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ordero, and # Range within the Region. Range beyond the Region. ta 69. Acanthis 3 o and N. Africa to Central sia 70. Procarduelis ... 1 |High Himalayas and E. Thibet 71. Chrysomitris... 2 W. Europe to Japan N. and S. America 72. Dryospiza ... 4 || Atlantic Islands to Palestine, N. Africa 73. Metoponia ... 1 | N. E. Europe to W. Himalayas 74. Chlorospiza ... 5 || W. o N. Africa to Japan | China, E. Africa 75. Passer ... ... 8 || The whole region Ethiopian, Oriental 76. Montifringilla 4 Europe to Cashmere and Siberia 77. Fringillauda.. 1 No. h Himalayas to E. Thibet, 1g 78. Coccothraustes. 3 w; Europe, High Himalayas to N. America aroan 79. Mycerobas 2 c. Asia & High Himalayas 80 Eophona... 2 E. Thibet, China, and Japan China 81. Pyrrhula . | 9 || Azores to Japan, High Himalayas Alaska (Crith ... 1 || Palestine) Ethiopian genus 82. dous ... 12 o Eu. to Japan, High Hima- India & China, N. Amer. ayas 83. Erythrospiza... 4 || N. Africa to Afghanistan and Turkestan 84. Uragus ... 2 |Turkestan & E. Thibet to Japan 85. Loxia 3 Europe, High Himalayas to Japan] N. America 86. Pinicola... ... 1 || N. Europe, Siberia N. America 87. Propyrrhula ... 1 |High Himalayas Darjeeling in winter 88. Pyrrhospiza ... 1 |Snowy Himalayas 89. Linota ... | 6 || The whole region N. America 90. Leucosticte ... 4 || Turkestan to Kamschatka N. W. America Emberizinae 91. ( Euspiza E. Europe to Japan N. America

92. W. Emberiza
93. ) Fringillaria...
94. (Plectrophanes

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Melanocorypha
Pallasia ..
(Certhilauda ...
(Alaemon

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i

Europe to Japan
S. Europe, N. Africa
Northern half of region

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N. Europe to Japan, N. Africa,
Arabia
The whole region (excl. Iceland)
Central Europe to N. China, N.
Africa
Central Europe to N. China, N
Africa
S. Eu. N. Africa, N. & Cen. Asia
Mongolia
N. Africa)

N. India, China
African genus
N. America

India
Oriental
India, China

N. E. African genus

India, N.Anerica, Andes

India, Africa
India, Central Africa

India
N. W. India

103. 104.

N. Africa, Arabia)

S. African genus
Ethiopian genus

Order, Foy, and 2: Range within the Region Range beyond the Region. o 105. Ammomanes... 3 |S. Europe, N. Africa, to Cash-Africa, India mere MoTACILLIDAE. 106. Motacilla 6 |The whole region Oriental, Ethiopian 107. Budytes 4 Europe to China . Oriental, Moluccas 108. Calobates 2 |Atlantic Is., W. Europe, to China Malaisia, Madagascar PITTIDAE. (Pitta 1 |Japan) Oriental & Austral. genus PICARIAE. PICIDAE. 109. Picoides... 3 No. Cen. Europe to Thibet & North America . Asia 110. Picus 16 |The whole region (excl. Atlantic India, China, N. and. S. Islands) America 111. Hypopicus ... 1 |N. China Himalavas (Yungipicus ... 1 | N. China) Oriental genus 112. Dryocopus 1 | N. & Cen. Europe to N. China || Neotropical 113. Gecinus ... 6 W. Europe to Thibet, Amoor & Oriental Japan YUNGIDAE. 114. Yunx 2 W. Europe to N. W. India, N. E. Africa, S. Africa Thibet and Japan CUCULIDAE. 115. Cuculus ... 2 |The whole region (excl. Atlantic Ethiop. Oriental Austral. Islands) 116. Coccystes 1 S. Europe and N. Africa Ethiopian and Oriental CoRACIIDAE. 117. Coracias... ... 1 Cent. Europe to Cent. Asia Ethiopian, Oriental (Eurystomus... 1 || Amoor in summer) Oriental & Austral. genus MEROPIDAE. 118. Merops ... 2 |S. Europe to Cashmere, N. Africa Ethiopian and Oriental ALCEDINIDAE. (Halcyon 3 |W. Asia, N. China, Japan) Ethiop., Orien., Austral. 119. Alcedo ... 2 Europe, N. China 120. Ceryle 2 |S. E. Europe, Japan Africa, India, America UPUPIDAE. 121. Upupa ... 1 S. Europe, N. China Ethiop. & Oriental genus CAPRIMUL.GIDAE. 122. Caprimulgus... 5 | Europe to Japan Ethiopian and Oriental CYPSELIDAE. 123. Cypselus 4 |The whole region (excl. Iceland)|Ethiopian, America 124. Chaetura... 2 |N. China, Dauria Africa, India

orio, and # Range within the Region. Range beyond the Region. da COLUMBAE. CoLUMBIDAE. 125. Columba 6 |The whole region Africa, Asia, America 126. Turtur ... 4 W. Europe to Japan Ethiopian and Oriental (Alsaecomus ... 1 | E. Thibet) Oriental genus GALLINAE. PTEROCLIDA. 127. Pterocles 2 |S. Europe, N. Africa, to W. India Ethiopian genus 128. Syrrhaptes 2 Central Asia, N. China TETRAONIDAE. 129. Francolinus ... 1 || Borders of Mediterranean Ethiopian, Oriental 130. Perdiac ... 2 Europe to go. 131. Coturnix 1 Central and S. Europe to Japan |Ethiop., Orien., Austral. 132. Lerwa 1 |Snowy Himalayas to E. Thibet 133. Caccabis... 5 |Cen. Europe and N. Africa to N. Abyssinia, Arabia W. Himalayas 134. Tetraogallus ... 4 Caucasus to E. Thibet and Altai Mountains 135. Tetrao ... 4 Europe and N. Asia N. America 136. Bonasa ... 1 Europe and N. Asia N. America 137. Lagopus... 4 |Iceland, W. Europe to Japan ||N. America, Greenland PHAs.IANIDAs. 138. Crossoptilon ... 4 Thibet, Mongolia, N. China 139. Lophophorus ... 3 Cashmere to E. Thibet (highest woods) 140. Tetraophasis... 1 E. Thibet E. Thibet (!) 141. Ceriornis 1 N. W. Himalayas o Himalayas to W. China 142. Pucrasia— 3 |N. W. Himalayas to N. W. China Himalayas 143. Phasianus ... 10 | Western Asia to Japan W. Himalayas, Formosa 144. Thaumalea ... 3 |E. Thibet to Amoor, N. China | West China 145. Ithaginis 2 | Nepaul to E. Thibet (high) , TURNICIDAE 146. Turnix ... 2 Spain and N. Africa, N. China |Ethiop., Orien., Austral ACCIPITRES. WULTURIDAE. 147. Vultur ... 1 || Spain and N. Africa to N. China 148. Gyps ... 1 |S. Europe, Palestine, Cen. Asia E. Africa, India 149. Otogyps 1 S. Europe, N. Africa S. Africa, India 150. Neophron 1 | Atlantic Isds. to Palestine Africa, India FALCONIDAE. 151. Circus 5 | Europe to Japan Almost Cosmopolite 152. Astur ... 1 | Europe to N. China Almost Cosmopolite 153. Accipiter 2 Europe to Japan Almost Cosmopolite 154. Buteo 4 |Europe to Japan Cosmopolite (excl. Aus. tralia)

Order, §. and # Range within the Region. Range beyond the Region. - 2.5 155. Archibuteo 1 | N. Europe to Japan N. America 156. Gypaetus 1 S. Europe, N. Africa Abyssinia, Himalayas 157. Aquila ... 5 | Europe to Japan Nearctic, Ethiop., Orien. 158. Nisaetus... 2 E. Europe, N. Africa, W. Asia || India, Australia 159. Circaetus 1 E. and S. Europe, N. Africa, W. Africa, India Asia 160. Haliaeetus 3 |Iceland and S. Europe to Japan | Cosmopolite (excl. Neotropical region) 161. Milvus ... 4 Europe to Japan, N. Africa The Old World &Austral. 162. Elanus ... 2 |N. Africa, N. China to Amoor Cosmopolite (excl. East U. S. 163. Pernis ... 1 Europe to J-pan “Ethiopian and Oriental 164. Falco 5 |The whole region Cosmopolite (excl. Pacific Islands) 165. Hierofalco 5 |The whole region N. America 166. Cerchneis 4 |Atlantic Islands to Japan Cosmop. (excl. Oceania) PANDioniDA. 167. Pandion— 1 Europe to Japan Cosmopolite STRIGIDAE. 168. Surnia 1 | N. Europe and Siberia North America 169. Nyctea ... 1 | Arctic regions Arctic America 170. Athene ... 4 Central and S. Europe to Japan | Ethiop., Orien., Austral. (Ninox ... ... 1 || N. China and Japan) Oriental genus 171. Glaucidium ... 1 Europe to N. China America 172. Bubo 2 Europe to N. China Africa, India, America 173. Scops 3 |S. Europe to Japan African, Orien., Austral. 174. Syrnium... 5 | Europe to Japan African, Oriental, Amer. 175. Otus ... 2 Europe to Japan Almost Cosmopolite 176. Nyctala . 1 | N. Europe to E. Siberia N. America 177. Strix 1 Europe and N. Africa All warm &temp. regions

Peculiar or very characteristic Genera of Wading and Swimming Birds.

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ordero, and ; Range within the Region. Range beyond the Region.
an
OTIDIDAE.
Otis.. 2 W. Europe to Mongolia,N.Africa
ANSERES.
ANATIDAE.
Aix... ... 1 N. China to Amoor N. America
Bucephala . | 3 || Iceland, N. Europe, and Asia N. America
Histrionicus ... 1 || Iceland, N. Siberia N. America
Harelda... 1 | North of whole region Arctic America
Somateria 3 | North of whole region N. America
QEdemia... 3 ||North of whole region N. America
LARIDAE.
Rissa 1 | North coasts of whole region N. America
CoLYMBIDAE.
Colymbus 3 | North of whole region N. America
ALCIDAE.
Alca ... 2 |North coasts of whole region N. America
Fratercula 3 ||North coasts of whole region N. America
Uria ... 3 | North coasts of whole region N. America
Mergulus 1 | Iceland and Arctic coasts Arctic America

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