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“Oath,” “Swear” and “ Affidavit ” include and apply to the

affirmation or declaration of any person by law allowed

to make an affirmation or declaration in lieu of an oath. “District Officer” includes any person in the employment of

Government and holding an appointment of a political or administrative nature, or who may be designated as such by the High Commissioner, and shall include a

Justice of the Peace and a Cantonment Magistrate. “Public Officer” or “Public Department" extends to and

includes every officer or department invested with or performing duties of a public nature whether under the

immediate control of the High Commissioner or not. “Resident" shall mean Resident in charge and Junior

Resident. “Writing” includes printing and any other method of

impressing words upon material. “ Year” and “ Month” mean respectively a year or a month

reckoned according to the British Calendar.

Effect of repeal.

20.-(1.) Where any Proclamation made after the commence

ment of this Proclamation repeals and re-enacts, with or without modifications, any provisions of a former Proclamation, references in any other Proclamation to the provision so repealed shall, unless the contrary intention appear, be construed as references to the provisions so

re-enacted. (2.) Where

any Proclamation made after the commencement of this Proclamation repeals any other enactment then, unless the contrary intention appears, the repeal shall not

(a.) Revive anything not in force or existing at the time at which the repeal takes effect; or

(6.) Affect the previous operation of any enactment so repealed, or anything duly done or suffered under any enactment so repealed; or

(c.) Affect any right, privilege, obligation or liability acquired, accrued or incurred under any enactment so repealed; or

(12.) Affect any penalty, forfeiture, or punishment incurred in respect of any offence committed against any enactment so repealed; or

(e.) Affect any investigation, legal proceeding or remedy in respect of any such right, privilege, obligation, liability, penalty, forfeiture or punishment as aforesaid ; and any such investigation, legal proceeding, or remedy may be instituted, continued or enforced, and any such penalty, forfeiture or punishment may be imposed as if the repealing Proclamation had not been made.

AUTHENTICATION OF PROCLAMATIONS

(TEMPORARY PURPOSES).

PROCLAMATION No. 2 OF 1900.

A PROCLAMATION to render unnecessary, temporarily, the printing of Proclamations and for other purposes connected therewith.

[1st January, 1900. BE IT ENACTED by the High Commissioner of Northern Nigeria as follows:

1. This Proclamation may be cited as “The Authentication Short title. (Temporary Purposes) Proclamation, 1900.”

2. Until a Government Printing Press shall have been set up, Proclamations or if at any time thereafter it shall become impossible to set up may in certain and print å Proclamation, the following provisions shall apply :- written or (a.) A Proclamation may instead of being set up in type and written.

printed as provided by Clause 2 of the Authentication
and Interpretation Proclamation, 1900, be type-written
or otherwise reproduced in triplicate in such manner
and upon such material as the High Commissioner may

direct.
(6.) All references to “printed impressions” and “printed

copies contained in Clauses 3 and 4 of the said
Proclamation shall be deemed to be made to copies
of a Proclamation type-written or reproduced as herein-

before provided.
(c.) Clause 5 of the Authentication and Interpretation Pro-

clamation, 1900, shall read as if the words “shall be
impressions from the same form ” were struck out and
the words “may be made in the same manner had
been substituted.

RESIDENTS.

PROCLAMATION No. 3 OF 1900.*

A PROCLAMATION to create the office and regulate the duties of Resident and Assistant Resident.

BE IT ENACTED by the High Commissioner of Northern Nigeria as follows:

1. This Proclamation may be cited as the “Residents Proclamation, 1900."

Short title.

Appointment 2. The High Commissioner may subject to the approval of the of Residents. Secretary of State appoint fit and proper persons to be Residents

or Assistant Residents in the Provinces of the Protectorate, whose

powers, duties, and jurisdiction shall be as hereinafter provided. Residents 3. Every Resident or Assistant Resident shall be removable interchange- from one Province to another, and the area included within his able in districts.

jurisdiction shall be liable to increase, diminution, or alteration

from time to time at the discretion of the High Commissioner. Acting 4. The High Commissioner may appoint any person in any appointments. Province or part of a Province to discharge all or any of the

duties of a Resident, and the person so appointed shall have all or a part, according to the terms of his appointment, of the powers vested by this Proclamation in a Residentit

Appointment of Assistant Residents to act for Residents.

5. In the case of his illness, absence, or other sufficient cause, a Resident may appoint an Assistant Resident to act for him with full powers in all matters, pending the sanction of the High Commissioner.

Residents to be Coroners.

Executive duties.

6. Every Resident shall be a Coroner for the Province to which he shall be appointed and may appoint any fit and proper person to act for him as Deputy Coroner. Such Deputy Coroner shall have all the powers of a Coroner.

7. It shall be the duty of a Resident to take such measures for the preservation of good order in his Province and to exercise such diplomatic or administrative functions therein as may be practicable in the circumstances of the case, and in execution of such general instructions as he may from time to time receive verbally or in writing from the High Commissioner. In the

* Renumbered, s. 5 being omitted as spent.
† For Order, sce infra.

performance of all or any of such duties as aforesaid a Resident shall have the right to call upon all persons including the military forces of the Protectorate to assist him.

8. In the exercise of the powers given to him by the foregoing Relations to section a Resident

troops. (a.) Shall not interfere with the interior economy or discipline

of any body of Troops, or the actual conduct of any

military operations ;
(6.) In the event of armed insurrection or general disturbance

in the Province rendering the use of Troops necessary,
shall determine the objects with which, and the extent
to which, the Troops are to be employed in their sup-
pression, but shall consult as far as possible with the
Officer Commanding and shall incur special responsibility
if he shall direct the Troops to be employed in a manner
which that Officer may consider open to military

objection;
(C.) Shall forthwith report to the High Commissioner, and to

the Commandant of the Troops any orders which he

may give to any Officer in command of Troops ;
(1.) Shall give such orders invariably through the senior

military officer present, who shall be responsible for
their communication to any officers and Troops con-
cerned, and if military operations have been decided

upon, for all details of their actual conduct;
(c.) Shall not at any station or place where the High Com-

missioner may be present in person give any orders to
Troops except by or with the consent of the High

Commissioner.
(4.) Shall, if the High Commissioner is not present in person,

when practicable communicate with the High Com-
missioner before issuing any such orders.

30TH JANUARY, 1904.

ORDERS UNDER SECTIONS 2 AND 4 OF

PROCLAMATION NO. 3 OF 1900. 1. If at any time the Resident duly appointed by the ligh Commissioner to the charge of a Province shall be absent therefrom from any cause whatsoever, the senior District Officer present in, and duly appointed to the Province, shall become

cx-officio Resident in charge, pending the appointment in writing of the person nominated by the High Commissioner to succeed the said Resident in permanent or temporary charge. And such senior District Officer is hereby authorised to exercise all and several of the Powers of a Judge of the Provincial Court, and all other powers appertaining to a Resident in charge, until the return of the Resident in charge, or until the arrival in the Province of any other person duly nominated by the High Commissioner to the charge of the Province.

2. In a double Province under a 1st Class Resident, the 2nd Class Resident, when present, will hold the powers of a Resident in charge of a Province; but a 3rd Class Resident, although acting in charge of the Sub-Province under the 1st Class RE ent, will not exercise these powers, unless thereto empowered by the High Commissioner.

All reports and Provincial returns, unless otherwise ordered, will be sent through the 1st Class Resident in charge, or the Officer acting for him.

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