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A

SHORT AND PLAIN

EXPOSITION

OF THE

OLD TESTAMENT,

WITH

DEVOTIONAL

AND

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS,

FOR THE

USE OF FAMILIES.

BY THE LATE

REVEREND JOB ORTON, S.T.P.

PUBLISHED FROM THE AUTHOR'S MANUSCRIPTS,

BY ROBERT GENTLEMAN.

FIRST ANERICAN, FROM THE SECOND LONDON EDITION.

VOL. V.

CHARLESTOWN :

PRINTED AND SOLD BY SAMUEL ETHERIDGE.

1805,

CONTENTS,

PROVERBS. ECCLESIASTES. THE SONG OF SOLOMON. ISALAH. JEREMIAH.

LAMENTATIONS.

gilt

Tappan Prest. Assor, 1-9-1932

The Book of PROVERBS.

INTRODUCTION.

WE have here another book, and another arthor, namely, Solomon,

the wisest of men, who had uncommon abilities, and large experience. . It contains excellent maxime for the conduct of life. The word proverb signifies a ruling speech, or observation, that ought to have great weight with mankind ; a short sententious speech, of great excellency and importance : and such umong the ancients being chiefly similes and comparisons, in which one thing looked to another for the better illustration of it, it became in common use to signify any wise, important maxim. The first nine chapters are more connected than The rest, and contain a commendation of and exhortation to true wis-, dom ; which is the fear of God. The remaining chapters contain directions how to govern ourselves in all circumstances and relations in life. Other purts of scripture are like a rich mine, where the firec. żous ore runs along in one continued vein ; but this book is like a heap of pearls, which, though they are loose and unstrung, are not therefore the less valuable,

CHAP. I.

THE proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel; 2

of understanding ; to make men know when good advice is given,

and how to give it to others ; or to teach them to avoid errors, and 3 to correct those they have fallen into ; To receive the instruction

of wisdom, justice, and judgment, and equity; that is, to make

them good in every circuinstance, condition, and relation in life ; 4 To give subtilty to the simple, to the young man knowledge

and discretion ; they are designed 10 teach caution and sagacity in

the unexperienced ; but they are not intended for them alone, there 5 is that in them which may improve the wisest. A wise (man]

will hear, and will increase learning į and a man of understand6 ing shall attain unto wise counsels : To understand a proverb,

and the interpretation ; the words of the wise, and their dark sayings ; to understand the meaning of parables, figures, and other

ways of instruction. 7 The fear of the LORD [is] the beginning of knowledge : (but]

fools despise wisdom and instruction. This verse is a key io the whole book. By wisdom, he does not mean common sagacity, car. pal policy, or great learning, but true religion, and by fools hera,

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