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VENTURA COUNTY.

FORM No. 3. RELATING TO MINES AND MINERS (CHINESE EXCLUDED). 1. How many asphaltum mines are in your county that are worked. 25. Number of min

ers, 40. Hours constituting a day's work, maximum, 10; minimum, 8. Number of months employed in the year, 6. Wagés per day, maximum, $4; mininium, $2; without board.

Statistical Statement made by J. A. Conaway, Assessor of Ventura County.

FORM No. 1. RELATING TO AGRICULTURE.

FORM No. 4. RELATING TO TRANSPORTATION ON LAND AND WATER (CHINESE EXCLUDED).

12. How many teamsters hauling, etc., in your county. 25. 13. How nany draymen hauling, etc., in your county. 2. 14. How many agents, railroad, stage, express, and steamboat, in your county. 2. 15. How many men are engaged in express companies in your county. 5. 16. How many steamboats and sailing vessels of all kinds in your county. That land

here, 5.

FORM No. 5. RELATING TO CLERICAL AND ALL OTHER SKILLED AND UNSKILLED LABOR

NOT BEFORE ENUMERATED (CHINESE EXCLUDED).

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5. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) are open for preëmption. All the

mountains not surveyed. 6. What is the maximum price per acre (exclusive of town lots). $100. 7. What is the minimum price per acre (exclusive of town lots). $1 25. 9. How many ranches are in your county. About 500. 10. How many ranch owners. 577. 11. How many bave from three to ten acres. 50. 12. How many have from ten to twenty-five acres. 50. 13. How many have from twenty-five to fifty acres. 100. 14. How many have from fifty to one hundred acres. 100. 15. How many have from one hundred to two hundred and fifty acres. 200. 16. How many bave from two hundred and fifty to five hundred acres. 50. 17. How mana have from five hundred to one thousand acres. 12. 18. How many have from one thousand to two thousand five hundred acres. .. 19. How many have from two thousand five hundred to five thousand acres. 20. How many have five thousand acres and over. 4. 25. What is the maximum rent per acre. $7. 26. What is the minimum rent per acre. $2. 27. What is the average rent per acre. $4 50. 30. How many miles of fences are in your county. 300. 31. What is their cost per mile. $80. 32. What is the value of all the agricultural implements in your county. $15,000. 33. How many labor-saving agricultural implements are in your county. 15. 35. What is their combined horse (or man) power. Horse and steam.

3.

Relating to Farm Hands and Road Laborers.

37. How many laborers (Chinese excluded) are employed in agriculture in your county.

250. 38. What are their ages. From 15 to 60. 42. What are the maximum wages paid (including board) per month. $30. 43. What are the minimum wages paid (including board) per month. $20. 44. What are the average wages paid (including board) per month. $25. 45. What industry of agriculture pays the maximum. Beans and flax; sometimes wheat. 46. What industry of agriculture pays the minimum. Sometimes one, sometines another. 47. How many months in the year are laborers generally employed. All the time. 48. When unemployed in agriculture what industry do they pursue to gain a livelihood.

Live on what they earned while at work; but there is, and always has been, a great

mystery to me how some people live, and always will be, I presume. 50. What are the minimum hours of labor per dien. 8. 51. What are the average hours of labor per diem. 10. 66. What steps can be taken, or what is necessary, to obtain employment for all in your

county. Get more work than hands. 67. How do they obtain sustenance and clothing. Credit, and never pay. 68. In what condition are the roads in your county (railroads excluded). Good. 69. Can you suggest anything that will ämeliorate the condition of the laborers and accrue

to their benefit. None but to work all the time that they can, and they will be

happier than if they loaf, and will have plenty. 70. How are the sanitary conditions of the lands in your county. Good as can be. Health

is good all the time.

4. How many barbers are employed in your county. 5. 5. How many bookkeepers, in all departinents, in your county. 25. 6. How many bricklayers in your county. 10. 8. How many clerks are employed in insurance offices in your county. 50. 10. How many clerks employed in general inerchandising in your county. 30. 11. How many clerks are employed in county and town governments in your county. 9. 12. How many cooks are employed in your county. 100. 13. How many dentists are employed in your county. 2. 14. How many draughtsmen are employed in your county. 1. 15. How many draymen are employed in your county. 2. 18. How many engineers (civil) in your county. 2. 19. How many engineers (stationary engines) in your county. 2. 20. How many engineers (mining) in your county. 2. 21. How many florists and gardeners in your county. 1. 22. How many fishermen in your county. 4. 24. How many journalistic editors in your county, 3. 25. How many journalistic reporters in your county. 3. 27. How many hostlers in your county. 12. 28. How many laundrymen in your county. 12. 30. How many lumbermen in your county. 2. 31. How many milliners in your county. 2. 32. How many painters (house) in your county. 4. 33. How many fresco painters are employed in your county. 15. 34. How many plasterers are employed in your county. 10. 35. How many printers are employed in your county. 10. 36. How many photographers are employed in your county. 3. 37. How many school teachers are employed in your county. 36. 38. How many seamstresses are employed in your county. `12. 39. How many servants (domestic) are employed in your county. 300. 40. How many telegraph operators are employed in your county. 4. 41. How many telegraph messenger boys are employed in your county. 1. 42. How many waiters (restaurant, hotel, etc.) are employed in your county. 20. 43. How many watch-makers are en ployed in your county. 2. 44. How many well-borers (artesian) are employed in your county. 2.

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FORM No. 6. MISCELLANEOUS.

FORM No. 2. RELATING TO EMPLOYÉS IN MECHANICAL AND MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

(CHINESE EXCLUDED).

1. How many asphaltum workers are employed in the whole county. 50. Hours consti

tuting a day's work, maximum, 14; minimum, 7; average, 104. Wages paid, males,

$10 50. Wages paid, females, maximum, $25; minimum, $10. 9. How many blacksmiths in the whole county. 10. 20. How many canneries (fish, fruit, etc.) enıployés in the whole county. 1. 21. How many carpenters and joiners in the whole county. 15. 23. How many carriage and wagon makers in the whole county. 3. 59. How many shoe-makers in the whole county. 10. 60. How many soda works employés in the whole county. 1. 62. How many tailors in the whole county. 2. 64. How many tinsmiths in the whole county. 20. 65. How many upholsterers in the whole county. 4. 67. How many wine manufacturers in the whole county. 5.

1. What is the total value of all lands and town lots in your county. $3,469,450. 2. What is the total value of all the buildings in the towns of your county. $151,362. 3. What is the total value of all the machineries used for mechanical and manufactur

ing purposes. $10,000. 5. To what extent does the apprenticeship system prevail in the various skilled industries

in your county: There is no apprentice system in Ventura County. 6. Are any trade unions in your county. None. 9. How are the sanitary conditions of the workshops of mechanics and manufacturers.

Good. 10. How are the sanitary conditions of the dwellings of the wage workers. Good. 11. What percentage of dwellings are owned by them. Three fourths. 12. What is the cost of rent of dwellings generally occupied by the wage workers. $4 to $6. 14. What is the cost of food or board per inonth. $16. (When a man cooks it himself, $10.) 15. What is the cost of fuel. Wood, $6 per cord. 17. What is the cost of water for irrigation purposes. A good head for $10 per day. 18. How many poor people live in your county. Males, 7; females, 3. 19. Their ages. All ages. 20. The cause. Blind, decrepit, old age, and poor generally.

22. What are their conditions. Sanitary, good; morally, good. 23. What suggestions can you make to ameliorate their condition, None but to feed and

clothe them as long as they live.

69. Can you suggest anything that will ameliorate the condition of the laborers and accrue

to their benefit. Several things might be suggested, chief among which would be to abstain from alcoholic beverages--to be sober and industrious.

Form No. 7. RELATING TO CHINESE (EXCLUSIVELY).

FORM No. 6. MISCELLANEOUS,

1. How many Chinese are in your county. Males, 150; females, 10. 2. What are their conditions. Much the same as elsewhere in regard to living. Some

few rent land, but the niost of them are in towns. Some two or three small camps are located in the county. Their wages are from $1 to $1 25 per day and board

themselves. 3. What are their social habits. Same as other places; that is, bad. 23. How much do they expend for rent; either per head or collectively, per month. $1,500. 24. How much do they expend forfood, per head or collectively, per month. $1,000. All in

county. 25. What percentage of the food are home products. One fifth. 26. What percentage of the food are imported from foreign countries. Four fifths. 27. How much do they expend for clothing per head each year. I have no idea what. 28. What percentage of the clothing is of American mauufacture. One fourth. 32. To what extent does their employment come in competition with the white industrial

classes. Very materially, as all the haying, weeding of crops, and a good part of harvesting, and nearly all the threshing is done by Chinese crews.

1. What is the total yalue of all lands and town lots in your county. $12,100,000. 2. What is the total value of all the buildings in the towns of your county. Not segre

gated. 3. What is the total value of all the machineries used for mechanical and manufacturing

purposes. $85,000. 5. To what extent does the apprenticeship system prevail in the various skilled indus

tries in your county. Have not such a system in operation, 15. What is the cost of fuel. Wood, $5 per cord.

FORM No. 7. RELATING TO CHINESE (EXCLUSIVELY).

4. What are their sanitary habits. Not above the average on the Pacific Coast. 8. What wages are paid to domestic servants. From $10 to $20 per month; with board.

FORM No. 8. RELATING TO INMATES OF JAILS AND OTHER REFORMATORY INSTITUTIONS.

FORM No. 8. RELATING TO INMATES OF JAILS AND OTHER REFORMATORY INSTITUTIONS.

1. How many inmates are in your county jail and other reformatory institutions in

your county. Males, 4; Chinese, 2. 2. What are their ages. 15 to 60. 4. What are their conditions and sanitary habits. It would be bad for me. It appears

to agree with them. 7. To what extent does their einployment come in competition with the labor of

mechanics, artisans, and all other white laborers outside of reformatory institutions. It does not interfere in the least.

1. How many inmates are in your county jail and other reformatory institutions in

your county. Males, about 14. 3. What are their nationalities. Heaviest percentage is of Irish nationality. 4. What are their conditions and sanitary habits. Sanitary conditions of county jail

and hospital, good. 5. How many of the inmates are employed. About 80 per cent. 6. What does their employment consist of. Laboring on the public grounds and high

ways. 7. To what extent does their eniployment come in competition with the labor of

mechanics, artisans, and all other white laborers outside of reformatory institutions. Not at all.

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1. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) does your county contain. 600,000. 2. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) are under cultivation. 300,000. 3. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) are unfit for cultivation. 100,000. 6. What is the maximum price per acre (exclusive of town lots). About $200. 7. What is the mininium price per acre (exclusive of town lots). $1 75. 8. What is the average price per acre (exclusive of town lots). $16. 9. How many ranches are in your county. About 2,000. 10. How many ranch owners. About 1,500. 11. How many have from three to ten acres. About 150. 12. How many have from ten to twenty-five acres. About 200. 13. How mauy have from twenty-five to fifty acres. About 275. 14. How many have from fifty to one hundred acres. About 350. 15. How many have from one hundred to two hundred and fifty acres. 360. 16. How many have from two hundred and fifty to five hundred acres. 850. 17. How many have from five hundred to one thousand acres. 275. 18. How many have from one thousand to two thousand five hundred acres. 200. 19. How many have from two thousand five hundred to five thousand acres. 10. 20. How many have five thousand acres and over. 6. 25. What is the maximuin rent per acre. $10. 26. What is the minimum rent per acre. 25 cents; sheep land. 27. What is the average rent per acre. About $5. 32. What is the value of all the agricultural implements in your county. $120,000. 36. What percentage of ranch cultivators in your county use labor-saving machines. All.

1. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) does your county contain. 385,500. 2. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) are under cultivation. 189,220. 4. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) are timber land. 100,000 5. How many acres of land (exclusive of town lots) are open for preëmption. 28,800. 12. How many have from ten to twenty-five acres. 20. 13. How many have from twenty-five to fifty acres. 10. 14. How many have from fifty to one hundred acres. 20. 15. How many have from one hundred to two hundred and fifty acres. 760. 16. How many have from two hundred and fifty to five hundred acres. 60. 17. How many have from five hundred to one thousand acres. 74. 18. How many have from one thousand to two thousand five hundred acres. 35. 19. How many have from two thousand five hundred to five thousand acres. 6. 20. How many have five thousand acres and over. 3. 24. How many ranches are rented. 16. 32. What is the value of all the agricultural implements in your county. $26,855. .52. Are those working over the regular hours constituting a day's work, paid extra. No. 54. If from sickness laborers must abstain from work, are any deductions made froni his

wages. Yes; and if the weather prevents work the wages are reduced in accord

ance with the enforced idleness. 65. What are the causes of their idleness. The Chinamen work for small wages, and the

employers, as a general rule, want to bring the laborer down to the Chinese stand

ard of wages; if they work for Chinese wages they are preferred. 66. What steps can be taken, or what is necessary, to obtain employment for all in your

county: Send the Chinese out of the country: 67. How do they obtain sustenance and clothing. From their labor of about one third of 68. Iu what condition are the roads in your county (railroads excluded). Good in sum

mer; bad in winter. 69. Can you suggest anything that will ameliorate the condition of the laborers and accrue

to their benefit. Boycott the employers and patrons of the Chinese element. 70. How are the sanitary, conditions of the lands in your county. Mountains, healthy;

valley, malarious; drainage required in valley.

Relating to Farm Hands and Road Laborers.

the year.

42. What are the maximum wages paid (including board) per month. About $40. 44. What are the average wages paid (including board) per month. About $20. 47. How many months in the year are laborers generally employed. About 5 and 6. 50. What are the maximum hours of labor per diem. 8. 51. What are the average hours of labor per diem. On ranches about 12. 66. What steps can be taken, or what is necessary, to obtain employinent for all in your

county. Manufactories.

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FORM No. 2. RELATING TO EMPLOYÉS IN MECHANICAL AND MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

(CHINESE EXCLUDED).

7. How many bakers in the whole county. 4.
8. How many brewers in the whole county. 3.
9. How many blacksmiths in the whole county. 50. Wages paid, $2 50.
10. How many boiler-makers in the whole county. 2. Wages paid, $3 50.
14. How many broom-makers in the whole county. 2. Wages paid, $2 50.
18. How many cabinet-makers in the whole county. 2. Wages paid, $3.
21. How many carpenters and joiners in tlie whole county. 100. Wages paid, maximum,

$4; average, $2.
23. How many carriage and wagon makers in the whole county. 2.
26. How many cigar-makers in the whole county. 1.
27. How many confectioners in the whole county, 4.
32. How many employés in distilleries in the whole county. 6.
33. How many employés in dairies in the whole county. 7. Wages paid, maximum, $1 50;

minimuni, $1. 37. How many gunsmiths in the whole county. 5. Wages paid, $2 50. 41. How many locksmiths in the whole county. 1. 44. How many marble-cutters in the whole county. 6. 46. How many millers in the whole county. 4. 54. How many saddlers and harness-makers in the whole county. 13. 57. How many sash, door, and blind makers in the whole county. . 12. 59. How many shoe-makers in the whole county. 14. 60. Wow many soda works employés in the whole county. 1. 62. How many tailors in the whole county. 35. Wages paid, maximum, $3 50; minimum,

$2 25. 63. How many tanners in the whole county. 2. 64. How many tinsmiths in the whole county. 5. 65. How many upholsterers in the whole county. 3. Wages paid, $2 50. 67. How many wine manufacturers in the whole county. 13.

FORM No. 4. RELATING TO TRANSPORTATION ON LAND AND WATER (CHINESE EXCLUDED).

1. How many miles of steam railroads in operation are in your county. 28.
7. How many conductors are engaged thereon in your county. 1.
11. How many stage drivers in your county.
13. How many draymen hauling, etc., in your county. 7.
14. How many agents, railroad, stage, express, and steamboat, in your county. 1.
FORM No. 5. RELATING TO CLERICAL AND ALL OTHER SKILLED AND UNSKILLED LABOR NOT

BEFORE ENUMERATED (CHINESE EXCLUDED).
1. How many auctioneers are employed in your county. 1.
4. How many barbers are eniployed in your county. 10.
7. How many clerks are employed in banking institutions in your county. 3.
10. How many clerks employed in general merchandising in your county. 50.
13. How niany dentists are employed in your county. 4.
15. How many draymen are employed in your county. 6.
24. How many journalistic editors in your county. Ž.
25. How many journalistic reporters in your county. 2.
36. How many photographers are employed in your county. 2.
37. How many school teachers are employed in your county. 49. Males, 15; females, 34.

Hours constituting a day's work, 6. Average number of months engaged per annun, 7. Wages paid, males, maximum, $150; minimum, $50; average, $75.

Wages paid, females, maximum, $100; miniinum, $40; average, $60; without board. 40. How many telegraph operators are employed in your county. Ž. 11. How many telegraph messenger boys are employed in your county. 1. 43. How many watch-inakers are employed in your countý. 3.

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