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being in good Circumstances and possessed of Property, and " the Grantees or Holders of such Bills of Sale have the Power • of taking possession of the Property of such Persons, to the * Exclusion of the rest of their Creditors :' For Remedy whereof, be it therefore enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled,
and by the Authority of the same, as follows: Bills of Sale to I. Every Bill of Sale of personal Chattels made, after the be void, unless the same or a
passing of this Act, either absolutely or conditionally, or subject Copy thereof or not subject to any Trusts, and whereby the Grantee or Holder be filed within shall have Power, either with or without Notice, and either Twenty-one Days, in like
immediately after the making of such Bill of Sale or at any future Manner as Time, to seize or take possession of any Property and Effects
comprised in or made subject to such Bill of Sale, and every Attorney.
Schedule or Inventory which shall be thereto annexed or therein referred to, or a true Copy thereof, and of every Attestation of the Execution thereof, shall, together with an Affidavit of the Time of such Bill of Sale being made or given, and a Description of the Residence and Occupation of the Person making or giving the same, or, in case the same shall be made or given by any Person under or in the Execution of any Process, then a Description of the Residence and Occupation of the Person against whom such Process shall have issued, and of every attesting Witness to such Bill of Sale, be filed with the Officer acting as Clerk of the Docquets and Judgments in the Court of Queen's Bench, within Twenty-one Days after the making or giving of such Bill of Sale, (in like Manner as a Warrant of Attorney in any personal Action given by a Trader is now by Law required to be filed,) otherwise such Bill of Sale shall, as against all Assignees of the Estate and Effects of the Person whose Goods or any of them are comprised in such Bill of Sale under the Laws relating to Bankruptcy or Insolvency, or under any Assignment for the Benefit of the Creditors of such Person, and as against all Sheriffs Officers and other Persons seizing any Property or Effects comprised in such Bill of Sale in the Execution of any Process of any Court of Law or Equity authorizing the Seizure of the Goods of the Person by whom or of whose Goods such Bill of Sale shall have been inade, and against every Person on whose Behalf such Process shall have been issued, be null and void to all Intents and Purposes whatsoever, so far as regards the Property in or Right to the Possession of any personal Chattels comprised in such Bill of Sale, which at or after the Time of such Bankruptcy, or of filing the Insolvent's Petition in such Insolvency, or of the Execution by the Debtor of such Assignment for the Benefit of his Creditors, or of executing such Process (as the Case may be), and after the Expiration of the said Period of Twenty-one Days, shall be in the Possession or apparent Possession of the Person making such Bill of Sale, or of any Person against whom the Process shall have issued under or in the Execution of which such Bill of Sale shall have been made or given, as the Case may be.
II. If such Bill of Sale shall be made or given subject to any Defeasance or Defeasance or Condition or Declaration of Trust not contained Condition of in the Body thereof, such Defeasance or Condition or Declaration Sale to be of Trust shall, for the Purposes of this Act, be taken as Part written on the of such Bill of Sale, and shall be written on the same Paper or
same Paper or
Parchment. Parchment on which such Bill of Sale shall be written, before the Time when the same or a Copy thereof respectively shall be filed, otherwise such Bill of Sale shall be null and void to all Intents and Purposes, as against the same Persons and as regards the same Property and Effects, as if such Bill of Sale or a Copy thereof had not been filed according to the Provisions of this Act.
III. The said Officer of the said Court of Queen's Bench shall Officer of Court cause every Bill of Sale, and every such Schedule and Inven- to keep a Book tory as aforesaid, and every such Copy filed in his said Office ticulars of each under the Provisions of this Act, to be numbered, and shall keep Bill of Sale. a Book or Books in his said Office, in which he shall cause to be fairly entered an alphabetical List of every such Bill of Sale, containing therein the Name, Addition, and Description of the Person making or giving the same, or in case the same shall be made or given by any Person under or in the Execution of Process as aforesaid, then the Name, Addition, and Description of the Person against whom such Process shall have issued, and also of the Person to whom or in whose Favour the same shall have been given, together with the Number, and the Dates of the Execution and filing of the same, and the Sum for which the same has been given, and the Time or Times (if any) when the same is thereby made payable, according to the Form contained in the Schedule to this Act, which said Book or Books, and every Bill of Sale or Copy thereof filed in the said Office, may be searched and viewed by all Persons at all reasonable Times, paying to the Officer for every Search against One Person the Sum of Sixpence and no more ; and that, in addition to the last-mentioned Book, the said Officer of the said Court of Queen's Bench shall keep another Book or Index, in which he shall cause to be fairly inserted, as and when such Bills of Sale are filed in manner aforesaid, the Name, Addition, and Description of the Person making or giving the same, or of the Person against whom such Process shall
have issued, as the Case may be, and also of the Persons to whom or in whose Favour the same shall have been given, but containing no further Particulars thereof; which last-mentioned Book or Index all Persons shall be permitted to search for themselves, paying to the Officer for such last-mentioned Search the Sum of One Shilling
IV. The said Officer shall be entitled to receive, for his Officer entitled Trouble in filing and entering every such Bill of Sale or a Copy, for filing Bill of thereof as aforesaid, the Sum of One Shilling and no more; and Sale, and to such Officer shall render a like Account to the Commissioners of account for the Her Majesty's Treasury, and the said Commissioners shall have the like Powers in every particular with respect to such Account, and the Amount of Remuneration of such Officer, and with
Extracts to be
respect to any Surplus of the Fees received by him, as is provided by the Seventy-fifth Chapter of the Statute passed in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Years of the Reign of Her present Majesty with respect to the Officers of the Court of Common
Pleas therein mentioned. Office Copies or V. Any Person shall be entitled to have an Office Copy or
an Extract of every Bill of Sale, or of the Copy thereof filed given on paying as for Copies of as aforesaid, upon paying for the same at the like Rate as for Judgments. Office Copies of Judgments in the said Court of Queen's Bench. Satisfaction
VI. It shall be lawful for any Judge of the said Court of
Queen's Bench to order a Memorandum of Satisfaction to be entered.
written upon any Bill of Sale or Copy thereof respectively as aforesaid, if it shall appear to him that the Debt (if any) for which such Bill of Sale is given as Security shall have been
satisfied or discharged. Interpretation of Terms.
VII. In construing this Act the following Words and Expressions shall have the Meanings hereby assigned to them, unless there be something in the Subject or Context repugnant to such Constructions; (that is to say,) The Expression “Bill of Sale” shall include Bills of Sale,
Assignments, Transfers, Declarations of Trust without Transfer, and other Assurances of personal Chattels, and also Powers of Attorney, Authorities, or Licences to take possession of personal Chattels as Security for any Debt, but shall not include the following Documents; that is to say, Assignments for the Benefit of the Creditors of the Person making or giving the same; Marriage Settlements; Transfers or Assignments of any Ship or Vessel or any Share thereof; Transfers of Goods in the ordinary Course of Business of any Trade or Calling ; Bills of Sale nf Goods in Foreign Parts or at Sea ; Bills of Lading; India Warrants; Warehouse Keepers Certificates; Warrants or Orders for the Delivery of Goods, or any other Documents used in the ordinary Course of Business as Proof of the Possession or Control of Goods, or authorizing or purporting to authorize, either by Endorsement or by Delivery, the Possessor of such Document to transfer or
receive Goods thereby represented: The Expression “personal Chattels” shall mean Goods,
Furniture, Fixtures, and other Articles capable of complete Transfer by Delivery,and shall not include Chattel Interests in Real Estate, nor Shares or Interests in the Stock, Funds, or Securities of any Government, or in the Capital or Property of any incorporated or Joint Stock Company, nor Choses in Action, nor any Stock or Produce upon any Farm or Lands which by virtue of any Covenant or Agreement, or of the Custom of the Country, ought not to be removed from any Farm where the same shall be
at the Time of the making or giving of such Bill of Sale : Personal Chattels shall be deemed to be in the “ apparent Possession” of the Person making or giving the Bill of
Sale so long as they shall remain or be in or upon any House, Mill, Warehouse, Building, Works, Yard, Land, or other Premises occupied by him, or as they shall be used and enjoyed by him in any Place whatsoever, notwithstanding that formal Possession thereof may have been
taken by or given to any other Person. VIII. This Act shall not extend to Scotland or Ireland.
Extent of Act.
ings in Her Majesty's Court of Vice-Admiralty in
[10th July 1854.] : WHEREAS James Wilson Esquire, Chief Judge of the
Supreme Court in the Mauritius, has, since the Month . of October One thousand eight hundred and thirty-five, acted
as Judge in Her Majesty's Court of Vice-Admiralty in that
Island: And whereas it has been discovered that on various ' Occasions between the said Month of October One thousand eight hundred and thirty-five and the Nineteenth Day of May
One thousand eight hundred and fifty-two he was not duly ' authorized so to act:' Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, as follows:
I. All Acts, Proceedings, and Judgments heretofore done, Certain Acts, taken, or given by the said James Wilson in the Capacity or
&c. done by
James Wilson assumed Capacity of Judge of the said Vice-Admiralty Court as Judge of before the Nineteenth Day of May One thousand eight hundred Vice-Adand fifty-two aforesaid inclusively, and not set aside by any miralty competent Authority before the passing of this Act, shall be Court to be deemed to be and to have been as valid and effectual for all deemed valid. [No. 17. Price 2d.] R
Purposes whatever as if the said James Wilson had at the Time of such Acts, Proceedings, or Judgments respectively been legally and sufficiently authorized to officiate as such Judge.
II. No Action, Prosecution, or other Proceeding shall be brought or taken in any Court against the said James Wilson by reason of the Illegality or Invalidity of any Act, Proceeding, or Judgment herein-before declared to be valid and effectual.
An Act for the Suppression of Gaming Houses.
[24th July 1854.] WI
HEREAS divers Statutes have been made from Time
to Time for the Prevention of unlawful Gaming; and 8 & 9 Vict.
particularly by the Act of the Session holden in the Eighth ' and Ninth Years of Her Majesty, Chapter One hundred and
nine, Powers are given to Justices of the Peace in Places beyond the Metropolitan Police District to authorize Con• stables, and to either of the Commissioners of Police within • such District to authorize Superintendents belonging to the
Metropolitan Police Force, to enter Houses suspected to be
kept as Common Gaming Houses, and to arrest all Persons * found therein; and it is thereby enacted, that where any
Cards, Dice, Balls, Counters, Tables or other Instruments of
Gaming used in playing any unlawful Game shall be found in 'any House, Room, or Place suspected to be used as a Common
Gaming House, and entered under a Warrant or Order issued • under the Provisions of that Act, or about the Person of any ' of those who shall be found therein, it shall be Evidence until
the contrary be made to appear, that such House, Room, or · Place is used as a common Gaming House, and that the Persons ' found in the Room or Place where such Tables, or Instruments ' of Gaming shall have been found were playing therein: And ' whereas the Keepers of Common Gaming Houses contrive by
fortifying the Entrances to such Houses, or by other Means
to keep out the Officers authorized to enter the same until the 'Instruments of Gaming have been removed or destroyed, so <that no sufficient Evidence can be obtained to convict the • Offenders, who are thereby encouraged to persist in the
Violation of the Law: And whereas it is expedient that the · Law shall be made more efficient for the Suppression of 'Gaming Houses: Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the
same, as follows: Penalty on I. Any Person who shall wilfully prevent any Constable or Persons ob Officer authorized under the Provisions of the said Act of the Entry of Con. Eighth and Ninth Years of Her Majesty to enter any House, stables author. Room, or Place, from entering the same or any Part thereof, or