side of the island where our speech was immediately published through fleet lay. I seized a large man of war, tied the kingdom; nor did any thing terrify the a cable to the prow, and, lifting up the anpeople so much as those encomiums on his chors, I stript myself, put my cloaths (tomajesty's mercy; because it was oblerved, gether with my coveriet, which I carried that, the more these praises were enlarged under my arm) into the vessel, and drawand insisted on, the more inhuman was the ing it after me, between wading and swimpunishment, and the sufferer more inno. ming arrived at the royal port of Blefuscu,
Yet as to myself, I must confess, where the people had long expected me; having never been designed for a courtier, they lent me two guides to direct me to either by birth or education, I was so the capital city, which is of the same name. ill a judge of things, that I could not dif. I held them in my hands, till I came within cover the lenity and favour of this fen. two hundred yards of the gate, and desired tence, but conceived it (perhaps errone. them to signify my arrival to one of the seously) rather to be rigorous than gentle. I cretaries, and let him know, I there waited Sometimes thought of standing my trial; his majesty's command. I had an answer, for, although I could not deny the facts ia about an hour, that his majelly, attended
3 R 4
by the royal family and great officers of cient strength. When the ships came up, I the court, was coming out to receive me. stript myself, and waded till I came within I advanced a hundred yards. The em a hundred yards of the boat, after which I peror and his train alighted from their was forced to swim till I got up to it. The horses, the empress and ladies from their seamen threw me the end of the cord, which coaches, and I did not perceive they were I fastened to a hole in the fore-part of the in any fright or concern. I lay on the boat, and the other end to a man of war; ground to kiss his majesty's and the em hut I found all my labour to little purpose; press's hand. I told his majesty that I was for, being out of my depth, I was not able come according to my promise, and with to work. In this neceility, I was forced to the licence of the emperor my maiter to swim behind, and puth the boat forwards have the honour of seeing so mighty a mo as often as I could, with one of my hands; narch, and to offer him any service in my and the tide favouring me, I advanced so power consistent with my duty to my own far, that I could just hold up my chin and prince; not mentioning a word of
dir feel the ground. I rested two or three grace, because I had hitherto no regular minutes, and then gave the boat another information of it, and might suppose my shove, and so on till the sea was no higher self wholly ignorant of any such design; than my arm-pits; and now, the molt laneither could I reasonably conceive that borious part being over, I took out my the emperor would discover the secret, other cables, which were slowed in one of while I was out of his power; wherein the ships, and fastened them first to the however it soon appeared I
boat, and then to nine of the vesiels which ceived,
attended me; the wind being favourable, I shall not trouble the reader with the the seamen towed, and I shoved, till we arparticular account of my reception at this rived within forty yards of the shore, and, court, which was suitable to the generosity waiting till the tide was out, I got dry to of so great a prince; nor of the cithiculties the boat, and by the assistance of two thouI was in for want of a house and bed, be fand men, with ropes and engines, I made ing forced to lie on the ground, wrapt up
a shift to turn it on its bottom, and found in my coveriet.
it was but little damaged.
I shall not trouble the reader with the CH A P. VIII.
difficulties I was under by the help of cerThe author, by a lucky accident, finds means
tain paddles, which cost me ten days makto leave Blefufcu; and, after some diffi- Blcfuscu, where a mighty concourse of peo
ing, to get my boat to the royal pərt of culties, returns safe to his native coun
ple appeared upon my arrival, full of wontry.
der at the fight of so prodigious a vessel. Three days after my arrival, walking I told the emperor, that my good fortune out of curiosity to the north-east coast of had thrown this boat in my way to carry the island, I observed about half a league me to some place, from whence I might re. off, in the sea, somewhat that looked like a turn into my native country, and bogged boat overturned. I pulled off my hoes his majesty's orders for getting materials to and stockings, and, wading two or three fit it up, together with his licence to depart, hundred yards, I found the object to ap- which, after some kind expoftulations, he proach nearer by force of the tide: and was pleased to grant. then painly faw it to be a real boat, which I did very much wonder, in all this time, I supposed might by some tempest have not to have heard of any express relating been driven from a ship: whereupon I re to me from our emperor to the court of turned inmediately towards the city, and Blefuscu. But I was afterwards given pridesired his imperial majesty to lend me vately to understand, that his imperial matwenty of the tallest vessels he had left af- jesty, never imagining I had the least no. ter the loss of his feet, and three thousand tice of his designs, believed I was gone to seamen, under the command of his vice- Blefuscu in performance of my promise, admiral. This fleet sailed round, while I according to the licence he had given me, went back the shortest way to the coast, which was well known at our court, and where I first discovered the boat; I found would return in a few days, when the cethe tide had driven it still nearer. The remony was ended. But he was at last in seamen were all provided with cordage, pain at my long absence; and, after conwhich I had beforehand twisted to a suffi- lulting with the treasurer and the rest of