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“They do not reject the doctrine of the Trinity because it is mysterious, for whatever is not disagreeable to their carnal speculations, they cheerfully receive: as for instance, the connexion between the human body and the human soul; it is utterly inexplicable-they can. not comprehend it, yet they receive it. They do not know what gravitation is, though they believe in it: They cannot find out the seat of thought, though they are sure of its existence. A blade of grass will puzzle them, despite all their philosophy: and, indeed, they receive many things far more difficult of comprehension than the doctrine of the Trinity. A perfect Unity is, itself, more incomprehensible, than a Trinity of persons in the Unity of essence.”

The text of his second discourse is

“ . Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God : But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men.' Phil. ii. 6–7.

“ The great truth contained in the text, is the rock of all our hopes. It is the fountain whence flow the streams of the waters of life to make glad our wilderness. The fact that there is a God, who is the creator and judge of all things, is calculated to give comfort to holy beings; but to us, who are transgressors, the mere annunciation of it is a revelation of terror. We cannot look on the Eternal One without seeing his justice arrayed against us. The greater his glory, the more are we overwhelmed. We need, then, a mediator to stand between us and His Majesty : One, more than a mere mortal like ourselves : One, more than even an angelic intellect; for he must be mighty to saveso powerful, that his plea shall be heard-so righteous, that he can impart to us righteousness. And, moreover, this mediator must have his greatness so veiled, as that we shall be encouraged to approach him. If he be clothed in all the splendour of his power, we shall be as certainly consumed in approaching him, as in approaching the one who holds the rights of the Godhead. Glory be to God on high, such a mediator appears in the Lord Jesus Christ. Yes, as says our second article, in perfect accordance with the words of the text."



In his third sermon, he thus holds up conspicuously the plain Word of God

" It would be easy for me, perchance, to amuse you, beloved hearers, with my own words; but I feel, that, in a subject of such overwhelming interest, it is better to lead you directly to the fountain of truth. Your souls are at stake. Unless you believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, you must be damned. Far away then, be all attempt to gratify. Rather would I present, against your doubts, your difficul. ties, and your unbelief, the artillery of Heaven. My days are wasting, and your days are wasting : soon must we stand before the bar where we must give account of our faithfulness. Let us then, in simplicity and godly sincerity, deal with your souls. The Bible, the Bible is our religion. From the plain words of the Bible let us delight to learn."






He thus introduces his fourth discourse

“Still do we linger around that delightful theme, Jesus Christ, and him crucified. Still do we station ourselves at the foot of his throne, that we may catch some glimpses of his glory, and obtain power to be transformed into his image. We are poor, suffering, condemned creatures our minds can revolve no subject more calculated to com• fort; for this blessed Jesus, it is said, has come to “heal the broken-hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind; to set at liberty them that are bruised, to preach the acceptable year of the Lord.'”

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« We have already employed the greater part of two sermons on the subject, and, instead of diminishing, the theme still grows upon our hands. Like a traveller, who, from a great distance, approaches some lofty range of mountains, they rise, and rise, and their summits, lost amid the clouds, seem to defy all attempts to explore them."

At the close of his fifth sermon, he observes

" Who could have anticipated such an infinity of love? Had we been sent one unbroken phalanx to perdition, we should have been dealt with in righteousness : but, noHeaven yields its Sovereign-Christ takes upon him our nature, that, through death, he may destroy him that had the power of death, and deliver them, who, through fear of death, are all their life-time subject to bondage.” Here we behold the anger of God against sin most awfully displayed, in the view of an astonished universe. We behold a monument reared to proclaim to all future eternity, that God will by no means look on sin without abhorrence. We behold Heaven re-peopled after the fall of a portion of its inhabitants, and by those who are roused to the very height of gratitude, and led to feel

« Eternity's too short,

To utter all their praise.' “ We perceive the justice of God vindicated; the mercy of God flowing in unparalleled abundance; and the wisdom of God shining in infinite splendour. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost."

He thus closes his sixth discourse

“ This doctrine, then, rests on an imperishable base, and we may take to ourselves the comfort of it.

“Has Jesus Christ risen? Then shall you and I rise, oh believers, from the dust of death. We see the

grave before us, and it is painful to think of these active limbs

of ours being bound up in the winding sheet, and laid in the coffin. It is painful to think of their mouldering beneath the crawling worm : but Jesus is the resurrec. tion and the life; he shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself.

“ Are we, let me ask, well assured that we are true believers in him? A resurrection of the spirit must be experienced here, remember, before we can claim that character. Have we then been born of the Spirit? Having once been dead in trespasses and sins, are we now quickened through the power of Christ?

“If we have this hope, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.' Let us live as those who expect to follow our Master through the grave and gate of death, to a glorious immortality.

“ When our corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and our mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swal. lowed up in victory. O death, where is thy sting? 0 grave, where is thy victory ? The sting of death is sin; the strength of sin is the law: but thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory, through our Lord Jesus Christ.'”

The same rich vein of Divine truth which characterizes and pervades the work, is truly prominent, even to the close of the volume.

He observes, “according to God's mercy, he saveth us by the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Ghost.' We are washed; we are sanctified; we are justi. fied in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.--Ah, then, beloved hearers—the whole congrega. tion-draw nigh to the fountain of the Spirit, and never rest, until you obtain its renovating impulse.

“ Have you been enlightened ? Have you tasted of the Heavenly gift? Implore the Spirit to lead, to strengthen, to comfort you. As many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.' The prayer of David, “Take not thy Holy Spirit from me,' it becometh all to offer.

“ Without .holiness, no man shall see the Lord,' and the Spirit is the author of all holiness. Living in the Spirit, we walk in the Spirit, and do not fulfil the lusts of the flesh: we crucify the flesh with the affections and lusts ;—we put off the old man which is corrupt; we adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour.

- Without the Spirit there is no comfort. Uphold me with thy free Spirit, we should continually pray. The love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost. The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God. The God of hope fills us with all joy and peace in believing, that we may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.

“Without the Spirit, we can never overcome the enemies of our souls. With the Spirit, we are more than conquerors. We are strengthened with might, by his Spirit in the inner man."

In reference to this volume he wrote to me, bound to meet that enemy which is coming in like a flood.” This sentence also unfolds his motive in the publication. He observes

January 28th, 1823. 6. A second edition of my sermons is going to press.

B. A.” His next publication was a small volume of one hundred and eight pages, with the following title," Living Manners, or the True Secret of Happiness,- A Tale. Philadel- . phia, 1822.”

His object in this work is to unmask the formalist and the worldly-minded, and to hold up in contrast, the character of true piety, and the loveliness of sincere devotion to God.

266 We are


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