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ELEGANT NEW PIANOS.
Y Many persons are not aware that such an extensive assortment of PIANO FORTES

is kept for sale in the city of Richmond, as may be seen at the subscriber's warerooms, at 139 Main Street.

They will see not merely two, three, or a half dozen, but from TWENTY TO THIRTY of the very best in instruments to select from-consisting of all the favorite styles, admired and purchased by persons of judgment and taste.

The subscriber has been concerned in the sale of over ONE THOUSAND PIANO FORTES, and testimonials to their superior excellence from eminent individuals in the musical world, remarks of the Press in their favor and expressions of complete satisfaction from those who have bought and tried them, can be shown. But their character is established, and it would be impossible for any one to purchase a bad or indifferent Piano of the subscriber. They are warranted in every sense of the word. Should they not prove good they will be taken back or exchanged. Besides, they will be sold upon as good terms, as can be obtained at any respectable establishment North.

Persons at a distance ordering Pianos of the subscriber, may have their orders as faithfully executed as when personally present, and the instruinents packed securely to go by any conveyance without injury old Pianos taken in exchange. Pianos tuned and repaired.

JAMES WOODHOUSE & Co., (Late Nash & Woodhouse,) Booksellers, Richmond, Virginia.

FREIGHT FOR NEW YORK,

BOSTON, PROVIDENCE, PORTLAND, NEWARK, NEW HAVEN, CHARLES

TON, MOBILE, NEW ORLEANS, ST. LOUIS, GALVESTON, SAN FRANCISCO, ETC., ETC.

Per Steamship JAMESTOWN, to and via New York. Can be shipped every MONDAY and TUESDAY by the United States Mail Steamship JAMESTOWN, Captain PARRISH.

The agents at New York, Messrs. LUDLAM & PLEASANTS, will forward goods by this line to all of the above-mentioned places free of Commission, and at the lowest rates of Freight.

Large and commodious sheds have been erected on the Wharf in New York, where goods are entirely protected from injury and other defacements, and every care and attention is bestowed in forwarding goods for transhipment,

Merchants shipping by this Steamship can always calculate to an hour on the arrival of their goods.

The “Jamestown” leaves New York every Saturday afternoon on her return to Richmond. For freight, apply to Jan 1

LUDLAM & WATSON.

WILLIAM S. WOOD,

No. 6, Main Street,

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MANUFACTURER AND DEALER IN

TIN-WARE, &C..
Keeps constantly on hand a superior and

general assortment of STOVES.

Orders from either town or country for Tin-Work, such as Roofing, Guttering, &c., promptly attended to.

January, 1856.

EDITH ALLEN,

OR SKETCHES OF LIFE IN VIRGINIA. BY LAURENCE NEVILLE-PRICE $1.

“ This is a new novel from the pen of a Virginian whose nom de plume is Lawrence Neville. The story is an interesting one and the characters are presented ns illustrative of Virginia life. The plan of the writer is most successful, and with some qualification it may be pronounced one of the very best novels of the day.”

Richmond Dispatch. VIRGINIA CONVEntion, 1776. A Discourse delivered before the Virginia Alpha of the Phi Beta Kappa Society, Williamsburg. By lugh Blair Grigsby.

This is not only a history of the Convention of 1776, but the most detailed and connected account in print, of the lives and characters of the men who composed it, including Robert Carter Nicholas, Richard Bland, Archibald Cary, Edmund Pendleton, John Blair, Henry Tazewell, Patrick Henry Lee, Thomas Read, Thomas Lewis, Wm. Cabell of Union Bill, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, George Mason and others. One handsome volume, 8vo. of over 200 pages.-$1 50. Published by

J. W. RANDOLPH, Richmond, Va. by Books sent by mail, post paid, to all who remit the price. January 1856.

JOHN O'NEILL, BOOKSELLER AND STATIONER, Broad Street, Near Ninth,

DEALER IN MAGAZINES, NEWSPAPERS AND CHEAP PUBLICATIONS. Wouid respectfully suggest to his friends and the public who desire to receive their papers regularly for the year 1856, that now is the time to hand in their names. Any paper published in this Country, will be supplied to Subscribers at Publishers’ prices, and delivered in any part of the City without extra charge. European papers at the usual prices.

Mr. O'Neill has opened in connection with his Bookstore, a Circulating Library. You can have any book, and as many as you desire to read, for twenty-five Cents per month.

NEXT DOOR TO BROAD STREET HOTEL.

SPLENDID PIANO FORTES.

J. A. BELVIN IS Constantly receiving from the celTTY Nebrated manufactories of Messrs. NUNNS & Co, BURNS & Co., REESEE & Co., and ELBERT & Co., with and without the Eolian ; whose instruments are unrivalled in tone and durability; which he will sell on the most accommodating terms.

CABINET FURNITURE. Mr. B. still continues to manufacture Cabinet Furniture of the most fashionable patterns, which for beauty and workmanship cannot be surpassed. He is constantly manufacturing Parlour and Chamber Sets, of Rosewood, Walnut, Oak and Mahogany. Those wishing to purchase, would do well to examine his assortment.

J. A. BELVIN, Franklin Street, Richmond, Va.

SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER.

A MAGAZINE DEVOTED TO LITERATURE, SCIENCE AND ART.

RICHMOND, JANUARY 1856.

AFRICA IN AMERICA.

place twenty African slaves. And now A problem: America in Africa; its solu

for the first time, the white man, the tion in part. Remarkable series of black man, and the red man stood face to events leading to the formation of the

face, and gazed upon each other in the Colonization Society. Extraordinary

New World. concurrence of politicians of all parties

From that moment these three races and christians of all creeds. Apparent

started upon a new career, which is now instances of Providential intervention.

in the process of development before our Injudicious defences of Slavery: the

eyes, and which is destined, in our humtrue ground upon which to rest our pe

ble judgment, to fulfil upon a large scale culiar institution. The Colonization

that remarkable prophecy uttered thousSociety a true exponent of public senti

ands of years before by the Patriarch ment, and a response to repeated de

Noah, when, standing upon the mount of mands of the General Assembly. Colo

inspiration, and looking down the course nization and Abolition antagonistic:

of future time, he proclaimed: “God Colonization a safety-valve to the ship

shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell of State ; Abolition the bursting of the

in the tents of Shem, and Canaan shall boiler. Colonization stamped with the

be his servant." broad seal of the Commonwealth by ten

The contemplation of the career upon General Assemblies in the course of fif

which these three races started at that ty years; and sustained by the authori

eventful moment will teach us some interty of Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Marshail, and nearly all the governors of the white man, the type of Christian civ

esting and instructive lessons. There was the State, and by a greater number of ilization. He began immediately to ineminent Virginians than ever concurred

crease in the most rapid and wonderful in favor of any other measure of State

manner. In a very few years, he penepolicy.

trated every river that opened its mouth In the year 1607 three English ships into the Atlantic Ocean; he ascended were driven by stress of weather into the every hill, passed every mountain, pourcapes of Virginia; and, having ascended ed along the valleys, and spread over the the James River, effected the first perma continent. But not only has he subdued nent settlement of the white race upon the wilderness, and made those vast solithe North American continent. In the tudes, hitherto unbroken save by the waryear 1620, a Dutch man-of-war ascended whoop of the Indian and the scream of the same river, and landed at the same the eagle, vocal with the hum of industry

and the songs of christian praise ; but he the discipline of slavery tempered by has accomplished a revolution which has christianity, and regulated by law. Verino parallel in the annals of the world ; ly, if there had been no other end of such and laid the foundation of governments a procedure, this "seeming sharp Proriwhich have no model upon the face of the dence of God would have been highly globe. The kings of the old world are justified.” But as we proceed, we shall looking with awe and disquietude upon see new and more beautiful instances of this “new Rome rising in the West; the

design as the history of the race is evolforeshadows of whose greatness yet to be ved under the Providence of God. are extending darkly and heavily over No sooner had we taken our place as their dominions, and obscuring the lustre an independent power among the nations, of their thrones."

and begun to legislate for ourselves, than Where are the other parties to this in a new phenomenon attracted the attenteresting meeting? The red man has re tion of our legislators; viz: the class of tired before the rising tide of white pop free colored people. The thirteen coloulation; receding from the Blue Ridge nies which adopted the Declaration of Into the Alleghany, from the Alleghany to dependence were slaveholders: When the Mississippi; and disappearing from these colonies became States, they reserveach in quick succession, like snow be ed their sovereign power over the ques. fore the sun.

He may linger for a few tion of slavery. In the exercise of that years on our western horizon, but is des

sovereignty, seven of the original thirteen tined ere long to make his “ ocean grave

in process of time emancipated their with the setting sun." His history is an slaves. Many individuals in the Southinstructive instance of the effect of leav ern States emancipated a still larger numing an inferior in contact with a superior ber. This anomalous class soon attracted тасе, and in the enjoyment of its own the public attention

Mr. Jefferson prewild liberty. Had the African been left pared a comprehensive plan of colonizalike the Indian, in his native freedom, his tion in 1776; but nothing definite was would have been the fate of the Indian.*

done, probably because when the report But in the mysterious Providence of God, of the committee of revision was acted the African was “bound to the car of the upon, Jefferson, its chairman, was in Anglo-American,” who has borne him France, and Pendleton and Wythe, two along with him in his upward career, pro of its members, were on the bench. In tecting his weakness and providing for after years, the subject was repeatedly his wants. Accordingly, he has grown discussed in the legislature, and became with our growth and strengthened with a matter of grave consultation and corour strength, until he is numbered by respondence between the President of the millions instead of scores; and if the ac United States (Jefferson) and Page and cession by immigration had not been ar Monroe, governors of Virginia. The rested, the black might have surpassed General Assembly, in 1800, 1802 and the white population. In the meantime, 1805, passed resolutions upon the subject; the black man has been traired in the and opinions were interchanged between habits, manners and arts of civilized life, the President of the United States, the been taught the christian religion, and governors of Virginia, and the General been gradually rising in the intellectual Assembly, as to the comparative advanand moral order, until he is far above his tages of our South-western frontier, of the race in their native seats. In these facts West Indies, and of Africa, as a site for we see traces of the designs of an all the proposed Asylum for free negroes. wise Providence, in permitting the black Our difficulties with foreign powers now man to be brought here and subjected to supervened, and arrested these interest

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* In the Northern States the free negroes are declining in numbers, notwithstanding the accession to them of fugitive slaves. The heaviest abatement has been in the last twenty years, the poriod of the most strenuous efforts of the Abolitionists.

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