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Isaiah 1x: 1*. Arise, shine, for thy light is come, and the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee. 2. For, behold, darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the Lord shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee. 3. And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising. 4. Lift up thine eyes round about, and see: all they gather themselves together, they come to thee: thy sons shall come from far, and thy daughters shall be nursed at thy side. 5. Then shalt thou see, and flow together; and thine heart shall fear, and be enlarged: because the multitude of the sea shall be turned unto. thee, the forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee. 6. The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries of Median and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come; they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall shew forth the praises of the Lord. 7. All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth t shall minister unto thee: they shall

* Chap. 1x.] “ We may suppose the groundwork of the “ prophecies, contained in this and the two following chap“ ters to be the Jews' restoration from captivity.Mr. Lowth in loc.

+ The dromedaries of Midián-all they from Sheba--the fucks of Kedar-the rams of Nebaioth.] “ 'They sball Ay along the “ borders of the Philistines towards the west; they shall spoil “ them of the east together : they shall lay their hand upon « Edoni and Moab, and the children of Ammon shall obey is them," Isaiah xi. 14. .


come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glory.

8. Who are these ? Like a cloud they fly, and like doves to their holes *. 9. Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish among the first t, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and


* Doves to their holes.] They shall fly with a trembling rapidity to the land of their refuge, like doves to holes in the rocks. Dr. Richard Chandler, in his travels in Asia Minor, * has taken notice of the doves there lodging in holes of " the rocks." Harmer's Observ. Vol. 111. p. 55. See Cant. ii. 14,

fece quyev, ws TE TEMEIA, 'H ¢ão ip' ignxos xovanu ormlalo nálenu. Iliad. x'xi. 493.

+ The ships of Tarshish among the first.] The ships of that particular country of the isles of the Gentiles, which at the period of the completion of the prophecy will command at sea. In the language of the Old Testament, the ships of Tyre are ordinarily called ships of Tarshih, apparently from the great commercial intercourse between Tyre and Tarshish, much perhaps in the same manner as our principal trading vessels are termed east or west-indiamen.' Tyre however has long since ceased to be a nation: the ships of Tarshish therefore, at the era of the yet future return of the Jews, certainly cannot be literal Tyriun vessels. Hence we must necessarily, I think, conclude them to be the ships of some power of the isles of the Gentiles, that is, some European power, which in the modern world shall answer to Tyre in the ancient world; but, what power will accord with such a description when the Jews begin to be restored, can only be determined by the event. Thus far liowever we may venture to assert; from the more ample description which Isaiah gives us of it in his 18th


their gold with them, unto the name of the Lord thy God, unto the Holy One of Israel, because he hath glorified me. 10. And the sons of strangers shall build thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee. 11. Therefore thy gates * shall be open continually; they shall not be shut day nor night; to bring unto thee the forces of the Gentiles, even their kings magnificently conducted. 12. For the nation and kingdom t, that will not serve thee, shall perish: yea, the natives shall be utterly wasted. 13. The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the fir, the

chapter, that it will certainly be a nation of faithful wor. shippers, and therefore not a popish nation. This position indeed necessarily follows from the collateral predictions of Daniel and St. John, which teach us that the returu of the converted Jews shall be opposed by an armed confederacy of Antichrist, the false Romish prophet, and the kings of the Latin carth.

It may not be improper to observe, that ships of Tarshish sometimes mean simply large vessels fit for undertaking long voyages by seu. (See Well's Geog. of the Old and New Test. Vol. 1. p. 72, 73.) The sense will be much the same: for in either case, the prophecy foretells, that the converted Jews will be brought back in large vessels belonging to the then principal maritime European protestant power.

* Thy gates shall be open continually.) Compare Rev. xxi. 25.

+ The nation and the kingdom, that will not serve thee, shall perish.] The overthrow of Antichrist and his confederates seems here to be briefly alluded to.


pine, and the box together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary; and I will make the place of my feet glorious. 14. The sons also of them, that afflicted thee, shall come bending unto thee; and all they that despised thee, shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet: and they shall call thee, The city of the Lord, the Zion of the Holy One of Israel. 15. Instead of thy being forsaken and hated and without any one passing through thee, I will make thee an eternal excellency, a joy from generation to generation. 16. Thou shalt also suck the milk of the Gentiles, and shalt suck the breast of kings; and thou shalt know that I am the Lord thy Saviour, and the mighty One of Jacob thy redeemer. 17. For brass I will bring gold *, and for iron I will bring silver; and for wood brass, and for stones iron : and I will make thy superintendants peace, and thy taskmasters justice. 18. Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, wasting nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise. 19. The sun shall be no more thy light by day; neither with brightness shall the moon give light unto thee; but the Lord shall be unto thee an everlasting light, and thy God thy glory. 20, Thy sun shall no more go down, neither shall thy moon withdraw itself; for the Lord shall be thine everlasting light, and the days of thy mourning

* For brass I will bring gold.] Compare Rev. xxi. -10--26..

shall shall be ended. 21. And thy people all of them shall be righteous: they shall inherit the land for ever: they are the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may glorify myself. 22. That, which was little, shall become a leader *; and that, which was small, a strong nation : I, the Lord will hasten it, in its season.


Much that is interesting may be collected from this prophecy. After a long period of intellectual and spiritual darkness, Judaical, Papal, and Mohammedan, the glory of the Lord will shine upon his ancient church, and the Jews and the Gentiles shall form one flock under one shepherd.

Isaiah's attention is first engaged by the continental restoration of the ten tribes, which, though second in point of time to the restoration of Judah, will inost probably be first in point of numbers and consequence. While he beholds the nations bring

*. ** That, which was little, shall become a leader.] This part

of the prophecy, like many other prophecies, appears to intimate, that Israel shall hereafter become the first of nations, and Jerusalem the metropolis of the millennian kingdom of the Messiah. . The elder sister, the Jewish church, shall then take 'the precedency of her younger sisters, the Gentile churches ; a precedency however, purely spiritual and readily accorded ; a precedency, far unlike that usurped by the apostate man of sin, the pretended successor of St. Peter. I think it accords better with the general import of the passage to translate gx a leader, than a thousand.


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