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TEXT. 9 For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was

rich, yet, for your sakes, he became poor, that ye, through his poverty,

might be rich. 10 And herein I give my advice : for this is expedient for you, who have

begun before, not only to do, but also to be forward a year ago. 11 Now, therefore, perform the doing of it; that, as there was a readi

ness to will, so there may be a performance also, out of that which you

have. 12 For if there be first a willing mind, it is accepted according to that

a man hath, and not according to that he hath not.

PARAPHRASE. not as a command from God, but on occasion of the great

liberality of the churches of Macedonia, and to show the world 9 a proof of the genuine, noble temper of your love. For ye

know the munificence of our Lord Jesus Christ, who, being

rich, made himself poor for your sakes, that you, by his 10 poverty, might become rich. I give you my opinion in the

case, because it becomes you so to do, as having begun not

only to do something in it, but to show a willingness to it, 11 above a year ago. Now, therefore, apply yourselves to the

doing of it in earnest; so that, as you undertook it readily, 12 you would as readily perform it, out of what you have: For

every man's charity is accepted by God, according to the

NOTES. 8 «Το της υμετέρας αγάπης γνήσιον δοκιμάζων, « showing the world a proof of the

genuine temper of your love." Thus, I think, it should be rendered. St. Paul, who is so careful, all along in this epistle, to show his esteem and good opinion of the Corinthians, taking all occasions to speak and presume well of them, whereof we have an eminent example in these words, “ye abound in your love to us," in the immediately preceding verse; he could not, in this place, so far forget his design of treating them very tenderly, now they were newly returned to him, as to tell them, that he sent Titns, for the pronioting their contribution, to make a trial of “the sincerity of their love :" this had been but an ill expression of that confideuce, which, chap.vii, 16, he tells them, “ he has in them in all things." Taking, therefore, as without violence to the words one may, 8oxspálw for “ drawing out a proof," and you orso for “ genuine," the words very well express St. Paul's obliging way of stirring up the Corinthians to a liberal contribution, as I bare understood them. For St. Paul's discourse to them briefly stands thus: “The great liberality of the poor Macedonians made me send Titus to you, to carry on the collection of your charity, which he had begun, that you, who excel in all other virtues, might be eminent also in this. But this I urge, not as a command from God; but, upon occasiou of others' liberality, lay before you an opportunity of giving the world a proof of the genuine temper of your charity, which, like that of your other virtues,

loves not to come behind that of others." 9 Thy zápov, “ the grace,” rather “ the munificence," the signification wherein

St. Paul uses zápis over and over again in this chapter, and is translated ** gift," ver. 4.

TEYT. 13 For I mean not, that other men may be eased, and you burdened : 14 But by an equality that now, at this time, your abundance may be

a supply for their want; that their abundance also may be a supply

for your want, that there may be equality : 15 As it is written, “He that had gathered much, had nothing over ;

and he that had gathered little, had no lack." 16 But thanks be to God, which put the same earnest care into the

heart of Titus for you. 17 For, indeed, he accepted the exhortation; but being more forward,

of his own accord he went unto you. 18 And we have sent with him the brother, whose praise is in the Go

spel throughout all the churches : 19 (And not that only, but who was also chosen of the churches to

travel with us, with this grace, which is administered by us, to the

glory of the same Lord, and declaration of your ready mind) 20 Avoiding this, that no man should blame us in this abundance, which

is administered by us : 21 Providing for honest things, not only in the sight of the Lord, but

also in the sight of men.

PARAPHRASE. largeness and willingness of his heart, in giving, and not 13 according to the narrowness of his fortune. For my meaning 14 is not that


should be burdened to ease others : But that, at this time, your abundance should make up what they, through want, come short in ; that, on another occasion, their abund

ance may supply your deficiency, that there may be an 15 equality : As it is written, “He that had much, had nothing 16 over, and he that had little, had no lack.” But thanks be to

God, who put into the heart of Titus the same concern for 17 you, Who not only yielded to my exhortation, but, being

more than ordinary concerned for you, of his own accord went 18 unto you: With whom I have sent the brother', who has

praise through all the churches, for his labour in the Gospel : 19 (And not that only, but who was also chosen of the churches

to accompany me in the carrying this collection, which

service I undertook for the glory of our Lord, and for your 20 encouragement to a liberal contribution :) To prevent any

aspersion might be cast on me by any one, on occasion of my 21 meddling with the management of so great a sum ; And to

take care, by having such men joined with me in the same trust, that my integrity and credit should be preserved, not only

NOTES. 17 . Vid. ver. 6. 18 This brother most take to be St. Luke, who now was, and had been a long

while, St. Paul's companion in his travels.

TEXT. 22 And we have sent with them our brother, whom we have oftentimes

proved diligent in many things, but now much more diligent, upon

the great confidence which I have in you. 23 Whether any do inquire of Titus, he is my partner, and fellow-helper

concerning you: or our brethren be inquired of, they are the messen

gers of the churches, and the glory of Christ. 24 Wherefore show ye to them, and before the churches, the proof of

your love, and of our boasting on your behalf. IX. 1 For, as touching the ministering to the saints, it is superfluous

for me to write to you: 2 For I know the forwardness of your mind, for which I boast of you to them of Macedonia, that Achaia was ready a year ago, and

your zeal hath provoked very many. 3 Yet have I sent the brethren, lest our boasting of you should be in

vain, in this behalf; that, as I said, ye may be ready: 4 Lest haply, if they of Macedonia come with me, and find you un

prepared, we (that we say not, you) should be ashamed in this same confident boasting.

PARAPHRASE. 22 in the sight of the Lord, but also in the sight of men. With

them I have sent our brother, of whom I have had frequent experience, in sundry affairs, to be a forward, active man;

but now much more earnestly intent, by reason of the strong 23 persuasion he has of your contributing liberally. Now, whe

ther I speak of Titus, he is my partner, and one who, with me, promotes your interest; or the two other brethren sent with him, they are the messengers of the churches of Mace

donia, by whom their collection is sent, and are promoters of 24 the glory of Christ. Give, therefore, to them, and, by them,

to those churches, a demonstration of your love, and a justificaIX. 1. tion of my boasting of you. For, as touching the relief

of the poor Christians in Jerusalem, it is needless for me to 2 write to you. For I know the forwardness of your minds,

which I boasted of, on your behalf, to the Macedonians, that

$ Achaia was ready a year ago, and your zeal in this matter 3 hath been a spur to many others. Yet I have sent these

brethren, that my boasting of you may not appear to be vain

and groundless in this part, but that you may, as I said, have 4 your collection ready : Lest, if perchance the Macedonians

should come with me, and find it not ready, I (not to say, you) should be ashamed in this matter, whereof I have boasted.

NOTE. 2 x Achaia, i. e. the church of Corinth, which was made up of the inhabitants of

that town, and of the circumjacent parts of Achaia. Vid. ch. i. 1.

TEXT. 5 Therefore, I thought it necessary to exhort the brethren, that they

would go before unto you, and make up beforehand your bounty, whereof ye had notice before, that the same might be ready, as a

matter of bounty, and not as of covetousness. 6 But this I say, He which soweth sparingly, shall reap also sparingly ;

and he which soweth bountifully, shall reap also bountifully. 7 Every man, according as he purposeth in his heart, so let him give;

not grudgingly, or of necessity : for God loveth a cheerful giver. 8 And God is able to make all

abound towards you ;


ye, always having all sufficiency in all things, may abound to every

good work: 9 (As it is written, “ He hath dispersed abroad; he hath given to

the poor : bis righteousness remaineth for ever.” 10 Now he that ministereth seed to the sower, both minister bread for

your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the fruits of

your righteousness :) 11 Being enriched in every thing to all bountifulness, which causeth,

through us, thanksgiving to God.

PARAPHRASE. 5 I thought it, therefore, necessary to put the brethren upon

going before unto you, to prepare things, by a timely notice beforehand, that your contribution may be ready, as a free

benevolence of yours, and not as a niggardly gift, extorted 6 from you. This, I say, “He who soweth sparingly, shall

reap also sparingly; and he who soweth plentifully, shall also 7 reap plentifully." So give, as you find yourselves disposed, every one, in his own heart, not grudgingly, as if it were

from you; for God loves a cheerful giver. For God is able to make every charitable gift 5 of yours redound to your

advantage; that, you having in every thing, always, a fulness 9 of plenty, ye may abound in every good work: (As it is writ

ten, “ He hath scattered, he hath given to the poor, and his 10 liberality i remaineth for ever." Now he, that supplies seed

to the sower, and bread for food, supply and multiply your

stock of seed", and increase the fruit of your liberality :) 11 Enriched in every thing to all beneficence, which, by me, as

8 wrung

NOTES. 8 1 Xápis, “grace," rather “charitable gift," or liberality," as it signifies in

the former chapter, and as the context determines the sense here. 9 i Sixwo súrn, “ righteousness," rather “liberality;" for so Sox@scoórn, in Scrip

ture language, often signifies. And so, Matt. vi. ), for idem uocúrny, alms,' some copies have dix mio cúrnu, “ liberality.” And so Joseph, Matt. i. 19, is called

Esxalas, “just, benign." 10 * £rópor, “ seed sowni," rather “your seed, and seed-plot," i. e. increase your

pleniy, to be laid out in charitable uses.

TEXT. 12 For the administration of this service not only supplieth the want

of the saints, but is abundant also, by many thanksgivings unto God. 13 (Whilst, by the experiment of this ministration, they glorify God

for your professed subjection unto the Gospel of Christ, and for your

liberal distribution unto them, and unto all men ;) 14 And by their prayer for you, which long after you, for the exceeding

grace of God in you. 15 Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable gift.

PARAPHRASE. 12 instrumental in it, procureth thanksgiving to God. For the

performance of this service doth not only bring supply to the

wants of the saints, but reacheth farther, even to God himself, 13 by many thanksgivings (Whilst they, having such a proof of

you, in this your supply, glorify God for your professed sub

jection to the Gospel of Christ, and for your liberality, in 14 communicating to them, and to all men ;) And to the pro

curing their prayers for you, they having a great inclination

towards you, because of that gracious gift of God bestowed on 15 them by your liberality. Thanks be to God for this his

unspeakable gift.



CONTENTS. St. Paul having finished his exhortation to liberality, in their collection for the Christians at Jerusalem, he here resumes his former argument, and prosecutes the main purpose of this epistle, which was totally to reduce and put a final end to the adverse faction, (which seems not yet to be entirely 'extinct) by bringing the Corinthians wholly off from the false apostle they had adhered to ; and to re-establish himself and his authority in the minds of all the members of that church. And this he does, by the steps contained in the following numbers.

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