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General Zoological Characteristics of the Australian Region (p. 390)—Summary

of the Australian Wertebrata (p. 397)—Supposed Land-connection between

Australia and South America (p. 398)—Insects (p. 403)—Land-shells (p. 407)

—Australian Sub-regions (p. 408)—Austro-Malayan Sub-region (p. 409)—

Papua, or the New Guinea Group (p. 409)—The Moluccas (p. 417)—Insects—

Peculiarities of the Moluccan Fauna (p. 420)—Timor Group (p. 422)—

Celebes Group (p. 426)—Origin of the Fauna of Celebes (p. 436)— Australia

and Tasmania, or the Australian Sub-region (p. 438)—The Pacific Islands, or

Polynesian Sub-region (p. 442)—Fiji, Tonga, and Samoa Islands (p. 443)—

Society and Marquesas Islands (p. 443)—Ladrone and Caroline Islands (p. 444)

—New Caledonia and the New Hebrides (p. 444)—Sandwich Islands (p. 445)

—Reptiles of the Polynesian Sub-region (p. 448)—New Zealand Sub-region

(p. 449)—Islets of the New Zealand Sub-region (p. 453)—Reptiles, Amphibia,

and Fresh-water Fishes (p. 456)—Insects (p. 457)—The Ancient Fauna of New

Zealand (p. 459)—The Origin of the New Zealand Fauna (p. 459)—Causes of

the Poverty of Insect-life in New Zealand: its Influence on the Character of

the Flora (p. 462)—Concluding Remarks on the Early History of the Austra-

lian Region (p. 464)—Table I. Families of Animals inhabiting the Australian

Region (p. 468)—Table II. Genera of Terrestrial Mammalia and Birds of the

Australian Region (p. 473) - - - - - - . 387–485

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MLAPS AND ILLUSTRATIONS IN WOL. I.

Map of the World, showing the Zoo-Geographical Regions and the

contour of the Ocean-bed - - - - - . Frontispiece To face page

Map of the Palaearctic Region . - - - - - . 181 Plate I. The Alps of Central Europe with Characteristic Animals 195 Plate II. Characteristic Mammalia of Western Tartary . - . 218 Plate III. Characteristic Animals of North China . . - . 226 Map of the Ethiopian Region . - - - - - - . 251 Plate IV. Characteristic Animals of East Africa . . . . 261 Plate W. Scene in West Africa with Characteristic Animals . . 264 Plate VI. Scene in Madagascar with Characteristic Animals . . 278 Map of the Oriental Region - - - - - - - . 315 Plate VII. Scene in Nepaul with Characteristic Animals . - . 331 Plate VIII. A Forest in Borneo with Characteristic Mammalia . . 337

Plate IX. A Malacca Forest with some of its Peculiar Birds . . 340
Map of the Australian Region . . . - - - - - . 387
Plate X. Scene in New Guinea with Characteristic Animals . . 415
Plate XI. The Characteristic Mammalia of Tasmania . - • 439

Plate XII. The Plains of New South Wales with Characteristic Ani-
mals . - - - - - - - - 442

Plate XIII. Scene in New Zealand with some of its Remarkable Birds 455

THE

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF ANIMALS.

PART I.

THE PRINCIPLES AND GENERAL PHENOMENA OF DISTRIBUTION.

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