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tion of the thoughts of his heart thou shalt make it of: the length was only evil continually.

of the ark shall be three hundred 6 And it repented the LORD that cubits, the breadth of it fifty he had made man on the earth, cubits, and the height of it thirty and it grieved him at his heart."

cubits, 7 And the LORD said, I will 16 A window shalt thou make destroy man,.whom I have created, to the ark, and in a cubit shalt from the face of the earth, both * thou finish it above; and the door man and beast, and the creeping of the ark shalt thou set in the thing, and the fowls of the air: side thereof: with lower, second, for it repenteth me that I have and third stories shalt thou make it. made them :

17 And behold, I, even I do 8 But Noah found grace in the bring a flood of waters upon the eyes of the LORD.

earth to destroy all flesh, wherein 9 These are the generations of is the breath of life, from under Noah : Noah was a just man and heaven: and every thing that is in perfect in his $ generations, and the earth shall die. Noah walked with God.

18 But with thee will I establish 10 And Noah begat three sons, my covenant: and thou shalt come Shem, Ham, and Japheth. into the ark; thou, and thy sons,

11 The earth also was corrupt and thy wife, and thy sons' wives before God, and the earth was with thee. filled with violence.

19 And of every living thing of 12 And God looked upon the all flesh, two of every sort shalt earth, and behold it'was corrupt: thou bring into the ark, to keep for all flesh had corrupted his them alive with thee: they shall way upon the earth.

be male and female. 13 And God said unto Noah, 20 Of fowls after their kind, The end of all flesh is come before and of cattle after their kind, of me; for the earth is filled with every creeping thing of the earth violence through them:and behold, after his kind : two of every sort I will destroy them with the earth. shall come unto thee, to keep them

14 | Make thee an ark of alive. gopher-wood : || rooms shalt thou 21 And take thou unto thee of make in the ark, and shalt pitch all food that is eaten, and thou it within and without with pitch. shalt gather it to thee, and it shall

15 And this is the fashion which be for food for thee, and for them. Ver. 1,-4. These sons of God, and mighty men, and men of renown. Aben Ezra observes, that, by “ the sons of Gud,” are to be understood, the sons of the princes or judges, who administered justice in the land, in the name of God: And so says Rabbi Solomon Jarchi; but Abarbanel observes, that the sons of God, were the descendents of Seth; and the daughters of men, the descendants of Cain.—I do not pretend to determine what is meant here; yet it is probable, that the Atlas, Jupiter, &c. of the fabulous writers, took their rise from them. : And they took them wives of all which they chose : there must, we should from hence infer, have been something criminal in their choice, but what it was we cannot tell.

Heb. From man unto beast. This is in the plural, although it ought properly to be in the singular; but the obvious meaning of the passage is, that during his long life he saw several generations, in all of which, notwithstanding their wickedness, he was nevertheless “ a just man

1 This is to be understood of the inhabitants of the earth, as in Genesis, chap. xli. ver. 37, agreeable to the idiom of the Hebrew language, to shew the excess of their wickedness. ·

i! The common translation gopher-wood, is wrong; for yy is in the plural number, and means rather pines or firs, that is, the wood of which pitch is made; and 793 is derived from man, which is a sort of bitumen, or pitch; and it is probably, the same as yod, for the 3 and the 3 are often put in Hebrew indifferently, as we find yupi and 1930u to have the same meaning: it should therefore be translated pitch-wood. Byp is the plural of 1P, a nest, and it means to express stalls, or folds, or proper partitions for all sorts of beasts, birds, &c.

Meaning a body of water gushing forth from heaven, so as to cause an immediate inundation




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13 וַיֹּאמֶר

מַחְשָׁבת לִבּוֹ רַק רַע כָּל־הַיום: 6 וַיִּנָּחֶם יְהוָה כִּי־עָשָׂה אֶת־הָאָדָם בָּאָרֶץ וַיִּתְעַצֵב אֶל־לִבּוֹ : 7 וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶמְחֶה אֶת־הָאָדָם אֲשֶׁר־בָּרָאתִי מֵעַל פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה מֵאָדָם עַד־בְּהֵמָהעַד־רֶמֶשׂ וְעַד־עוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם כִּי נִחַמְתִּי כִּי עֲשִׂיתִם : 8 וְנחַ מָצָא חֵן בְּעֵינֵי יְהוָה :

פ סדר נח9 אֵלֶה תּוֹלְדֹת נֹחַ נֹחַ אִישׁ צַדִּיק תָּמִים הָיָה

בְּדְרֹתָיו אֶת־הָאֱלֹהִים הִתְהַלֶּךְ־נְחַ : 10 וַיּוֹלֶד נֹחַ שְׁלֹשָׁה בָנִים אֶת־שֵׁם אֶת־חָם וְאֶת־יָפֶת: 11 וַתִּשָׁחֵת הָאָרֶץ לִפְנֵי הָאֱלֹהִים וַתִּמָּלֵא הָאָרֶץ חָמָס : 12 וירא אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הָאָרֶץ וְהִנֵּה נִשְׁחָתָה כִּי־הִשְׁחִית כָּל־ בָּשָׂר אֶת־דַרְכּוֹ עַל־הָאָרֶץ : אֱלֹהִים לְמֹה קץ כָּל־בָּשָׂר בָּא לְפָנַי כִּי־מָלְאָה הָאָרֶץ חָמָס מִפְּנֵיהֶם וְהִנְנִי מַשְׁחִיתָם אֶת־הָאָרֶץ:14 עֲשֵׂה לְךְ תֵּבַת עֲצֵי־־נֹפֶר קִנִּים תַּעֲשֶׂה אֶת־הַתֵּבָהוְכָפַרְתָּ אֹתָהּ מִבַּיִת וּמִחוּץ בַּכְּפֶר: 15 וְזֶה אֲשֶׁר תַּעֲשֶׂה אֹתָהּ שְׁלָשׁ מֵאוֹת אַמָּה אֹרֶךְ הַתֵּבָה חֲמִשִׁים אַמָּה רָחְבָּהּ וּשְׁלֹשִׁיס אַמָּה קוֹמָתָהּ ; 16 צְהַר תַּעֲשֶׂה לַתֵּבָה וְאֶל־אַמָר תְּכַלֶנָה מִלְמַעְלָה וּפֶתַח הַתֵּבָה בְּצֶדֶהּ תָּשִׂים תַּחְתִּיך שְׁנַיִם וּשְׁלִשִׁים תַּעֲשֶׂהָ:17 וַאֲנִי הִנְנִי מֵבִיא אֶת־הַמַּבּוּ מַיִם עַל־הָאָרֶץ לְשַׁחֵת כָּל־בָּשָׂר אֲשֶׁר־־בּוֹ רוּחַ חַיים מִתַּחַת הַשָּׁמָיִם כָּל אֲשֶׁר־בָּאָרֶץ יִגְרָע: 18 וַהֲקִמֹתִי אֶת בְּרִיתִי אִתָּךְ וּבָאתָ אֶל־הַתֵּבָה אַתָּה וּבָנִיךְ וְאִשְׁתּ וּנְשֵׁי־בָנֶיךָ אִתָּךְ:19 וּמִכָּל־הָחַי מִכָּל־בָּשָׂר שְׁנַיִם מִכָּ תָּבִיא אֶל־הַתֵּבָה לְהַחֲיִת אִתָּךְ זָכָר וּנְקֵבָה יִהְיוּ 20 מֵהָעוֹף לְמִינֵהוּ וּמִן־־הַבְּהֵמָה לְמִינָהּ מִכָּל רֶמֶ הָאֲדָמָה לְמִינֵהוּ שְׁנַיִם מִכָּל יָבאוּ אֵלֶיךָ לְהַחֲיות 21 וְאַתָּה קַח־לְךָ מִכָּל־מַאֲכָל אֲשֶׁר יֵאָכֵל וְאָסַפְתָּ אֵלִי



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19 And Jared Hired after he and five years, and begat sonstid begat Enoch eight hundred years, daughters. and begat sons and daughters. 31 And all the days of Lamech

20 And all the days of Jared were seven hundred seventy and were nine hundred sixty and two seven years : and he died. years : and he died.

32 And Noah was five hundred 21 And Enoch lived sixty and years old : and Noah begat Shemt, five years, and begat Methuselah. Ham, and Japheth. $ 22 And Enochi walked with God

CHAP. VI. after he begat Methuselah, three i The wickedness of the world hundred years, and begat sons causeth the flood. 8 Noah findeth and daughters.

grace. 14 The order, form, and 23 And all the days of Enoch end of the ark. were three hundred sixty and five

AND it came to pass when men years.

24 And Enoch walked with God, began to multiply on the face of and he was not : for God took him the earth, and daughters were

25 | And Methuselaħ lived an born unto them, hundred eighty and seven years,

2 That the sons of God saw the and begat Lamech.

daughters of men, that they were 26 And Methuselah lived after fair; and they took them wives he begat Lamech seven hundred of all which they chose. eighty and two years, and begat 3 And the LORD said, My spirit sons and daughters.

shall not always strive with man, 27 And all the days of Methu- for that he also is fresh : yet his selah were nine hundred sixty and days shall be an hundred and nine yearts: and he died.

twenty years. 28 And Lamech lived an 4 There were giants in the earth hundred eighty and two years, in those days; and also after that, and begat a son.

when the sons of God came in unto 29 And he called his name Noah, the daughters of men, and they saying, This same shall comfort bare children to them: the same us concerning our work, and toil became mighty men, which were of our hands, because of the ground of old, men of renown. which the LORD hath cursed.

5 Ø And God saw that the 30 And Lamechi 'lived after he wickedness of man was great in begat Noah five hundred ninety the earth, and that every imaginaascribed to their abstemious manner of life, in the natural way; it niay be proper' tu enquire, why none of the others did not obtain the secret art of longevity. He attempts also to give another solution, and to which the learned Abarbanel replies, and endeavours to defend Maimonidés; but the consideration of the whole, would lead me far beyond the limits alotted in these notes.

• In the Hebrew it is 10 a son: and as this expression is not used by any of the others, it ought to be enquired why this distinction to which I think it may be answered, that 15 is derived from 022 to build: And therefore Jarcht observes, that fron 13 this son, which was Noah, the postdeluvian world was built: i.e. they all sprang from this very son, There are two questions arising from this verse, which cannot be satisfactorily

, answered, namely, First, Whether Noah had already these three sons when he was 500 years old, or if then the first of them was born ?-2dly, whether they were born in the order that Scripture names them? or whether a preference is not given to Shem because of the honour he had that Abraham sprang from hist,

Years old.

Years old 130. Seth was born; Adam being 130 692. Enoch' was born - Jared being - 168 235. Enos,

105 687, Methuselah,


65 325. Cainant,

90 874, Lamecht,

Methusefah - 187 395. Mahalaleet, Cainan 70 1056, Noah.

Lamech 460. Jared,

Mahalaleel 65 Note.

The expression, AND HE DIED, concludes the narrative of every person mentional in the chapter, except that of Enoch, who seems to have followed the path of virtue : arid nô niention made of his death, but only that he was no more, for God had taken him.



A, M.



And the rib nhich the LORD God had taken from man made he a Woman.

o Gen. 2.V.22.

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