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Nay, my lord, but to buy food not die. And they did so. are thy servants come.

21 And they said one to 11 We are all one man's sons : another, We are verily - guilty we are true men, thy servants are concerning our brother, in that no spies.

we saw the anguish of his soul, 12 And he said unto them, Nay, when he besought us; ** and we but to see the nakedness of the would not hear : therefore is this land you are come.

distress come upon us. 13 And they said, Thy servants 22 And Reuben answered them, are twelve brethren, the sons of saying, Spake I not unto you, one man in the land of Canaan; saying, Do not sin against the and behold, the youngest is this child; and ye would not hear? day with our father, and one is therefore behold also, his blood not.

is required. $$ 14 And Joseph said unto them, 23 And they knew not that That is it that I spake unto you, Joseph understood them; for he saying, Ye are spies.

spake unto them by an inter15 Hereby ye shall be proved preter. 11 by the life of Pharaoh ye shall 24 And he turned himself about not go forth hence, except your from them, and wept; and returned youngest brother come hither. to' them again, and communed

16 Send one of you, and let with them, and took from them him fetch your brother, and ye Simeon, |||| and bound him before shall be kept § in prison, that your words may be proved whether 25 | Then Joseph commanded there be any truth in you: or else to fill their sacks with corn, and by the life of Pharaoh surely ye to restore every man's money into are spies.

his sack, and to give them pro17 And he put I them altogether vision for the way: and thus did into ward three days.

he unto them. 18 And Joseph said unto them 26 And they laded their asses the third day, This do, and live: with the corn, and departed for I fear God.

thence. 19 If be true men, let one of 27 And as one of them opened your brethren be bound in the his sack to give his ass provender house of yourprison : { goye, carry in the inn, he espied his money: corn for the famine of your houses. for behold, it was in his sack's

20 But bring your youngest mouth. brother unto me: so shall your

28 And he said unto his brethren, words be verified, and ye shall My money is restored : and lo, it

their eyes.


* By this one thing the whole of what ye have advanced shall be proved; that is, if ye bring your brother hither,' I then will give credit to what ye have said in your defence. Heb. Bound.

$ Heb, Gathered. | For says he, I would not be so unjust as to detain you alt if ye be innocent, by which means your families might perish for want of food; therefore let one bc bound, and the rest carry the corn, and bring your brother.

There is an omission here of the words, but as for you, and which seems to me to be an over sight in the English Bible. ** This was an aggravation of their guilt by acting so inhuman to their own brother in his distress,

$$ For it was Reuben's opinion that Joseph was dead, as he apprehended that on account of hi years, and the tender manner he was brought up, he never would be able to undergo the hardships o servitude; and therefore, says he, his bloud is now required.

#1 Heb. For an interpreter was between them. IN The reason assigned by Jarchi for his taking of Simeon is, that it was he that threw him into the pit; though others think it to be in order to separate him from Levi, for fear of their plotting som mischief against him as they did at Shechem.

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לֹא אֲדֹנִי עֲבָדֶיךְ בָּאוּ לִשְׁבָּר אֲכֶלֶ: 11 כִּלָּנוּ בְּנֵי אִישׁ־ אֶחָד נָחְנוּ כַּנִים אֲנַחְנוּ לֹא־־הָיוּ עֲבָדֶיךְ מְרַגְלֶים : 12 וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵהֶם לֹא כִּי־עֶרְוַת הָאָרֶץ בָּאתֶם לִרְאוֹת : 13 וַיֹּאמְרוּ שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר עֲבָדֶיךְ אַחִים אֲנַחְנוּ בְּנֵי אִישׁ־ אֶחָד בְּאֶרֶץ כְּנָעַן וְהִנֵּה הַקָטָן אֶת־אָבִינוּ הַיּוֹם וְהָאֶחָד אֵינֶנּוּ: 14 וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵהֶם יוֹסֵף הוּא אֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתִּי אֲלֵכֶם לֵאמֹר מְרַגְלִים אַתֶּם: 15 בְּזאת תּבָּחֵנוּ חֵי פַרְעה אס־ תִּצְאוּ מִזֶּה כִּי אִם־בְּבָוֹא אֲחִיכֶם הַבֶּטן הֵנָּה: 16 שִׁלְחוּ מִכֶּם אֶחָד וְיֵקַח אֶת־־אֲחִיכֶם וְאַתֶּם הֵאָסְרוּ וְיִבְּחֲנוּ דִּבְרֵיכֶם הַאֶמֶת אִתְּכֶם וְאִם־לֹא הֵי פַרְעֹה כִּי מְרַגְלִים אַתֶּם: 17 וַיַּאֲסֶף אֹתָם אֶל־־מִשְׁמֶר שְׁלֹשֶׁת יָמִים : 18 וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵהֶם יוֹסֵף בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁי זְאת עֲשׂוּ וְהִיוּ אֶת־הָאֱלֹהִים אֲנִי יָרֵא : 19 אִם־כֵּנִים אַתֶּם אֲחִיכֶם אֶחָד יֵאָסֵר בְּבֵית מִשְׁמַרְכֶם וְאַתֶּם לְכוּ הָבִיאוּ שֶׁבר בעֲבוֹן בָּתֵּיכֶם: 20 וְאֶת־אֲחִיכֶם הַקטן תָּבִיאוּ אלי וְאָמְנוּ דִבְרֵיכֶם וְלֹא תָמוּתוּ וַיַּעֲשׂוּ--כֵן: 21 וַיֹּאמְרוּ אִישׁ אֶל־אָחִיו אֲבָל אֲשֶׁמִים אֲנַחְנוּ עַל־אָחִינוֹ אֲשֶׁר רָאִינוּ עֶרַת נַפְשָׁוֹ בְּהִתְחַנְנוֹ אֵלֵינוּ וְלֹא שָׁמַענוּ עַל־כֵּן בָּאָה אֵלֵינוּ הַצָרָה הַזְאת : 2 ויען רְאוּבֵן אֹתָם לֵאמר הֲלוֹא אָמַרְתִּי אֲלֵיכֶס לֶאמֶר אַל־תָּחֶטְאוּ בַיָּלֶד וְלֹא שְׁמַעְתֶּם וְגַם־דָּמִוֹ הִנֵּה נִדְרָשׁ: 23 וְהֵם לֹא יָדְעוּ כִּי טמֵעַ יוֹסֶף כִּי הַמֵלִיץ בִּינָתָם: 24 וַיִּשָּׂב מֵעֲלֵיהֶם וַיְבָךְ וַיִּשֶׁב אֲלֵהֶם וַיְדַבֵּר אֲלֵהֶם וַיִּקְח מֵאִתָּם אֶת־שְׁמְשׂוֹ וַיאמֶר אֹתוֹ לֶעֵינֵיהֶם: 25 וַיְצַו יוֹסֵף וַיְמַלְאוּ אֶת כְּלֵיהֶם בָּרוּלְהָשִׁיב כַּסְפִּיהֶם אִישׁ אֶל־שָׂקוֹ וְלָתֵת לָהֶן צדָה לַדֶּרֶךְ וַיַּעַשׂ לָהֶם כֵּן : 26 וַיִּשְׂאוּ אֶת־שִׁבְרֶס עַל חֶמְרֵיהֶם וַיֵּלְכוּ מִשָּׁם: 27 וַיִּפְתַּח הָאֶחָד אֶת־שָׂקוֹ לָתֵי מִסְפָּוֹא לַחֲמֹרוֹ בַּמָּלוֹן וַיַּרְא אֶת־כַּסְפּוֹ וְהִנֵּה־הוּא בְּן אַמְתַּחְתּוֹ : 28 וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל־אֶחָיו הוּשָׁב כַּסְפִּי וְנָס הַבַּ


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until he left numbering, for it was Now when Jacob saw that without number.

50 And unto Joseph were born there was corn in Egypt, Jacob two sons, before the years of said unto his sons, Why do ye famine came : which Asenath, the look one upon another. daughter of Poti-pherah priest of 2 And he said, Behold, I have On, hare unto him.

heard that there is corn in Egypt: 51 And Joseph called the name of get you down thither, and buy for the first-born Manasseh: for God us from thence; that we may live, said he, hath made me forget all and not die. my toil and all my father's house. 3 | And Joseph's ten brethren

52 And the name of the second went down to buy corn in Egypt. I called he Ephraim: for God hath 4 But Benjamin Joseph's brother, caused me to be fruitful in the Jacob sent not with his brethren: land of my affliction.

for he said, Lest peradventure 53 | And the seven years of mischief befal him. plenteousness that was in the land 5 And the sons of Israel came of Egypt, were ended.

to buy corn among those that 54 And the seven years of came : for the famine was in the dearth began to come, according land of Canaan. as Joseph had said : * and the 6 And Joseph was the governor dearth was in all lands; but in over the land, and he it was that the land of Egypt there was bread. sold to all the people of the land:

55 And when all the land of and Joseph's brethren came, and Egypt was famished the people bowed down themselves before cried to Pharaoh for bread; and him, with their faces to the Pharaoh said unto all the Egypt- earth. ians, Go unto Joseph; what he 7 And Joseph saw his brethren, saith to you do.

and he knew them, but made 56 And the famine was over all the himself strange unto them, and face of the earth : and Joseph open- spake roughly unto them; | and ed all the store-houses, and sold he said unto them, Whence come unto the Egyptians; and the famine ye? And they said, From the land waxed sore in the land of Egypt. of Canaan to buy food.

57 And all countries came into 8 And Joseph knew his brethren, Egypt to Joseph for to buy corn; but they knew not him. ! because that the famine was so 9 And Joseph remembered the sore in all lands.

dreams which he dreamed of the CHAP. XLII.

and said unto them, Ye are spies; I Jacob sendeth his ten sons to buy to see the nakedness of the land corn in Egypt. 6 They are im- you are come. prisoned by Joseph for spies. 10 And they said unto him,

* This verified his prediction more than the seven years of plenty-immediately after the seven years of plenty the dearth instantly commenced, without any intervention according as he had said.

$ Heb. All wherein was. $ It is the opinion of some, that Joseph had given strict orders not to sell any corn to any person, except it was for bis own use and consumption; and which he did with the intention of obliging his brethren to come down, otherwise they might have commissioned the Canaanites to have purchased for them, and which plan of Joseph's succeeded accordingly.

| Heb. Hard things with them. As it is mentioned in the preceding verse that Joseph knew his brethren, it seems rather superfluous to mention it again; but the Rabbins are of opinion that the meaning of the expression in this verse, is, that when Joseph's brethren were in his power, he knew them as brethren, and used them with tenderness and affection : but when he was in their power, they did not know him in the relation of a brother, neither had they any feeling for him as such, but sold him as a slave,

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