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to the Board of Trade ; and such amount shall, after deducting
Leaving any expenses which have been duly incurred in respect of such
Şeamen abroad. seaman or apprentice, except such as the master or owner of the ship is hereby required to pay, be dealt with as wages to which he is entitled, and shall be paid accordingly.
211. The governors, consular officers, and other officers of her Distressed Majesty in foreign countries shall, and in places where there are
abroad may no such governors or officers any two res dent British merchants be relieved may, provide for the subsistence of all seamen or apprentices, and sent home being subjects of her Majest.y, who have been shipwrecked,
at the public
expense. discharged, or left behind at any place abroad, whether from any slip employed in the merchant service or from any of her Majesty's ships, or who have been engaged by any person acting, either as principal or agent to serve in any ship belonging to any foreign power or to the subject of any foreign state, and who are in distress in any place abroad, until such time as they are able to provide them with a passage hone, and for that purpose shall cause such seamen or apprentices to be put on board some ship belonging to any subject of her Majesty bound to any port of the United Kingdom, or to the British possessions to which they belong, (as the case requires,) which is in want of men to make up its complement, and in default of any such ship shall provide them with a passage home as soon as possible in some ship belonying to a subject of her Majesty so bound as aforesaid, and shall indorse on the agreement of any ship on board of which any seaman or apprentice is so taken or sent the name of every person so sent on board thereof, with such particulars concerning the case as the Board of Trade requires, and shall be allowed for the subsistence of any such seaman or apprentice such sum per diem as the Board of Trade from time to time appoints; and the amount due in respect of such allowance shall be paid
on the production of the bills of the disbursements, with the proper vouchers.
212. The master of every British ship so bound as aforesaid Masters of shall receive and afford a passage and subsistence to all seamen British ships or apprentices whom he is required to take on board his ship take them. under the provisions herein-before contained, not exceeding one for every tifty tons burden, and shall during the passage provide every such seaman or apprentice with a proper berth or sleeping place effectually protected against sea and weather; and on the production of a certificate signed, by any governor, consular officer, or merchants by whose directions any such seaman or apprentice was received on board, specifying the number and naines of such seumpen or apprentices, and the time when each of them respectively was received on board, and on a declaration made by such person before a justice, and verified by the registrar general of seamen, stating the number of days during which each seaman or apprentice received subsistence and was provided for
Leaving as aforesaid on board his ship, and stating also the number of Seamen abroad.
men and boys forming the complement of his crew, and the number of seamen and apprentices employed on board his ship during such time, and every variation (if any) of such number,
all be entitled to be paid out of the said monies. applicable to the relief of distressed British seamen, in respect of the subsistence and passage of every seaman or apprentice so conveyed, subsisted and provided for by him exceeding the number (if any) wanted to make up the complement of his crew, such sum per diem as the Board of Trade from time to time appoints; and if any person having charge of any such ship fails or refuses to receive on board his ship, or to give a passage home, or subsistence to, or to provide for any such seaman or apprentice as aforesaid, contrary to the provisions of this Act, he shall incur a penalty not exceeding one hundred pounds for each seaman or apprentice with respect to whom he makes such default or refusal.
Power to sue for the amount advanced for the relief of seamen left abroad.
213. If any seaman or apprentice belonging to any British ship is discharged or left behind at any place out of the United Kingdom without full compliance on the part of the master with all the provisions in that behalf in this Act contained, and becomes distressed and is relieved under the provisions of this Act, or if any subject of her Majesty, after having been engaged by any person (whether acting as principal or agent) to serve in any ship belonging to any foreign power, or to the subject of any foreign power, becomes distressed and is relieved as aforesaid, the wayes (if any) due to such seaman or apprentice, and all expenses incurred for his subsistence, necessary clothing, conveyance bome, and burial, in case he should die abroad before reaching home, shall be a charge upon the ship, whether British or foreign, to which he so belonged as aforesaid; and the Board of Trade may in the name of her Majesty (besides suing for any penalties which may have been incurred) sue for and recover the said wages and expenses, with costs, either from the master of such ship as aforesaid, or from the person who is owner thereof for the time being, or, in the case of such engagement as aforesaid for service in a foreign ship, from such master or owner, or from the person by whom such engagement was so made as aforesaid; and such sums shall be recoverable either in the same manner as other debts due to her Majesty, or in the same manner and by the same form and process in which wages due to the seaman would be recoverable by him; and in any proceedings for that purpose production of the account (if any) to be furnished as herein-before is provided in such cases, together with proof of payment by the Board of Trade or by the paymaster general of the charges incurred on account of any such seaman, apprentice, or other person, shall be sufficient evidence that he was relieved, conveyed home, or buried (as the case may be) at her Majesty's expense.
Volunteering into the Navy.
Volunteering 214. Any seaman may leave his ship for the purpose of forth- into the Navy. with entering into the Daval service of her Majesty, and such Seamen leaving his ship shall not be deemed a desertion therefrom, and allowed to shall not render him liable to any punishment or forfeiture ships in order whatever; and all stipulations introduced into any agreement to enter the whereby any seaman is declared to incur any forfeiture or be navy. exposed to any loss in case he enters into her Majesty's naval service shall be void, and every master or owner who causes any sueh stipulations to be so introduced shall incur a penalty not exceeding twenty pounds. 215. Whenever any seaman, without having previously com- Clothes to be
delivered at mitted any act amounting to and treated by the master as desertion, leaves his ship in order to enter into the naval service
Wages to be of her Majesty and is received into such service, the master shall given to the deliver to him his clothes and effects on board such ship, and Queen's officer shall pay the proportionate amount of his wages down to the one accome of time of such entry, subject to all just deductions, as follows; (that is to say,) the master of the said ship shall pay the same to the officer authorized to receive such seaman into her Majesty's service, either in money or by bill drawn upon the owner and payable at sight to the order of the accountant general of the navy; and the receipt of such officer shall be a discharge for the money or bill so given; and such bill shall be exempt from stamp duty; and if such wages are paid in money, such money shall be credited in the muster book of the ship to the account of the said seaman; and if such wages are paid by bill, such bill shall be noted in the said muster book and shall be sent to the said accountant general, who shall present the same or cause the same to be presented for payment, and shall credit the produce thereof to the account of the said seaman; and such money or produce (as the case may be) shall not be paid to the said seaman until the time at which he would have been entitled to receive the same if he had remained in the service of the ship which he had so quitted as aforesaid ; and if any such bill is not duly paid when presented, tlie said accountant general or the seaman on whose behalf the same is given inay sue thereon or may recover the
wages due by all or any of the ineans by which wages due to merchant seamen are recoverable; and if upon any seaman leaving his ship in the manner and for the purpose aforesaid, the master fails to deliver his clothes and effects, or to pay his wages as herein-before required, he shall, in addition to his liability to pay and deliver the same, incur a penalty not exceeding twenty pounds; provided that no officer who receives any such bill as 'aforesaid shall be subject to any liability in respect thereof, except for the safe custody thereof until sent to the said accountant general as aforesaid.
216. If upon any seaman leaving his ship for the purpose of to owner of entering the naval service of her Majesty, the owner or master' advance paid of such ship shows to the satisfaction of the Admiralty that he and not duly
Volunteering has paid or properly rendered himself liable to pay an advance into the Navy. of 'wages to or on account of such seaman, and that such seaman
has not at the time of quitting his ship duly earned such advance by service therein, and, in the case of such liability as aforesaid, if such owner or master actually satisfies the same, it shall be lawful for the Admiralty to pay to such owner or master so much of such advance as has not been duly earned, and to deduct the sum so paid from the wages of the seaman earned or to be earned
in the naval service of her Majesty. If new seamen 217. If, in consequence of any seaman so leaving his ship are engaged without the consent of the master or owner thereof, it becomes instead of the original sea necessary for the safety and proper navigation of the said ship men, the owner to engage a substitute or substitutes, and if the wages or other repayment of remuneration paid to such substitute or substitutes for subsequent any extra ex service exceed the wages or remuneration which would have pepse he bas
been payable to the said seaman under his agreement for similar been put to.
service, the master or owner of the said ship may apply to the registrar of the High Court of Admiralty in England for a certificate authorizing the repayment of such excess; and such application shall be in such form, and shall be accompanied by such documents, and by such statements, whether on oath or
otherwise, as the judge of the said court from time to time directs. Application 218. The said registrar shall, upon receiving any such applihow to be decided on,
cation as aforesaid, give notice thereof in writing, and of the sum
claimed, to the Secretary of the Admiralty, and shall proceed to of repayment examine the said application, and may call upon the registrar how to be
general of seamen to produce any papers in his possession relating thereto, and may call for further evidence ; and if the whole of the claim appears to him to be just, he shall give a certificate accordingly; but if he considers that such claim or any part thereof is not just, he shall give notice of such his opinion in writing under his hand to the person making the said application or his attorney or agent; and if within sixteen days from the giving of such notice such person does not leave or cause to be left at the office of the registrar of the said court a written notice demanding that the said application shall be referred to the judge of the said court, then the said registrar shall finally decide thereon, and certify accordingly; but if such notice is left as aforesaid, then the said application shall stand referred to the said judge in his chambers, and his decision thereon shall be final, and the said registrar shall certify the same accordingly ; and the said registrar and judge respectively shall in every proceeding under this Act have full power to administer oaths and to exercise all the ordinary powers of the court, as in any other proceeding within its jurisdiction; and the said registrar or judge (as the case may be) may, if he thinks fit, allow for the costs of any proceeding under this Act any sum not exceeding five pounds for each seaman so quitting his ship as aforesaid ; and such sum shall be added to the sum allowed, and shall be certified by the said registrar accordingly.
219. Every certificate so given shall be sent by post or other- Volunteering wise to the person making the application, his attorney or agent,
into the Navy. and a copy thereof shall be sent to the accountant general of the Accountant navy; and such accountant general shall
, upon delivery to him of general to pay the said original certificate, together with a receipt in writing
ascertained. purporting to be a receipt from the master or owner making the application, pay to the person delivering the same out of the monies applicable to the naval service of her Majesty, and granted by Parliament for the purpose, the amount mentioned in such certificate ; and such certificate and receipt shall absolutely discharge the said accountant general and her Majesty from all liability in respect of the monies so paid or of the said application.
220. Every person who, in making or supporting any such Penalty for application as aforesaid to the registrar of the High Court of forgery and Admiralty, forges, assists in forging, or procures to be forged, or sentations in fraudulently alters, assists in fraudulently altering, or procures to support of
such applicabe fraudulently altered, any document, and every person who in. making or supporting any such application presents or make use of any such forged or altered document, or who in making or supporting any such application makes or gives, or assists in making or giving, or procures to be made or given, any false evidence or representation, knowing the same to be false, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. Provisions, Health, and Accommodation.
Provisions, 221. Any three or more of the crew of any British ship may
Accommocomplain to any officer in command of any of her Majesty's ships, or any British consular officer, or any shipping master, or any chief officer of customs, that the provisions or water for the use
provisions and of the crew are at any time of bad quality, unfit for use, or water on comdeficient in quantity; and such officer may thereupon examine plaint made. the said provisions or water, or cause them to be examined; and if on examination such provisions or water are found to be of bad quality and unfit for use, or to be deficient in quantity, the person making such examination shall signify the same in writing to the master of the ship; and if such master does not thereupon provide other proper provisions or water in lieu of any so signified to be of a bad quality and unfit for use, or does not procure the requisite quantity of any so signified to be insufficient in quantity, or uses any provisions or water which have been so signified as aforesaid to be of bad quality and unfit for use, he shall in every such case incur a penalty not exceeding twenty pounds; and upon every such examination as aforesaid the officers making or directing the same shall enter a statement of the result of the examination in the official log, and shall send a report thereof to the Board of Trade, and such report, if produced out of the custody of such board or its officers, shall be received in evidence in any legal proceeding.
222. If the officer to whom any such complaint as last afore- Forfeiture said is inade, certifies in such statement as aforesaid that there for frivolous