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that cabal, a person of quality was dif- make two fails to my boat, according to patched with the copy of the articles my directions, by quilting thirteen fold of against me. This envoy had instructions their strongest linen together. I was at

. to represent to the monarch of Blefufcu the the pains of making ropes and cables, by great lenity of his master, who was content twisting ten, twenty, or thirty of the thickto punish me no farther than with the loss est and strongest of theirs. A great stone of mine eyes; that I had Aed from justice, that I happened to find, after a long search, and, if I did not return in two hours, I by the sea-shore, served me for an anchor, should be deprived of my title of nardar, I had the tallow of three hundred cows for and declared a traitor. The envoy fur- greasing my boat, and other uses. I was ther added, that, in order to maintain the at incredible pains in cutting down some peace and amity between both empires, his of the largest timber-trees for oars and master expected, that his brother of Ble-' marts, wherein I was however much affisted fuscu would give orders to have me sent by his majesty's ship-carpenters, who helpback to Lilliput, bound hand and foot, to ed me in smoothing them after I had done be punished as a traitor.

the rough work. The emperor of Blefuscu, having taken In about a month, when all was prethree days to consult, returned an answer pared, I sent to receive his majesty's com. consisting of many civilities and excuses. mands, and to take my leave. The emHe said, that, as for sending me bound, peror and royal family came out of the pahis brother knew it was impossible; that lace; I lay down on my face to kiss his although I had deprived him of his fleet, hand, which he very graciously gave me; yet he owed great obligations to me for so did the empress, and young princes of many good offices I had done him in mak- the blood. His majesty prelented me with ing the peace. That however both their fifty purses of two hundred sprugs a-piece, majefties would soon be made easy; for I together with his picture at full length, had found a prodigious vessel on the shore, which I put immediately into one of my able to carry me on the sea, which he had

gloves to keep it from being hurt. given order to fit up with my own assistance The ceremonies at my departure were and direction; and he hoped in a few weeks too many to trouble the reader with at both empires would be freed from so insup. this time. portable an incumbrance.

I stored the boat with the carcases of an With this answer the envoy returned to hundred oxen, and three hundred sheep, Lilliput, and the monarch of Blefuscu re. with bread and drink proportionable, and lated to me all that had passed; offering as much meat ready dressed as four hun. me at the same time (but under the strict- dred cooks could provide. I took with me eft confidence) his gracious protection, if fix cows and two bulls alive, with as many I would continue in his service; wherein ewes and rams, intending to carry them although I believed him sincere, yet I re- into my own country, and propagate the solved never more to put any confidence in breed. And to feed them on board I had princes or ministers, where I could poslably a good bundle of hay and a bag of corn. avoid it; ard therefore, with all due ac- I would gladly have taken a dozen of the knowledgments for his favourable inten- natives, but this was a thing the emperor tions, I humbly begged to be excused. I would by no means permit; and, besides a told him, that lince fortune, whether good diligent search into my pockets, his majesty or evil, had thrown a vessel in my way, engaged my honour not to carry away any I was resolved to venture myself in the of his subjects, although with their own ocean, rather than be an occasion of dif- consent and desire. ference between two such mighty mo- Having thus prepared all things as well narchs. Neither did I find the emperor as I was able, I set sail on the 24th day of at all displeased; and I discovered by a September 1701, at fix in the morning : certain accident, that he was very glad and when I had gone about four leagues of my resolution, and so were most of his to the northward,

the wind being at fouthministers.

east, at fix in the evening I descried a These considerations moved me to haften small island about half a league to the my departure somewhat sooner than I in- north-west. I advanced forward, and cast tended; to which the court, impatient to anchor on the lee-side of the island, which have me gone, very readily contributed. seemed to be uninhabited. I then took Five hundred workmen were employed to some refreshment, and went to my rest.

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I slept well, and as I conjeâure at least fix particular account of this voyage, which
hours, for I found the day broke in two was very prosperous for the most part.
hours after I awaked. It was a clear We arrived in the Downs on the 13th of
night. I cat my breakfast before the fun April 1702. I had only one misfortune,
was up; and heaving anchor, the wind that the rats on board carried away one
being favourable, I fieered the same course of my sheep; I found her bones in a hole,
that I had done the day before, wherein I picked clean from the filesh. The rest of
was directed by my pocket-compass. My my cattle I got safe ashore, and set them
intention was to reach, if poflible, one of a-grazing in a bowling-green at Green-
those islands which I had reason to believe wich, where the fineness of the grass made
lay to the north-east of Van Diemen’s them feed very heartily, though I had al-
land. I discovered nothing all that day; ways feared the contrary: neither could I
but upon the next, about three in the af- poñibly have preserved them in so long 2
ternoon, when I had by my computation voyage, if the captain had not allowed me
made twenty-four leagues from Blefufcu, fome of his belt biscuit, which rubbed to
I descried a sail steering to the fouth-east; powder, and mingled with water, was their
my course was due east, I hailed her, but constant food. The short time I continued
could get no answer; yet I found I gained in England, I made a confiderable profit
upon her, for the wind Nackened. I made by shewing my cattle to many persons of
all the fail I could, and in half an hour she quality, and others : and before I began
fpied me, then hung out her ancient, and my second voyage, I sold them for fix hun.
discharged a gun. It is not easy to ex. dred pounds. Since my lait return I find
press the joy I was in upon the unexpected the breed is considerably increased, espe-
hope of once more seeing my beloved cially the sheep, which I hope will prove
country, and the dear pledges i left in it. much to the advantage of the woollen ma-
The ship slackened her fails, and I came nufacture by the fineness of the fleeces.
up with her between five and fix in the I stayed but two months with my wife
evening, September 26; but my heart and family; for my insatiable desire of
leapt within me to see her English colours, seeing foreign countries would suffer me
I put my cows and theep into my coat- to continue no longer. I left fifteen hun,
pockets, and goi on board with all my dred pounds with my wife, and fixed her
little cargo of provisions. The vessel was in a good house at Redriff. My remain.
an English merchant-man returning from ing stock I carried with me, part in money
Japan by the north and fouth-seas; the and part in goods, in hopes to improve
captain Mr. John Biddie, of Deptford, a

my fortenes,

My eldest uncle John had very civil man, and an excellent sailor. left me an estate in land, near Epping, of We were now in the latitude of 30 de- about thirty pounds a-year; and I had a grees fouth, there were about fifty men in long lease of the Black-Bull in Feiterthe ship; and here I met an old comrade Lane, which yielded me as much more; of mine, one Peter Williams, who gave me so that I was not in any danger of leaving a good character to the captain. This my family upon the parith. gentleman treated me with kindness, and Johnny, named so after his uncle, was at desired I would let him know what place the grammar-schoul, and a towardly child, I came from last, and whither I was bound; My daughter Betty (who is now well mar. which I did in few words, but he thought ried, and has children) was then at her I was raving, and that the dangers I had needle-work. I took leave of my wife, underwent liad disturbed my head; where- and boy and girl, with tears on both sides, upon I took my black cattle and theep out and went on board the Adventure, a mer. of my pocket, which, after great aitonish- chant-ihip of three hundred cons, bound ment, clearly convinced him of my vera- for Surat, captain John Nicholas of Livercity. I then shewed him the gold given pool commander. But my account of this me by the emperor of Blefuscu, together voyage must be deferred to the second with his majetty's picture at full length, part of my travels.

Swifi. and some other rarities of that country. I gave him two purses of two hundred

$ 149. 4 veyage 10 Broblingnag. prugs each, and promised, when we are rived in England, to make him a prescrit

CHAP. I. of a cow and a sheep big with young: A great form difiribed, the long-boat leste Į bill not truuble the reader with a to firch werter, the author pus with it 19


My son

discover the country. He is left on fhore, hawled off upon the lanniard of the whipis jeized by one of the natives, and carried staff, and helped the man at the helma a farmer's house. His reception, witb We would not get down our top-maft, but Jeveral accidents that happened there. A let all stand, because the scudded before defeription of the inhabitants.

the sea very well, and we knew that, the

top-mast being aloft, the ship was the Having been condemned by nature and wholesomer, and made better way through fortune to an active and reitless life, in the sea, seeing we had sea-room. When two months after my return I again left the storm was over, we set fore-fail and my native country, aed took shipping in main-lail, and brought the hip to. Then the Downs on the 20th day of June 1702, we set the mizen, main-top-fail, and the in the Adventure, captain Johó Nicholas, fore-top fail. Our course was east-northa Cornish man, commander, bound for east, the wind was at south-west

. We got Surat. We had a very prosperous gale the starboard tacks aboard, we cast off our țill we arrived at the Cape of Good Hope, weather-braces and lifts; we set in the where we landed for fresh water, but dif- lee-braces, and hawled forward by the covering a leak, we unskipped our goods, weather-bowlings, and hawled them tight, and wintered there; for the captain fall- and belayed them, and hawled over the ing sick of an ague, we could not leave mizen-tack to windward, and kept her full the cape

till the end of March. We then and by as near as she would lie. set fail, and had a good voyage till we During this form, which was followed passed the Sereights of Madagascar; but by a strong wind west-south-west, we were having got northward of that island, and carried by my computation about five hunto about five degrees fouth latitude, the dred leagucs to the east, so that the oldest winds, which in those seas are observed to failor on board could not tell in what part blow a constant equal gale between the of the world we were. Our provisions held north and weft, from the beginning of De- out well, our ship was staunch, and our cember to the beginning of May, on the crew all in good health; but we lay in 19th of April began to blow with much the utmost distress for water. We thought greater violence, and more welterly than it best to hold on the same course, rather usual, continuing so for twenty days toge. than turn more northerly, which migit ther, during which time we were driven a have brought us to the north-west parts of lictie to the east of the Molucca islands, Great Tartary, and into the frozen sea. and about three degrees northward of the On the 16th day of June 1703, a boy line, as our captain found by an observa. on the top-mast discovered land. On the tion he took the second of May, at which 17th we came in full view of a great time the wind ceased, and it was a perfect island or continent (for we knew not whecalm, whereat I was not a little rejoiced. ther) on the south side whereof was a small But he, being a man well experienced in neck of land jutting out into the sea, and the navigation of those feas, bid us all pre- a creek too shallow to hold a fhip of above pare against a form, which accordingly one hundred tons. W'e cast anchor within happened the day following: for a fouthern a league of this creek, and our captain wind, called the southern monsoon, began sent a dozen of his men well armed in the to set in.

long-boat, with vessels for water, if any Finding it was like to overblow, we could be found. I desired his leave to go took in our sprit-sail, and stood by to hand with them, that I might see the country, the fore-fail; but, making foul weather

, we and make what discoveries I could. When looked the guns were all fast, and handed we came to land, we saw no river or spring, the mizen. The ship lay very broad off, nor any sign of inhabitants. so we thought it better spooning before the therefore wandered on the shore to find fea, than trying or hulling. We reeft the out some fresh water near the sea, and I fore-fail and let him, and hawled aft the walked alone about a mile on the other fore-sheet; the helm was hard a-weather. fide, where I observed the country all The ship wore bravely. We belayed the barren and rocky. I now began to be fore down-hawl; but the fail was split, and weary, and feeing nothing to entertain we hawled down the yard, and got the fail my curiosity, I returned gently down tointo the ship, and unbound all the things wards the creek; and the lea being full in clear of it. It was a very fierce storm; my view, I saw our men already got into the sea broke strange and dangerous. We the boat, and rowing for life to the ship.

Our men


I was going to halloo after them, although some words he spoke, they went to reap it had been to little purpose, when I ob- the corn in the field where I lay. I kepe served a huge creature walking after them from them at as great a dittance as I in the 'rea, as falt as he could: he waded could, but was forced to move with exnot much deeper than his knees, and took treme difficulty, for the stalks of the com prodigious strides: but our men had the were sometimes not above a foot diftant, Itart, of him half a league, and the sea fo that I could hardly squeeze my body thereabouts being full of sharp-pointed betwixt them. However I made a chift to rocks, the monster was not able to over- go forward, till I came to a part of the take the boat. This I was afterwards field where the corn had been laid by the told, for I durst not stay to see the issue of rain and wind. Here it was impollible for the adventure; but ran as fast as I could me to advance a step; for the ftalks were the way I first went, and then climbed up so interwoven that I could not creep a fleep hiil, which gave me some prospeět thorough, and the beards of the fallen ears of the country. I found it fully cultivated; so strong and pointed, that they pierced but that which first surprised me was the through my clothes into my flesh. At the length of the grass, which, in those same time I heard the reapers not above grounds that seemed to be kept for hay, an hundred yards behind me. Being quite was about twenty feet high.

difpirited with toil, and wholly overcome I fell into a high road, for so I took it by grief and despair, I lay down between to be, though it ferved to the inhabitants two ridges, and heartily wished I might only as a foot-path thi'ough a field of bar. there end my days. I bemoaned my deley. Here I walked on for some time, folate widow, and fatherless children. I but could see little on either side, it being lamented my own folly and wilfulness in now near harvest, and the corn rising at attempting a second voyage, against the least forty feet. I was an hour walking advice of all my friends and relations. to the end of this field, which was fenced In this terrible agitation of mind I could in with hedge of at least one hundred not forbear thinking of Lilliput, whole inand twenty feet high, and the trees so habitants looked upon me as the greatest lofty that I could make; no computation prodigy that ever appeared in the world: of their altitude. There was a stile to where I was able to draw an imperial Aeet pass from this field into the next. It had in my hand, and perform those other acfour steps, and a stone to cross over when tions which will be recorded for ever in you came to the upperinoit. It was im- the chronicles of that empire, while poiteposible for me to climb, this stile, because rity thall hardly believe them, although every ftep was fix feet high, and the upper attested by millions. I reflected what a ftone above twenty. I was endeavouring mortification it must prove to me to apto find some gap in the hedge, when I dil pear

pear as inconsiderable in this nation, as covered one of the inhabitants in the next one single Lilliputian would be among us. feld advancing towards the ftile, of the But this I conceived was to be the least of fame size with him whom I saw in the sea my misfortunes: foi as human creature; pursuing our boat. He applared as tall as are observed to be more favage and cruel an ordinary spire-steeple, and took about in proportion to their bulk, what could I ten yards at every stride, as near as I expect but to be a morsel in the mouth of could guess. I was struck with the utmost the first among these enormous barbarians, fear and astonishment, and ran to hide that should happen to seize me? Unmyself in the corn, from whence I saw doubtedly pbilosophers are in the right him at the top of the stile looking back when they tell us, that nothing is great or into the next field on the right hand, and little otherwise than by comparison. I

It heard him call in a voice mirny degrees might have pleased fortune io have let louder than a speaking-trumpet; but the the Lilliputians find some nation, where noise was so high in the air, that at first I the people were as diminutive with respect certainly thought it was thundeer. Where- to them, as they were to me.

And who upon seven monsters, like hiinself, came knows but that even this prodigious race towards him with reaping-ho oks in their of mortals might be equally over-matched hands, each hook about the largeness of in some distant part of the world, whereof fix scythes. These people were not so we have yet no discovery? well clad as the first, whose servants or Scared and confounded as I was, I could labourers they seemed to be; for upon not forbear going on with these reflec

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&c. 989 tions, when one of the reapers, approach- master, who was a substantial farmer, and ing within ten yards of the ridge where I the same person I had first seen in the lay, made me apprehend that with the field. next step I should be squashed to death The farmer having (as I suppose by under his foot, or cut in two with his their talk) received such an account of reaping-hook. And therefore when he me as his servant could give him, took a was again about to move, I screamed as piece of a small straw, about the size of a loud as fear could make me. Whereupon walking-ftaff, and therewith lifted up the the huge creature trod Mort, and looking lappets of my coat; which it seems he round about under him for some time, at lalt thought to be some kind of covering that espied me as I lay on the ground. He nature had given me. He blew rny hairs considered me awhile, with the caution of aside to take a better view of my face. one who endeavours to lay hold on a small He called his hinds about him, and asked dangerous animal in such a manner that it them (as I afterwards learned) whether Thall not be able either to scratch or to they had ever seen in the fields any little bite him, as I myself have sometimes done creature that reseinbled me: he then placed with a weasel in England. Ac length he me softly on the ground upon all four, but ventured to take me up behind by the I got immediately up, and walked slowly middle between his fore-finger and thumb, backwards and forwards to let those people and brought me within three yards of his fee I had no intent to run away. They all eyes, that he might behold my shape sat down in a circle about me, the better more perfectly. Ï guessed his meaning, to obierve my motions. I pulled off my and my good fortune gave me so much hat, and made a low bow towards the farpresence of mind, that I resolved not to mer. I fell on my knees, and lified up It ruggle in the least as he held me in the my hands and eyes, and spoke several air above fixty feet from the ground, al- words as loud as I could: I took a pusse though he grievously pinched my fides, of gold out of my pocket, and humbly prefor fear I should flip through his fingers. sented it to him. He received it on the All I ventured was to raise mine eyes to- palm of his hand, then applied it close to wards the sun, and place my hands toge- his eye to see what it was, and afterwards ther, in a supplicating posture, and to speak turned it several times with the point of a some words in an humble melancholy tone, pin (which he took out of his sleeve) but suitable to the condition I then was in. could make nothing of it. Whereupon I For I apprehended every moment that he made a sign that he should place his hand would daih me against the ground, as we on the ground. I then took the purse, and usually do any little hateful animal, which opening it, poured all the gold into his we have a mind to destroy *. But my palm. There were fix Spanish pieces of good ftar would have it, that he appeared four pistoles each, besides twenty or thirty pleased with my voice and gestures, and smaller coins. I saw him wet the tip of began to look upon me as a curiosity, much his little finger upon his tongue, and take wondering to hear me pronounce articu- up one of my largest pieces, and then anolate words, although he could not under- ther, but he seemed to be wholly ignorant stand them. In the mean time I was not what they were. He made me a sign to able to forbear groaning and thedding tears, put them again into my purse, and the and turning my head towards my sides; purse again into my pocket, which, after letting him know, as well as I could, how offering it to him several times, I thought cruelly I was hurt by the pressure of his it beit to do. thumb and finger. He seemed to appre

The farmer by this time was convinced bend my meaning; for lifting up the lap- I must be a rational creature. He spoke pet of his coat, he put me gently into it, often to me, but the sound of his voice and immediately ran along with me to his pierced my ears like that of a water-mill,

yet his words were articulate enough. I Our inattention to the felicity of fenfitive answered as loud as I could in several lanbeings, merely because they are small, is here for.

guages, and he often laid his ear within cibly reproved: many have wantonly crushed an insect, who would shudder at cutting the throat

two yards of me, but all in vain, for we of a dog: but it should always be remembered,

were wholly unintelligible to each other. chat the least of these

He then sent his servants to their work, « In mortal sufferance feels a pang as great

and taking his handkerchief out of his " As when a giant dies,”

pocket, he doubled and spread it on his


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