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presented him as the soldier and General, the character in which he is best known and as he will appear most conspicuously in history. As a work of art alone this beautiful statue, perfect in proportion and every detail, will be admired by all who may have the pleasure of looking upon it. But this figure will keep fresh the memory of one of the greatest men of the nineteenth century and of the qualities which advanced him from obscurity to the highest position military and civil, and be both an example and encouragement to the youth of future generations. In his autobiography he seems to disclose the rule which guided his conduct and enabled him to achieve renown. He says: “One of my superstitions has always been when I started to go anywhere or to do anything not to turn back or stop until the thing intended was accomplished.” And in the preface he declares “ that there are but few important events in the affairs of men brought about by their own choice.” He signified his faith in the idea “ Man proposes but God disposes.” Thus through life he persisted in every undertaking, did well the work before him, and with serene confidence that right results would be reached.
It is fit that this monument in honor of the great soldier should be placed in a park bearing the name of the illustrious president who chose him with wonderful sagacity as the leader of the union armies. It seems appropriate that statues of Lincoln and Grant should stand together on the shore of Lake Michigan and in the metropolis of the state which gave them to the republic in its struggle for life. On behalf of the commissioners of Lincoln Park I receive this monument and promise for them and their successors to care for and preserve it, so that the thousands who behold it, as they pass by land or water, may be reminded of the virtues, courage, patriotism, and sacrifices of the soldier-statesman.
Following Mr. Goudy came his Honor, the Mayor, who was introduced by Mr. Dreyer as follows:
I now take pleasure in introducing to you the mayor of our city, the Hon. Hempstead Washburne, who will address you in brief, and accept the monument for the people of the city of Chicago.
Mayor Washburn said:
MR. PRESIDENT, VETERANS OF THE REPUBLIC, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN:
If your invitation to me this day were any mere personal compliment--however much it might be prized--a proper appreciation of the supreme requirements of the hour would have caused me to decline, but official duty demands that I usurp an opportunity which belongs to an orator. A countless multitude is gathered here to-day, watched over by that providence which encouraged Washington at Valley Forge, gave Grant the laurel wreath of victory at Appomattox, and now transforms this lasting monument into an altar-stone of the nation, around whose base friend and foe have come alike to worship and forgive. No other land can claim a soldier who battled for the world, and history does not record a scene such as we behold this day. Around this, a soldier's monument, victor and vanquished bow their silvered heads--people of every nation stand uncovered—and little children-these divine links who later shall perpetuate by tradition the spirit of their times—will tell to grandsons who shall hug their tottering knees their memories of this day-sacred memories, for this is the first day in the recorded time when all nations of the earth, all people of one land bowed in unison, respect, and gratitude before the bronze image of a soldier who fought his battles for the cause of human freedom and that the last grand experiment of liberty should not fail. This is a fitting place for such a monumentit is a sacred spot. The air we breath is laden with the memories of great men; beneath our feet the firm sod of that proud State which gave Lincoln to the nation and sent Grant forth to become the leader of our hosts - above these countless faces a canopy more limitless than our country, bright emblem of our unity, for we plucked from heaven those stars which mark our growth, fraternity, and strength. Veterans, soldiers, and citizens, the man whose memory we commemorate prized his citizenship above all military glory. He realized we were one people, whose aims, interests, and ambitions are one and inseparable. He fought and conquéred; he laid aside the sword to undo the ravages of war and hatred grown from sectional strife. How far he succeeded history will relate. As a soldier he conquered the most valiant army that ever laid down its arms. As a civilian he labored for his whole country, alike the conquerer and the conquering, and when he answered the last grand roll-call a grief-stricken country
bowed in sorrow at his bier and every southern bullet melted into a tear drop which mingled with our own as rivers blend with the sea. Veterans who have lived to see this day, cast your eyes upon this multitude and view those to whom you entrust this monument-behold your sons and daughters, your kinsmen and your people--and as you recall the unselfish patiotism of mothers, wives, and children in days more dark than this, you will need no further assurance that your own blood and your own people will cherish your commander as their own and that this impartial city, which to-day accepts this gift, will ever harbor and protect Grant's memory and his monument, and from the inspirations of patriotism that are drawn from the contemplation of the silent sentinel, upon this beautiful shore shall arise higher ideals of civic virtue, loftier standards of public duty, a deeper and profounder love for a common and glorious country. Yes, well may it be said, in life "the silent man,” in death “dum tacet, loquitur "
General W. Q. Gresham, the orator of the day, was then introduced by Mr. Dreyer in the following words :
I have now the honor of introducing you to one who was honored by the friendship and confidence of General Grant, who was his companion in arms and one of our distinguished citizens, the Honorable Walter Q. Gresham, the orator of the day.
MR. CHAIRMAN, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN :
It is hardly necessary on this occasion to enter upon any minute account of the life and deeds of the man to whose memory this beautiful statue has been erected. They are part of the history of our country, and in the minds of the people are as familiar as household words. Wherever its history is read, in whatever nook and corner of the habitable globe, there exists an intelligent interest in the strength and perpetuity of our institutions, the name and fame of the illustrious soldier, who was at once their product and their preserver, have preceded aught that may now be said of him. In this audience, at the metropolis of the state in whose borders the war found him poor and obscure, and gave him an opportunity for a career, are many who knew him intimately, and there are few incidents of his public or private life that are unknown to them. But without dwelling indiscriminately on the mass of biographical details, there are some of them which are entitled to our special attention and will bear frequent repetition, because they serve to illustrate personal characteristics which made him, in many respects, an ideal citizen of our democratic republic, and are worthy of our constant emulation. Many of these traits of character are strictly individual, and are interesting only because they belong to a striking and distinguished personality, while there are others that have special qualities, which ought to be regarded with favor by his countrymen, for they are such as are essential to the maintenance of popular institutions..
Even a critic so captious and exacting as the late Matthew Arnold discovered much in Grant's modest suppression of his own participancy in the historical events of which he gives an account in his official reports of them, and in his autobiography. He was remarkably free from that vanity and conceit which have been the weakness of many great minds, and which seem to be the peculiar vice of men who have risen, like him, from humble antecedents to a lofty eminence. He had none of the strut of the First Napoleon, as it was revealed in his private letters, his turgid addresses to the armies of France, and his egotistical assumption that he was a man of destiny ; and none of the boastfulness with which Cæsar announced his victories in Asia Minor to the Roman Senate, ever manifested itself in the speech or writings of the victorious leader of our armies. Greatness was never more uncontscious of itself, than it was in him. In the flush and heat of victory, after a long and desperate struggle for it, when the blood is up and the nerves are tense, the equilibrium of the calmest and steadiest men is apt to be disturbed, and ebullitions of their extreme satisfaction with themselves are not severely censurable. But the triumphs of Grant from Belmont to Appomattox never destroyed his balance, or affected the habitual moderation of his utterance or demeanor.
There is nothing of the braggart in any of his official reports or dispatches, there is no arrogance, no regard for dramatic effect, no parade of himself. They are plain and simple statements of fact without any waste of words or rhetorical display, and might have been prepared by any competent and unimpassioned onlooker. The obvious and uniform purpose of all of them is to give the authorities at Washington a faithful and accurate account of the situation at the front, and nothing more. Even with the Confederacy at his feet, as a final testimony of his skill and prowess as a military chieftain, he was not betrayed into anything like exultation, and
stopped the jubilant firing of a salute in his command as soon as the sound of the cannon reached his ears. The glittering uniform of the conquered leader of the Confederate armies contrasted strangely with the plain and much worn habiliments of the con queror; but Grant was more intent upon the results of the conference between them than upon his own appearance in it. And it was not the result of a surrender of the Confederate armies and final cessation of hostilities upon the North or upon partisan politics that occupied his mind. In that supreme moment he ceased to be the leader of the Union army only, and thought and acted with broad and enlightened statesmanship and patriotism for the whole reunited country. He thought of the feelings and sensibil. ities of the vanquished, and of making the road towards patriotic citizenship easy for them. He thought of the waste lands and impoverished communities of the South, which were again under the old flag, and quickened a returning sense of obligation to it, by restoring to every Confederate soldier the horse or mule which had belonged to him, and might be used again in making and garnering the crops on which he and his family would depend for their sustenance. He thought more of giving an impulse to the pursuits of peace and industry amongst a disorganized people, of aiding them in the maintenance of themselves, of bringing them back into social as well as political relations with the rest of the country, than upon his own part and lot in the accomplishment of these salutary ends.
The great Confederate General was shown the respect that generous natures always accord to misfortune bravely borne, and proved by his conduct and bearing the truth of the remark, that the greatest reverses are most easily sustained by the dignity that belongs to them. He and those who fought under him, with unsurpassed courage, were touched by the victor's delicate consideration for their feelings and welfare.
Grant's magnanimous nature was incapable of anything else. In the struggle that ended in final capitulation, he was never actuated by the spirit of revenge or hate, or by aught else than a high sense of patriotic duty. Wrong as they were, and as they will ever be rated by impartial history, he did not question the sincerity of the great mass of those who were opposed to us.” “I should like to see impartial history written,” he said, also: “Such history will do full credit to the courage, endurance, and soldierly ability of