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PALMA CHRISTI, AND OTHER PLANTS.

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first instance, but having been induced afterwards to consent, the young woman's friends determined to retaliate, and were not now to be appeased. The disappointed couple, therefore, in great affliction, were obliged to postpone their nuptials, till all who were interested should be reconciled. After public worship most of the people retired to the adjoining school-room, to attend a prayer meeting, at which the queen and her sister were present. These personages are always accompanied by two soldiers, armed with muskets, wherever they go.

Towards evening we visited some of the plantations in the neighbourhood of the king's house. Here we saw the plant, called papa, a kind of rush, the long spires of which are used in making the finest mats. The paper mulberry, called onte, grows in great luxuriance here, its bark furnishes the material for the best native cloth. The stem is seldom more than an inch in diameter, rising to the height of six or seven feet, and producing a broad, rough, lightgreen leaf. We were shewn a ninii, or press, by which the residue of the cocoa-nut oil is extracted, after the better portion has been drained off by the process formerly described. The bamboo-bottles, in which the oil is kept, are single joints of that cane, which hold from two to three quarts each. The oil is introduced by a small hole pierced through the partition at one end; when full, the aperture is plugged up, and bound over with the leaf of the fara, tied tight with purau bark. The palma christi, or castor oil plant grows plentifully in these islands. It produces its berries, at the same time, in every stage, from small green clusters to full ripe ones; and frequently in the same bunch, the crude and the mellow appear intermingled. This seems to be the case, in some degree, with most of the fruit-bearing trees in this climate, which, being ever-green themselves,

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yield, contemporaneously and in succession, leaves, blossoms, and fruit:--the vi-apple, and one other tree alone, being deciduous.

We called upon the church deacon, already mentioned as being a chief and judge under the king. When this man first embraced the gospel he became an object of hatred and abhorrence to the idolaters. A party of these had once conspired to kill him, when he and a few other pious persons were assembled together, in the evening, for prayer. The ruffians came secretly upon them, armed with muskets, and levelling their pieces were about to destroy the whole groupe at a volley. Their deliverance was singularly providential ;— the marked victims within knew nothing of the lurking assassins without, yet were the latter restrained from executing their diabolical purpose, by an influence, which (as they declared afterwards) they could not understand. Seized with sudden horror at the deed on which they had been so desperately bent, they threw down the murderous engines, and rushing into the room confessed their guilt. The Christians received them with so much kindness, and so freely forgave them,-thus heaping coals of fire upon their heads,—that they were utterly overcome, and went away promising never to molest them again ; and they kept their word. Two others, however, who had professed the Christian faith, were called to seal their testimony with their blood. Their persecutors having surprised them, and escape being cut off, they meekly said, _66 We know what

You may kill our bodies ; our souls you cannot kill;—do your pleasure.” They were slaughtered in cold blood, and their remains offered at the marae, in sacrifice to the idol-gods; but sacrifices of every kind, to “the abominations” of Eimeo, were soon after abolished for ever.

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Oct. 18. Wishing to visit a marae once held in extraordinary veneration, at the distance of seven miles westward, we sent to the king to request the loan of a suitable

One was immediately sent, with a sufficient number of natives to paddle it to the desired spot. On our way we touched at two small motus (incipient islands) composed of coral rock, and scarcely above the level of high water. On these, the aito (the iron-wood of Europeans) grows in great luxuriance, entirely covering the surface, and presenting the appearance of a forest upon the

Each of these islets is about a mile and a half in circuit, and distant half a mile from the coast of Eimeo. Some rabbits have been turned loose upon one of them, in hope that they may breed there.

The wind being contrary we landed before we had reached the marae, and walked thither along the shore. Here we passed a spacious chapel (itself formerly a marae), where had been held the annual Missionary Meeting for the adjacent islands, in May last. On that occasion, three thousand persons were assembled. This building is famous for having been the rendezvous of the Areois. Here they celebrated their horrid excesses; and here, the doom of thousands, when hostilities were meditated, had often been decided by the auguries of the priests. This structure, in the native style, is two hundred and ten feet in length, forty-five wide, supported by seventy pillars at the sides, and having nine others within, placed along the middle, to support the ridge-tree. When the glorious revolution took place, the king transformed this haunt of all that was unclean into a Christian sanctuary.

Thence we proceeded to the great marae, or rather assemblage of several maraes, built on a projecting point of land; such situations often being chosen, as most

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conspicuous at sea, and most convenient for landing canoes. Near the sea, upon the very beach, is a large heap of massy stones, a hundred feet long, and twenty feet high. The side near the water is in ruins, many of the blocks having fallen down; the other side bears more distinct traces of its original construction, several of the steps, or courses, of hewn stone, remaining entire. Adjoining are the dilapidated walls of two enclosures. In one of these the priest was wont to officiate, in a sitting posture, with his back resting against a huge stone, formerly erect, now prostrate. In this attitude he offered up prayers to the idol, which was placed at the opposite end. Fragments of carved ornaments in wood were lying about, mingled with the relics of hogs and fishes, once offered in sacrifice. At a short distance stands a second marae, nearly perfect. This consists of three steps, the front stones of which are hewn, having courses of rounded ones ranged alternately in layers with them. The summit is half the width and length of the basement; the interior has been filled up with coral blocks. A quarter of a mile from this stood the house of the gods. Here their images were deposited; but, having been ejected, their dwelling has fallen into irreparable decay; stones, beams, and rafters are scattered over the ground, mouldering and overrun with rank vegetation. These hideous dens and dungeons of idolatry are surrounded by a gloomy grove of what once were sacred trees—the ati, aito, and others; beneath whose melancholy shades the rites of blood and the orgies of darkness were celebrated,-a spectacle for fiends to glory in, and from which angels, if they came nigh, would turn away and weep.

As we came away we met Tarahoi, a hoary-headed man, who had formerly been a prophet of Oro (the god of war). At this place Mr. Henry has seen him, in a fit of pretended

ARABU, CHIEF OF EIMEO.

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inspiration, convulsed through all his limbs, distorting his countenance, and foaming at the mouth, like one verily possessed by an evil spirit. His oracles, uttered in unnatural ejaculations, were words of fate, and on them depended life or death, war or peace; kings and people being equally swayed by his mysterious counsels. Leaving him we proceeded to the residence of Arabu, the principal chief of Eimeo, who, though he was one of the last to yield to Christianity, has been among the first of its professors in every good word and work. He had prepared a bountiful refreshment for us; but, while it was setting out, presented us with cocoa-nut water, of which we took a welcome draught, after the morning's fatigue. A number of natives, meanwhile, came into the house, the whole floor of which was carpeted with handsome mats, in honour of our visit. We seized the opportunity of addressing the company, in earnest and affectionate terms, on their eternal interests. They listened with humble and apparently sincere devotion. The entertainment, which was now brought in, consisted of an entire hog, smoking from the oven, borne by two men, who placed it on a tray upon the floor, at the side of a large wooden bowl, called an umiti, containing a baked fowl and bread-fruit. The table-cloth, consisting of purau leaves, was spread beside these dishes, before us (the guests), in a circular form, about four feet in diameter. After a blessing had been implored, a native carver, with a large knife, separated portions of the flesh, fowl, and bread, laying them, in turn, before us; when we all ate and were satisfied. While we were enjoying this repast, we could not prevail on our kind host to partake of any thing with us. This is the custom of the country. Whatever is set before their guests is expected to be eaten by them, or taken away. Here was an ample supply, both for ourselves and

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