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NOTES AND QUERIES:

Medium of Intercommunication

FOR

LITERARY MEN, GENERAL READERS, ETC.

“When loạnd, psikia wito . CAPTAIN COTTLE

SEVENTH SERIES.-VOLUME FIFTH.

JANUARY-JUNE 1888.

LONDON:

PUBLISHED AT THE
OFFICE, 22, TOOK'S COURT, CHANCERY LANE, E.O.

BY JOHN C. FRANCIS.

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LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 7, 1888.

of Pickwick' or Titmarsh's Comic Tales and

Sketches. It is true their authors were not disCONTENTS.-No 106.

tinguished writers of the day, but any person with NOTES :-Bibliography of Thackeray's 'Letters,' 1-M8. Ser-la grain of ingight might hava nronbagiad

a grain of insight might have prophesied great vice Book, 2-Dictionary of National Biography '-Trees as things of “ Boz” and “ Michael Angelo," and have Boundaries, 3—The Silver Captain-Wag--Coco-nut, 4

preserved their works with bibliophilic care from Bparable-Rapier-Effects of English Accent, 5-J. Droes

the ravages of the kitchen and the nursery. Alhout-Leaden Font-Star of Bethlehem-The Gurgoyles-

though acquainted with all the published biblioThe Devil's Passing-Bell, 6.

graphies of Dickens, I have never yet met with a QUERIES :- Punishment of “Carting" - W. Grant, Lord completely accurate description of 'Pickwick'as

Preston-Grange - Googe's Husbandry'-Palace of Henry it originally appeared in parts. No writer of the de Blois-Introduction of Ginger-English Flag in Paris— time thought it worth while to record anything of Castle Martyr Pictures-Grasshopper on Royal Exchange, 7 that rare Part 3, with “ Illustrations by R. W. _"Loose-girt boy "_" The Golden Horde "-Sir T. Thorn- Buss" on the cover, which is now the crux of a hill–J. Donaldson — “Pricking the belt for a wager "- collector, but which we may hope to learn all Ballads on the Armada-Armada Literature-J. Hussey

about when the long-advertised “Victoria Edition" Articulo - Chronological Difficulty, 8 - Gem Pyropus

makes its appearance. It is with a view, there· Voyage to the Moon'-Customs-Authors Wanted, 9.

fore, to obviate any controversy with regard to the REPLIES :-Records of Celtic Occupation, 9–86. Enoch, 12– last work of the greatest humourist of the century

Morue-Why Betrothal and Marriage Rings are worn on the that I purpose to crystallize in the columns of Fourth Finger-Kingsley's Last Poom-Tooley Street Tailors, N. & Q.,' while the book is still wet from the 13-Slipshod English-"On the cards"-E. Underhill-Ela press, a short discursus on the 'Letters' of Wil. Family-'Greater London,' 14–“Q in the Corner"-Bio liam Makepeace Thackeray. The first instalment graphical Dictionaries—"When cockle shells "-Goss, 16– of these letters appeared in Scribner's Magazine

The Sling-Public Penance, 16–Mitre in Heraldry, 17. for April, 1887; the last in the number of that NOTES ON BOOKS:-Waite's Real History of the Rosi. periodical for October, 1887. The published book crucians'-Smiles's ' Life and Labour.'

issued from the press in September, 1887.

Which, then, is the first edition; and is priority Notices to Correspondents, &c.

reckoned from the date on which the first letter was published, or from that on which the col

lection was completed ? But a careful observer Hotes.

will perceive that there are variations between

the two issues. The collected volume does BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THACKERAY'S LETTERS.'

not contain two of the cuts that appeared in The mania for collecting first editions of contem- Scribner, viz., the “Portrait of No. 913,” in porary authors appears to be of recent date, and the August number, p. 144, and the interesting it can only be said to have reached its full develop-“Portrait of Thackeray," in the October number, ment within the last fifteen years. I have ex- p. 418. Nor does the book republish the little amined most of the library catalogues of the initial signature in the June number of Scribner, historic bibliophiles, and have discovered no p. 690. On the other hand, Scribner does not evidence to show that they had any desire to show us the facsimile of Clough's MS., “The Flags enhance the fame of their coevals by raising the of Piccadilly," opposite p. 82 of the book. It is value of their early works to a fancy elevation. evident that the moot point of priority of publicaEditiones principes of the classical and Eliza- tion, and the variations between the two issues bethan authors have always been in favour, but which I have noted, render it absolutely necessary not one of the bibliophiles of the last century, for for the conscientious collector to possess himself instance, cared to preserve in “original boards of both these editions, to the mutual advantage of uncut," in a "pull-off case," or in a richly decked New York and London. Having purchased these morocco coat, the early productions of Goldsmith for the sake of bibliophily, let us hope that he or Fielding, Gray or Johnson. Had they done so, will unite with most people in praying the pubearly copies in good condition would not be so lishers to produce, at no great interval of time, a rare as they are now, and we should not be called volume which one may read in an easy chair withon to pay fifty or sixty guineas for an uncut copy out the intervention of a book-rest, and in which of the Vicar of Wakefield.' I have been an the mind will not be offended by such chronological assiduous collector of Fielding for several years, vagaries as a letter attributed to July, 1850, being but have hitherto failed to procure good uncut sandwiched in between one written at Christmas, copies, say, of his ‘History of the Rebellion in 1849, and another with the date of February 26, Scotland, 1745,' or his 'Dialogue between the 1850. I do not wish to be ill-natured; but better Devil, Pope, and Pretender.' In later years, how meat worse cooked has seldom been issued from few people seem to have preserved original copies the literary cuisine. This is a hard thing to sa

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when the name of Mr. James Russell Lowell figures filled. In these spaces were entered the births in the introduction; but it is nevertheless a fact. and deaths which the church desired to remember

W. F. PRIDEAUX. on their particular days. The Kalendar, being in Calcutta.

the centre of the book, could be easily turned to be

the priest when performing the service. The entries MS. SERVICE BOOK: HYDE FAMILY.

are made sometimes between the lines, rendering

it difficult to determine whether they belonged to Amongst the advantages enjoyed by those who

say the 11th or 12th ; in such cases the day of the take an interest in tracing out their pedigree are

month is given in the entry. They come accordthe kindness and courtesy it developes in friends and others who become aware of the object of the

ing to the days of the month; in the following list search. A friend, knowing my hobby, informed me

I give them chronologically :that he had seen in the City an ancient Missal, in

13 July. “Obitus Johannis Hyde Armiger, ultima which were recorded many particulars respecting

Henrici primi Anno Millmomo Trigismo y to."

Sept. 9. “Obitus Rodulphi Hyde Armigeri Ano D'n persons of the name of Hyde. In a very short | Millis Co Lo vio ao Reg. Reg. Henrici 2ndi 30." time afterwards I had the pleasure of calling Jan. 11. "Obitus Richardi Hyde Militis Millme come upon the Rev. John C. Jackson, 11, Angel Septisag mo viii Anno Regni Regis Edwardi 1** Court, E.C., who most courteously allowed me

Septimo." to inspect the MS. I wanted to see. It far ex

May 13. “Obitus Johannis Hyde anno domini Mil

ccccxvio et anno Regis Henrici quarti post Conquest ceeded my most sanguine expectations. It was the Great Antiphoner of Salisbury and Norwich, * July 21. “Obitus Johannis Hyde Armiger anno domini being the entire Breviary, with all the musical Millmö cccco xlviio anno regni Regis Henrici Sexti post notes, the Kalendar being in the middle. It

conquestum Angliæ vicessimo sexto litera dominicalis F." consists of 359 large folio leaves, and is written on

May 29, “Obitus Agnetis Hyde anno dom' M,

cccclxviiio anno regis Edwardi quarti post conquestum vellum, apparently about the beginning of the Angliæ xviii.” fifteenth century. It had evidently been the Sept. 18. "Obitus Johnnis Hyde Armiger A Do' Millimo service book used in Denchworth Church, Berk cccclxxxviio et anno regni Regis Henrici Sept' post conshire, and had been in use in the reign of Henry

questum Angliæ 3uo Litera Domin. G." VIII., because the word “Pope" was erased,

October 4, "Obitus Oliveri Hide Armiger. Ao D'ni

Mil'imo vmo xoto et ano Regni Regis Henrici Octavi in compliance with his orders, and also the name

Soptimo Vidl quarto die Octobris Litera Domin'i G." of St. Thomas of Canterbury, whom the king April 2. “Willmus Hyde filius et Heres Wylimi Hyde considered to have been a traitor. In addition Suam Accipit peregrinationem in bunc mundum anno to these, several erasions have been made by

nostre salutis M Vcento xviii et anno Regni Regis Octavi

gmo videlicet 2nd die mensis Aprilis." a line ruling through the words, which does not

Feb. 29. “ Obitus Bartholomie Yate mercatoris Ville interfere with their legibility.

Stapule Calisie ano Dni. M ccccc vicessimo viz, ultimo Written upon blank spaces in the Kalendar were die mensis Februarii Cujus Animæ propicietur Deus. the dates of the birth and death of many members | Amen litera dominicalis 1 [sic].” of the Hyde family, who lived for centuries at

May 5.“ Obitus Agnetis Hyde anno domini Mo Denchworth, and built the church. These are the

cccccxxiii et anno regis Henrici Octavi XV. Videlicet

quinto die mensis Maii tunc litera Dominicalis D. Cujus most numerous. There are, however, several other

Animæ propinetur Deus. Amen." names mentioned, and in addition is a memorandum, copied below, which seems of earlier date

The last entry with a date is :than 1135, when the death of John Hyde, Esq., is

May 3. “Obitus Willmi Hyde Anno D'ni Momo

ccccclvii anno regni Mariæ tercio' Videlicet tercio die recorded in the last year of Henry I. Written in

mensis Maii tunc litera dominicalis D.” a blank space in January, evidently by a regular

There are several births registered of Hyde scribe, is :

children ; and also, but without date other than “Mem. quod etiam tenentes hujus ville de Denchworth

that of the month :tenentur tenere anniversarium cujusdam Johannis Ber. nardi proxima dominica Post Festum Epiphaniæ pro quo

24 Jan. “Obitus Wilhelmi Wyblyn et Marion Uxoris tenendo predicti tenentes babebunt unam vaccam 'ex | Suæ et Solutum pro dirige et Missa." ordinatione predicti Joh. Bernard et predicti tenentur 1 26 Jan. “Obitus Johannis Wyblyn et Willi Marcer et solido le belman id, ibidem qui pro tempore fidit annatim dirige et Missa." et cuicumque vicario ibidem qui pro tempore fidit dicenti On a tombstone in Denchworth Churchyard it is placebo et dirige iid, ac clerico ibidem pulsanti le Kpylle | stated that the Wyblyng were in that parish for annatim id. ac offerandum dominica die predicta ad altam misgam ibidem pro anima dicti Johannis ac

| five hundred years. aliorum benefactorum suorum iiid. Pro hac materia 15 Oct, “Will Yong obitus," quære si vis in le Courte Rowll de tenura de Denchworth Secunda linea post conquestum.'

A man of that name witnessed one of the Hyde

deeds mentioned in Clarke's 'Hundred of WantThe book being a large folio, and a page given ing,' p. 98, A.D. 1398. for each month, frequent blank spaces occur be- “12 Maij. Obitus Rogeri Merlow xii Mayi anno Regis tween the days, some of the lines being only partly | Edwardi quarti post Conquestum 240 [1462)."

· He witnessed a deed at p. 99 of Clarke's 'Hundred alphabet would communicate them to me, or (it of Wanting,' A.D. 1448.

you would allow it) to you, for publication in your The church registers commence with 1538, be- columns, it would make the book more perfect, tween which date and 1557 no entry has been and do us a real service. If I remember rightly, made. Probably the book was brought into use PROF. MAYOR made such a suggestion in your pages again in Queen Mary's reign, and was not used when we were starting, and I should be very glad afterwards. It seems as if when this new book if it could be taken up. LESLIE STEPHEN. was purchased the entries up to 1446 were copied 15, Waterloo Place. into it from the old book, and that the subsequent records were written as they occurred. Bartholo TREES AS BOUNDARIES.-In the museum at mew Yate, merchant of the Staple of the town of Carlisle is a small piece of wood labelled “ Piece Calais, was probably father or uncle of the Rev. of the last tree of Inglewood Forest, a noble old oak Peter Yate, M.A., the vicar, who was instituted which for upwards of 600 years was recognized on May 16, 1514, and resigned, his successor as the boundary mark between the manors of the being instituted on January 2, 1521.

Duke of Devonshire and the Dean and Chapter of I presume that this service book would still be Carlisle, also the parishes of Hesket and St. legal evidence of the facts it records. It is not Cuthbert's, Carlisle." In the same collection often that men can see the actual entries recording there is also a sketch of the capon tree, a branchthe death of ancestors up to twenty, and probably less trunk, perfectly bare, and without a twig or twenty-five generations, as in all likelihood John | leaf. It was situate near to Brampton, and in Hyde (1135) and Rodolph Hyde (1156) were olden times it was customary for the High Sheriff ancestors of Sir Richard Hyde, whose descendant of Cumberland to meet the Judges of Assize, when I am.

they partook of a luncheon beneath its spreading If any of your readers can give me information branches. The sketch of the old tree was taken respecting John Bernard, John Hyde (1135), and so long since as the year 1833, by the Rev. W. Ford, Rodolph Hyde (1156), I shall be greatly obliged. B.A., the author of 'Ford's Guide to the Lakes.'

HENRY BARRY HYDE. There can be little doubt but that this practice of 5, Eaton Rise, Ealing, W.

defining boundaries is a surviual, or rather a conti.

nuation, of customs introduced into this country 'THE DICTIONARY OF NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY.'|

by the Roman colonists. There is ample testi(See 6th S. xi. 105, 443 ; xii. 321 ; 7th S. i. 25, 82, mony in authenticated writings of their surveyors 342, 378 ; ii. 102, 324, 355 ; iii. 101, 382 ; iv. 123. / to this fact. Trees were among the objects fre325, 422.) – If your correspondent W. C. B. quently devoted to terminal uses, and were nawill be good enough to look again at my article turally selected from those in the immediate neighupon Crabbe, he will see that I have mentioned the bourhood; for example, at Constantinople, date, poet's father, George Crabbe, who was the saltmaster almond, and quince were the trees planted, and in ut Aldeburgh. I must confess, however, that the Carthage and its vicinity the olive and elder are passage is a little obscure, owing to the identity of among those selected. The oak, the yew, and name between the poet, his father, and his grand-others indigenous to the soil would naturally be father. Whilst I am writing, may I say that I am those devoted to such a purpose in the promuch obliged to W. C. B. and to other corre

vince of Britain. An isolated tree would spondents who have pointed out errata or omis

form a terminus ; this circumstance would of sions in the 'Dictionary'? The errata shall be put itself give to it a distinct appropriation. Treo right at the first opportunity. In regard to the worshipping by the Romans is referred to omissions, I would make another suggestion. It by many writers of olden time; the superis very difficult to make sure that one has noted stition has descended, and finds an illustraall the passages bearing upon any life to tion in the yew tree, so common in the churchyards which a reference might properly be given. I of our own day. It was ever associated with will confess, for example, that I was not death and the passage of the soul of the departed aware that Watts had "said anything about to its new abode. The oak is thoroughly our own. Cowley : though I may add that, had I known it. It is referred to, with others, in the laws of the I am not sure that I should have thought it worth

Christian emperors. Statius, too, writes mentioning. It would be a great advantage to us Nota per Arcadias felici robore sylvas if gentlemen would send us beforehand any refer Quercus erat, Triviæ quam desacraverat ipsa.* ences which are likely to be overlooked. I would It would be extremely interesting to have a record take care they should be properly attended to. We of other illustrations in this country of the appliare now employed upon the letter G; but there cation of trees to such a purpose, for there are would also be time to insert references for F, E, doubtless mapy. John E. PRICE, F.S. A. or the greater part of D. If, therefore, any one who can give us hints for lives in that part of the

* Theb,' lib. 9, v. 585.

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