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not perverted to their injury for the enrichment of the few, they will rally to its defense with unselfish and devoted patriotism. Their energy and courage have not been deadened by ease and luxury. There can be no prosperity without public tranquility, and the people will not long remain tranquil under a well-founded belief that the corrupt use of money prevents a. free and honest expression in their choice of men and measures. If public opinion cannot be honestly expressed in authorized ways, our elections will become expensive and useless mockeries, and free gov. ernment will exist only in name. Let us not be deceived by mere forms. Radical changes in government may be effected without perceptible change in the mode of administration. Some of the worst tyrannies the world has ever known were maintained under popular forms.
Men like Grant who have sprung from the people, with strong and resolute character, unspoiled by luxury, clear-minded and level-headed, able to see men and things as they really are, undeceived by outward show and conventionality, are worth more to our nation than all its mere cunning, self-seeking politicians, its political theorists, or its plutocrats. In war and peace, these qualities lie at the foundation of all true character. A nation not only needs such men, but they are indispensable to it. In times of peril it may perish without them.
It is not improper at this time to call attention to baneful influences and practices which lower our national standard and, unchecked, threaten disaster. Engrossed in the cares of business and laborious occupations, men seem inattentive to the requirements of citizenship, but they do not consciously and willfully shirk its duties and responsibilities, when they are clearly seen and fully understood. They may be slow to act, but when danger becomes imminent they will assert themselves again as they have in the past. They will not allow the republic to perish from neglect. The sentiment of patriotism is still strong in the people. It is neither dead nor short-lived. It grows and strengthens with honest appeals to it, and it may be appealed to with confidence for the vindication of good measures. It increases with every draft that is made upon it, and while it may become silent through neglect, it does not cease to exist. Its voice may be unheeded for a season, and may be drowned by the noisier tongues of greed and selfishness, but it will be heard again. It patiently submits to many affronts, and quietly endures many indignities. But in its temporary silence, it gathers an accumulation of energy, and when the limit of its endurance has been reached, its commanding voice breaks forth on the startled air, trumpet-tongued, and against its mighty tones no other voice dares lift itself. It was so when our last war swept over the land. The spirit of patriotism which was then roused from an apparent slumber, became dominant and pervasive. It extended every where, and touched everybody. It reigned supreme. The ordinary interests of men were subordinated to it. The war did not create it, but roused it into action, gave it direction, and furnished scope and opportunity for the assertion of itself. In our armies, and behind them, it was a moral force of tremendous energy urging them forward and onward until the supremacy of our cause was finally established.
Our country was settled by men who sought a land which they might love as their own, and pledged their lives and fortunes for the maintenance of its institutions. Our republic was founded in the patriotism of the people, and their love of country was strengthened by the struggle for its defence against foreign aggression. The revolutionary war was a test of the popular patriotism which had been previously implanted, rather than a development of it. The patriotism which was ablaze in the speeches of Adams and Otis and Patrick Henry, and in the intrepid conduct of Marion and Warren, was a steady and fervent heat in the bosoms of thousands whose names are unknown to history. As a people we have inherited the patriotism of our revolutionary sires, and the inheritance has not been squandered or dissipated. Because it is voiceless among the busy multitude, in the marts, on the farms and in the workshops, we must not think it has ceased to exist, for these were the sources from which our patriotic armies were filled. It is not the noisy and blatant sort of patriotism that finds an easy outlet on the rostrums that is the staunchest and the best, it is a stronger and more self denying passion.
The vast majority of the people are patriotic and sound to the core. In them is our main stay and chief dependence. Our confidence in their steady and unfaltering love of country, which is indifferent about any show of itself, and speaks only in its acts, will never be misplaced. It was this sort of patriotism that was personified in Grant.
The following communication was received by General Ducat, chairman of the committee on invitations, and read :
WASHINGTON, D. C., Sept. 29, 1891. Hox. ARTHUR C. DUCAT,
Chairman, etc., Chicago, III. Dear Sir :-I have advised you by telegram of the receipt of the invitation of the trustees of the Grant monument association to attend the unveiling of the monument they have erected in Lincoln park, on October 7th, and of my inability to be present.
I do not underestimate the significance and national interest of this occasion; and, if circumstances would permit, I would esteem it a privilege to take part with your citizens in a public expression of grateful appreciation of the services of General Grant. He was a tower of strength and confidence in the crisis of our civil war. He redeemed the failures of other men; revived the courage of the faint and disheartened; gave his confidence to a matchless army, and received in return its unshaken faith. Revealing to his soldiers their invincible power, he, more than any other leader of the war, realized that when our army paused to recruit and reorganize opportunity was given to the enemy to do the same work. If his battalions were shattered and weary he did not forget that the enemy's were in as bad or worse a plight and followed and struck again.
I am glad to know that General Gresham, who was so honorably associated with General Grant in the campaigns of the Army of the Tennessee, has been selected as the orator of the occasion; and do not doubt that his personal knowledge of the great commander will enable him to speak in fitting phrase of one whose relation to me was only that of a remote but beloved commander-in-chief.
The state of the public business here is such that I can not hope to make the trip to Chicago at the time named. With great respect,
Very truly yours,
The following description of the statue is by the artist, Louis Rebisso :
The General grasping the field-glass in his right hand, rests the same in an easy and somewhat unconscious manner upon his right thigh, as after taking a careful survey of the field. It suggests as a whole a concentration of mind, confidence, and selfreliance; apparently he is satisfied that his orders are successfully executed by his troops. The bronze statue will measure eighteen feet three-inches in height from the bottom of the plinth to the crown of the slouch hat. It is the largest casting of the kind ever attempted in this country.
CHICAGO, October 7th. 1891, The Society assembled at the Auditorium, at 8 o'clock P. M., and was called to order by the First Vice-President, Captain James A. Sexton.
The Elgin band played a patriotic air, and Bishop Samuel Fallows of our Society offered prayer as follows.
O, thou giver of every good and perfect gift, we thank thee for this gracious opportunity of meeting together and engaging in the exercises of this occasion. We acknowledge thy goodness in giving us the privilege, this day, of so signally honoring the life and services of our first commander. We thank thee for the priceless heritage of us all, of those who fought with him, and of those who fought against him, in the manifested at. tributes of his soldierly character, his courage, his coolness, his determination, his skill, his modesty, and his fearless magnanimity. We thank thee for his patience in affliction, and his heroism in suffering. We praise thee that the clouds while gathered about his closing days, filled with the radiance of the sympathy, the confidence, the affections of a united people, were changed by thy grace into chariots of glory to accompany him home. We thank thee for the memory of his renowned brother in arms, our second commander, so long the President of this Society, whose vacant chair fills us with sadness to-night. In the ripeness of honored years, and in the plentitude of his undimmed fame, thou did’st gather him like a shock of corn, fully ripe in his season, into thy heavenly garner. We give thee heart-thanks for the good example of all those, thy servants and other commanders and their devoted comrades, who, having finished their course in faith, do now rest from their labors.
We thank thee for a country we were so willing to die for, and praise thee for a country now so worthy to live for. Multiply the benedictions of thy loving favor upon it. Unite us all in every section more and more closely together in the sacred and crowning bonds of patriotic devotion. Preserve us from the dangers of domineering riches, and the evils of unrelieved poverty. Purify our politics, and from all injustice and selfish scheming in
city, state and nation, good Lord, deliver us, and in the hope that maketh not ashamed, we thank thee for the heavenly and the better country beyond, whither the loved ones of our homes and hearts have gone on before us. Blessed be thy name! Morning there shall never end in night! Our meeting there shall know no pang of parting; our service there shall be unattended with weariness and antagonism; joy there shall be unalloyed with sorrow or pain; and love there, supreme and eternal, shall forever bind together the purified in one common fellowship and felicity. In thine own good time, and in thine own good way, bring us at last thither and to thyself : and thou shalt have all the praise, through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.
The Imperial Quartette sang “ The Old Brigade," and Captain Sexton, the presiding officer, introduced Governor Fifer of Illinois, who welcomed the Society in the following words : GENTLEMEN OF THE SOCIETY OF THE ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE:
The spirit of patriotism knows its heroes. That nationalism which reveres “The Flag ” has not forgotten the valor which in a supreme national crisis kept that flag in the air. Therefore, when called as the executive of Illinois to welcome here tonight the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, I know my words, though far more hearty than any I am in fact able to employ, would not belie the sentiment of the people of a great state and a great country. In fact, I do not make this speech of welcome, but rather the hospitable genius of an appreciative people speak to you through my lips and say to you as survivors and representatives of the great union army, “welcome-thrice welcome to whatever of entertainment and good cheer abides in the Illinois metropolis.”
The Army of the Tennessee, in addition to being the theater of heroes was the school of military genius. Around its bivouac fires were organized the beginnings of victory. By those fires sat the trinity of national salvation-Grant, Sherman, and Sheridan. Amid the clangor and battle smoke of that army the silent man of destiny formulated the high resolve of a nation in the demand for “immediate and unconditional surrender."
Gentlemen, it cannot be too often said that the greatness of the war you waged lay in the greatness of its cause. The grand jury of history presents a frightful indictment against the conquerors