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List of Protectorates to which this Order applies :-
Northern Nigeria.

North-Eastern Rhodesia.
Southern Nigeria.

Swaziland. Sierra Leone Protectorate.

British Central Africa. Gambia Protectorate.

British East Africa. Lagos Protectorate.

Uganda. Northern Territories of the Somaliland. Gold Coast.

Weihaiwei. Bechuanaland Protectorate. British North Borneo. Southern Rhodesia.

Brunei. Barotziland-North-Western Sarawak.

Rhodesia. Any protected island or territory for the time being within the limits, of the Pacific Order in Council, 1893.

2. This Order may be cited as the British Protectorates Neutrality (Amendment) Order in Council 1904.








A PROCLAMATION providing for the Authentication and Recording of Proclamations and for the embodying in one Proclamation of the Rules of Interpretation applicable to certain terms and provisions usually adopted in Proclamations.

[1st January, 1900. BE IT ENACTED by the High Commissioner of Northern Nigeria as follows :

1. This Proclamation may be cited as the “Authentication and Interpretation Proclamation, 1900."

Short title.

Original copies.

2. Every Proclamation made by the High Commissioner for Northern Nigeria shall immediately after it is made be set up in fair and legible type by the Government Printer, and an impression in triplicate from the type so set up on vellum or on paper of an enduring quality shall be struck off by him to be dealt with as hereinafter provided.

3. The said printed impressions shall be examined with the Manuscript copy of such Proclamation by the Secretary to the Administration, and on being found by him to be true and correct, the said printed copies shall be authenticated by him as such, and sealed with the Public Seal of the Protectorate, and such authentication shall be attested by his signature.

Authentication of original copies.

Deposit of original copies.

4. The said printed copies shall then be signed by the High Commissioner, and of such copies one shall be deposited in the High Commissioner's office and one in the Supreme Court, and one shall be transmitted to the Secretary of State.

* Proclamation No. 10 of 1904 incorporated.


5. The copies of every Proclamation promulgated in the first Copies of instance shall be impressions from the same form as the aforesaid Proclamation

promulgated deposited copies.

in first

instance. 6. Every Proclamation shall be published in the Gazette. Publication

in Gazette. 7. Upon the notification of Her Majesty's non-disallowance Endorsement or disallowance of any Proclamation being received in the Protec- of non

disallowance torate, the Secretary to the Administration shall in his own handwriting endorse upon the copy of the Proclamation deposited disallowance. in the High Commissioner's office a note of the fact of such nondisallowance, together with a reference to the Secretary of State's despatch notifying the same, and shall subscribe the said notes and shall transmit a copy of such endorsement to the Chief Judicial Officer of the Protectorate for endorsement upon

of the Proclamation deposited in the Supreme Court, and notice of such non-disallowance or disallowance shall be published in the Gazette, and such publication shall be primâ facie evidence of such nondisallowance or disallowance.

the copy

8. Every Proclamation shall take effect from the date of its Proclamation publication in the Gazette unless it be otherwise stated in such to take effect

from date of Proclamation.

publication. 9. All Proclamations shall be divided into sections, if there be Proclamamore enactments than one, which sections shall be deemed to be tions to be

divided into substantive enactments without any introductory words.

sections without any introductory

words. 10. Where any Proclamation repealing in whole or in part any Repealed former Proclamation is itself repealed, such last repeal shall not Proclamations revive the Proclamation or provisions before repealed, unless words notere vored by be added reviving such Proclamation or provisions.


Proclamation. 11. Whenever any Proclamation shall be made repealing in Repealed whole or in part any former Proclamation and substituting

some provisions of provision or provisions instead of the provision or provisions mation to repealed, such provision or provisions so repealed shall remain in remain in force until the substituted provision or provisions shall come into force till the

substituted operation by force of the last made Proclamation.



12. Every Proclamation made after the commencement of Proclamations this Proclamation shall be deemed and taken to be a Public to be deemed Proclamation and shall be judicially taken notice of as such, Proclamations

public unless the contrary be expressly provided and declared by such and judicially


taken notice of.

13. Every Proclamation hereafter coming into force shall, All Proclamasubject to any express limitation or extension contained in it, apply tions to apply to the Protectorate as herein defined.


to the

make rules.


14.-(1.) Where a Proclamation made after the commencement provisions

of this Proclamation confers power on any authority to with respect to power make rules, the following provisions shall

, unless the given to any

contrary intention appears, have effect with reference to authority to

the making and operation of such rules :

(a.) Any rule may be at any time amended, varied, rescinded or revoked by the same authority and in the same manner by and in which it was made;

(6.) There may be annexed to the breach of any rule such penalty not exceeding five pounds as the rulemaking authority may think fit;

(c.) No rule shall be inconsistent with the provisions of any Proclamation ;

(a.) All rules shall be published in the Gazette and shall have the force of law;

(e.) The production of a copy of the Gazette, or of any copy of any rule purporting to be printed by the Government Printer, shall be prima facie evidence, in all courts and for all other purposes whatsoever, of the due

making and tenor of such rule. (2.) In this section, the expression “rules" includes rules,

regulations and bye-laws. Crown not to 15. No Proclamation shall in any manner whatsoever affect the be bound

rights of the Crown unless it is therein expressly stated, or unless it unless named.

appears by necessary implication that the Crown is bound thereby. Computation 16. Unless the contrary shall be expressly provided, or shall be of time. implied from the context, in all cases in which any particular

number of days shall be prescribed or mentioned in any Proclamation, Government Order or Notice, or Rule of Court, for the doing of any act, or for any other purpose, the same shall be reckoned exclusive of the first and inclusive of the last day.

17. Unless the contrary shall be expressly provided, or shall be gender. implied from the context, words importing the masculine gender

shall be understood to include the feminine, and bodies corporate and words importing the singular number shall include the plural and vice versa.

18. When reference is made in any Proclamation, Government designation

Order or Notice, or Rule of Court to any public Officer by the

term designating his office, such term shall include the officer for executing the time being executing the duties of such office or any portion

of such duties. Interpreta 19. In all Proclamations, Government Orders or Notices, and tion of terms. Rules of Court, the following terms shall be held to have the

meaning as herein defined unless otherwise specially stated in any
Proclamation, Government Order or Notice, or Rule of Court.
“Her Majesty " or "the Queen" shall include Her Majesty

the Queen, her heirs and successors.

Number and


to include officer


“A Secretary of State” means one of Her Majesty's

Principal Secretaries of State. “The Secretary of State” means Her Majesty's Principal

Secretary of State for the Colonial Department. “The High Commissioner" means the High Commissioner

for the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria, and includes the officer for the time being administering the Govern

ment of the Protectorate.
“The Protectorate” means the Protectorate of Northern

Nigeria as defined and delimited in the Northern Nigeria
Order in Council, 1900, and by subsequent delimitations

of frontier.
“ Resident in the Protectorate" includes all persons travelling

in or for the time being present in the Protectorate. “Proclamation” includes any Rule, Regulation or Bye-law

made under the authority of any Proclamation. “ The Gazette” means the publication in which official

announcements by the High Commissioner are usually

made. “Government Notice means any announcement not of a

legislative character made by the High Commissioner in

the Gasette. “The Company means “The Royal Niger Company,

Limited." “Goods” includes money, bills, bonds, notes, deeds and

corporeal property of every description except lands and

chattels real. "Lands” includes land and everything attached to the

earth or permanently fastened to anything which is attached to the earth and all chattels real, but shall not

include minerals. Military Forces” includes all officers, warrant officers, non

commissioned officers and civilians, British and native, and all native rank and file belonging to and borne on the strength of the Northern Nigeria Regiment of the

Protectorate. "Non-native” means any person or association entitled to

claim to be subject to any power of Europe and America,
or to any power recognised as a civilised State, or
entitled to be personally under the protection of any
such Power or State. Provided that no person shall be
deemed entitled to be personally under the protection of
Great Britain or any other Power or State merely by
reason that he is a native or subject of a country or
territory over which such Power or State has declared a

“ Native” means any person other than a non-native.

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