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אַבְרָהָם אֶל-נְעָרָיו וַקמוּ וַיֵּלְכוּ יַחְדָּו אֶל־בְּאֵר שָׁבַע
וישב אַבְרָהָם בִּבְאֵר שָׁבַע : מפטיר ו וַיְהִי אַחֲרֵי הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה וַיְגָד לְאַבְרָהָם לֵאמר
הִנֵּה יָלְדָה מִלְכָּה גַם־הוא בָּנִים לְנָחוֹר אָחִיךְ: 21 אֶת־ עוּץ בְּכֹרוֹ וְאֶת־בּוּז אָחִיו וְאֶת־קְמוּאֵל אֲבִי אֲרָם : 2 וְאֶת־כָּטֶר וְאֶת־חֲלֹוֹ וְאֶת־פַּלְדָּשׁ וְאֶת־יִדְלֶף וְאֵת בְּתוּאֵל: 23 וּבְתוּאֵל יָלַד אֶת־רִבְקָה שְׁמֹנָה אֵלֶה לְדָה מִלְכָּה לְנָחוֹר אֲחִי אַבְרָהָם: 24 וּפִילַגְשׁוֹ וּשְׁמָהּ רְאוּמָה וַתֵּלֶד גַּם־הִוא אֶת־טֶבַח וְאֶת־בֵּחַם וְאֶת־תַּחַשׁ
הי, וַיִּהְיוּ חַיֵי שָׂרָה מֵאָה שָׁנָה וְעֶשְׂרִים שָׁנָה וְשֶׁבַע שָׁנִים
שְׁנֵי חַיֵּי שָׂרָה: 2 וַתָּמָת שָׂרָה בְּקִרְיַת אַרְבַּע הִוא חֶבְרוֹן בְּאֶרֶץ כְּנָעַן וַיָּבֹא אַבְרָהָם לִסְפְּד לְשָׂרָה וְלִבְכֹּתָה: 3 וַיָּקָם אַבְרָהָם מֵעַל פְּנֵי מֵתוֹ וַיְדַבֵּר אֶל-בְּנֵי-חֵת לַאמְר : 4 בֶּר־וְתוֹשָׁב אָנֹכִי עַמָּכֶם תְּנוּ לִי אֲחָזַת-קָבֶר עמָּכֶם וְאֶקְבְּרֶה מֵתִי מִלְפָנָי: 5 ו עַנְוּ בְנֵי־חֵת אֶת־ אַבְרָהָם לֵאמֹר
שְׁמָעֵנוּ אֲדֹנִי נְשִׂיא אֱלֹהִים אַתָּה בְּתוֹכֵנוּ בְּמִבְחַר קְבָרִינוּ קְבוֹ אֶת־מֵתֵךְ אִישׁ מִמֶּנּוּ אֶת־קִבְרָוֹ לֹא־יִכְלֶה מִמְךְ מִקְבֵר מֵתֵךְ: 7 וַיָּקָם אַבְרָהָם וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ לְעס־הָאָרֶץ לִבְנֵי־חֵת : 8 וַיְדַבֵּר אִתָּם לֵאמר אם־ישאֶת־נַפְשְׁכֶם לִקְבַּר אֶת־מֵתִי מִלְפָנַי שְׁמָעוּנִי וּפִגְעוּ־לִי בְּעֶפְרוֹן בֶּן־צְחַר : 9 וְיִתֶּן־לִי אֶת־ מְעָרַת הַמַכְפֵּלָה אֲשֶׁר־לוֹ אֲשֶׁר בִּקְצֵה שָׂרֵהוּ בְּכֶסֶף מָלֵא יִתְּנֶנָּה לִי בְּתוֹכְכֶם לַאֲחיַּת קָבֶר: 10 וְעֶפְרוֹן יֹשֵׁב בְּתוֹךְ בְּנֵי-חֵת וַיַען עֶפְרוֹן הַחִתִּי אֶת־אַבְרָהָם בְּאָזְנֵי בְנֵי־חֵת לְכָל בָּאֵי שַׁעַר־עִירוֹ לֵאמֹר:װלָא אֲדֹנִישְׁמָעֵנִי הַשָּׂדֶה נָתַתִּי לָךְ וְהַמְעָרָה אֲשֶׁר־בּוֹ לְךְ נְתַתִּיהָ לְעֵינֵי
and clave the wood for the burnt- and said Abraham, Abraham. And offering, and rose up and went he said, Here am I. unto the place of which God had • 12 And he said, Lay not thine told him.
hand upon the lad, neither do 4 Then on the third day Abraham, thou any thing unto him; for now lifted up his eyes, and saw the I know that thou fearest God, § place afar off.
seeing thou hast not withheld thy 5 And Abraham said unto his son, thine only son from me. young men, Abide you here with 13 And Abraham lifted up his . the ass; and I and the lad will go eyes and looked, and behold, beyonder and worship, and come hind him a ram caught in a thicket again to you.
by his horns : and Abraham went 6 And Ábraham took the wood of and took the ram, and offered the burnt-offering, and laid it upon him up for a burnt-offering, in the Isaac his son; and he took the fire stead of his son. in his hand, and a knife: and they 14 And Abraham called the went both of them together. name of that place Jehovah-jireh:
7 And Isaac spake unto Abraham as it is said to this day, In the his father, and said, My father : mount of the LORD it shall be seen. and he said, Here am I, my son, 15 And the angel of the LORD And he said, Behold the fire and called unto Abraham out of heaven the wood: but where is the lamb the second time, for a burnt-offering?
16 And said, by myself have I 8 And Abraham said, My son, sworn, saith the LORD, I for beGod will provide himself a lamb * cause thou hast done this thing, for a burnt-offering: so they went
and hast not withheld thy son, both of them together.
thine only son : 9 And they came to the place 17 That in blessing I will bless which God had told him of, and thee, and in multiplying I will Abraham built an altar there, and multiply thy seed as the stars of laid the wood in order; and bound the heaven, and as the sand which Isaac his son, and laid him on the is upon the sea-shore; and thy altar upon the wood.
seed shall possess the gate of his 10 And Abraham stretched forth enemies; his hand, and took the knife to 18 And in thy seed shall all the slay his son.
nations of the earth be blessed: 11 And the angel of the LORD because thou hast obeyed my voice. called unto him out of heaven, 19 So Abraham returned unto
us of the truth and reality of the spirit of prophecy, and that the prophets had not a doubt of the truth of what they saw, and heard in a vision, although it might be contrary to the common or ordinary course of nature, &c. Maimonides in Moreh Nevucheem, part 8, chap. xxiii.
* Abraham carried no lamb with him, because he was not ordered to do it; and being asked by his son where the lamb was for the burnt-offering, he answered him, “I trust in God that he will provide himself the lanıb for the burnt-offering :" by which it appears as if he expected to find, at the place, a lamb ready to his hand ? but, arriving at the place, and not finding any thing of which he could take for a burnt-offering, he concluded that the commandment was to offer up his son. What follows of this narrative needs no comment. The period of Isaac's life, in which this trial was made, I think most likely to have been when he was thirteen years old, which is the time that the Jews begin to initiate their children in religious rites. He could not well be much younger, since he was capable of carrying the wood, &c. nor much older, because his father would not have been able to tie him, since this could not have been done with his consent ; for, had it been so, his trial would have been greater than his father's, of which Scripture would have taken notice; but we do not find it ever doth.
♡ As this expression seems to be opposite to God's omniscience: Í shall say a few words in answer to it: that it is the opinion among the Jewish commentators, that these words were the angel's: and who, as a creature, was not so fully acquainted with his righteousness before, as after the act.
# This, as Nachmanides observes, is a sure pledge of God's providence in the preservation of Abrahain's posterity ? and their future redemption; when all nations shall be blessed in them, i.e. 1 be brought to the knowledge and service of the one true God.
בְּנָוֹ וַיְבַקַע עֲצֵי עלָה וַיָּקָם וַיֵּלֶךְ אֶל־הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר־אָמַר־
הָאֱלֹהִים: 4 בַּיּוֹם הַשְׁלִישִׁי וַיִּשָּׂא אַבְרָהָם אֶת־ עֵינָיו וַיַּרְא אֶת־הַמָּקוֹם מֵרָחֹקְ: 5 וַיֹּאמֶר אַבְרָהָם אֶל־ נְעָרָיו שְׁבוּ-לָכֶס פּה עִם-הַחֲמוֹר וַאֲנִי וְהַנַּעַר נֵלְכָה עַד־ כָּה וְנִשְׁתַּחֲוֶה וְנָשְׁוּבָה אֲלֵיכֶם: 6 וַיְקַח אַבְרָהָם אֶת־ עצי הָעֹלָה וַיָּשֶׂם עַל־יִצְחָק בְּנוֹ וַיִּקָּח בְּיָדוֹ אֶת־הָאֵשׁ וְאֶת־הַמַּאֲכֶלֶת וַיֵּלֶכְוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם יַחְדָּו : 7 וַיֹּאמֶר יִצְחָק אֶל־אַבְרָהָם אָבִיו וַיֹּאמֶר אָבִי וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֵּנִי בְנִי וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֵּה הָאֵשׁ וְהָעֵצִים וְאַיֵּה הַשֶׂה לְעלֶה: 8 וַיֹּאמֶר אַבְרָהָם אֱלֹהִים יִרְאֶה־לוֹ הַשָׂה לְעלֶה בְּנֵי וִילְכוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם יַחְדָּו : 9 וַיָּבֹאוּ אֶל־־הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר אָמַר-לוֹ הָאֱלֹהִים יִבֶן שָׁם אַבְרָהָם אֶת־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וַיַּעֲרֹךְאֶת־הָעֵצִים וַעֲקַר אֶת־יִצְחָק בְּנוֹ וַיָּשֶׂם אֹתוֹ עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ מִמַעל לעצים: 10 וַיִּשְׁלַח אַבְרָהָם אֶת־יָדוֹ וַיִּקְחַ אֶת־הַמַּאֲכֶלֶת לִשְׁחַט אֶת־בְּנָוֹ : ii וַיִּקְרָא אֵלָיו מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה מִן־הַשָּׁמַיִם וַיֹּאמֶר אַבְרָהָם אַבְרָהָם וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֵּנִי : 12 וַיֹּאמֶר אַל־ תִּשְׁלַח יָדֶךְ אֶל־הַנַּעַר וְאַל־תַּעַשׂ לוֹ מְאוּמָה כִּי עַתָּה יָדַעְתִּי כִּי-יְרֵא אֱלֹהִים אַתָּה וְלֹא חָשַׂכְתָּ אֶת־בִּנְךְ אֶת־יְחִירְךְ מִמֶּנִּי : 13 וַיִּשָּׂא אַבְרָהָם אֶת-עֵינָיו וַיַּרְא וְהִנֵּה-אַיִל אַחַר נֶאֱחַז בַּפְּבָךְ בְּקַרְנָיו וַיֵּלֶךְ אַבְרָהָם ויקח אֶת־הָאַיִל וַיַּעֲלֵהוּ לְעלֶה תַּחַת בְּנְוֹ: 14 וַיִּקְרָא אַבְרָהָם שֵׁם־הַמָּקוֹם הַהוּא יְהוָה יִרְאֶה אֲשֶׁר יֵאָמֵר הַיּוֹם בְּהַר יְהוָה יֵרָאֶה : 15 וַיִּקְרָא מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה אֶל־ אַבְרָהָם שֵׁנִית מִן־הַשָּׁמָיִם: 16 וַיֹּאמֶר בִּי נִשְׁבַּעְתִּי נְאֻם־יְהוָה כִּי יַעַן אֲשֶׁר עָשִׂיתָ אֶת־הַדָּבָר הַוּם וְלֹא חָשַׁכְתָּ אֶת־בִּנְךָ אֶת-יְחִידֶךְ : 7וּ כִּי־בָרֶךְ, אֲבָרֶכְן וְהַרְבָּה אַרְבֶּה אֶת־זַרְעֲךָ כְּכוֹכְבֵי הַשָּׁמַיִם וְכַחוֹל אֲשֶׁ עַל־שְׂפַת הַיָּם וְרָשׁ זַרְעֲךָ אֵת שַׁעַר אֹיְבָיו: 18 וְהִתְבָּרַךְ בְזַרְעֲךָ כֹּל גּוֹיֵי הָאָרֶץ עֵקֶב אֲשֶׁר שָׁמַעְתָּ בְּקֹלִי: 19 וַש
and he grew, and dwelled in the ewe-lambs shalt thou take of my wilderness, and became an archer. hand, that they may be a witness
21 And he dwelled in the wilder-" unto me, that I have digged this ness of Paran : and his mother well. took him a wife out of the land of 31 Wherefore he called that Egypt,
place Beer-sheba: I because there 22 | And it came to pass at they sware both of them. that time, that Abimelech and 32 Thus they made a covenant Phichol the chief captain of his at Beer-sheba: then Abimelech host spake unto Abraham, saying, rose up, and Phichol the chief God is with thee in all that thou captain of his host, and they doest.
returned into the land of the 23 Now therefore swear unto Philistines. me here by God, that thou wilt 33 9 And Abraham planted a not deal falsly with me, * nor with grove in Beer-sheba, and called my son, nor with my son's son: there on the name of the LORD, but according to the kindness that the everlasting God, I have done unto thee, thou shalt 34 And Abraham sojourneyed do unto me, and to the land where- in the Philistines land many days. in thou hast sojourneyed,
24 And Abraham said, I will CHAP. XXII. swear.
1 Abraham offering Isaac. 11 is 25 And Abraham reproved Abi
stayed by an angel: 15 He is melech because of a well of water,
blessed again. 20 The generation which Abimelech's servants had
of Nahor unto Rebekah. 26 And Abimelech said, I wot AND it came to pass after these
. not who hath done this thing: things, that God did tempt Abraneither didst thou tell me, & neither ham, || and said unto him, Abraham, yet heard I of it but to day. and he said, Behold here I am.
27 And Abraham took sheep, 2 And he said, Take now thy and oxen, and gave them unto son, thipe only son Isaac, whom Abimelech : and both of them thou lovest, and get thee into the made a covenant.
land of Moriah; and offer him 28 And Abraham set seven ewe
there for a burnt-offering upon lambs of the flock by themselves. one of the mountains which I will
29 And Abimelech said unto tell thee of. Abraham, What mean these seyen 3 And Abraham rose up early ewe-lambs, which thou hast set in the morning, and saddled his by themselves?
ass, and took two of his young 30 And he said, For these seven men with him, and Isaac his son;
As Abraham was not his subject he could not command him; but as Abraham had sojourneyed in his land, and he was acquainted-with the power of Abraham, i. e. God's protectiun : he was desirous of Abraham's oath, that he would live in amity with him : and which, as Nachmanides says, was what Abraham was right in doing, as Abimelech had treated him well: and as to the affair the well, . Abraham rebuked him for it, although he seems not to be in fault.
Ø Hence, it appears that if Abraham had complained of the injury done him sooner, it would have been redressed.
# That is, the well of the path. | Not that it was necessary for God to try him in order to know whether Abraham had faith and love sufficient to obey his coinmand, for all things are known to him; neither was it that the rest mankind might be made acquainted with his righteousness, for there was nobody present, not even his own servants ; but Nachmanides hath observed, it was (by being recorded in holy writ) acquaint us with the full extent of Abraham's faith and love which he bore towards the Suprem Being; in that he not only put himself in jeopardy by circumcising himself in his old age; and als banished Ishmael : but that even this son which was given him as the greatest of blessings in uld age, he was willing and ready to sacrifice at his command: he farther observes, that it inform פ
אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הַנַּעַר וַיִּנְהֶל וַיֵּשֶׁב בַּמִּדְבָּר וַיְהִי רֹבֶה קָשֶׁת: 21 וַיֵּשֶׁב בְּמִדְבַּר פָּארָן וַתְּקַח־לוֹ אִמָּוֹ אִשָׁה
מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם : ששי 22 וַיְהִי בָּעֵת הַהִוא וַיֹּאמֶר אֲבִימֶלֶךְ וּפִיכל שַׂר־צְבָאוֹ
אֶל־אַבְרָהָם לֵאמר אֱלֹהִים עֶמְךְ בְּכָל אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּה עשֶׂה: 23 וְעַתָּה הִשָּׁבְעָה לִי בֵאלֹהִים הֵנָּה אִם־תִּשְׁקֶר לִי וּלְנִינִי וּלְנֶכְרִי כָּחֶסֶדאֲשֶׁר־עָשִׂיתִי עִמָּךְ תַּעֲשֶׂה עַמְדִי וְעִם־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־בַּרְתָּה בָּה: 24 וַיֹּאמֶר אַבְרָהָם אָנֹכִי אִשָּׁבְע : 25 וְהוֹכֵחַ אַבְרָהָם אֶת־אֲבִימֶלֶךְ עַל־אדות בְּאֵר הַמַּיִם אֲשֶׁר גָּזְלוּ עַבְדֵי אֲבִימֶלֶךְ : 28 וַיֹּאמֶר אֲבִימֶלֶךְ לֹא יָדַעְתִּי מִי עָשָׂה אֶת־הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה וְגַם־ אַתָּה לֹא־הִגַּדְתָּ לִי וְגַם אָנכִי לֹא שָׁמַעְתִּי בִּלְתִּי הַיום : 27 וַיִּקְח אַבְרָהָם צאן וּבָקָר וַיִּתֵּן לַאֲבִימֶלֶךְ וַיִּכְרְתוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם בְּרִית : 28 יב אַבְרָהָם אֶת־שֶׁבַע כִּבְשָׂת הַצְאן לְבַדְהֶן : 29 וַיֹּאמֶר אֲבִימֶלֶךְ אֶל־אַבְרָהָם מָה הֵנָּה שֶׁבַע כְּבָשָׂת הָאֵלֶה אֲשֶׁר הִצַּבְתָּ לְבַדָּנָה 30 וַיֹּאמֶר כִּי אֶת־שֶׁבַע כְּבָשׂלֹת תִּקַח מִיָּדִי בַּעֲבוּר תִּהְיֶה־לִי לְעֵדָה כִּי חָפַרְתִּי אֶת־הַבְּאֵר הַזְאת: 31 עַל־ כֵּן קָרָא לַמָּקוֹם הַהוּא בְּאֵר שָׁבַע כִּי שָׁם נִשְׁבְּעוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם : ב וַיִּכְרְתוּ בְרִית בִּבְאֵר שָׁבַע וַיָּקָם אֲבִימֶלֶךְ וּפיכל שַׁר־צְבָאוֹ וַיָּשָׁבוּ אֶל־אֶרֶץ פְּלִשְׁתִּים: 33 ויטע אֲשֶׁל
בִּבְאֵר שָׁבַע וַיִּקְרָא־שָׁם בְּשֵׁם יְהוָה אֵל עוֹלָם: 34 וינר שביעי אַבְרָהָם בְּאֶרֶץ פְּלִשְׁתִּים יָמִים רַבִּים :
וַיְהִי אַחַר הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה וְהָאֱלֹהִים נְקָה אֶת־ בישל אַבְרָהָם וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו אַבְרָהָם וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֵּנִי: 2 וַיֹּאמֶר
קַח־נָא אֶת-בִּנְךָ אֶת-יְחִידְךָ אֲשֶׁר־אָהַבְתָּ אֶת־יִצְחָק וְלֶךְ־לִךְ אֶל־אֶרֶץ הַמְרִיָּה וְהַעֲלֵהוּ שָׁם לְעלֶה עַל אַחַר הֶהָרִים אֲשֶׁר אֹמַר אֵלֶיךְ : 3 וַיַּשְׁכֵּם אַבְרָהָם בַּבּקֶר וַיַּחֲבֹשׁ אֶת-חֲמֹרוֹ וַיִּקַח אֶת־שְׁנֵי נְעָרָיו אִתּוֹ וְאֵת יִצְחָק
פרשת יום - בישל ר"ה