« EelmineJätka »
IV. Summary statement relative to the operation of the Canadian act, by
RAILWAY STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS.
LEGISLATION RELATIVE TO STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS
ON RAILROADS AND OTHER PUBLIC UTILITIES.
METHODS OF ADJUSTMENT OF WAGE DISPUTES IN OPERATION
IN THE LEADING INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL NATIONS.
The following study is not a critical estimate of the efficacy of the different laws which have been devised for dealing with wage disputes and strikes in the transportation industry and other branches of the public-utility service. The experience of the different countries under the various laws enacted has not been considered, or any other feature of the general legislation relative to strikes and lockouts which might be looked upon as a subject of controversy. The report consists of an impartial comparative analysis and digest of legislation relative to strikes and methods of adjusting disputes as to wages and working conditions in the publicutility service in the principal commercial and industrial countries, as well as in those countries where advanced or unusual ideas have been enacted into legislative form. To this has been added the full text of existing and proposed legislation. Official statistics as to the operation of the different laws, whenever available, have also been submitted. Furthermore, in the case of each country an explanatory statement, together with a brief history of legislative enactments for the prevention of strikes and the promotion of industrial peace, has been prepared.
The laws selected for a comparative analysis as being of the largest direct interest in connection with the consideration of a law providing for a system of conciliation and arbitration in the United States were those of Canada, New Zealand, and the Commonwealth of Australia. The laws of the United States and Great Britain were also taken as showing the differences existing between them and the more elaborate and far-reaching laws of the States named.
Laws of the Australian States resembling the laws of the Commonwealth and New Zealand in many respects are not treated in detail, partly because of their general similarity to those analyzed and partly because of the subordinate position which they occupy relative to the law of the Commonwealth. The antistrike legisla