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Answer to the Question concerning Relationship by Marriage. 41 Should you favour this with insertion, and should the knowledge of its appearance reach Mr. Todd, I cannot but hope the real character in which I subscribe myself, will be my apology to him for troubling him with this enquiry: and likewise prevail with him towards obtaining an early reply to it, either through the same, or some other public channel.
I am, Sir,
ANSWER TO THE QUESTION CONCERNING RELATION
SHIP BY MARRIAGE.
To the Editor of the Christian Remembrancer. Sir,- Though not a Civilian by profession, I trust it will be in my power to satisfy the inquiries of " Querist,” in your last number, as to the degree of relationship subsisting between a husband and the nephews and nieces of his wife, during the existence of the marriage, and subsequent to its dissolution by death or divorce. In this case, Querist asks, “ After the death of the wife, are the nephews and nieces, in point of consanguinity, still to be considered as relatives to the husband, or do they continue to be such otherwise than by the law of courtesy?"
There is an error in Querist's question; for, as no relation of consanguinity existed between the nephews or 'nieces and the husband, during the marriage, so none can exist after its termination : but the rule of our law is, that a or , woman marrying contracts a relation, not of consanguinity, but of affinity, with all the consanguinity of the wife or husband, -a relation, which is founded upon the divine declaration, that a man and his wife are one flesh,
Marriage, then, constitutes the relatives of the wife, relatives by affinity to the husband. Nor does this relation cease by the dissolution of the marriage ; for, did no relation continue to exist, a marriage with the sister of a wife, or the daughter of a wife's sister, would not come within the degrees prohibited in the table of 1563,- which is referred to in Can. 99. 1603, and has been confirmed by the common law
upon various cases of appeal from the Ecclesiastical Courts. The answer, then, to Querist's inquiry is this — The nephews and nieces of a husband or wife, are nephews and nieces to the husband or wife, by affinity; and, since affinity is not a temporary, but a permanent relation, such nephews and nieces are really and truly relatives to the husband or wife; and such as can contract no new relation with the husband or wife, either by courtesy or courting. I shall conclude with stating, that the whole of this subject is fully explained in Gibson's Codex, p. 412, and Blackstone's Comment. B. i. c. XV,
And I am, Mr. Editor,
Your humble servant,
VOL. VUI. NO. I.
LEICESTER DISTRICT COMMITTEE. The Fifth Anniversary of the So- Ilis Grace the Duke of Rutland, ciety, in this county, was held, jointly and the Rev. R. Gutch, were requested with that of the Society for Propagat- to be Stewards of the next Annivering the Gospel in Foreign Parts, in sary. Leicester, on Friday, 30th September. The Rev. Jemson Davies, M. A. was
After an appropriate Sermon preach- requested to preach the Sermon before ed at St. Martin's Church, by the Rev. the Members on that occasion. Mr. Gutch, Rector of Seagrave, the The Chairman having left the chair, members of these Societies repaired to the cordial thanks of the Meeting were the National School-Room, where the given to his Lordship for the interest immediate business of the day was he takes in these Institutions, and for transacted. The Right Honourable his readiness to preside on this and Earl Howe was in the Chair. A Report every similar occasion. of the Proceedings of last year hav- After which the company proceeded ing been read by the Secretary, the to the Three Crowns Hotel, where the several resolutions were moved and Chair was taken by the Steward, the seconded by the Right Ilon. the Chair- Earl of Denbigh, who was prevented, man, John Mansfield, Esq., C. Win- by an unforeseen event, from presidstanley, Esq., Rev. Mr. Merewether, ing at the earlier business of the day. C.G.Mundy, Esq., Rev.Mr. Stephens, His Lordship was supported by Earl Rev. R. Davies, Rev. H. Browne, Rev. Howe, the Venerable the Archdeacon Dr. Pearson, and Rev. Robert Gutch. of Leicester, and a very numerous
There being no Committee at pre- assemblage of the Gentry and Clergy sent in action in the Deanery of Guth- of the county, several of whom delilaxton, it was respectfully suggested to vered their sentiments on the occasion. the members in ihat Deanery, that it The Right Ilon. Chairman announced, would be desirable to commence hold- that his Grace the Duke of Rutland ing Quarterly Meetings at Lutterworth, had accepted the office of Steward for to invite increased support, and to the next Anniversary. produce increased exertion.
BARBADOES DISTRICT COMMITTEE.
Patron.- His Excellency Lieut.-General
Sir Henry Warde, K. Č. B.
Bishop of the Diocese.
in-Chief; the Senior Member of his Majesty's Council; the Speaker of the House of Assembly; the Rector of St.
Michael's; the Attorney-General. Directors.--George Richards, Esq. M. D.
Chairman ; the next Five Senior Members of his Majesty's Council; the Senior Representative of each Parishı; all Clergymen of the Church of England, resident in the Island; all Persons subscribing Five Pounds annually; all Per
sons giving a Donation of Twenty
Pounds or upwards.
from their reliance on the exemplary is about to be realized immediately. zeal and well-known abilities of his The Rev. Mr. Harte, Rector of St. Lordship, and the advantages derived Lucy, has applied for one (when old from being placed under the Episcopal enough for such a trust) to superinEstablishment, but from the convic- tend the School in that parish. tion that such an Auxiliary will give Instances of good conduct are unto the Society friends both numerous necessary to be adduced, as examples and powerful ; and that, with such of the contrary are extremely rare. aid, they may entertain the most san- The conduct of one boy, however, guine hopes of being able to overcome cannot be passed over in silence: he the lukewarmness, and counteract the has not been placed out quite two mischief, which indifference to reli- years, and has already given so much gion, or intemperate zeal, may oc- satisfaction to his employer as to have casion.
gained his confidence, and is now reThe Committee have much satisfac- ceiving a salary of thirty pounds. We tion in laying the following statement must also add, that this youth is debefore the public, because it shews serving of praise for his religious and that their liberal contributions have moral feelings, and of credit for his not been bestowed in vain.—The in- dutiful and affectionate attention to creased number of applications for the wants of his indigent mother. admission prove that the Society
The Committee will be obliged by operates beneficially upon the several any communication from the masters parishes in the island; and there can to whom the boys are apprenticed. be no doubt that these applications
It would be an act of injustice in are likely to increase, as the advan- the Committee, who have such fretages thus offered to the poor become quent opportunities of observing the more generally known.
zeal, activity, and earnest attention of Number of children apprenticed the Rev. Mr. Packer, the Master, out since the last Report—12.
should they withhold the sincere triThere are at present receiving edu- bute of esteem and prạise due to his cation at the Central School the fol- unwearied exertions for the improvelowing number of children :
ment of his pupils; nor can they reBoys.... 120
frain from noticing the solicitude maniGirls. 46
fested by him on all occasions in the
cause of this Institution. 166
The Committee are happy in being Of these, sixty-five are boarders. able to make a favourable report of The increase of boarders anticipated the present state of their funds; the in last year's Report, has been carried balance in the Treasurer's hands to into effect; and the funds are, at pre- the 29th of March, 1825, being £516 sent, found adequate to meet the 12s. 9 d. additional expenses. — Twelve girls In fulfilling the welcome office of continue to have a dinner provided recording the flourishing state of their for them on every school-day. A se- funds at the present period, the Comparate establishment for the girls is mittee have a duty to discharge in dimost anxiously contemplated by the recting the attention of the Society to Committee, whenever their funds shall the extensive munificence of Sir Henry enable them to effect so desirable an Warde: The Committee entertain the object.
highest sense of the valuable support To the branches of education hi- his Excellency has continued to afford therto taught, English Grammar has the Society from the time of his arbeen added.
rival in this country, and are earnestly Applications for apprentices from desirous to record on their Minutes gentlemen in every line of business, this public and lasting testimony of are more numerous than can be com- their gratitude for his many and liberal
donations. One of the first riews of the Society The Committee are persuaded that (the training boys at the Central School the friends of this Society will grato take charge of the Parish Schools) dually increase, aud its utility be gene
rally acknowledged, when they view “ Promoting Christian Knowledge." its beneficial influence upon the poor
throughout the surrounding Colonies.“ of their own country, and contemplate
W.H. BARBADOS, President. the probability of the Barbadoes Сen
G. RICHARDS, Chairman. tral School becoming, with the aid of
John H. PINDER, } Secretaries. Divine Providence, an instrument of
SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL.
In our number for October, we the influence of the Society. Had made a few remarks upon the Report such an arrangement been preceded of the above Society, and (as we by a vote of the board directing the conceived,) very fairly alluded to thing to be done, and earnestly solisome faults contained in it. We are
citing the persons who should find aware that our conduct, in this re- themselves in the saine lists, to cospect, has not escaped without cen- operate earnestly together, to appoint sure; but we have every reason to their Presidents, Treasurers, and Ses rejoice, that we did thus point out cretaries, and to communicate with what we justly deemed the defects of the Society,we should have been as loud the Report ; for the religious annals of in our applause of so wise a measure, the last month have abundantly proved as we have been mild in our censure of that the least mistake in any matters the method by which the compilers of connected with the Church Societies, the Report endeavoured to carry it into will not fail to be observed by those effect." But with this we know that who are more watchfulto perceive their the Society itself has had nothing to do. failings, than anxious to spread abroad We are happy, at the same time, to the knowledge of their merits.* But state, that, in the opinion of many of when we ourselves had already noticed the warmest and most devoted friends the error of the Report, we had de- of the Society, our observations have prived any future objectors of at least been productive of great good. We are half the power of their attack. We ourselves fully persuaded, that the have made very accurate enquiries into more the proceedings of the Society the object of that arrangement of the are discussed, the more popular will names of the subscribers, which gave the it become; its merits are of that supeappearance of the existence of at least
rior order, its labours have been pro160 committees," formed or forming;" ductive of so much substantial good, and if the motive which led to the its objects are so intimately connected adoption of that arrangement had with the propagation of Christianity been boldly brought forth to notice, under the purest form, that the more we should have hailed it as one of it is known the more will it be bethe most powerful appeals that could loved; and we are persuaded that the possibly have been made to the time is not very far distant, when the friends of the Society. We under- spiritual wants of Christians in our stand that the purpose of dividing the colonies will excite as deep an interest names of the members according to as the benighted condition of the the ecclesiastical districts in which heathen of the East; and when it will they reside, was in order to shew to be universally admitted, that it is at those members, how many neighbours least as great a duty to preserve Chris they had like-minded with themselves, tians from renouncing their belief in and to induce them to form local com- Christ, and denying the Lord who mittees for the purpose of increasing bought them, as it is to bring heathen
nations within the pale of the church. * We particularly allude to an abusive
We are happy to observe, that the article in the Eclectic Review for Decem
interest now taken in the concerns of ber. Such abuse, however, as that of this the Society, is rapidly increasing. article, can do no harm to any but the The following meetings have recently writer.
been held in aid of its funds; and
we are privately informed, that in lent sermon, by the Rev. Mr. Otter, several places similar meetings are minister of Kennington, and the hold, contemplated, from which we may ing of a public meeting in the schoolexpect as powerful results.
room at Clapham, at which the rector The three District Committees of presided. Our readers will, we are this Society, which have recently been sure, peruse with much pleasure the formed, are at Aylesbury, for the account of these proceedings, bearing, Deanery of Barking, and at Clapham. as they do, such high and indisputable In the establishment of the last-men- testimony to the excellent society on tioned Committee, much interest was whose behalf they took place. excited by the preaching of an excel
CLAPHAM DISTRICT COMMITTEE. On Tuesday, December 6, a meet- greatest and most desirable effect to ing of the principal inhabitants of its exertions. But the operations Clapham and its vicinity, was held for which had been so extensively carried the purpose of establishing a District on had necessarily caused a very conComniittee of the Society for the Pro- siderable expenditure; and within the pagation of the Gospel. It was most last three years, that expenditure had numerously and respectably attended, exceeded the income to the amount of and the chair was taken by the Rev.Wm. 23,000l. Yet the Society was anxious Dealtry,the Rector, who briefly adverted to become still more extensive in its to the object of the meeting. He said, arrangements for carrying on the great that a few years ago, when sermons work of conversion to Christianity; were preached in the churches through- and, with greater means than it had out the country, to raise a fund for been possessed of since its establishthe Propagation of the Gospel in fo- ment in the year 1701, there was no reign parts, their parish church was knowing to what extent it might beremarkable for the liberality of its nefit mankind. To enable its sphere contribution. He proceeded to give of action to be less limited was the an historical account of the origin object of the present meeting; and he and progress of the Society for the most cordially and sincerely hoped, Propagation of the Gospel, from that not only by contributions, but by the year 1701, when it was char- example, it would assist in the ac tered, down lo recent times; and complishment of so desirable an obpointed out the gradual extension of ject. its labours in the different colonies, Sir Robert Inglis rose to propose a and the increasing necessity for the resolution declaratory of the value of further extension of its invaluable be- this Society, and pronounced a warm nefits in the diffusion of the Gospel by eulogium upon its character and pracall practical means.
With their gene- tical merits. He did not believe there ral experience of the moral value was a single person present who was which had throughout characterized not ready to co-operate for the diffuits labours its success in the civi- sion of the gospel among heathen nalization of Indian tribes in North- tions, and to extend to less favoured America-he knew that nothing fur- people the eternal light of christian ther would be necessary to ensure truth. He declared himself a steadpublic support. By its efforts, nume- fast adherent to the Church of Engfogs churches had been built-many land, and expressed his warmest wish of the Indian tribes had teen con- that her doctrines and discipline should verted- missionaries had been sent be diffused throughout all the colonies. among them, and the most happy It was the disgrace of England, that, consequences were the result.
Of for the two first centuries of her cololate years the Society had extended nial government, no effort was made its labours to the East as well as to to diffuse her gospel with the success the West; at Calcutta a college had of her flag. The honourable baronet been established, which gave the concluded, by repeating his earnest