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the city, then will I spare all the AND there came two angels to place for their sakes.
Sodom at even; and Lot sat in 27 And Abraham answered and the gate of Sodom; and Lot seeing said, Behold now, I have taken them, rose up to meet them; and upon me to speak unto the LORD, . he bowed himself with his face which 'am but dust and ashes.. toward the ground.
28 Peradventure there shall lack 2 And he said, Behold now, my five of the fifty, righteous: wilt : lords, turn in, I pray you, into thou destroy all the city for lack your servant's house, and tarry of five? And he said, If I find all night, and wash your feet, and there forty and five, I will not ye shall rise up early, and go on destroy it.
your way. And they said, Nay; 29 And he spake unto him yet but we will abide in the street all again and said, Peradventure there, night. shall be forty found there. And he 3. And he pressed upon them said, I will not do it for forty's sake. greatly; and they turned in unto
30 And he said unto him, Oh him, and entered into his house: let not the LORD he angry and I and he made them a feast, and did will speak : Peradventure there bake'unleavened bread, and they shall thirty be found there. And did eat. he said, I will not do it, if I find 4 But before they lay down, thirty there.
the men of the city, even the men 31 And he said, Behold now, I of Sodom, compassed the house have taken upon me to speak unto round, both old and young, all the LORD; Peradventure, there the people from every quarter. shall be twenty found there. And.. 5 And they called unto Lot, he said, I will not destroy it for and said unto him, Where are the twenty's sake.
men which came into thee this 32 And he said, Oh let not the night? bring them out unto us, LORD be angry, and I will speak that we may know them. yet but this once: Peradventure 6 And Lot went out at the door ten shall be found there. And he unto them, and shut the door said, I will not destroy it for ten's after him, sake.
7 And said, I pray you, brethren, 33 And the LORD went his way, do not so wickedly. as soon as he had left communing 8 Behold now, I have two, with Abraham: and Abraham re- daughters which have not known turned unto his place.
man; let me, I pray you, bring CHAP. XIX,
them out unto you, and do ye to 1 Lot entertaineth two angels. 24 them as is good in your eyes :
Sodom and Gomorrah destroyed. only unto these men do nothing; 26 Lot's wife punished. 31 His for therefore came they under the incest.
shadow of my roof.
* Without being informed by God's answer whether there were ten righteous persons by whose means they might all be saved: for although it was well known to God, yet, did he not think proper to inform Abraham thereof: all which, is to point out to us the free agency of man; that if he will repent, it is in his own power, agreeable to what Moses says, I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose Afe.” Deut. chap. xxx. verse 19. And therefore Abraham arose the next morning to see what was the consequence of his intercession; and when he perceived that the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace, he was fully satisfied of their fate. See ohap. xix. verse 21,-28.
בְסְדֶם חֲמִשִׁים צַדִיקִם בְּתוֹךְ הָעִיר וְנָשָׂאתִי לְכָל־ הַמָּקוֹם בַּעֲבוּרָם; 27 וַיַּעַן אַבְרָהָם וַיֹּאמַר הִנֵּה־נָא הוֹאַלְתִּי לְדַבֵּר אֶל־אֲדֹנָי וְאָנֹכִי עָפָר וָאֵפֶר: 28 אוּלַי יַחְסְרוּן חֲמִשִׁים הַצַדִיקִם חֲמִשָּׁה הֲתַשְׁחִית בַּחֲמִשָּׁה
ת־כָּל־הָעִיר וַיֹּאמֶר לֹא אַשְׁחִית אִם־אֶמְצָא שָׁם אַרְבָּעִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה: 29 וַיֹּסֶף עוֹד לְדַבֵּר אֵלָיו וַיֹּאמַר אוּלַי יִמָּצְאוּן שָׁם אַרְבָּעִים וַיֹּאמֶר לֹא אֵעֶשֶׂה בַּעֲבוּר הָאַרְבָּעִים: 30 וַיֹּאמֶר אַל־נָא יִחַר לַאדֹנָי וַאֲדַבֵּרָה אוּלַי יִמָּצְאוּן שָׁם שְׁלֹשִׁים וַיֹּאמֶר לֹא אֵעֶשֶׂה אִם־אֶמְצָא שָׁם שְׁלֹשִׁים: 31 וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֵּה־נָא הוֹאַלְתִּי לְדַבֵּר אֶל אוּלַי יִמָּצְאוּן שָׁם עֶשְׂרִים וַיֹּאמֶר לָא אַשְׁחִית בַּעֲבוּר הָעֶשְׂרִים: 32 וַיֹּאמֶר אַל־נָא יִחַר לַאדֹנָי וַאֲדַבְּרָה אַךְ־ הפעם אוּלַי יִמָּצְאוּן שָׁם עֲשָׂרָה וַיֹּאמֶר לֹא אַשְׁחִית בַּעֲבוּר הָעֲשָׂרָה: 33 וַיֵּלֶךְ יְהוָה כַּאֲשֶׁר כִּלָּה לְדַבֵּר אֶל־ אַבְרָהָם וְאַבְרָהָם שָׁב לִמְקמו : וַיָּבֹאוּ שְׁנֵי הַמַּלְאָכִים סְדֹמָה בָּעֶרֶב וְלֹוֹט יֹשֵׁב בְּשַׁעַר־סְדָם וַיִּרְא־לוֹט וַיָּקָם
לִקְרָאתָם וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ אַפַּיִם אֶרְצָה: 2 וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֵּה בָּא־ חול אֲדֹנָי סְוּרוּ נָא אֶל־בֵּית עַבְדְּכֶם וְלִינוּ וְרַחֲצוּ רַגְלֵיכֶם
וְהִשְׁכַּמְתֶּם וַהֲלַכְתֶּם לֶדַרְכְּכֶם וַיֹּאמְרוּ לֹא כִּי בָרְחוֹב נָלִין: 3 וַיִּפְצַר־בָּם מְאֹד וַיָּסְרוּ אֵלָיו וַיָּבֹאוּ אֶל־בֵּיתוֹ וַיַּעַשׂ לָהֶם מִשְׁתֶּה וּמַצְוֹת אָפָה וַיֹּאכֵלוּ : 4 טֶרֶ יִשְׁכָּבוֹ וְאַנְשֵׁי הָעִיר אַנְשֵׁי סְדֹם נָסַבּוּ עַל־־הַבּית מִנַּעַר וְעֶרְזָקֵן כָּל־הָעָם מִקְצֵה: 5 וַיִּקְרְאוּ אֶל־לוט וַיֹּאמְרוּ לוֹאַיה הָאֲנָשִׁים אֲשֶׁר־בָּאוּ אֵלֶיךָ הַלֶילָה הוֹצִיאֵם אלינו ונדעה אֹתָם: 6 ויצא אֲלֵהֶם לוֹט הַפַּתְחָה וְהַדָּלֶת סָגַר אַחֲרָיו : 7 וַיֹּאמַר אַל־נָא אַחַי תָּרֵעוּ : 8 הִנֵּה־נָא לִי שְׁתֵּי בָנוֹת אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יָדֶער אִישׁ אוֹצִיאָה־ בָּא אֶתְהֶן אֲלֵיכֶם יַעֲשׂוּ לָהֶן בַּטוֹב בְּעֵינֵיכֶם רַק לָאֲנָשִׁים הָאֵל אַל־־תַּעֲשׂוּ דָבָר כִּי־עַל־כֵּן בָּאוּ בְּצֵל קְרָתִי :
good, and gave it unto a young hide from Abraham that thing nian, and he hasted to dress it. which I do ;
8 And he took butter and milk, 18 Seeing that Abraham shall and the calf which he had dressed, surely become a great and mighty and set it before them; and he nation, and all the nations of the stood by them under the tree, and earth shall be blessed in him? they did eat.
19 For I know him that he will 9 And they said unto him, command his children and his Where is Sarah thy wife? And houshold after him, and they shall he said, Behold in the tent. keep the way of the LORD to do
10 And he said, I will certainly justice and judgment; that the return unto thee according to the LORD may bring upon Abraham time of life, and lo, Sarah thy that which he hath spoken of him. wife shall have a son. And Sarah - 20 And the LORD said, Because heard it in the tent-door which the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah was behind him.
is great, and because their sin is 11 Now Abraham and Sarah
very grievous; were old, and well stricken in age : 21 I will go down now, and see and it ceased to be with Sarah whether they have done altogether after the manner of women. according to the cry of it, which
12 Therefore Sarah laughed is come unto me; and if not, I within herself, * saying, After I will know. am waxed old, shall I have plea- 22 And the men turned their sure, my lord being old also ? faces from thence, and went to
13 And the LORD said unto wards Sodom: but Abraham stood Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah yet before the LORD. laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety 23 And Abraham drew near, bear a child, which am old ? and said, Wilt thou also destroy
14 Is any thing too hard for the the righteous with the wicked. LORD? at the time appointed will 24 Peradventure there be fifty I return unto thee, according to righteous within the city: § wilt the time of life, and Sarah shall thou also destroy and not spare the have a son.
place for the fifty righteous that 15 Then Sarah denied saying, are therein. I laughed not: for she was afraid. 25 That be far from thee to do And he said, Nay, but thou didst after this manner, to slay the laugh.
righteous with the wicked; and 16 | And the men rose up from that the righteous should be as thence, and looked towards So- the wicked, that be far from thee: dom : and Abraham went with Shall not the judge of all the earth them to bring them on the way. do right?
17 And the LORD said, shall I 26 And the LORD said, If I find
of the sixth hour; he might then with propriety have offered them bread: but as they did not immediately proceed to eat, Abraham in order to honour them, got ready a good tender calf, and before it could be brought to them, it was afternoon; for which reason, he did not bring any bread: and as to his hastening Sarah to get ready three measures of fine meal, and make cakes, that was for the guests whom he imagined might stay till the eyen of the Passover.
* Nachmanides observes, that the laughter within one's self, is by way of derision, but to laugh outright, is by way of joy for some benefit received, and which is not blameable, agreeable to what the Psalmist says, " Then was our mouth filled with laughter." Psalın, cxix. verse 2. Of the former, was Sarah's, who said that, although she might be enabled to have a child, yet, was there another impediment, i.e. her lord was old.
As there is mention made of city and place, it is thought by some that he interceded at first for Sodom cnly: but it may be persumed that Sodom (and which is particularly mentioned in God's answer) was called the city by way of eminence, and under which, all the rest were comprehended, as being perlaps subject, or subordinate to it.