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aboriginal altar Amer Anahuac ancient antiquities Aztec blocks Brasseur building built carved Casa centre Charnay Chichen Itza Colorado Chiquito Copan covered decorations described doorways Dupaix eastern edifices enclosure exploration face feet high feet in diameter feet long feet square feet wide figures forty four fragments front Guatemala height hewn hieroglyphics hill Hist human Humboldt hundred feet idols inches interior Kabah leagues Maya Mayapan Mayer mentioned ments Mexican Mexico miles Mitla monuments mortar Mound-builders mounds Nahua natives Nicaragua northern obsidian original ornaments painted palace Palenque plates platform pottery Pueblo pyramid Quirigua region relics remains reported represents river round ruins sculptured shown side six feet slope southern stairway standing Stephens stone stories structures stucco summit surface temple Teotihuacan terrace three feet tion torn town traces Uxmal valley vases Waldeck walls Xochicalco Yucatan Zapotec
Page 198 - And the construction of these ornaments is not less peculiar and striking than the general effect. There were no tablets or single stones, each representing separately and by itself an entire subject ; but every ornament or combination is made up of separate stones on each of which part of the subject was carved, and which was then set in its place in the wall.
Page 657 - ... two-thirds with rubbish. The lintels were of natural sticks of wood, one and a half to two and a half inches in diameter, deprived of the bark, and placed at distances of two or three inches apart; yet their ends were attached to each other by withes of oak with its bark well preserved. The room was in the form of a parallelogram, about twelve feet in length, eight feet high, and the walls, as they stood at the time of observation, seven feet high.
Page 736 - Indian guide who accompanied me pointed out, on the left bank, a work which may possibly be considered as belonging to the same system, although being, so far as is known, a solitary one, it is somewhat questionable. The work consists of two concentric circles of earth about three feet high, with a ditch between. Within are about twenty cellars situated without apparent design, except economy of room. They are some thirty feet across and three feet deep, and the whole circle eighty yards in diameter.
Page 637 - Wherever the mountains did not impinge too close on the river and shut out the valley, they were seen in great abundance, enough, I should think, to indicate a former population of at least one hundred thousand; and in one place, between camps 91 and 97, there is a long wide valley, twenty miles in length, much of which is covered with the ruins of buildings and broken pottery.
Page 669 - Each pueblo is built around a rectangular court, in which we suppose are the springs that furnish the supply to the reservoirs. The exterior walls, which are of stone, have no openings, and would have to be scaled or battered down before access could be gained to the interior. The successive stories are set back, one behind the other. The lower rooms are reached through trap-doors from the first landing. The houses are three rooms deep, and open upon the interior court. The arrangement is as strong...
Page 174 - The southern, or front, slope of the mound, about seventy feet wide, rises 174 in three grades, or terraces, three, twelve, and four feet high, and twenty, forty-five, and five feet wide, respectively, from the base. There are some traces of a wide central stairway leading up to the second terrace on this side, but none of the steps remain in place. On this platform stand four of the typical Yucatan edifices built round a courtyard, with unequal intervals between them at the corners. The southern...
Page 189 - Passing through the arched gateway, we enter a noble courtyard, with four great facades looking down upon it, each ornamented from one end to the other with the richest and most intricate carving known in the art of the builders of Uxmal ; presenting a scene of strange magnificence, surpassing any that is now THE COURTYARD. Plan of the Courtyard. to be seen among its ruins.
Page 526 - As we descended our guide showed us in the rock a large reservoir for supplying with water the palace, whose walls still remained eight feet high; and as we examined farther, we found that the whole mountain had been covered with palaces, temples, baths and hanging gardens.
Page 362 - Here were the remains of a cultivated, polished, and peculiar people, who had passed through all the stages incident to the rise and fall of nations; reached their golden age, and perished, entirely unknown.
Page 666 - ... ascent for some distance ; the rest of the way is through solid rock. At one place a singular opening or narrow way is formed between a huge, square tower of rock and the perpendicular face of the cliff. Then the road winds round like a spiral stairway ; and the Indians have, in some way, fixed logs of wood in the rock, radiating from a vertical axis, like steps. These afford foothold to man and beast in clambering up. "We were constantly meeting and passing Indians, who had their 'burros