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gentlemen of the jury ten broad pieces of gold, and to me but five, which, you know, is not fair. Besides, I have many objections to make to the false reasonings of the pleaders, and the contradictory evidence of the witnesses."

Upon this, the miller began a discourse, which discovered such penetration of judgment, such a knowledge of law, and was expressed with such manly and energetic eloquence, that it astonished the judge and the whole court.

As the speaker was going on with his powerful demonstrations, the judge, in great surprise, stopped him.

“Where did you come from, and who are you?” I came from Westminster Hall,"

"'N replied the miller, “my name is Matthew Hale, I am Lord Chief-Justice of the King's Bench. I have observed the iniquity of your proceedings this day; therefore come down from seat which you are nowise worthy to hold. You are one of the corrupt parties in this nefarious business. I will come up this moment and try the cause over again.”

Accordingly, Sir Matthew went up, with his miller's dress and hat on, began the trial anew, and subjected the testimony to the most searching scrutiny. He made the elder brother's title to the estate clear and manifest from the contradictory evidence of the witnesses, and the false reasoning of the pleaders; unraveled all the sophistry of the latter to the very bottom, and gained a complete victory in favor of truth and justice.


Notes. – For biographical sketch of Sir Matthew Hale, see p. 298.

Westminster Hall, London, was the building in which the “Court of the King's Bench” held its meetings.

Language. - In expressing thoughts, a verb with its subject will sometimes form only an incomplete sentence, and it becomes necessary (1) to use an objective case, (2) an adjective, or (3) a second nominative case, in order to make a complete sentence.

Examples.(1.) “It astonished the judge.(2.) “We are happy." (3.) “My name is Matthew Hale."

In the first example, astonished is called a transitive verb, because it expresses an action that “goes over" (Latin, transit) and must have an object.

Are and is (2 and 3) are forms of the verb “to be," and simply “tie” words together. Any form of to be” is therefore called a copula (tie).

91.-THE AMERICAN FLAG. çe lěs' tial (lěst' yăl), heavenly, răck, ruin; destruction. bal'drie, girdle.

wěl'kin, heavenly. pall, black cover.

běl'lied, swelled out.

When Freedom from her mountain height,

Unfurled her standard to the air,
She tore the azure robe of night,

And set the stars of glory there;
She mingled with its gorgeous dyes
The milky baldric of the skies,
And striped its pure, celestial white
With streakings of the morning light;
Then, from his mansion in the sun,
She call'd her eagle-bearer down,
And gave into his mighty hand
The symbol of her chosen land.

Majestic monarch of the cloud,

Who rear'st aloft thy regal form, To hear the tempest-trumpings loud, And see the lightning lances driven,

When strive the warriors of the storm, And rolls the thunder drum of heavenChild of the sun! to thee 'tis given

To guard the banner of the free,
To hover in the sulphur smoke,
To ward away the battle-stroke,

And bid its blendings shine afar,
Like rainbows on the cloud of war,

The harbingers of victory!

Flag of the bravel thy folds shall fly,
The sign of hope and triumph, high!
When speaks the signal trumpet tone,
And the long line comes gleaming on,
Ere yet the life-blood, warm and wet,
Has dimmed the glistening bayonet,
Each soldier's eye shall brightly turn
To where thy sky-born glories burn,
And, as his springing steps advance,
Catch war and vengeance from the glance.

And when the cannon-mouthings loud
Heave in wild wreaths the battle-shroud,
And gory sabers rise and fall
Like shoots of flame on midnight's pall,
Then shall thy meteor glances glow,

And cowering foes shall shrink beneath Each gallant arm that strikes below

That lovely messenger of death.

Flag of the seas! on ocean wave
Thy stars shall glitter o'er the brave;
When death, careering on the gale,
Sweeps darkly round the bellied sail,
And frighted waves rush madly back
Before the broadside's reeling rack,

Each dying wanderer of the sea
Shall look at once to heaven and thee,
And smile to see thy splendors fly
In triumph o'er his closing eye.

Flag of the free heart's hope and home,

By angel hands to valor given,
Thy stars have lit the welkin dome,

And all thy hues were born in heaven.
Forever float that standard sheet!

Where breathes the foe but falls before us,
With Freedom's soil beneath our feet,
And Freedom's banner streaming o'er us?


Biography.- Joseph Rodman Drake (1795-1820) was a native of New York, and began his career as a poet at seven years of age. He was associated for a time with the poet Halleck (author of “Marco Bozzaris "); and in 1819, they together wrote the “Croaker Papers," which gave them a great reputation.

Drake's longest poem is “The Culprit Fay”; his most popular poem, “The American Flag."

Elocution.– With what tone of voice should this lesson be read ?

Point out the emphatic words in the first stanza. What inflections are used in the last stanza ?

Language.- What figures of rhetoric are used in stanzas two and three ?

Standard, flag, banner, are what kind of words?

Words and phrases are sometimes used independently; as, “Majestic monarch of the cloud !” “Mr. Speaker.” “John.” Monarch, speaker, John, are examples of what is called independent case.

All verbs not requiring an objrct to complete their meaning are called intransitive; as, We all laughed. They have gone away.

Point out an example of a transitive verb, an intransitive verb, and a copula in the lesson.

Composition --Select parts for an analysis of the subject —"A Rainy Day."

Suggestion.- Parts of a narrative may be treated in letter form, particular attention being devoted to the use of punctuation marks and capital letters.


€0 €oon', case made by the silk

worm to hold its larca chrýs'a lidş, forms into which

the worms pass before becoming

perfect insects. e jểet'ing, throwing out. ex pånd'ed, spread out. €o'ma, deep sleep; lethargy.

tāęlş, weights, each of one ounce

and a third.
nox'igus (nok'shủs), injurious,

děst, apt; dextrous,
€or re spondş', agrees.
ăn o mặtie, fragrant.
di myn'û tyve, dery small.


In endeavoring to give some account of the manufacture of silk, the most important branch of Chinese industry, the first point to be noticed is the mode in which the silk-worms are reared. Those who are engaged in this work select a certain number of male and female cocoons. They have difficulty in distinguishing the sex, as the cocoon which contains the male is strong, very pointed at each end, and smaller than that which contains the female, which is thick, round, and soft.

At the end of a period of fifteen or twenty days, the moths come out of the cocoons. They free themselves by first ejecting a fluid which dissolves a portion of the cocoon. All moths, the wings of which are expanded at the time of their birth, are regarded as useful, whereas those which have crumpled wings, no eyebrows, and are without down, are considered useless, and at once destroyed.

After a day, the male moths are removed, and the females, each having been placed on a sheet of coarse paper, begin to lay their eggs. In the silk districts of the north, owing, I suppose, to the severity of the climate, pieces of cloth are used instead of sheets of paper. The number of eggs which one moth lays, is

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