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TEXT. 5 I speak to your shame. Is it so, that there is not a wise man amongst
you ? no, not one, that shall be able to judge between his brethren: 6 But brother goeth to law with brother, and that before the unbe
lievers. 7 Now, therefore, there is utterly a fault among you, because ye go to
law one with another : why do ye not rather take wrong? why do ye
not rather suffer yourselves to be defrauded ? 8 Nay, you do wrong and defraud, and that your brethren. 9 Know ye not, that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of
God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adul
terers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, 10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extor
tioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.
PARAPHRASE. 5 i. e. out of church-members. Is there not among you,
I speak it to your shame, who stand so much upon your wis
dom, onek wise man, whom ye can think able enough to 6 refer your controversies to ? But one Christian goeth to law
with another, and that before the unbelievers, in the heathen 7 courts of justice. Nay, verily, it is a failure and defect in
you, that you so far contest matters of right, one with ano
ther, as to bring them to trial, or judgment. Why do ye not 8 rather suffer loss and wrong? But it is plain, by the man's
having his father's wife, that ye are guilty of doing wrong
one to another, and stick not to do injustice, even to your 9 Christian brethren. Know ye not, that the transgressors of the
law of Christ shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Deceive not yourselves: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers,
nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, 10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor
NOTES. 5 k Logos, “ wise man." If St. Paul uses this word, in the sense of the synagogue,
it signifies one ordained, or a rabbi, and so capacitated to be a judge; for such were called “ wise men." If in the sense of the Greek schools, then it signifies a man of learning, study, and parts: if it be taken in the latter sepse, it may
seem to be with some reflection on their pretending to wisdom. 8 'That the wrong, here spoken of, was the fornicator's taking and keeping his
father's wife, the words of St. Paul, 2 Cor. vii. 12, instancing this very wrong, are a sufficient evidence. And it is not wholly improbable, there had been some hearing of this matter, before an heathen judge, or at least talked of; which, if supposed, will give a great light to this whole passage, and several other in these chapters. For thus visibly runs St. Paul's argument, chap. v. 12, 13, chap. vi. 1, 2, 3,.&c. coherent and easy to be understood, if it stood together as it should, and were not chopped in pieces, by a division into two chapters. Ye have a power to judge those, who are of your church; therefore put away from among you that fornicator: you do ill, to let it come before a heathen magistrate. Are you, who are to judge the world and angels, not worthy to judge such a matter as this?
TEXT. 11 And such were some of you : but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified,
but are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit
of our God. 12 All things are lawful unto me; but all things are not expedient: all
things are lawful for me; but I will not be brought under the power 13 Meats for the belly, and the belly for meats: but God shall destroy
PARAPHRASE. 11 extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God. And such were some of
and forgiven you, upon your receiving of the Gospel by baptism: but ye are sanctified ", i.e. ye are members of Christ's church, which consists of saints, and have made some advances in the reformation of
lives n by the doctrine of Christ, confirmed to you by the extraordinary operations of the Holy 12 Ghost. But supposing fornication were in itself as lawful as
eating promiscuously all sorts of meat, that are made for the belly, on purpose to be eaten; yet I would not so far indulge
either custom, or my appetite, as to bring my body, thereby, 13 into any disadvantageous state of subjection. As in eating
and drinking, though meat be made purposely for the belly, and the belly for meat; yet, because it may not be expediente for me, I will not, in so evidently a lawful thing as that, go to the utmost bounds of my liberty ; though there be no
NOTES. 11 - 'Hyıáconta, " sanctified,” i. c. have remission of your sins; so sanctified
signifies, Heh. x. 10 and 18, compared. He that would perfectly comprehend, and be satisfied in the meaning of this place, let him read Heb.ix. 10, particularly ix. 13–23. A'Eồsxawonte, “ye are become just," i, e. are reformed in your lives. See it
used, Rev. xxii. 11. 12 St. Paul having, upon occasion of injustice anjongst them, particularly in the
matter of the fornicator, warned them against that and other sins, that exclude men from salvation, he here reassumes his former argument about fornication ; and, by his reasoning here, it looks as if some among them had pleaded, that fornication was lawful. To which he answers, that, granting it be so, yet the lawfulness of all wholesome food reaches not the case of fornication, and shows by several iustances, (as particularly the degrading the body, and making what, in a Christian, is the member of Christ, the member of an harlot) that fornication, upon several accounts, might be so unsuitable to the state of a Christian man, that a Christian society might have reason to animadvert upon a fornicator,
though fornication might pass for au indifferent action in another man. 13 p“ Expedient, and brought under power," in this verse, seems to refer
to the two parts of the following verse: the first of them to eating, in the first part of the 13th verse, and the latter of them to foruication, in the latter part of the 13th verse. To make this the more intelligible, it may be fit to remark,
TEXT. both it and them. Now the body is not for fornication, but for the Lord; and the Lord for the body.
PARAPHRASE. danger, that I should thereby bring any lasting damage upon my belly, since God will speedily put an end both to belly and food. But the case of the body, in reference to women, is far different from that of the belly, in reference to meat. For the body is not made to be joined to a woman?, much less to be joined to an harlot in fornication, as the belly is made for meat, and then to be put an end to, when that use ceases. · But the body is for a much nobler purpose, and shall subsist, when the belly and food shall be destroyed. The body is for our Lord Christ, to be a member of him, as our Lord Christ has taken a body', that he might partake of our nature, and
NOTES. that St. Paul seems here to obviate such a sort of reasoning as this, in behalf of the fornicator : “ All sorts of meats are lawful to Christians, who are set free from the law of Moses; and why are they not so, in regard of women, who are at their own disposals ? To which St. Paul replies, “ Though my belly was made only for eating, and all sorts of meat were made to be eaten, and so are lawful for me, yet I will abstain from what is lawful, if it be not convenient for me, though my belly will be certain to receive no prejudice by it, which will affect it in the other world; since God will there put an end to the belly, and all use of food. But, as to the body of a Christian, the case is quite otherwise ; that was not made for the enjoyment of women, but for a much nobler end, to be a member of Christ's body; and so shall last for ever, and not be destroyed, as the belly shall be. Therefore, supposing fornication to be lawful in itself, I will not so debase and subject my body, and do it that prejudice, as to take that, which is a member of Christ, and make it the menuber of an harlot ; this ought to be had in detestation by all Christians." The context is so plain in the case, that interpreters allow St. Paul to discourse here, upon a supposition of the lawfulness of fornication. Nor will it appear at all strange that he does so, if we consider the argument he is upon. He is here convincing the Corinthians, that though fornication were to them an indifferent thing, and were not condemned in their country, more than eating any sort of meat : yet there might be reasons why a Christian society might punish it, in their own members, by church censures, and expulsion of the guilty. Conformably hereunto we see, in what follows here, that all the arguments used by St. Paul, against fornication, are brought from the incongruity it hath with the state of a Christian, as a Christian; but nothing is said against it as a fault in a man, as a man; no plea used, that it is a sin, in all men, by the law of nature. A Christian society, without entering into that inquiry, or going so far as that, had reason to condemn and censure it, as not comporting with the dignity and principles of that religion, which was the foundation of their society. q“Woman." I have put in this, to make the apostle's sense understood the easier. For he arguing here, as he does, upon the supposition, that fornication is in itself lawful; fornication, in these words, must mean the supposed, lawful enjoyment of a woman : otherwise it will not answer the foregoing instance, of the belly and eating. 1 « And the Lord for the body;" see Heb. ii. 5—18.
TEXT. 14 And God hath both raised up the Lord, and will also raise us up, by
his own power. 15 Know ye not, that your bodies are the members of Christ? Shall I
then take the members of Christ, and make them the members of an
harlot? God forbid. 16 What ! know ye not, that he, which is joined to an harlot, is one
body? For two (saith he) shall be one flesh. 17 But he, that is joined unto the Lord, is one spirit. 18 Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doth, is without the body:
but he that committeth fornication, sinneth against his own body.
PARAPHRASE. 14 be our head. So that, as God has already raised him up, and
given him all power, so he will raise us up likewise, who are
his members, to s the partaking in the nature of his glorious 15 body, and the power he is vested with in it. Know ye not,
ye who are so knowing, that our bodies are the members of
Christ ? Will ye, then, take the members of Christ, and 16 make them the members of an harlot ? What! know ye not,
that he who is joined to an harlot, is one body with her ? 17 For two, saith God, shall be united into one flesh. But he,
who is joined to the Lord, is one with him, by that one Spirit, that unites the members to the head, which is a nearer
and stricter union, whereby what_indignity is done to the 18 one, equally affects the other. Flee fornication: all other
sins, that a man commits, debase only the soul ; but are in
NOTE. 14 : Asd tñs durá usws aulo, “ To his power." The context and design of St. Paul
in this place strongly incline one to take 8à here to signify, as it does 2 Pet. i. 3, to, and not by. St. Paul is here making out to the Corinthian converts, that they have a power to judge. He tells them, that they shall judge the world, ver. 2, and that they shall judge angels, much more then things of this life, ver. 3. And for their not judging he blames them, and tells them, it is a lessening to them, not to exercise this power, ver. 7. And for it he gives a reason, in this verse, viz. That Christ is raised up into the power of God, and so shall they be. ' Unless it be taken in this sense, this verse seems to stand alone here. For what connexion has the mention of the resurrection, in the ordinary sense of this verse, with what the apostle is saying here, but raising us up with bodies to be members of his glorious body, and to partake in his power, in judging the world? This adds a great honour and dignity to our bodies, and is a reason, why we should not debase them into the members of an harlot. These words also give a reason of his saying, “He would not be brought under the power of any thing,” ver. 12, viz. “Shall I, whose body is a member of Christ, and shall be raised to the power he has now in heaven, suffer my body to be a memher, and under the power of au harlot ? That I will never do, let fornication in itself be ever so lawful.” If this be not the meaning of St. Paul here, I desire to kuow, to what purpose it is, that he so expressly declares, that the belly and meat shall be destroyed, and does so manifestly put an opposition between the body and the belly ? ver. 13.
TEXT. 19 What! know ye not, that your body is the temple of the Holy
Ghost, which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your
own? 20 For ye are bought with a price: therefore, glorify God in your body
and in your spirit, which are God's.
PARAPHRASE. that respect, as if they were done out of the body; the body is not debased, suffers no loss of its dignity by them: but he, who committeth fornication, sinneth against the end for which his body was made, degrading his body from the dig, nity and honour it was designed to; making that the member
of 'an harlot, which was made to be a member of Christ. 19 What! know ye nott, that your body is the temple of the
Holy Ghost, that is in you, which body you have from God, 20 and so it is not your own, to bestow on harlots ? Besides, ye
are bought with a price, viz.' the precious blood of Christ; and therefore, are not at your own disposal : but are bound to glorify God with both body and soul. For both body and soul are from him, and are God's.
NOTE. 19 • This question, “Know ye not?" is repeated six times in this one chapter,
which may seem to carry with i: a just reproach to the Corinthians, who had got a new and better instructor than bimself, in whom they so much gluried, and may not unfitly be thought to set on his irony, ch. iv. 10, where he tells them, they are wise.
The chief business of the foregoing chapters, we have seen to be the lessening the false apostle's credit, and the extinguishing that faction. What follows, is in answer to some questions they had proposed to St. Paul. This section contains conjugal matters, wherein he dissuades from marriage those, who have the gift of continence. But, marriage being appointed as a remedy against fornication, those, who cannot forbear, should marry, and render to each other due benevolence. Next, he