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(for victory. I sing praise to the same, thoa people his doings.

1. When he maleth inquisition for 3 Wres n'de ezezjes are turned blood, he remembereth them: be forback tbe shal fa3 and perish at the gettath not the cry of the humble.

13 Hare mercy upon me 0 LORD; 4 Fx thou hast zaistaised my consider my trouble ishich I suffet of reb: ad arcaxx: the rest in the them that hate me, thou that liftest Lisode nga

me up from the gates of death: 5 To has ressed the beathea, 14 That I may shew forth all thy that has descared the wickei, thoa praise in the gates of the daughter of bast pe: on: their cance for erer and Zioa : I will rejoice in thy salvation.

15 The heathen are sunk down 6 O tbou ezer, destructaas are in the pit that they made : in the come to a perpetual eod: and thou net which theç bid is their own foot kas destr. Te cities; their memorial is takra. perished with their

16 The Lord is knosa by the judg: i Bat the LORD shall endure for meat which he executeth : the wicked eter: be bach perpared his trage sur is seared in the work of his own hands. judgment.

Higua. Selah. 8 Agd te st2 jedge abe ward in 17 The wicked shall be turned into nigstecesuess, be stail Dinizier judg. hel, and ail the nations that forget Dent to the people ia upnghtness God.

9 Tbe LORD als will be a refuge 18 For the needs shall not alway fæ the oppressed, a refuge in times of be fronten: the expreciation of the treebie.

poor shall not perish for erer. 10 And they that know the asme 19 Arise, O LORD; let pot man ." pet their trus ir thee: fx thou, prerail : let the heathen be judged in Lord, basi Dos försaken them that thrsight.

20 Put them in fear, O LORD: that Il Sios mises to the LORD, which the nations mar kpow themselves to be ère en in Za: deciare anung the but men. Sesah. (D)


erful peran adrenart, bese object seem

to have been the merthrow of the Jewis 14 Part Doradatbazispiring church and state. David, he seler, pivusi for start.-Teese veas su debt but attributes his certaine interferenc Ibis v2: à se v tri mph and thanks an thaals his wliverer for rescuing hi gmag ser a sguai tactus uter ne pus from the gares ai neath, which had probal

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A Prayer]


(for deliverance.

doth he murder the innocent: his PSALM X.

eyes are privily set against the poor.

9 He lieth in wait secretly as a WH

HY standest thou afar off, 0 lion in his den: he lieth in wait to

Lord? why hidest thou thyself catch the poor : he doth catch the in times of trouble?

poor, when he draweth him into his · 2 The wicked in his pride doth net. persecute the poor : let them be taken 10 He croucheth, and humbleth in the derices that they have imagined. himself, that the poor may fall by his

3 For the wicked boasteth of his strong ones.
beart's desire, and blesseth the covet- 11 He hath said in his heart, God
cus, whom the Lord abhorreth. hath forgotten : he hideth his face ; he
4 The wicked, through the pride of will never see it.
his countenance, will not seek after 12 Arise, O LORD; O God, lift up
God: God is not in all his thoughts. thine hand : forget not the humble.

5 His ways are always grievous ; 13 Wherefore doth the wicked con-
thy judgments are far above out of his temn God ? he hath said in his heart,
aght: as for all his enemies, he Thou wilt not require it.
pudech at them.

14 Thou hast seen it ; for thou be6 He hath said in his heart, I shall holdest mischief and spite, to requite wo be moved : for I shall never be in it with thy hand : the poor committeth adrerity.

himself unto thee ; thou art the helper . His mouth is full of cursing and of the fatherless. deceit and fraud : under his tongue is 15 Break thou the arm of the Lischief and vanity.

wicked and the evil man ; seek out 8 He sitteth in the lurking places his wickedness till thou find none. of the villages : in the secret places 16 The Lord is King for ever and

EXPOSITION. enclosed many both of his enemies and their enemies, and will always be liable t) friends; and determines, in consequence suffer from the hostilities both

of infidels of being so spared, that he will enter the and wicked men : and though, under the rates of the daughter of Zion, and worsbip Christian dispensation, we are forbidden to imong her children,

pray for the destruction of our enemies, We bave reason to bless God that we there is nothing unchristian in praying live in times of peace, and in a land that that they may be made sensible of their bas long been exempted from the miseries frailty and bumbled before their Maker and of war. But all true Christians have ene- their Judge, and thereby be prevented ties, if not externally, yet in their own from showing their enmity against the nisums; against these enemies they have people and the cause of God. Bred, most earnestly, to pray, and to re; * Rise, great Redeemer, from thy seat, na thanks for every victory obtained To judge and save the poor;

Let nations tremble at thy feet, The churcb of God also, as a body, have

And man prevail no inore."'-- Watts.

e them.

NOTES. 11.318. The LXX bare nnited this psalın to Ver. 7. Vanity.-. Marg. “Iniquity.". Freting, for which we know no reason, except Ver. &. His eyes are privily sel... Heb. " Hide link na distinct title, but this alteration makes themselses;" i. e. to watch for the poor. Psee in the numbering, till we come to the Ver. 9. Secretly.--Heb.In secret places." te'm, ubich is divided into two, and makes Ver. 10. He croucheth . . Heb. "breaketh," or monber right. Pather Calmet, Dr. Grey, rather, bendeth himself, as a wild beast crouches sop Hornr, suppose it to have been com. down to spring at his prey. By his strong ones--91722 ihe time of the Babylonish captivity; Marg. "Into his strong parts; "' i. c. into his paws. is no certainty of this.

Ainsworth. Hrari's (Heb. “ soul's) desire, and bless- Ver. 12. The humble... Marg. “ Amicted.” Narz. “The cove tous blesseth (himsell); Ver. 14. Comit!eth himself (Heb.“ cleaveth ") th the Lord.”

unto thee. jod is not in all his thoughts---Marg. Ver. 15. Break thou the arm--.

»--- That is, the power agbts are, there is no God."

of the wicked. ina be in adrersitw...Heb. “ Nof unto Ver. 17. Prepare (Marg. “ establish") their heart, ad generation."

[ir God.


PSALMS. ever : the heathen are perished out of upon the string, that they may privily his land.

shoot at the upright in heart. 17 Lord, thou has heard the de- 3 If the foundations be destroyed, sire of the humble : thou wilt prepare what can the righteous do? their heart, thou wilt cause thine ear 4 The Lord is in his holy temple, to hear:

the Lord's throne is in heaven: his 18 To judge the fatherless and the eyes behold, his eyelids try, the chiloppressed, that the man of the earth dren of men. may no more oppress. (K)

5 The Lord trieth the righteous:

but the wicked and him that loveth PSALM. XI.

violence his soul hateth. To the chief Musician. A Psalm of David.

6 Upon the wicked he shall rain

snares, fire and brimstone, and an IN the Lord put I my trust : how horrible tempest: this shall be the

say ye to my soul, Flee as a bird portion of their cup. to your mountain ?

7 For the righteous Lord loveth 2 For, lo, the wicked bend their righteousness; his countenance doth bow, they make ready their arrow behold the upright. (L)


ten during Saul's persecution of him, when (K) A Prayer for deliverance from some advised him to seek his safety in atheistical and cruel enemies.-This psalm flight; or during the rebellion of Absalom, having no title, it is in vain to guess at when the foundations of the kingdom apeither its author or occasion. Bishop peared to be subverted (as intimated ver. 3. Horsley calls it " a supplication in behalf we cannot ascertain. But it was certainl of certain helpless people cruelly, perse- during a time of great danger and alarm cuted by a powerful enemy; who, re- when the fate of his kingdom seeme nouncing all fear of God and regard of very precarious, and when his friend men, uses both force and deceit as meaus seemed utterly in despair. David, how of oppression.” The heathen formerly, as ever, strengthened himself in the Lord h well as at present, were divisible into two God, and trusted in bim for support ar classes; ihe one extremely ignorant and deliverance. superstitious-the other more enlightened, “As the choicest of beavenly blessin as to general knowledge, but atheistical (says · Bishop Horne) arc frequently and profane. Persecutors may be found scripture represented by the salutary in both classes; the one jealous for their fects of wine, a cup of which the mas favourite superstition-ihe other rejecting of the family is supposed to hold in superstition, and with it all religious wor- hand, ready to distribute due portions ship; the truc God as well as idols. The it to those around him ; so, from the ne Lord Jehovah is, however, the universal ous and intoxicating qualities of that liq, sovereign. He will punish impenitent sin- when drunk strong, and in too larg ners of every class. At the same time, he quantity, is borrowed a mnost tremend hears the desire of the humble, before that image of the wrath and indignation desire is expressed in words; and will never Almighty God. Calamity and sorrow, fail to answer the prayer which his spirit and trembling, infatuation and des teaches them to offer.

the evils of the present life, and of God will “ prepare their hearts to pray,

which is to come, are the bitter ingredi And cause his ear to hear;

which compose this most horrible cu He bearkens what his children say,

mixture. It is entirely in the hand And puts the world in fear.”

Watis. disposal of God, who, through every

has been pouring out its contents, ma PSALM XI.

less, in proportion to the sins of men. (L) A Psalm of David, erpressive of his much of the strength and power a confidence in God.-Whether this was writ. liquor still remains behind, until th

NOTES. PSALM XI. Ver. 2. Pricily shoot -.. Marg. Ver. 6. Upon the wicked he shall rain snar, if shoot in darkness,"

..-Bishop Lowth renders this verse, Ver. 3. If the foundations... Heb." For the foun. • He shall rain live coals upon the ungodly dations are cast down.' * The just, what hath he Fise, and sulphur, and a burning storm ; dune"" Ainsworth.

This shall be the contents of their cup."

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(implored. him in safety from him that puffeth PSALM XII.

at him.

6 The words of the Lord are pure To the ckief Musician upon Sheminith. A Psalm of David.

words: as silver tried in a furnace

of earth, purified seven times. HELP, Lord; for the godly man 7 Thou shalt keep them, O Lord,

ceaseth ; for the faithful fail thou shalt preserve them from this gesteoto from among the children of men. neration for ever.

? They speak vanity every one with 8 The wicked walk on every side,

his neighbour; with flattering lips, when the vilest men are exalted. (M) lll raise and with a double heart do they speak, 3 The Lord shall cut off all flat

PSALM XIII. tering lips

, and the tongue that speak- To the chief Musician. A Psalm of David. eth proud things :

How long wilt thou forget me, 4 Who have said, With our tongue

O Lord? for ever? How long we prevail; our lips are our own: wilt thou hide thy face from me ? sbo is lord over us?

2 How long shall I take counsel in 5 for the oppression of the poor, my soul, having sorrow in my heart for the sighing of the needy, now will daily? how long shall mine enemy be I arise, saith the Lord; I will set exalted over me?

hod 1 be the


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Psalm lixv. 8.)

pensation. righteonsness,"


EXPOSITION. of hoal vengeance. It will be then ex- not forsake bis people. His word is pure,

even to the dregs, by unrepenting and his promises have been often tried. retels, when burning coals, fire and Among the signs of our Lord's second beinstone,' and eternal • tempest,' shall coming, we have been taught to consider be the portion of their cup.'

(Horne in this as one, that “the love of many shall

wax cold" toward him. (Matt. xxiv. 12.) The concluding sentiment is equally Many such seasons have occurred, and the egr solatory to good men under every dis- Lord has been pleased, by signal appear

“As the righteous Lord loveth ances, to produce revivals in his church,

so be countenanceth the aud such we still expect, even in an unpreupright by his providence, and rewards cedented degree. But even the millennium sem by his grace. The light of his coun- itself is to be followed with a degeneracy tenance shali afford them everlasting bap- equally remarkable. Satan, though bound

for a thousand years, will be ayain let loose PSALM XII.

with all the powers of infidelity, (Rev. xx.7 [, A Psalm of David, imploring the -11.) so that finally, when the Son of Man Petne aid in a time of great degeneracy.- comeih, be shall find little faith upon the is in vain to conjecture to what particu- earth. (Luke xviii. 8.) “When the wicked period this psalm originally referred; walk around on every side, the vilest of often do such unhappy periods occur, men shall be exalted;" and when the in the world and in the church. To thrones of earth are filled with infidels ani, ormer, by the spread of infidel and tyrants, then-when good men shall shrink Fic principles; and in the latter, by in despair under the power of the last tyrewarmness of zeal and the decay of ranny-ben shall the sign of the Son of Tung believers. We are encouraged, Man" suddenly appear, and his “ trumpet - to rest assured that the Lord will sound to judgment.”


NOTES. IL Title, – ['pon Sheminith. See haps it might be rendered, " I will put him in safety

for whom the snare is laid.” 5- Marg. – Save."

Ver. 6. Furnace-Bp. Horne, "Crucible" of earth. ouble heart--Heb. “ A heart and a Ver. 7. Preserve them—Heb.“ him;" i. e.every one

of them ud things-Heb. " Great things."

Ver. 8. The vilest men-Heb." The vilest of the ora him that puffetk at him. -- The sons of men."

rt of the phrase is, that disregardeth = Hebrew ratber means, probably, to

realenings and slaughter against him?" PSALM. XIII. Title, To the chief Musician. 1.) The margin reads, from bim See title of Psalmir. snare bim » Bishop Horsley says, per• I. 17


(of mar.

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PSALMS. 3 Consider and hear me, O LORD see if there were any that did undermy God : lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep stand, and seek God. the sleep of death;

3 They are all gone aside, they are the Dereid. 4 Lest mine enemy say, I have pre- all together become filthy: there is vailed against him; and those that none that doeth good, no, not one. trouble me rejoice when I am moved. 4 Have all the workers of iniquity

5 But I have trusted in thy mercy; no knowledge? who eat up my people my heart shall rejoice in thy salvation. as they eat bread, and call not upon

6 I will sing unto the LORD, be- the LORD. cause he hath dealt bountifully with 5 There were they in great fear: for me. (N)

God is in the generation of the righ

teous. PSALM XIV.

6 Ye have shamed the counsel of To the chief Musiciun. A Psalm of David.

the poor, because the Lord is his THE fool hath said in his heart, refuge.

There is no God. They are 7 Oh that the salvation of Israel corrupt, they have done abominable were come out of Zion! when the works, there is none that doeth good. Lord bringeth back the captivity of

2. The Lord looked down from his people, Jacob shall rejoice, and 'heaven upon the children of men, to Israel shall be glad. (O)

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also of persecution from the enemy. In (N) A Psalm of David, complaining of both, deliverance is implored and confidesertion, and imploring divine aid. dence expressed, with a promise of the “ While God permits his servants to con- like grateful return of praise.

« The tinue under affliction, he is said, after the beart which trusteth in God's mercy (says manner of men, to have forgotten and hid the above excellent writer) shall alone rehis face from them.' For the use, there- joice in his salvation, and celebrate by the fore, of persous in such circumstances, is tongue, in songs of praise, the loving-Kindthis psalm intended; and cousequently, it ness of the Lord. It is observable, that suits the different cases of the church uni- this and many other psalms with a mournversal, languishing for the advent of our

ful beginning, leave a triumphant ending; Lord to deliver her from this evil world; of to show us the prevailing power of devoany particular church, in time of persecu- tion, and to convince us of the certain retion, and of each individual, wheu har- turn of prayer, sooner or later, bringing rassed by temptations, or broken by sick- with it the comforts of heaven, to revive Dess, pain, and sorrow. He who bore our and enrich our weary and barren spirits in sins, and carried our sorrows, may like- the gloomy seasons of sorrow and templa: wise be presumed to have made it a part tion, like the dew descending by night of his devotions in the day of trouble.". upon the withered summit of an easteru (Bishop Horne.)

mountain," The complaint of desertion here resembles that in the beginning of the twenty

PSALM XIV. second Psalm, which we know was used (0) A Psalm of David, lamenting the de by our blessed Lord upon the cross; and pravily of human nature. This psalm the complaint is not of desertion only, but also ascribed to David, but the occasion is


Ver. 3. Lighten mine eyes, That is, res 'ore to me word for the latter is used Job xv. 16.

At the en health and joy and comfort; for darkness is the sba. of this verse, the present copies of the LXX inse dow of death.

three verses quoted by St. Paul in the third chap Ver. 5. I have trusted.-Or, “ I trust." Bp. Iorne. of Romans from the other psalms, and which ha

thence beon also introduced into this psalm in i PSALM XIV. - This psalm bears the name Common Prayer-Book. of David, and is addressed likewise to the chief Ver. 4. Who or they eat up my people. That Musician. Another copy of it is given, with some devour the poor. See Micah iii. 3. slight variations, Psalm lui., and a diference in the Ver. 5. There were they in great fear.-!! uitle, which will be there noticed.

They frared a frar: the parallel passare, Ps. lini Ver. 3. Gont aside-Become filthy. The expres. it is niced " where no fear was;"> see that Psalm sions, Mr. Herrey suggests, "are borrowed from Ver. 7. O that, &c.-Marg. " Who will give, wines soured or intrned and meats purrilied." The


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