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but what is borrowed from fome transformation
of Ovid. The picture of a virtuous and learn-
ed man in retirement* is highly finished, as
it flowed from the foul of our poet, who was
here in his proper element, recommending
integrity and science. He has no where dif-
covered more poetic enthusiasm, than where,
fpeaking of the poets who lived or died near
this fpot, he breaks out,

I feem through confecrated walks to rove,
I hear foft mufic die along the grove;
Led by the found I roam from fhade to shade,
By godlike poets venerable made. †

The enumeration of the princes who were
either born or interred at Windsor is judi-
ciously introduced. Yet I have frequently
wondered that he fhould have omitted the
opportunity of defcribing at length it's vene-
rable ancient castle, and the fruitful and ex-
tenfive prospects which it commands. He

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The great improvements lately made near Windsorlodge, by the Duke of Cumberland, particularly the magnificent lake and cafcade, highly deferve to be celebrated by fome future POPE; and would have contributed not a little to the beauty of the poem now before us.


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flides with dexterity and addrefs from speak-
ing of the miseries of the civil war to the
bleffings of peace.
is raised, and acts, and speaks, with becoming
dignity. And though the trite and obvious
infignia of a river god are attributed, yet there
is one circumstance in his appearance highly

His fea-green mantle waving with the wind. †

The relievo of his urn alfo is finely imagined,

The figur'd ftreams in waves of filver roll'd,
And on their banks Augusta rose in gold.

He has with exquifite skill felected only those
rivers as attendants of Thames, who are his
fubjects, his tributaries, or neighbours. I
cannot refift the pleasure of transcribing the

Firft the fam'd authors of his ancient name,
The winding Ifis, and the fruitful Tame:
The Kennet swift, for filver eels renown'd,
The Loddon flow, with verdant ofiers crown'd:
Cole, whofe dark streams his flowery islands lave,
And chalky Wey, that rolls a milky wave:

Ver. 324.

+ Ver. 48.

‡ Ver. 333.


The blue transparent Vandalis appears;
The gulphy Lee his fedgy tresses rears;
And fullen Mole that hides his diving flood,
And filent Darent ftain'd with British blood. *

As I before produced a paffage of Milton which I thought fuperior to a fimilar one of POPE, I fhall, in order to preserve impartiality, produce another from Milton, in which I think him inferior to the last quoted paffage, except perhaps in the third line; firft remarking that both authors are much indebted to Spenser. †

Rivers arife! whether thou be the fon

Of utmost Tweed, or Oofe, or gulphy Dun,
Or Trent, who like fome earth-born giant spreads
His thirty arms along th' indented meads,
Or fullen Mole, that runneth underneath,
Or Severn swift, guilty of maiden's death,
Or rocky Avon, or of fedgy Lee,

Or coaly Tine, or ancient hallow'd Dee,
Or Humber loud that keeps the Scythian's name,
Or Medway smooth, or royal-towred Thame. ‡

* Ver. 337.

Fairy Queen, B. iv. C. 11.

At a vacation exercife, &c. Ver. 91. Milton was now aged but nineteen.


THE poets, both ancient and modern, are obliged to the rivers for fome of their most moft ftriking defcriptions. The Tiber, and the Nile of Virgil, the Aufidus of Horace, the Sabrina of Milton, and the Scamander of Homer, are among their capital figures.

THE influences and effects of peace, and its confequence, a diffusive commerce, are exprefsed by selecting fuch circumftances, as are best adapted to strike the imagination by lively pictures; the selection of which chiefly constitutes true poetry. An hiftorian or profewriter might fay, "Then fhall the most "diftant nations crowd into my port:" a poet fets before your eyes "the fhips of uncouth form," that fhall arrive in the Thames; *

And feather'd people croud my wealthy fide;
And naked youths, and painted chiefs admire
Our speech, our colour, and our strange attire.

And the benevolence and poetry of the fuc→ ceeding wish, are worthy admiration,

* Ver. 400. et feq.

E 2


Till the freed Indians, in their native groves,
Reap their own fruits, and woo their fable loves;
Peru once more a race of kings behold,
And other Mexicos be roof'd with gold.

The two epithets native and fable have peculiar elegance and force; and as Peru was particularly famous for its long fucceffion of Incas and Mexico for many magnificent works of maffy gold, there is great propriety in fixing the restoration of the grandeur of each to that object, for which each was once fo remarkable.

THE groupe of allegorical perfonages that fucceeds the last mentioned lines, are worthy the pencil of Rubens or Julio Romano: it may, perhaps, however be wished that the epithets barbarous (difcord), mad (ambition), bateful (envy), † had been particular and picturesque, instead of general and indiscriminating; though it may poffibly be urged, that in describing the dreadful inhabitants of the portal of hell, Virgil has not always used

* Ver. 497.

+ Ver. 411. et feq.


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