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Zoological Characteristics of the Himalayan Sub-region.— Taking this sub-region as a whole, we find it to be characterised by 3 genera of mammalia (without counting bats), and 44 genera of land-birds, which are altogether peculiar to it; and by 13 genera of mammalia and 36 of birds, which it possesses in common with the Malayan sub-region; and besides these it has almost all the genera before enumerated as “Oriental,” and several others of wide range, more especially a number of Palaearctic genera which appear in the higher Himalayas. The names of the more characteristic genera are as follows:—

PECULIAR HIMALO-CHINESE GENERA.

Mammalia.-Urva, Arctonya, Alurus.

Birds. Suya, Horites, Chaemarrhornis, Tarsiger, Oreicola, Acanthoptila, Grammatoptila, Trochalopteron, Actinodura, Sibia, Suthora, Paradoxornis, Chlenasicus, Tesia, Rimator, Ægithaliscus, Cephalopyrus, Liothric, Siva, Minla, Proparus, Cutia, Yuhina, Iculus, Myzornis, Erpornis, Hemicus, Chibia, Niltava, Anthipes, Chelidorhyna, Urocissa, Pachyglossa, Heterura, Haematospiza, Ampelleeps, Saroglossa, Psarisomus, Serilophus, Vivia, Hyopicus, Gecimulus, Aceros, Ceriornis.

GENERA common To THE HIMALO-CHINESE AND MALAYAN SUB-REGIONS.

Mammalia. — Hylobates, Nycticebus, Viverricula, Prionodon, Arctitis, Paguma, Arctogale, Cuon, Gymnopus, Aonyx, Helictis, Rhinoceros, Nemorhedus, Rhizomys.

Birds—Oreocincla, Notodela, Janthocincla, Timalia, Stachyris, Mizornis, Trichastoma, Enicurus, Pna pyga, Melanochlora, Allotrius, Microscelis, Iole, Analcipus, Cochoa, Bhringa, Xanthopygia, Hylocharis, Cissa, Temnurus, Crypsirhina, Chalcostetha, Anthreptes, Chalcoparia, Cymbirhynchus, Hydrornis, Sasia, Venilia, Indicator, Carcineutes, Lyncornis, Macropygia, Argusianus Polyplectron, Euplocamus, Phodilus.

Plate VII. Scene in Nepal, with Characteristic Himalayan Animals—Our illustration contains figures of two mammals

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