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21 And he restored the chief and blasted with the east-wind butler unto his butler-ship again; sprung up after them. and he gave the cup into Pharaoh's 7 And the seven thin ears devourhand :

ed the seven rank and full ears : 22 But he hanged the chief and Pharaoh awoke, and behold, baker: as Joseph had interpreted it was a dream. to them.

8 And it came to pass in the 23 Yet did not the chief butler morning that his spirit was trouremember Joseph, but forgat him.* bled; and he sent and called for

all the magicians of Egypt, and CHAP. XLI.

all the wise-men thereof: and 1 Pharaoh's two dreams. 25 Joseph Pharaoh told them his dream ; but

interpreteth them. 33 He giveth there was none that could interpret Pharaoh counsel. 38 Joseph is

them unto Pharaoh. advanced. 50 He begetteth Man

9 Then spake the chief butler asseh and Ephraim.

unto Pharaoh, saying, I do remem

ber my faults this day. AND

ND it came to pass at the end 10 Pharaoh was wroth with his of two full years, that Pharaoh servants, and put me in ward in dreamed, and behold, he stood by the captain of the guard's house, the river.

both me and the chief baker. 2 And behold, there came up 11 And we dreamed a dream in out of the river § seven well- one night, I and he: we dreamed favoured kine, and fat-fleshed; each man according to the interand they fed in a meadow.

pretation of his dream. || 3 And behold, seven other kine 12 And there was there with us came up after them out of the a young man, an Hebrew, servant river ill-favoured, and lean-flesh- to the captain of the guard; and ed; and stood by the other kine, we told him, and he interpreted upon the brink of the river.

to us our dreams: to each man 4 And the ill-favoured and lean- according to his dream he did fleshed kine, did eat up the seven interpret. well-favoured and fat kine. So 13* And it came to pass, as he Pharaoh awoke.

interpreted to us, so it was: me 5 And he slept and dreamed he restored unto mine office, and the second time: and behold, seven

him he hanged. ears of corn came up upon one

14 | Then Pharaoh sent and stalk, rank and good. I

called Joseph and they brought 6 And behold, seven thin ears him hastily T out of the dungeon:

That is, he shewed his ingratitude to him (as is generally the custom of mankind,) in not mentioning him to the king, till God was pleased to force him to it, by means of Pharaoh's dreams.

♡ This suited exceedingly well with the nature of the thing; for as both the fruitfulness and barrenness of Egypt depended upon the increase or diminution of the waters of the river Nile, which yearly overflows, he therefore very properly saw them coming out of that river, from whence proceeded both plenty and famine. Nachmanides and Abarbanel

Heb. Fat. i This was a great proof of Joseph's penetration in interpreting the two dreams differently, for it might naturally be expected, that as their dreams were alike the interpretations would be so also : but this Joseph did not do, and yet, both of them were accomplished, according to the different predictions.

Heb. Made him run. Ver. 18.-Phantasms in dreams were superstitiously thought to be symbolical : God therefore when it was his good pleasure to send dreams to Pharauli, made the foundation of them two well known symbols; and this doubtless in order to engage the dreamer's more serious attention : but then to confound the Egyptian oneirocritics (interpreters of dreams) these dreams were so circumstanced with matters foreign to the principles of their art, that there was need of a truly divine interpreter.

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עֲבָדֶיו : 21 וַיֵּשֶׁב אֶת־שַר הַמַשְׁקִים עַל־מַשְׁקֵהוּ וַיתן הַכּוֹס עַל־־כַּף פַּרְעָה : 22 וְאֵת שָׂר הָאֹפִים תָּלָה כַּאֲשֶׁר פָּתַר לָהֶם יוֹסֵף : 23 וְלֹא־אָכַרְ שַׁר־הַמַּשְׁקִים

אֶת־יוֹסֵף וַיִּשְׁכָּחֵהוּ :

סדר מקץ

וַיְהִי מַקֵּץ שְׁנָתַיִם יָמִים וּפַרְעָה חֹלֵם וְהִנֵּה עמֹד עַל־

הַיְאֹר: 2 וְהִנֵּה מִן־־הַיְאֹר עלת שֶׁבַע פָּרוֹת וְפִוֹת מַרְאֶה וּבְרִיאֵת בָּשָׂר וַתִּרְעֶינָה בָּאָחוּ: 3 וְהִנֵּה שֶׁבַע פְּרות אֲחֵרוֹת עלות אַחֲרֵיהֶן מִן־הַיְאֹר רָעוֹת מַרְאֶה וְדַקות בָּשָׂר וַתַּעַמָדְנָה אֵצֶל הַפָּרְוֹת עַל־שְׂפַת הַיְאֹר: 4 וַתּאכַלְנָה הַפָּרוֹת רָעוֹת הַמַּרְאֶה וְדַקַת הַבָּשָׂר אֵת שֶׁבַע הַפָּרֹוֹת יְפַת הַמַרְאֶה וְהַבְּרִיאֵת וַיִּיקַץ פַּרְעֹה : 5 וַיִּישָׁן וַחֲלִם שֵׁנִית וְהִנֵּה שֶׁבַע שְׁבָּלִים עלוֹת בְּקָנֶה אֶחָד בְּרִיאוֹת וְסִבְוֹת: 6 וְהִנֵּה שֶׁבַע שְׁבָּלִים הַקוֹת וּשְׁדוּפַת קָדִים צִמְחוֹת אַחֲרֵיהֶן : ד וַתִּבְלַעֲנָה הַשְׁבָּלִים הַבֵּקות אֶת־שֶׁבַע הַשְׁבָּלִים הַבְּרִיאוֹת וְהַמְלַאוֹת וַיִּיקַץ פַּרְעֹה וְהִנֵּה חֲלִוֹם: 8 וַיְהִי בַבּקֶר וַתִּפָּעֶם רוּחוֹ וַיִּשְׁלַח וַיִּקְרָא אֶת־כָּל־חַרְטְמַי מִצְרַיִם וְאֶת־כָּל־חֲכָמִיהָ וַיְסַפַּר פַּרְעָה לָהֶם אֶת־חֲלֹמוֹ וְאֵין-פּוֹתֵר אוֹתָם לְפַרְעֹה: 9 וַיְדַבֵּר שַׂר הַמַּשְׁקִים אֶת־פַּרְעֹה לֵאמֹר אֶת-חֲטָאֵי אֲנִי מַזְכִּיר הַיוֹם : 10 פַּרְעֹה קָצַף עַל־עֲבָדָיו וַיִּתֵּן אֹתִי בְּמִשְׁמַר בֵּית טָר הַטַבָּחִים אֹתִי וְאֵת שָׂר הָאֹפִים: 11 וַנַּחַלְמָה חֲלָום בְּלַיְלָה אֶחָד אֲנִי וָוהוּא אִישׁ כְּפִתְרוֹן חֲלֹמוֹ חָלָמְנוּ :

וְשָׁם אִתָּנוּ נַעַר עִבְרִי עֶבֶד לְשָׂר הַטַבָּחִים וַנְסְפַּר־ לוֹ וַיִּפְתָּר־לָּנוּ אֶת־חֲלֹמֹתֵינוּ אִישׁ כַּחֲלֹמוֹ פָּתָר: 13 וַיְהִי כַּאֲשֶׁר בָּחַר־לָנוּ כֵּן הָיָה אֹתִי הֵשִׁיב עַל־כַּנִּי וְאֹתוֹ חָלָה: 14 וַיִּשְׁלַח פַּרְעֹה וַיִּקְרָא אֶת־יוֹסֵף וַיְרִיעֶהוּ מִן־





5 9 And they dreamed a dream thou shalt deliver Pharaoh's cup both of them, each man his dream into his hand, after the former in one night, each man according manner when thou wast his butler. to the interpretation of his dream; 14 But think on me when it the butler and the baker of the shall be well with thee, ** and king of Egypt, which were bound shew kindness, I pray thee, unto in the prison.

and make mention of me unto 6 And Joseph came in unto them Pharaoh, and bring me out of in the morning, and looked upon this house. them, and behold they were sad. 15 For indeed I was stolen away

7 And he asked Pharaoh's officers out of the land of the Hebrews : that were with him in the ward of and here also have I done nothing his lord's bouse, saying, Where- that they should put me into the fore look ye so sadly to day. * dungeon. $$

8 And they said unto him, We 16 When the chief baker saw have dreamed a dream, and there that the interpretation was good; is no interpreter of it. And he said unto Joseph, I also was Joseph said unto them, Do not in my dream, and behold, I had interpretations belong to God? | three white baskets on my head. tell me them, I pray you.

17 And in the uppermost basket 9 And the chief butler told his there was of all manner of bakedream to Joseph, and said unto meats if for Pharaoh; and the birds him, In my dream, behold, a vine did eat them out of the basket was before me.

10 And in the vine were three 18 And Joseph answered, and branches : and it was as though it said, This is the interpretation budded, and her blossoms shot thereof: The three baskets are forth; and the clusters thereof three days. brought forth ripe grapes.

19 Yet within three days shall 11 And Pharaoh's cup was in Pharaoh lift up thy head from off my hand : and I took the grapes, thee, and shall hang thee on a tree: and pressed them into Pharaoh's and the birds shall eat thy flesh cup, and I gave the cup into from off thee. Pharaoh's hand.

20 And it came to pass the 12 And Joseph said unto him, third day, which was Pharaoh's This is the interpretation of it: birth-day, that he made a feast The three branches are three days. . unto all his servants: and he

13 Yet within three days shall lifted up the head of the chief Pharaoh lift up thine head, || and butler, and of the chief baker restore thee unto thy place: and among his servants.

upon my head.

* Heb. Are your faces evil. This discovers Joseph's real character, which was kindness and compassion to all about him; and which made him rather intrude upon them by his enquiry.

Not with us, as being in prison, otherwise we might have had resort to the magicians, and interpreters of dreams; but here there is none to interpret it.

* Ye are greatly mistaken, says Joseph, to imagine that the interpreters can make known the signification of dreams, without the assistance of the Divine Being : and therefore, tell them me I pray you, for who knows, but God may perhaps instruct me to answer them. Abarbanel.

| The Hebrew expression, made use of here, means, to take an account, signifying, to consider of his offenres and services : vide Numbers, chap i. ver. 2. but in verse 19, the same expression means, lift up thy head, because there the verb is followed by an oblative, from off thee, meaning that he should suffer death.

Heb. Remember me with thee. ** When you are reinstated in the king's favour, as heretofore, and all past afflictions are forgot.

99 Joseph was rash in saying that he was put in prison for nothing: for, that was a reflection against his master; and this may have been the cause of the chief butlers neglect in endeavouring to procure him his liberty, as those great officers commonly link together, particularly when they are in favour.

* Heb Meat of Pharaob, the work of a baker, or cook,

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