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17. How many have from five hundred to one thousand acres. 12. 54. If from sickness laborers must abstain from work, are any deductions made from his

wages. Yes, 55. How many road laborers are in your county. About 20. 56. What is the wages paid to them. $3. 57. What is the laborer's condition in general. Morally, fair; physically, good; mentally,

fair. 68. In what condition are the roads in your county (railroads excluded). Good. 70. How are the sanitary conditions of the lands in your county. First class.

37. How many school teachers are employed in your county. About 25. Males, 6;

females, 19. Average number of inonths engaged per annum, 8. Wages paid,

males, $100; females, $80. 39. How many servants (domestic) are employed in your county. 30. 40. How many telegraph operators are employed in your county. 4. Wages paid,

females, $16 per month. 42. How many waiters (restaurant, hotel, etc.,) are employed in your county. About 35. 43. How many watch-makers are employed in your county. 3. 47. How many wood-cutters are employed in your county. About 60. Average number of months engaged per annum, 3.

FORM No. 6. MISCELLANEOUS,

FORM No. 2. RELATING TO EMPLOYÉS IN MECHANICAL AND MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

(CHINESE EXCLUDED).

1. What is the total value of all lands and town lots in your county. About $860,000. 2. What is the total value of all the buildings in the towns of your county. $80,000. 6. Are any trade unions in your county. None. 15. What is the cost of fuel. Wood, $5.

FORM No. 7. RELATING TO CHINESE (EXCLUSIVELY).

8. How many brewers in the whole county. 5. Wages paid, $2 50. 9. How many blacksmiths in the whole county About 30. Wages paid, $3 50. 13. How many brick-makers in the whole county. 5. Wages paid, $3. 18. How many cabinet-makers in the whole county. 2. 21. How many carpenters and joiners in the whole county. 20. Wages paid, $5. 23. How many carriage and wagon makers in the whole county. 2. 33. How many employés in dairies in the whole county. About 50. Wages paid, about

$40 per month; with board. 39. How many iron molders in the whole county. Wages paid, $3. 43. How many machinists in the whole county. 2. Wages paid, $5. 47. How many pattern-makers in the whole county. 1. Wages paid, $6. 54. How many saddlers and harness makers in the whole county. 1. 57. How many sash, door, and blind makers in the whole county. 1. 58. How many shingle-makers in the whole county. 5. Wages paid, $3. 59. How many shoe-makers in tne whole county. 13. 64. How many tinsmiths in the whole county. 1. Wages paid, $4.

1. How many Chinese in your county. Males, 400; females, 50. 3. What are their social habits. Very good. 4. What are their sanitary habits. Good. 6. How many of them are employed. Most of them are miners. 7. How many of them are domestic servants. Very few. 10. What wages are paid to them per week. $4; per month, $16; with board. 11. How many are laundrymen. About 25. 13. How many Chinese laundries are in your county. About 12. 14. How many Chinese do they employ in your county. About 25. FORM No. 8. RELATING TO INMATES or JAILS AND OTHER REFORMATORY INSTITUTIONS.

FORM No. 3. RELATING TO MINES AND MINERS (CHINESE EXCLUDED).

1. How many inmates are in your county jail and other reformatory institutions in your

county. 1. 5. How many of the inmates are employed. None.

SISKIYOU COUNTY.

Statistical Statement made by the Assessor of Siskiyou County.

5. How many gold placer mines are in your county. About 30. 6. How many gold placer miners are in your county. About 300. Hours constituting a.

day's work, 10. Number of months employed in the year, 12. Wages paid, $2;

with board. 7. How many gold quartz mines are in your county. Now working, 12. 8. How many gold quartz miners in your county. About 400. Hours constituting a

day's work, 10. Number of months employed in the year, 12. Wages paid, about

$10 per month; with board. 9. How many gold hydraulic mines are in your county. About 30. 10. How many gold hydraulic miners are in your county. 200. Hours constituting a

day's work, 12. Ñuniber of months employed in the year, 3. Wages paid, $2; with

board, FORM No. 4. RELATING TO TRANSPORTATION ON LAND AND WATER (CHINESE EXCLUDED).

1. How many miles of steam railroads in operation are in your county. 6.
11. How many stage drivers in your county. 5.
12. How many teamsters hauling, etc., in your county. About 25.
13. How many draymen hauling, etc., in your county. 4.
14. How many agents, railroad, stage, express, and steamboat, in your county. 6.

FORM No. 1. RELATING TO AGRICULTURE.

FORM 5. RELATING TO CLERICAL AND ALL OTHER SKILLED AND UNSKILLED LABOR NOT

BEFORE ENUMERATED (CHINESE EXCLUDED).

1. How many acres of land does your county or township contain. 6,000 square miles. 2. How many acres of land are under cultivation. 20,000. 3. How many acres of land are unfit for cultivation. Seven eighths of county. 4. How many acres of land are timber land. Seven eighths. 5. How many acres of land are open for preëmption. All not taken, which consists of

timber and desert. 6. What is the maximum price per acre. $31 25. 7. What is the minimum price per acre. $1 25. 8. What is the average price per acre. $16 25. 9. How many ranches are in your county. 500. 10. How many ranch owners, 500. 14. How many have from fifty to one hundred acres. 50. 15. How many have from one hundred to two hundred and fifty acres. 200. 16. How many have from two hundred and fifty to five hundred acres. 200. 17. How many have from five hundred to one thousand acres. 25. 18. How many have from one thousand to two thousand five hundred acres. 75. 25. What is the maximum rent per acre.

About one third of crop.

. 27. What is the average rent per acre. One third.

Relating to Farm Hands and Road Laborers.

4. How many barbers are employed in your county. 10. Hours constituting a day's

work, 10. Average number of months engaged per annuin, 12. 5. How many bookkeepers in all departments in your county. About 12. 10. How many clerks employed in general merchandising in your county. About 8.

Hours constituting a day's work, 12. Average number of months engaged per

annum, 12. 11. How many clerks are employed in county and town governments in your county. 2. 12. How many cooks are employed in your county. About 50. Hours constituting a

day's work, 12. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12, Wages paid,

$2 50; with board. 13. How many dentists are employed in your county. 2. 18. How many engineers (civil) in your county. 4. 19. How many engineers (stationary engines) in your county. 6. 24. How many journalistic editors in your county. 3. 28. How many laundrymen in your county. 20. All Chinarnen. 32. How many painters (house) in your county. 6. Wages paid, $5; without board. 34. How many plasterers are employed in your county. 2. Wages paid, $5; without

board. 35. How many printers are employed in your county. 3.

37. How many laborers (Chinese excluded) are employed in agriculture in your county.

About 1,000. 38. What are their ages. From 15 to 45. 42. What are the maximum wages paid (including board) per month. $40. 43. What are the minimum wages paid (including board) per month. $25. 44. What are the average wages paid (including board) per month. $32 50. 45. What industry of agriculture pays the maximum. Stock raising. 46. What industry of agriculture pays the minimum. Working on the farm by the year. 47. How many months in the year are laborers generally employed. 8. 48. When unemployed in agriculture what industry do they pursue to gain a livelihood.

In mining or herding stock.

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FORM No. 2. RELATING TO EMPLOYÉS IN MECHANICAL AND MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

(CHINESE EXCLUDED). 7. How many bakers in the whole county. 2. Hours constituting a day's work, 8.

Wages paid, $60; without board. 8. How many brewers in the whole county. 5. Hours constituting a day's work, 8.

Wages paid, $60; without board. 9. How many blacksmiths in the whole county. 23. Hours constituting a day's work,

8. Wages paid, maximum, $75; minimum, $30; average, $45; without board. 21. How many carpenters and joiners in the whole county. 26. Hours constituting a

day's work, 8. Wagés paid, maxinum, $4; ininimuin, $2; average, $3 25; without

board. 33. How many employés in dairies in the whole county. 20. Hours constituting a day's

work, 8. Wages paid, maximum, $45; minimum, $30; average, $37 50; with board. 37. How many gunsmiths in the whole county. 1. Sole owner, and works no hands. 54. How inany saddlers and harness-makers in the whole county. 2. Sole owners; eni

ploy no hands. 58. How many shingle-makers in the whole county. 10. Hours constituting a day's

work, 8.' Wages paid, $10; with board. 59. How many shoe-makers in the whole county. 7. Hours constituting a day's work, 8.

Wages paid, $60; without board. 61. How many stone-cutters in the whole county. 3. Work their own quarries. 62. How many tailors in the whole county. 1. Does his own work. 64. How many tinsmiths in the whole county. 4. Hours constituting a day's work, 8.

Wages paid, maximum, $50; minimum, $30; average, $40; with board.

32. How many printers in your county. 8. Males, 6; females, 2. Hours constituting, a

day's work, 8. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid,

maximum, $60; minimuni, $20; average, $30; with board. 34. How many plasterers are employed in your county. 2. Hours constituting a day's

work, 8. Average number of months engaged per annum, 8. Wages paid, $75; with

board. 35. How many painters are employed in your county. 4. Hours constituting a day's

work, 8. Average number of months engaged per annum, 8. Wages paid, $75; with

board. 36. How many photographers are employed in your county. 2. Sole owners; do their

own work. 37. How many school teachers are employed in your county. 35. Males, 19; females, 13.

Hours constituting a day's work, 6. Average number of months engaged per annum, 6. Wages paid, males, maximuni, $100; minimum, $50; average, $75; females,

maximum, $80; minimum, $50; average, $65; without board. 40. How many telegraph operators are employed in your county. 5. Hours constituting

a day's work, 12. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, maximum, $100; average, $90; without board.

FORM No. 6. MISCELLANEOUS,

FORM No. 3. RELATING TO MINES AND MINERS (CHINESE EXCLUDED).

5. How many gold placer mines are in your county. 150. 6. How many gold placer miners are in your county, 900. Hours constituting a day's

work, maximum, 10; minimum, 8; average, 9. Number of months employed in the

year, 6. Wages per day, maximum, $4; miniinum, $2 50; average, $2 75; with board. 7. How many gold quartz mines in your county. 12. 8. How many gold quartz miners in your county. 150. Hours constituting a day's work,

maximum, 10; minimum, 8; average, 9. Number of months employed in the year,

8. Wages per day, maximum, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3; with board. 9. How diany gold hydraulic mines in your county. 13. Number of miners, 65. Hours

constituting a day's work, maximum, 10; niinimum, 8; average, 9. Number of months employed in the year, 4. Wages per day, maximum, $5; average, $3 ; with

board. 14. How many gravel mines are in your county. 5. Number of miners, 40. Hours con

stituting a day's work, maxinium, 10; minimum, 8; average, 9. Number of months

employed in the year, 8. Wages per day, maximum, $4; average, $2 50; with board. 27. How many sandstone quarries are in your county. 3. Not worked to any extent.

1. What is the total value of all lands and town lots in your county. $1,295,203. 2. What is the total value of all the buildings in the towns of your county. $265,310. 3. What is the total value of all the machineries used for mechanical and manufacturing

purposes. $5,000. 4. What is the total value of all materials used in manufactures of your county. $12,000. 6. Are any trade unions in your county. No. 9. How are the sanitary conditions of the workshops of mechanics and manufacturers.

Good. 10. How are the sanitary conditions of the dwellings of the wage workers. Good. 15. What is the cost of fuel. Wood, $4 to $6 per cord; coal, none. 17. What is the cost of water for irrigation purposes. 25 cents per inch. 18. How many poor people live in your county. Males, 20. 20. The cause. Intemperance, rheumatism, and general delibity. 23. What suggestions can you make to ameliorate their condition. None; unless it would

be to purchase a “poor house farm,” which might be made self-sustaining. Under the present system of county hospital, it enables too many drunks to sober off at

the expense of the county. 24. How many corporations (local) are in your county. 2. 25. Name them. Siskiyou County Bank; Black Bear Quartz Mining Company, 26. Name capital stock of each. Siskiyou County Bank, $200,000. The Black Bear Quartz

Mining Company, four or five years ago, was considered very valuable; but at present we can place no value on the stock, as the former company have sold, and the present owners are prospecting.

FORM No. 7. RELATING TO CHINESE (EXCLUSIVELY).

FORM No. 4. RELATING TO TRANSPORTATION ON LAND AND WATER (CHINESE EXCLUDED).

1. How many stage drivers in your county. 8. Miles of road, 140. Hours per day, 10.

Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, maximum, $50; minimum, $15; average $47; with board.

FORM No. 5. RELATING TO CLERICAL AND ALL OTHER SKILLED AND UNSKILLED LABOR

NOT BEFORE ENIJMERATED (CHINESE EXCLUDED).

4. How many barbers are employed in your county. 4. All are owners of shops. 7. How many clerks are employed in banking institutions in your county. 3. Hours

constituting a day's work, 7. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12.

Wages paid, maximum, $125; minimum, $75; average, $125; without board, 10. How many clerks employed in general merchandising in your county. 20. Hours

constituting a day's work, 12.° Average number of months engaged per annum, 12.

Wages paid, maximum, $75; minimum, $30; average, $52 50; without board. 11. How inaný clerks are employed in county and State governments in your county. 3.

Hours constituting a day's work, 8. Åverage number of months engaged per annum, 10. Wages paid, maximum, $150; niinimum, $100; average, $116; without

board. 13. How many dentists are employed in your county. 2. Average number of months

engaged per annun, 12. Both are sole owners. 24. How many journalistic editors in your county. 2. Hours constituting a day's work,

12. Sole owners. 31. How many milliners in your county. 3. All are owners and do their own work.

1. How many Chinese are in your county. 1,458; females, 32. 2. What are their conditions. Good, upon an average. 3. What are their social habits. Very bad; as my basis is taken from the assessment

estimate and census reports, which show that only eight are married out of a popu

lation of thirty-two females. 4. What are their sanitary habits. Dirty; with poor ventilation and crowded houses, 5. How many of them are married. 8. 7. How.many of them are domestic servants. 25. 8. What wages are paid to domestic servants per month. $20; with board. 9. How many of them are cooks. 75. 11. How many are laundrymen. 15. 12. What wages do they earn per week. $10; per month, $40 to $50; with board. 13. How many Chinese laundries are in your county. 5. 14. How many Chinese do they employ in your county. All are part owners. 15. How many Chinese cultivate the soil in your county. 6. 16. What wages are paid them per month with board. $30. 17. How many Chinese miners are in your county. 1,200. 18. What wages do they earn. $30 to $35; without board. 19. How many of them are employed in manufactures of all kinds. None. 20. Name the various industries and number employed in each of them. 1,200 miners, 6

cultivate the soil, 15 work in sawmills, 25 domestic servants, 75 cooks, 15 laundry

men, 122 loafers and idle. 21. What are the wages paid them in each of the industries employed. The miners are

paid from $30 to $35 per month, but the greater portion work their own claims; in sawmills, $20 to $30 per month; domestic servants average about $20 per month;

cooks average about $20 per month, with board. 23. How much do they expend for rent, collectively, per month. $12.

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25. What percentage of the food are home products. 50. 26. What percentage of the food are imported from foreign countries. 50. 27. How much do they expend for clothing per head each year. $25. 28. What percentage of the clothing is of American manufacture. 50. 30. How much of their yearly earnings are sent out of the country. One half. 31. What percentage to the amount of earnings. 50. 32. To what extent does their employment come in competition with the white industrial

classes. They reduce the wages in the mines by working for one third less than the whites. The cooks have entirely superseded white labor. No competition against the whites on the farms, and in the few sawmills they work by the month for one third less than the whites.

SONOMA COUNTY.

Statistical Statement made by G. W. Lewis, Assessor of Sonoma County,

FORM No. 1. RELATING TO AGRICULTURE,

10.

1. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) does your county contain. 785,4592. 2. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) are under cultivation. 250,000. 3. How many acres of land (exclusive of town tots) are unfit for cultivation. 300,000. 4. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) are timber land. 100,000. 5. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) are open for preëmption. 100,000. 6. What is the maximum price per acre (exclusive of town lots). $300. 7. What is the minimum price per acre (exclusive of town lots). $5. 8. What is the average price per acre (exclusive of town lots). $50. 9. How many ranches are in your county. 4,500. 10. How many ranch owners. 4,500. 11. How many have from three to ten acres. 850. 12. How many have froni ten to twenty-five acres. 500. 13. How many have from twenty-five to fifty acres. 800. 14. How many have from fifty to one hundred acres. 1,200. 15. How many have from one hundred to two hundred and fifty acres. 600. 16. How many have from two hundred and fifty acres to five hundred acres. 225. 17. How many have from five hundred to one thousand acres. 150. 18. How many liave from one thousand to two thousand five hundred acres. 100. 19. How many have from two thousand five hundred to five thousand acres. 50. 20. How many have five thousand acres and over. 25. 21. How many ranches are worked by owners. Most of them. 24. How many ranches are rented. Åbout 500. 25. What is the maximum rent per acre. $10. 26. What is the minimum rent per acre. $3. 27. What is the average rent per acre. $6. 28. How many buildings of all kinds (exclusive of city or town buildings) does your county

contain. About 12,000. 29. What is the value. About $4,000,000. 30. How many miles of fences are in your county. Value, about $100,000. 31. What is their cost per mile. $250. 32. What is the yalue of all the agricultural implements in your county. $200,000. 33. How many labor-saving agricultural implements in your county. Not enumerated. 34. What is their value. About $100,000.

57. What is the laborer's condition in general. Morally, fair; physically, good; mentally,

average. 58. How many laborers (exclusive of Chinese) are in your county unemployed. None

but tramps. 65. What are the causes of their idleness. (Please state everything you know about it.)

Being habitual tramps they prefer to spend the winter months in the county jail. 68. In what condition are the roads in your county (railroads excluded). Very good. 69. Can you suggest anything that will anieliorate the condition of the laborers and accrue

to their benefit. Practice sobriety; be industrious, steady, and willing to work and

there will be no necessity of begging and tramping. 70. How are the sanitary conditions of the lands in your county. Very good. FORM No. 2. RELATING TO EMPLOYÉS IN MECHANICAL AND MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

(CHINESE EXCLUDED). 7. How many bakers in the whole county. 30. Hours constituting a day's work, 10.

Wages paid, maximum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50; with board. 8. How many brewers in the whole county. 10. Hours constituting a day's work, 10.

Wages paid, maximum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50; with board. 9. How many blacksmiths in the whole county. 75. Hours constituting a day's work,

10. Wages paid, maximum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 12. How many bookbinders in the whole county. 2. Hours constituting a day's work,

10. Wages paid, $4; without board. 13. How many brick-makers in the whole county. None but Chinese. 50. Hours consti

tuting a day's work, 10. Wages paid, $2; without board. 20. How many canneries (fish, fruit, etc.) employés in the whole county. 100. Hours

constituting a day's work, 10.' Wages paid, maximum, $1; minimum, 50 cents;

average, 75 cents; without board. 21. How many carpenters and joiners in the whole county. 150. Hours constituting a

day's work, 10. Wages paid, maximum, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3; without

board. 23. How niany carriage and wagon makers in the whole county. 10. Hours constituting

a day's work, 10. Wages paid, maximum, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3; without

board. 26. How many cigar-makers in the whole county. 20. Hours constituting a day's work,

Wages paid, maximum, $3; minimun, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 27. How many confectioners in the whole county. 15. Hours constituting a day's work,

10. Wages paid, maximum, $2 50; niinimum, $1 50; average, $2; without board. 29. How many coopers in the whole county. 50. Hours constituting a day's work, 10.

Wages paid, maximum, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3; without board. 32. How many employés in distilleries in the whole county. 100. Hours constituting a

day's work, 10. Wages paid, maximum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50; without

board. 33. How many employés in dairies in the whole county. 200. Hours constituting a day's

work, 13. Wages paid, $1; with board. 37. How many gunsmiths in the whole county. 5. Hours constituting a day's work, 10.

Wages paid, maximum, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3; without board. 43. How many machinists in the wliole county. 30. Hours constituting a day's work, 10.

Wages paid, maximum, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3; without board. 45. How many employés in watch factories in the whole county. 50. Hours constituting

a day's work, 10. Wages paid, maximum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50; with

out board. 54. How many saddlers and harness-makers in the whole county. 10. Hours constitut

ing a day's work, 10. Wages paid, maximum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50;

without board. 58. How many shingle-makers in the whole county. 100. Hours constituting a day's

work, 10. Wages paid, maximum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 59. How many shoe-makers in the whole county. 100. Hours constituting a day's work,

10. Wages paid, maximum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 60. How many soda works employés in the whole county. 20. Hours constituting a day's

work, 10. Wages paid, maximum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 61. How many stone-cutters in the whole county. 400. Hours constituting a day's work,

10. Wages paid, maximum, $3; minimuni, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 62. How many tailors in the whole county. 100. Hours constituting a day's work, 10.

Wages paid, maximum, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3; without board. 63. How many tanners in the whole county. 20. Hours constituting a day's work, 10.

Wages paid, maximum, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3; without board. 64. How many tinsmiths in the whole county. 40. Hours constituting a day's work, 10.

Wages paid, maximum, $3; ininimum, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 65. How many upholsterers in the whole county. 10. "Hours constituting a day's work,

10. Wages paid, maximum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 66. How many wheelwrights in the whole county. 15. Hours constituting a day's work,

10. Wages paid, maximum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 67. How many wine manufacturers in the whole county. 100. Hours constituting a

day's work, 10. Wages paid, maximum, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3; without board.

Relating to Farm Hands and Road Laborers.

37. How many laborers (Chinese excluded) are employed in agriculture in your county.

About 2,000. 38. What are their ages. From 15 to 50, and over. 39. How many are under fifteen years of age. Very few, if any. 42. What are the maximum wages paid (including board) per month. $30. 43. What are the minimum wages paid (including board) per mouth. $20. 44. What are the average wages paid (including board) per nionth. $25. 45. What industry of agriculture pays the maximum. Grape raising. 46. What industry of agriculture pays the minimum. Hop raising, 47. How niany months in the year are laborers generally employed. Mostly all the year

around. 48. When unemployed in agriculture what industry do they pursue to gain a livelihood.

Work at anything they can get a chance at. 51. What are the average hours of labor per diem. 12. 52. Are those working over the regular hours constituting a day's work, paid extra. No. 54. If from sickness a laborer must abstain from work, are any deductions made from his 55. How many road laborers are in your county. Farmers and their hired men work the 56. What is the wages paid to them. $2.

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wages. Yes.

roads.

728

70. How many of the aforementioned professions are unemployed. None. 74. How do they manage to subsist. Should there be any who from some cause and

another be unemployed in their respective trades, they would be compelled to do something else. However, no skillful, sober, industrious mechanic who is willing to work need be idle.

FORM No. 4. RELATING TO TRANSPORTATION ON LAND AND WATER (CHINESE EXCLUDED).

1. How many miles of steam railroads in operation are in your county. 118. 2. How many employés of all kinds on above are in your county. 200. Average hours

per day, 10. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid,

maxinum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 5. How many miles of street railroads (horse-power) are in your county. 2. 6. How many men are engaged thereon in your county. 2. Average hours per day, 10.

Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, $2; without board. 11. How many stage drivers in your county. 20. Average hours per day, 12. Average

number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, $2 50; with board. 12. How many teamsters hauling, etc., in your county. 50. Average hours per day, 12.

Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages päid, $2 50; with board. 13. How many draymen hauling, etc., in your county. 30. Average hours per day, 12.

Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, $2 50; with board. 14. How many agents, railroad, stage, express, and steamboat, in your county. 50.

Average hours per day, 12. Average number of months engaged per annum,

Wages paid, maximum, $4; niinimum, $3; average, $3 50; without board. 15. How many men are engaged in express companies in your county. 50. Average

hours per day, 12. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, maximum, $4; minimum, $3; average, $3 50; without board.

mum,

12.

FORM No. 5. RELATING TO CLERICAL AND ALL OTHER SKILLED AND UNSKILLED LABOR

NOT BEFORE ENUMERATED (CHINESE EXCLUDED).

24. How many journalists and reporters in your county. 10. Hours constituting a day's

work, 12. Average number of inonths engaged per annum., 12. Wages paid, maxi

mum, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3; without board. 27. How many hostlers in your county. 100. Hours constituting a day's work, 12.

Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, maximum, $2;

minimum, $1; average, $1 50; with board. 30. How many lunibermen in your county. 300. Hours constituting a day's work, 10.

Average number of months engaged per annum, 9. Wages paid, maximum, $3;

minimum, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 31. How many milliners in your county: 30. Hours constituting a day's work, 10.

Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, maximum, $2 ;

minimum, $1; average, $1 50; without board. 32. How many house painters are employed in your county. 60. Hours constituting a

day's work, 10. Average number of months engaged per annum, 10. Wages paid,

maximum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 34. How many plasterers are employed in your county. 20. Hours constituting a day's

work, 10. Average number of months engaged per annum, 10. Wages paid, maxi

mum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 35. How many printers are employed in your county. 100. Hours constituting a day's work, 10. `Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, maxi

$4; minimun, $2; average, $3; without board. 36. How many photographers are einployed in your county. 15. Hours constituting a

day's work, 10. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid,

maximum, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3; without board. 37. How many school teachers are employed in your county. 150. Males, 20; females,

130. Hours constituting a day's work, maximum, 8; minimum, 6; average, 7. Average number of months engaged per annum, 10. Wages paid, males, maximum, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3. Wages paid, females, maximum, $3; minimum,

$1 50; average, $2 25; without board. 39. How many servants (domestic) are employed in your county. 200. Males, 50; females,

150. Hours constituting a day's work, 10. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, males, maximum, $2; minimum, $1; average, $1 50.

Wages paid, females, maximum, $2; minimum, $1; average, $1 50; with board. 40. How many telegraph operators are employed in your county. 50. Males, 30; females,

20. Hours constituting a day's work, 10. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, males, maximum, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3. Wages

paid, females, maximum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 41. How many telegraph messenger boys are employed in your county. 20. Hours con

stituting a day's work, 10. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12.

Wages paid, maximum, $2; minimum, $1; average, $1 50; without board. 42. How many waiters (restaurant, hotel, etc.) are employed in your county. 150. Hours

constituting a day's work, 12. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12.

Wages paid, maximum, $2; minimum, $1; average, $1 50; with board. 43. How many watch-makers are employed in your county. 20. Hours constituting a

day's work, 10. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid,

maximuni, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3; without board. 44. How many well-borers (artesian) are employed in your county. 2. Hours constitut

ing a day's work, 10. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages

paid, maximum, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3; without board. 47. How many wood-cutters are employed in your county. 150. Hours constituting a

day's work, 10. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid,

maximum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 48. How many artisans not above enumerated are employed in your county. 300. Hours

constituting a day's work, 10. Average number of months engaged per annum,

12. Wages paid, maximum, $3; minimuni, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 49. How many of foregoing mentioned professions are unemployed. None that are willing to work

FORM No. 6. MISCELLANEOUS. 1. What is the total value of all lands and town lots in your county. $15,000,000. 2. What is the total value of all the buildings in the towns of your county. $2,000,000. 3. What is the total value of all the machineries used for mechanical and manufactur

ing purposes. $100,000. 4. What is the total value of all materials used in manufactures in your county.

$1,000,000. 5. To what extent does the apprenticeship system prevail in the various skilled indus

tries in your county. Very little, if any. 6. Are any trade unions in your county. No. 9. How are the sanitary conditions of the workshops of mechanics and manufacturers.

Very good. 10. How are the sanitary conditions of the dwellings of the wage workers. Fair. 11. What percentage of dwellings are owned by them. Hardly any. 12. What is the cost of rent of dwellings generally occupied by the wage workers. From

$5 to $10 per month. 14. What is the cost of food or board per month. $20.

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1. How many auctioneers are employed in your county. 3. Hours constituting a day's

work, 8. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, $5;

without board. 4. How many barbers are employed in your county. 100. Hours constituting a day's

work, 12. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, maxi

mum, $3; minimum, $1; average, $2; without board. 5. How many bookkeepers, in all departments, in your county. 150. Hours constitut

ing a day's work, 10. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages

paid, maximum, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3; without board. 6. How many bricklayers in your county. 75.' Hours constituting a day's work, 10.

Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, maximum, $4;

minimum, $2; average, $3; without board. 7. How niany clerks are einployed in banking institutions in your county. 20. Hours

constituting a day's work, 6. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12.

Wages paid, maximum, $10; minimuni, $5; average, $7 50; without board. 8. How many clerks are employed in insurance offices in your county. 25. Hours con

stituting day's work, 8. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12.

Wages paid, $3; without board. 10. How many clerks are employed in general merchandising in your county. 200. Hours

constituting a day's work, 10. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12.

Wages paid, maximum, $3; minimum, $2; average, $2 50; without board. 11. How many clerks are employed in county and town governments in your county.

8. Hours constituting a day's work, 8. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, maxinium, $10; minimum, $5; average, $7 50; without

board. 12. How many cooks are employed in your county. 100. Hours constituting a day's

work, 10. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, maxi

muni, $2; minimum, $1; average, $1 50; with board. 13. How many dentists are employed in your county. 15. Hours constituting a day's

work, 8. Average nunber of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, maxi

mum, $5; minimum, $3 ; average, $4; without board. 18. How many engineers (civil) in your county. 5. Hours constituting a day's work, 10.

Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, maximum, $4;

minimum, $2; average, $3; without board. 19. How many engineers (stationary engines) in your county. 15. Hours constituting a

day's work, 10. Average number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid,

maximum, $4; minimum, $2; average, $3 ; without board. 21. How many florists aud gardeners in your county. 10. Hours constituting a day's work, 10. Average 11uniber of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, maxi

$3; minimum, $1 ; average, $2; with board. 23. How many glaziers in your county. 15. Hours constituting a day's work, 10. Aver

age number of months engaged per annum, 12. Wages paid, maximuni, $3; minimum, $1; average, $2; without board.

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mum,

730

15. What is the cost of fuel. Wood, $4 per cord. 16. What is the cost of water for household purposes per month. $1 50. 18. How many poor people live in your county." Males, 35; females, 15. 19. Their ages. From 40 to 80. 20. The cause. Age, disease; family of small children with only mother left for support.

Nationality, mixed. 22. What are their conditions. Sanitary, fair; morally, fair, 24. How many corporations (local) are in your county. 17. 25. Name them. Savings Bank of Santa Rosa, Santa Rosa Woolen Mills, Santa Rosa

Bank, Santa Rosa Winery, Santa Rosa Flouring Mill, Santa Rosa Nursery, Santa
Rosa Fruit Preserving Company, Santa Rosa Water Company, Santa Rosa Street
Railroad Company, Santa Rosa Tannery, Santa Rosa Gas Company, Santa Rosa
Agricultural Park Association, Santa Rosa Brewery, Santa Rosa Planing Mill,
Petaluma Savings Bank, Bank of Sonoma County, Perceval Milling Company,

Sonoma Valley Bank, Bank of Healdsburg, F. and N. Bank, Petaluma Water Com27. Name cash capital invested in then. $2,500,000.

3. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) are unfit for cultivation, 291,000. 4. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) are timber (fuel only) land. 90,000. 5. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) are open for preëmption. 100,000. 6. What is the maximum price per acre (exclusive of town lots). $100. 7. What is the minimum price per acre exclusive of town lots). $2 50. 8. What is the average price per acre. $24. 9. How many ranches are in your county. 1,245. 10. How many ranch owners. 945. 11. How many have from three to ten acres. 20. 12. How many have from ten to twenty-five acres. 33. 13. How many have from twenty-five to fifty acres. 16. 14. How niany have from fifty to one hundred acres. 54. 15. How many have from one hundred to two hundred and fifty acres. 251. 16. How many have from two hundred and fifty to five hundred acres. 223. 17. How many have from five hundred to one thousand acres. 168. 18. How many have from one thousand to two thousand five hundred acres. 136. 19. How many have from two thousand five hundred to five thousand acres. 31. 20. How many have five thousand acres and over. 21. 21. How many ranches are worked by owners. 708. 24. How many ranches are rented. 236. 25. What is the maximum rent per acre. $2 50, or one third of the crop. 26. What is the minimum rent per acre. One quarter to one half of the grain. 28. How many buildings of all kinds (exclusive of city or town buildings) does your

county contain. 1,245 sets of buildings. 29. What is their value. $100,000. 30. How many miles of fences are in your county. 3,000. 31. What is their cost per mile. $250. 32. What is the value of all the agricultural implements in your county. $132,275.

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pany.

FORM No. 7. RELATING TO CAINESE (EXCLUSIVELY).

1. How many Chinese are in your county. Males, 1,500; females, 25. 2. What are their conditions. Extremely bad. 3. What are their social habits. Degenerating to the white inhabitants. 4. What are their sanitary habits. Bad, filthy; the worst in the world. 6. How many of them are employed. 80 per cent. 7. How many of them are domestic servants. 75 per cent. 8. What wages are paid to domestic servants per week. $5; per month, $20; with board. 9. How mpany of them are cooks. All. 11. How many are laundrymen. All. 13. How many Chinese laundries are in your county. Every Chinese house is a laundry. 15. How many Chinese cultivate the soil in your county. 200. 22. What is the gross ainount paid them yearly in every branch in which they are engaged.

$450,000. 23. How much do they expend for rent, either per head or collectively, per nonth. Very

little. 24. How much do they expend for food, per head or collectively, per month. Very little. 25. What percentage of the food are home products. None. 26. What percentage of food are imported from foreign countries. Everything from rice

to opium. 27. How much do they expend for clothing per head, each year. Very little. 28. What percentage of their clothing is of American manufacture. Nothing. 30. How much of their yearly earnings are sent out of the country. 90 per cent. 31. What percentage to the amount of earnings. 90. 32. To what extent does their eni ployment come in competition with the white industrial

classes. It takes the employment from thousands of women in the laundry business, hop, and grape picking, and numerous other industries that are now monopo

lized by the Chinese to the detriment of the white population. FORM No. 8. RELATING TO INMATES OF JAILS AND OTHER REFORMATORY INSTITUTIONS.

1. How many inmates are in your county jail and other reformatory institutions in your

county. Males, 60; females, 15; Chinese, 20. 2. What are their ages. Males, 18 to 60; females, 60 to 80; Chinese, 15 to 40. 3. What are their nationalities. Mixed. 4. What are their conditions and sanitary habits. Good, owing to the discipline enforced.

There are no females in the county jail; those mentioned above are inmates of the county farm. All the Chinese are criminals, and are in the county jail under sen

tence or held for trial. 5. How many of the inmates are employed. About 10 in the jail. 6. What does their employment consist of. Working on streets. 7. To what extent does their employment come in competition with the labor of mechan

ics, artisans, and all other white laborers outside of reformatory institutions. It takes the bread away from the white laborer; should be abandoned, as it will force the honest laborer to become a criminal for want of employment. The Legislature should prohibit convict labor, by law.

Relating to Farm Hands and Road Laborers. 37. How many laborers (Chinese excluded) are employed in agriculture in your county.

2,150. 39. How many are under fifteen years of age. 150. 41. What are their ages. From 12 to 65. 42. What are the maximum wages paid (including board) per month. $100. 43. What are the minimum wages paid (including board) per month. $20. 44. What are the average wages paid (including board) per month. $30. 45. What industry of agriculture pays the maximum. Skilled threshers. 46. What industry of agriculture pays the minimum. Gardening. 47. How many mouths in the year are laborers generally employed. 6. 50. What are the minimum hours of labor per diem. 9. 51. What are the average hours of labor per dien, 11. 52. Are those working over the regular hours constituting a day's work, paid extra. No. 54, If from sickness laborers must abstain from work, are any deductions made from his

wages. Always. 55. How many road laborers are in your county. 50. 56. What is the wages paid to them. $2; without board. 57. What is the laborer's condition in general. Morally, average standing; physically,

good; mentally, perfectly sane. 58. How niany laborers (exclusive of Chinese) are in your county unemployed. None

who want to work. 60. How many of the unemployed are foreigners. One third; say 40. 61. Their nationality. All nationalities. 62. What are their ages. From 15 to 30. 66. What steps can be taken, or what is necessary, to obtain employment for all in your

county. Manufacturing establishments. 68. In what condition are the roads in your county (railroads excluded). Good. 69. Can you suggest anything that will ameliorate the condition of the laborers and accrue

to their benefit. This is entirely a farming conimunity, and laborers get good wages,

good food, and good health ; all find employment that seek it. 70. How are the sanitary conditions of the lands in your county. Generally high, dry,

and healthy; miasmatic in a few places on the river. FORM No. 2. RELATING TO EMPLOYÉS IN MECHANICAL AND MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

(CHINESE EXCLUDED). 3. How many employés in agricultural implements in the whole county. 50. Hours

constituting a day's work, 10. Wages paid, maximum, $4; minimum, $2 50; average,

$3; without board. 8. How many brewers in the whole county. 3. Hours constituting a day's work, 10.

Wages paid, $2; without board. 9. How many blacksmiths in the whole county. 25. Hours constituting a day's work,

10. Wages paid, maximum, $4; minimum, $1 50; average, $2 75; without board. 13. How many brick-makers in the whole county. 5. Hours constituting a day's work,

10. Wages paid, $2; with board.

STANISLAUS COUNTY.

Statistical Statement made by G. W. Cameron, Assessor of Stanislaus County.

FORM No. 1. RELATING TO AGRICULTURE.

1. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) does your county contain. 866,000. 2. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) are under cultivation. 575,000.

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