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verfation with a Monk. XXXVIII. John Hufs is put in Prifon.

XXXIX. The Emperor's Safe-Conduct granted to John Hufs. XL.

Sigifmond notifies his Coronation to the Pope. XLI. Letters from

Sigifmond to the Pope, and from the Pope to Sigifmond. XLII. Ar-

ticles exhibited against John Hufs. XLIII. Commiffioners appointed

for his Tryal. XLIV. Arrival of more Prelates and Temporal Lords

in the Council. XLV. Congregation of the Cardinals and Prelates

for the Union and Reformation of the Church. XLVI. Memorial of

Peter d'Ailli. XLVII. Memorial of other Cardinals. XLVIII.

Another General Congregation upon the Affair of the Union. XLIX.

Sigifmond's Order to releafe John Hufs. L. The Second Seffion de-
ferr'd, and why. LI. Sigifmond's Arrival at Conftance. LII. Cha-
racter of his Emprefs. LIII. Character of Sigifmond. LIV. Gene-
ral Congregation in the Emperor's Prefence. LV. Sermon upon the
Reformation and Union of the Church. LVI. Deputies assemble with
the Emperor. LVII. Continuation of that Affembly. LVIII. Con-

futation of Maimbourg. LIX. Confutation of Varillas. LX. The

Bohemians Letter to Sigifmond. LXI. Another Letter from the Bo-

hemians to the Emperor. LXII. Whether John Hufs offer'd to make

his Escape from Conftance. LXIII. Congregation about the receiving

of Legates from the Anti-Popes. LXIV. Short Hiftory of Bene-

dict XIII. LXV. Short Hiftory of Gregory XII. LXVI. Arri-

val of Legates from Benedi&t. LXVII. Arrival of Legates and

other Friends of Gregory XII. LXVIII. Congregation about Gre-

gory's Refignation LXIX. John the XXIIId's Answer to the Me-

morial of Gregory's Friends. LXX. Intrigues of John XXIII.

LXXI. Canonifation of St. Bridget. LXXII. Divers Congregations

concerning the Union of the Church. LXXIII. Who are those that

are to have a Vote in Council. LXXIV. The Refolve to vote by

Nations in the publick Seffions. LXXV. Facts alledg'd against

John XXIII. LXXVI. A Method of Refignation propos'd to him.

LXXVII. The Form of it examin'd in an Affembly of the Nations.

LXXVIII. The prefenting of the Form to John XXIII. LXXIX.

His Acceptance of it. LXXX. The fecond General Seffion. LXXXI.

John XXIII. is oblig'd to grant a Bull of his Refignation. LXXXII.

General Congregation wherein John XXIII. is prefs'd to give Procu-

rators or Proxies for his Refignation. LXXXIII. Several Congrega-

tions relating to the Refignation of John XXIII. LXXXIV. General

Congregation against the Pope in the Emperor's Prefence. LXXXV.

General Congregation in the Epifcopal Palace. LXXXVI. Assembly

of the Nations. LXXXVII. The English propofe to arrest the Pope.

LXXXVIII. The Pope is inclin'd to quit Conftance. LXXXIX. John

XXIII. contrives bis Retreat. XC. The Emperor vifits the Pope.

XCI. The Efcape of John XXIIL



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The HISTORY of the



J.Pine sculp.


LL Europe was fo far interested in the COUNCIL The State of
of CONSTANCE, that 'tis abfolutely neceffary in Europe.
the first place to give a general View of the then
State of this part of the World, even with regard
to Temporals. There was scarce a fingle Kingdom
at Peace, or none at least but what was involv'd
fomewhere or other in War. Hungary was a Prey

to the Invafions of the Turks. Bohemia was on the Brink of Ruin
by Inteftine Commotions, which an indolent King neglected to fup-
prefs in their Birth. The Poles and the Knights of the Teutonic Order
were in a War which rag'd with the greater Fury, becaufe Religion
was the Pretext of it. A great part of Germany was carry'd away
by this Torrent, not to mention the particular Hoftilities that were
exercis'd among the Princes and Prelates, whofe Interefts happen'd to


State of the
Church. -


Hardt, Tom.
I. p. 48.

II. ALL Europe was for near 40 Years miferably distracted by the Factions of the Anti-Popes. Each of them afferting, that he was the only lawful Pope, they anathematiz'd one another; and each put the Princes and People, who paid Obedience to the others, under an Niem de Interdi&t. This great Schifm, which was no lefs pernicious to the Schifm. L. 1. State than to Religion, was begun in 1378, by Urban VI. and by Cap xix. P. Clement VII. who after the Death of Gregory XI. were elected; the The 25th of one at Rome in the Month of April, and the other at Fondi, in SepMarch, &.tember following. It was continued by fome others; Benedict XIII. Theod. Vrie fucceeded the Anti-Pope Clement VII. who held his See at Avignon, apud Von der where the Popes had refided for near an Age; and Urban VI. had for his Succeffor at Rome, Boniface IX. The latter dying in 1404, was fucceeded by Innocent VII. and in 1407, they chofe Gregory XII. The Council of Pifa, which met in 1409, to determine this important Affair, did but exafperate it, and render it more perplex'd and trouJune. blefome. Benedict XIII. and Gregory XII. were indeed therein dePope John pofed, and Alexander V. placed in their Stead (a). But the two first, XXIII. May who had refufed to appear at the Council, either in Perfon or by 17. Niem ubi their Proctors, did not acknowledge the Authority of the faid fupra, 245 Council, and maintain'd their Election with more Obftinacy than 246. (b) L. IV. ever. So that inftead of two Popes, which there had been before, P. 5, 6. Death of the there were now three (1). Emperor III. Alexander V. dying at Bologna in the Beginning of May 1410, Robert, and Election of Balthafar Coffa (alias Coxa, i. c. Thigh) Cardinal-Deacon of St. EuSigifmond. flachius was chofe Pope, with the Name of John XXIII. by the InGefniana p. tercit of Lewis of Anjou King of Sicily. As this Pope is often to ap27. Niem vit. pear upon the Theatre, it would be natural to give his Character here: Meibom. Rer. But this is done fo copioufly in the Hiftory of the Council of Pifa, Ger. Tom. that 'tis fufficient to refer to it (b).

Election of

Job. apud

IV. THE Beginning of the Pontificat of John XXIII. was very profperous. He was acknowledg'd by the greatest Part of Europe. Benedict XIII. had only Spain and Scotland for himself, befides fome

(a) In the

Month of

clafh with each other. France was diflurb'd by the Factions of her great Men, which England improv'd to its Advantage. As to Italy, the Ambition of the Popes and Princes, and the Competitorfhip of Lewis of Anjou and Ladislaus of Hungary for the Kingdom of Naples, had created fuch a Confufion in that Country, that it had as many Tyrants as Princes. Tho' Ferdinand had been elected King of Arragon, nevertheless the other Competitors to that Kingdom made a Disturbance in Spain, where Benedict XIII. kept up the Divifion, that his Sway there might be the greater. As the Schifin was partly the Caufe of this univerfal Combustion, and as the Pretext of the War among the Princes, was the Support of the Pope, whom they acknowledged; 'tis abfolutely neceffary to premife a general Idea of the State of the Church, before we enter into the Detail of this History.

III. p. 20

Gobel. Perf.

ib. p. 331. Platina ut fupr. Spondan. ad annum 1410. num. VII.

(1) Bivira fueram & triviram me fererunt, i. e. I was the Widow of two Huf

bands, and they have made me the Widow of three. Vrie ubi fupra, p. 148.


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