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No. 4.
Duke of Newcastle
to Sir H. E. F.
Young.

15 Feb. 1854.

* Page 7.

No. 5.
Sir H. E. F. Young
to the Duke of
Newcastle.

24 October 1853.

On board the "Lady Augusta," River Murray, near the Junction of the Darling,
October 7th, 1853.

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On board the Steamer "Lady Augusta," River Murray,

Gentlemen,

near the Darling, October 7th, 1853.

I HAVE the honour to acknowledge and thank you for the address which you have presented to me.

The steam navigation of the great River Murray and its tributaries, of which this voyage has been the auspicious commencement, is an object of such general and permanent importance, that, had any exertions to promote its prosecution been wanting on my part, I should have considered the omission a dereliction of duty.

It is a great gratification to me that you have appreciated and have been enabled to witness its accomplishment.

My earnest hope and belief are, that it will realise for the future all the nent advantages which are reasonable to be anticipated.

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I feel highly honoured by the obliging terms in which you have expressed yourselves in regard to myself personally.

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J. T. Kiene.
K. N. Orr.
R. H. Jones.
James Rutherford.
M. McGrath.
James McGrath..
Thos. McGrath.
Henry Williams.
Geo. B. Fletcher.
James McLeod.

No. 5.

(No. 3.)

COPY of a DESPATCH from the Duke of Newcastle to Lieutenant-Governor
Sir H. E. F. Young.

I have, &c., (signed)

Sir,

Downing-street, 15 February 1854.

I HAVE received with much pleasure your despatch of the 15th of October last, No. 54,* reporting your return to Adelaide after the successful completion of the expedition which you had undertaken for the purpose of exploring the River Murray.

great and

I fully appreciate the advantages which may be expected to arise to the public at large from the valuable discoveries which have been effected through your

exertions.

I am, &c. (signed)

H. E. F. Young.

(Answered, No. 4, 16 Feb. 1854, p. 12.)

(No. 68.)

COPY of a DESPATCH from Lieutenant-Governor Sir H. E. F. Young

to the Duke of Newcastle.

I have, &c. (signed)

Newcastle.

Adelaide, October 24, 1853.
(Received 4 Feb. 1854.)

My Lord Duke,

I HAVE the honour of enclosing copies of a Message to the Legislative Council, announcing the opening up of the steam navigation and commerce of the River Murray, and the arrival at the Goolwa of the first cargo of river-borne wool; of the Address of the Council thereon; and of my reply to the Address.

H. E. F. Young.

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Enclosure in No. 5.

MESSAGE from His Excellency the LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR to the LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL.
LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR SIR HENRY YOUNG has the gratification to announce to the
Legislative Council, the arrival, at the Goolwa, of the first river-borne wool, the produce of
the vast basin of the Murray.

In congratulating the Council on this auspicious commencement of the steam navigation and commerce of the great River Murray, the Lieutenant-governor is happy to state that Captain Cadell's voyage reached to 150 miles beyond Swan Hill, a distance of about 1,450 miles from the sea; and was also extended to 60 miles up the Wakool, an important branch of the Murray. The first cargo comprises wool of the Murray, the Darling, the Murrimbidgee, and the Wakool rivers.

H. E. F. Young,

On board the "Lady Augusta "Steamer,
Goolwa, October 14, 1853.

ADDRESS of the LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL to His Excellency the LIEUTENANT-GOVERnor.

To His Excellency Sir Henry Edward Fox Young, Knight. Lieutenant-Governor of
Her Majesty's Province of South Australia, &c., &c.

May it please your Excellency,

THE Legislative Council has experienced sincere gratification in the announcement made to it by your Excellency, of the arrival, at the Goolwa, of the first river-borne wool, the produce of the vast basin of the Murray.

The opening up of the navigation of the Murray has long been anxiously desired; and your Excellency's earnest and undeviating exertions to promote that important object well deserve the warmest thanks of this Council and of the colonists of South Australia.

Legislative Council Chamber, Adelaide,

21 October 1853.

Lieutenant-governor.

Your Excellency's personal superintendence of the first practical experiment, which has resulted in demonstrating that that great river is navigable by steam, for commercial purposes, for at least 1,450 miles of its course, must necessarily connect the name of your Excellency with that successful enterprise; and the Council think that so great a public service should be appropriately acknowledged.

The Council, therefore, requests your Excellency to cause three gold medals to be engraved, with suitable device and inscriptions, commemorating the auspicious opening up of the steam navigation and commerce of the Murray, and the first arrival at the Goolwa of river-borne wool. And the Council requests that, as the Lieutenant-governor of South Australia, whose personal exertions promoted this great enterprise, and in whose administration it originated and has been successfully accomplished, your Excellency would be pleased to receive one of the said medals.

And the Council further requests that your Excellency will be pleased to cause one of the said medals to be conferred on Captain Francis Cadell, who completed the first commercial voyage, as owner and commander of the Lady "Augusta" steamer and "Eureka" barge, with a cargo of Murray wool; and that the remaining medal may be deposited with the records of the Legislature of South Australia, under whose sanction the necessary pecuniary aid was voted in encouragement of the steari navigation of the River Murray.

John Morphett,
Speaker.

REPLY of His Excellency the LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR.

Mr. Speaker and Gentlemen,

I RECEIVE with great gratification the Address which you have presented to me.

In conformity with your request, I shall cause medals of South Australian gold to be struck, in commemoration of the opening up of the commerce and navigation of the River Murray.

I shall have great pleasure in conferring on Captain Cadell the medal by which the Lieutenant-governor and Legislature desire to distinguish him with honour, in having successfully accomplished the first commercial steam voyage on the River Murray.

I concur with you in deeming this important event to be worthy of permanent record in the annals of South Australia; and I shall cause a commemorative medal to be placed conspicuously among the public archives.

I shall not fail to seek Her Majesty's gracious permission to accept from the Legislative Council the honour of one of the medals for myself, as a memorial of the happy fortune by which I have been privileged to be a co-operator with the Council in opening up the steam navigation of the River Murray, and thereby establishing a bond of commercial and social union between three prosperous colonies of Australia.

H. E. F. Young.

Government House, October 24, 1853.

Enclosure in No. 5.

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No. 6.

(No. 4.)

COPY of a DESPATCH from the Duke of Newcastle to Lieutenant-Governor
Sir H. E. F. Young.

Sir,

Downing-street, 16 February 1854.

I HAVE received your despatch, No. 68,* of the 24th of October last, enclosing copies of a Message to the Legislative Council, announcing the opening up of the steam navigation of the River Murray, and the arrival at the Goolwa of the first cargo of river-borne wool; together with copies of the Address of the Council, and of your reply.

It has been very satisfactory to me to perceive, that the Legislative Council appreciate so highly the benefits which you yourself had anticipated from the result of this undertaking.

I have also to authorise your acceptance of the medal which the Legislative Council propose to grant to you in acknowledgment of your exertions in furtherance of this successful enterprise; regarding it not in the light of a present to yourself, which you are aware that the rules of the service would forbid, but as a public memorial of an event of the highest importance to the colony, of which it will be a permanent satisfaction to yourself to have witnessed the accomplishment under your government.

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I am, &c. (signed)

Newcastle.

(No. 69.)

COPY of a DESPATCH from Lieutenant-Governor Sir H. E. F. Young to the
Duke of Newcastle.

Adelaide, 24 October 1853. (Received 15 February 1854.)

My Lord Duke,

IN conformity with the Address of the Legislative Council, forwarded with my despatch of this date, I have the honour to request that the Colonial Agentgeneral may be directed to place the drawings herewith enclosed in the hands of the official successor of the late Mr. Wyon, or other properly qualified person, and to cause three gold medals to be executed, equal in size to the Great Exhibition Medal of 1851, in the best style, in general conformity with these designs and their respective inscriptions; and to be transmitted with all convenient despatch to the colony.

There will be remitted by the first opportunity, through the South Australian Banking Company, 54 ounces of gold, the produce of South Australia, to make these medals; if the gold be found to be more than enough for the medals, the surplus is to be applied towards defraying the cost of execution; if insufficient, the deficiency is to be made up with gold of standard purity, and the cost of the medals and their execution, if not defrayed out of the gold remitted from hence, may be paid out of any funds in the hands of the Agent-general belonging to South Australia, or which may be sent from hence through the Commissariat when necessary.

No other limit need be assigned to the cost than that regulated by the dimensions of the Exhibition Medal, and the design of the drawings herewith enclosed.

It is, however, requested that the design and size are to be taken for general guidance only; the taste and details of execution may be left to the skill and experience of the artist, to complete the medals in a manner worthy of a work of art, especially as one of them will remain deposited in the public archives of the colony. The die is to be forwarded with the medals to Adelaide.

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No. 8.

(No. 71.)

COPY of a DESPATCH from Lieutenant-Governor Sir H. E. F. to the Duke of Newcastle.

Adelaide, 29 October 1853.
(Received 4 February 1854.)

My Lord Duke,

In compliance with an Address of the Legislative Council, a copy of which is herewith transmitted, I have the honour to request that your Grace will be pleased to instruct the Colonial Agent-general to give public notice in the London Gazette, that the object for which the premium of 4,000l. was voted by the Council in 1851 for the two first iron steamers that navigated the River Murray having been attained, no claim for the said premium will be admitted, unless notice of an intention to make such claim be given to the Agent-general of the Colonies within two months, and the claim be made within one year from the date of such publication.

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Enclosure in No. 8.

To His Excellency Sir Henry Edward Fox Young, Knight, Lieutenant-Governor of
Her Majesty's Province of South Australia, &c., &c.

No. 9.

I have, &c. (signed)

May it please your Excellency: The humble Address of the Legislative Council of South
Australia,

Young

Sheweth,

THAT at a Meeting of the said Council, holden on the 27th day of October 1853, it was resolved, That an Address be presented to his Excellency the Lieutenant-governor, requesting (the object for which the premium of 4,000 l. voted by the Council for the two first iron steamers on the Murray having been attained) his Excellency to take the necessary steps to give public notice in the London Gazette that no claim for the premium will be admitted, unless notice of an intention to make such claim be given to the Agentgeneral of the Colonies within two months, and the claim be made within one year from the date of such publication.

(signed)

John Morphett, Speaker.

H. E. F. Young.

(No. 78.)

COPY of a DESPATCH from Lieutenant-Governor Sir H. E. F. Young to the Duke of Newcastle.

Adelaide, 10 November 1853.
(Received 16 February 1854.)

My Lord Duke,
WITH reference to my despatches of the 17th September and 15th October
last, on the navigation and commerce of the River Murray, I have the honour
to transmit copies of a Proclamation and of a notice from the office of the Sur-
veyor-general, issued yesterday, to provide for the interests of future settlers,
and the probable course of future settlement on the banks and lakes of the
River Murray, in South Australia, by creating the "Hundred of the Murray,'
comprising all those lands which lie within the distance of two miles from either
of the two opposite banks of the river.

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I have also to report that, having observed in the Sydney newspaper a proposition or intention to establish Inland Customhouses, I directed a communication to be addressed to the local Government at Sydney and Melbourne, suggesting a more economical and convenient mode of collecting duties on articles subject to duty when river-borne from the Goolwa, or River Terminus, to the Colonies of New South Wales and Victoria. Of this communication I have the honour to enclose a copy.

I have, &c. (signed)

H. E. F. Young.

No. 8.

Sir H. E. F. Young

to the Duke of Newcastle.

29 October 1853.

27 October 1853.

Enclosure in No. 8.

No. 9:

Sir H. E. F. Young to the Duke of Newcastle. 10 November 1853

Enclosure in No. 9.

Encl. 2, in No. 9.

(L.S.)
H. E. F. Young.

Enclosure, 1 in No. 9.

PROCLAMATION.

By His Excellency Sir Henry Edward For Young, Knight, Lieutenant-
Governor of Her Majesty's Province of South Australia, and Vice-
Admiral of the same, &c., &c.

WHEREAS, in order to provide for the interests of future settlers, and the probable course of future settlement along the banks of the now ascertained navigable waters of the River Murray, it is expedient that as respects the River Murray and its Lakes Alexandrina or Victoria and Lake Albert, in South Australia, there should be adopted and applied the principles recognised and acted upon in the Royal Order in Council of the 9th March 1847, by which it was declared that in New South Wales and Victoria there shall not be included in leases for pastoral purposes any lands lying and being within the distance of three miles from the sea-coast, and within the distance of two miles from either of the opposite banks of certain rivers then named in the above-mentioned Royal Order: And whereas, for these and other purposes, it is expedient that the portion of the Province of South Australia hereinafter described should be created a Hundred: Now, therefore, I, the Lieutenant-governor, in the name and on the behalf of Her Most Gracious Majesty, by virtue of the powers and authorities in me vested, do, by this my Proclamation, declare and appoint that the several parts of the said Province of South Australia, hereinafter more particularly described, and which are in part bounded by the shores of Lakes Alexandrina or Victoria and Lake Albert, and by the banks of the River Murray, shall, from and after the 1st day of July next ensuing the date of this Proclamation, be, and I do by this my Proclamation constitute the same a Hundred of the said Province by the name of the "Hundred of the Murray:" And I do by this my Proclamation farther proclaim and declare that-All those lands which lie within the distance of two miles from either of the two opposite banks of the River Murray, within the Province of South Australia, together with all those lands which lie within the distance of two miles from the north shore of Lake Alexandrina, between Salt Creek Trigonometrical Station and the Murray, and two miles from the east shores of Lakes Alexandrina and Albert, and also all the land in the county of Russell lying west of Lake Albert, as the same are respectively delineated in the public maps deposited in the office of the Surveyor-general of the Province, shall be within and shall constitute the said Hundred.

Given under my hand and the public seal of the said Province, at Adelaide, this ninth day of November, in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and Fifty-three, and in the seventeenth year of Her Majesty's reign.

By command,
GOD SAVE THE QUEEN!

B. T. Finniss,

Colonial Secretary's Office, Adelaide, November 9, 1853.

THE margins of Lake Alexandrina and Lake Albert, and each bank of the River Murray, for two miles inland, having been constituted and proclaimed the " Hundred of the Murray in South Australia :"

Notice is hereby given that applications will be received by the Surveyor-general for the survey of sections on the said lands, in blocks of 10, 80, and 640 acres, according to the wishes of intending purchasers.

Colonial Secretary.

Access from the back lands to the water and necessary roads for the convenience of the public will be reserved in the usual manner.

Purchasers of land will have the customary privilege of commonage within the Hundred, according to the regulations.

By His Excellency's command,

Enclosure 2, in No. 9.

To the Hon. the Colonial Secretary,

New South Wales.

B. T. Finniss,

Colonial Secretary.

South Australia, Colonial Secretary's Office,
Adelaide, 11 November 1853.

Sir,

I HAVE the honour, by directions of Lieutenant-governor Sir H. E. F. Young, to forward, for the consideration of his Excellency the Governor-General, a memorandum on the subject of the collection of duties on river-borne goods; and I am to express Sir H. Young's hope that the proposition therein submitted may be considered satisfactory, in which case the necessary directions will be given to the several collectors of Customs in this Province. I am directed at the same time to transmit copy of the Proclamation of the Hundred of the Murray, and of the Surveyor-General's notice relative thereto.

I have, &c.
(signed) B. T. Finniss,

Colonial Secretary.

Copy of the above, with alterations where required, forwarded to the Hon. the Colonial Secretary, Victoria.

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